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Ugarit Gate

Ugarit

The Great Remembering

This Land Is Mine by Nina Paley


"Recent archeological digs have provided evidence that Jerusalem was a big and fortified city already in 1800 BC. Findings show that the sophisticated water system heretofor attributed to the conquering Israelites pre-dated them by eight centuries and was even more sophisticated than imagined. Dr. Ronny Reich, who directed the excavation along with Eli Shuikrun, said the entire system was built as a single complex by Canaanites in the Middle Bronze Period, around 1800 BC." - The Jewish Bulletin, July 31, 1998

6000 BC Ugarit foundations are laid in the Neolithic period.

1800 BC Ebla and Ugarit are under Egyptian hegemony. The population of Ugarit is roughly 7635 people.

1450 to 1220 BC The people of Ugarit were the Canaanites, precursors to the Phoenicians. The first to recognize that human speech consists of only a finite number of sounds they devised 30 symbols from which the alphabets of phonetic languages are derived.

The style of writing at Ugarit is alphabetic cuneiform, a unique blending of two alphabetic script, like Hebrew, and cuneiform, like Akkadian.

An evolved mythology parallel that of Enûma Elish can be found in the Baal cycle recovered in the Canaanite city of Ugarit which include "Legend of Keret", "Legend of Danel", "Myth of Baal-Aliyan" and "Death of Baal".

Ugaritic literature is composed in poetic metre.

Qinah metre, bi and tri colas, and all of the poetic tools found in the Septuagint are found in Ugaritic poetry.

Ugarit is at its height politically, religiously and economically.



Yahweh


1220 BC The land known as Canaan was situated in the territory of the southern Levant, which today encompasses Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, and the southern portions of Syria and Lebanon.

Throughout time, many names have been given to this area including Palestine, Eretz-Israel, Bilad es-Shem, the Holy Land and Djahy.

The earliest known name for this area was "Canaan."

"When the Lord your God has cut off the nations whose land the Lord your God is giving you, and you dispossess them and dwell in their cities and in their houses." - Deuteronomy 19:1

When the Cult of Yaweh informed tribes of Israel defeated the Canaanite kings in battle they simply took over preexisting infrastructure.

"I have given you a land for which you did not labor and cities which you did not build, and you dwell in them; you eat of the vineyards and olive groves which you did not plant" - Joshua 24:13

There was no need to build new cities, Yaweh delivered the existing cities into their hands.

El was the chief god at Ugarit.

El is called the "Father of Men", "Creator", and "Creator of the Creation".

Other deities worshiped at Ugarit were El Shaddai, El Elyon, and El Berith.

The Tribes of Israel worshiped these variations of 'Creator' along with, and sometimes instead of, Yahweh.

This biblical denunciation of the Canaanite gods in understandable in the light of the Ugaritic texts, for at Ugarit these were the very gods worshiped.

Psalms were originally Ugaritic or Canaanite hymns to El which were adopted by the Israelites, much like the American National Anthem was set to a beer hall tune by Francis Scott Key.

In Psalms and the Ugaritic texts the very same attributes for which Yahweh is acclaimed are the same for which El is acclaimed.

Among the inhabitants of Ugarit, Yahweh was viewed as a son of El.

The names of El Shaddai, El Elyon, and El Berith are applied to Yahweh by the writers of the Old Testament.

The Hebrew theologians of the Cult of Yaweh adopted the titles of the Canaanite gods and attributed them to Yahweh in an effort to assimilate and synthesize culture in a manner no different than the Egyptians, the Babylonians and the Romans.

The most important of the Canaanite lesser gods were;

Baal; Asherah; Yam, the god of the sea, and Mot, the god of death.

Yam is the Hebrew word for sea.

Mot is the Hebrew word for death.

Asherah, is called the wife of Baal in the Old Testament; but she is also known as the consort of Yahweh.

In the Cult of Yaweh, Asherah is the female counterpart of Yahweh.

"When they did evolve, when the ancient Hebrew tribes put together their notion of YHVH by combining YHVH and the Elohim gods ("Elohim" is plural), and borrowing from other religions, they put together a YHVH from which, in some important ways, we are still suffering.

Biblical scholars are clear that YHVH evolved originally from a tribal chief, and has always kept much of the authoritarian character of that ancient tribal chief.

The covenant between that YHVH and his people was based on an earlier Hittite treaty between a ruler and his subjects.

That covenant says "I'll be your ruler and you will be my people. I'll protect you if you obey, and punish you if you disobey."

That's the attitude that still lets Western believers move way too effortlessly to persecuting or murdering those who believe differently.

It's been harder to shrug YHVH off as irrelevant, because its followers will kill you - as many martyrs throughout history have discovered the hard and painful way." - Davidson Loehr





In the Old Testament Baal is named 76 times.

The Old Testament prophets protested constantly against the compassionate affair the Israelites had with Baal, the God of Fertility.

Israelites viewed Yahweh as a god of the desert and so when they arrived in Canaan they thought it only proper to adopt Baal, the God of Fertility.

One of the central Ugaritic myths was the legend of Baal's enthronement as king.

In the story, Baal is killed by Mot in the Fall of the year and he remains dead until the Spring of the year when he is reborn and re-enthroned as king.

The Old Testament also celebrates the enthronement of Yahweh.

As in the Ugaritic myth, the purpose of the enthronement of Yahweh is to re-enact creation.

Yahweh overcomes death by his continually recurring creative acts, the bestowing of life.

The major difference between the Ugaritic myth and the biblical hymns is that the kingship of Yahweh is eternal and uninterrupted while the kingship of Baal is interrupted every year by his death in the Fall.

As the God of Fertility dies, so the vegetation dies; and when he is reborn so is the Earth in the Spring.

Not so with Yahweh; for since Yahweh is always alive, Yahweh is always powerful.



Israel and Ugarit both practiced a yearly ritual known as the sending out of the "scapegoats"; one for god and one for a demon.

The Cult of Yaweh sent a goat into the wilderness for Azazel, a demon, and a goat into the wilderness for Yahweh.

This rite is known as a "eliminatory" rite; that is, corruption, in this case communal sin, is placed on the head of the goat and it is sent away.

In this way it was believed that, magically, the corruption and communal sin was removed from the community.

"Aaron is to lay both hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites - all their sins - and put them on the goat's head. Aaron shall send the goat away into the desert in the care of a man appointed for the task. The goat will carry on itself all their sins to a solitary place; and the man shall release it into the desert." - Leviticus 16:21-22

The same ritual was performed at Ugarit; with one notable difference -
at Ugarit a woman priest was involved in the ritual as well.

The rituals performed in Ugaritic worship involved a great deal of entheogens and sexual promiscuity.

Magically performing the reenactment of fertilization the worshipers were attempting to convince Baal to send rain for the cannabis crops.

Rain and semen were seen in ancient time as of the same essence, both produced fruit.

Worshipers in fertility religions typically behaved in this manner.

In the Cult of Yaweh the priests were forbidden to partake of entheogens while performing rituals and females were barred from the precincts of the temple, a patriarchal approach of severe separation of self from emotion as opposed to a compassionate matriarchal approach of communal passion.
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