proliferation of nuclear
US Cold War Nuclear Target List
1958 Edward Teller at Atomic Energy Commission begins Project
Chariot, part of Operation Plowshare, a proposal to construct an artificial
harbor at Cape Thompson on the North Slope of Alaska by burying and detonating
a string of nuclear devices.
Plan to detonate a nuclear bomb in Alberta
to collect oil sands wins approval of the Alberta government, but is vetoed by
Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker.
Americas atomic vets: We were used as guinea
For 25 Years, U.S. Special Forces Carried Miniature Nukes on
The Davy Crockett Battlefield Nuclear Weapon
1961 Tsar Bomba shock wave blows roofs
off stone houses and destroys wood houses hundreds of miles away.
The Day the
Earth Caught Fire
Voyage to the
Bottom of the Sea
US nearly detonated atomic bomb over North
test explosive device is lowered into a shaft drilled into the desert alluvium
636 ft deep.
The fusion-fission blast had a yield equivalent to 104
kilotons of TNT and lifted a dome of 11,000,000 long tons (12,000,000 short
tons) of soil 300 ft above the desert floor.
The resulting crater is
330 ft deep with a diameter of about 1,280 ft.
A circular area of the
desert floor five miles across is obscured by a pyroclastic surge.
blast caused seismic waves equivalent to an
earthquake of 4.75 on the Richter
In the Starfish Prime project a Thor rocket carrying a W49
thermonuclear warhead (manufactured by
Los Alamos Scientific
Laboratory) and a Mk. 2 reentry vehicle was launched from Johnston Island
in the Pacific Ocean, about 1,450 kilometres (900 mi) west-southwest of Hawaii.
The explosion takes place at an altitude of 250 miles (400 km), above a
point 19 miles (31 km) southwest of Johnston Island.
It produces a
yield equivalent to 1.4 megatonnes of TNT.
While some of the energetic beta particles follow
the magnetic field
of the Earth and illuminated the sky, other high-energy particles became
trapped and form radiation belts around
These man-made radiation belts
one-third of all satellites in low Earth orbit.
SEC. 1070. RELIEF OF RICHARD
M. BARLOW OF SANTA FE, NEW MEXICO.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the
(1) Richard M. Barlow was a counter-proliferation
intelligence officer with expertise in Pakistan nuclear issues.
1980-82, Richard M. Barlow served as the action officer for
Pakistan proliferation matters at the
Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
(3) In 1985, Richard M. Barlow
joined the CIA, becoming a recognized issue expert on Pakistan's clandestine
nuclear purchasing networks and its weapons programs.
(4) After serving as a Special Agent with the Customs Service,
Richard M. Barlow then joined the Office of the Secretary of Defense starting
in 1989, where he continued to investigate Pakistan's
network headed by A. Q. Khan.
(5) Richard M. Barlow was instrumental in
the 1987 arrest and later conviction of 2 agents in Pakistan's
development program headed by A. Q. Khan, for which he received an award for
exceptional accomplishment from the Director of the CIA and numerous
commendations from senior State Department and
law enforcement officials.
In addition, Richard M. Barlow received a prestigious commendation from the
State Department Legal Advisor for assistance to President Ronald Reagan and
Secretary of State George P. Schultz for triggering the Solarz Amendment
relating to termination of military and economic aid to
Pakistan for exporting
(7) In a classified hearing following the arrests of the
Pakistani agents, Richard M. Barlow, as the CIA's top expert, testified
truthfully to the Subcommittee on Asian Pacific Affairs of the Committee on
International Relations of the House of Representatives, then known as the
House Foreign Affairs Committee, that the arrested Pakistanis were agents of
the Pakistani government, and revealed that
had continued to regularly violate US nuclear export laws.
M. Barlow's actions revealed that certain Executive Branch officials had been
withholding this information from the Congressional committees.
1989, Richard M. Barlow joined the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the
Office of Non-proliferation where he continued to investigate Pakistani
(10) In April 1989, Richard M. Barlow received
an outstanding performance review from his DoD supervisors, and in June 1989 he
(11) During the spring and early summer of 1989, Richard
M. Barlow told his supervisors on a number of occasions that he had serious
concerns that Executive Branch officials were concealing intelligence about
Pakistan's nuclear program from Congress and were obstructing pending criminal
investigations into Pakistan's procurement efforts in order to avoid triggering
the Pressler and Solarz Amendments and to obtain approval for a proposed
$1,400,000,000 sale of F-16 jets to
(12) On August 2, 1989, Richard M. Barlow raised concerns about false
testimony given by senior officials to the Congress on Pakistan's nuclear
capabilities to the Subcommittee on Asian Pacific Affairs of the Committee on
International Relations of the House.
(13) On August 4, 1989, several
weeks after being promoted, Richard M. Barlow was handed a notice of pending
(14) On August 8, 1989, Richard M. Barlow's security
clearances were suspended for reasons that were classified and not revealed to
(15) On August 26, 1989, Richard M. Barlow, under threat of
firing, was offered a series of menial, temporary assignments by Department of
Defense personnel and security officials concerned about possible retaliation
against him as a Congressional whistleblower by senior officials in the Office
of the Secretary of Defense.
(16) Richard M. Barlow then underwent a
9-month long security investigation involving numerous allegations levied
against him by his superiors in the Office of Secretary of Defense, all of
which were found to be false.
(17) In March of 1990, Richard M. Barlow
then had his security clearance restored and remained in a series of temporary
assignments until February 1992, when he then resigned under duress.
(18) At the time of his separation from government service, Richard M.
Barlow had completed 8 years of government service.
(19) Richard M.
Barlow's temporary loss of his security clearance and personnel actions against
him damaged his reputation and left him unable to find suitable employment
inside the Government.
(20) For the next 15 years, Richard M. Barlow
continued to serve his country as a consultant to the intelligence and law
enforcement communities working on complex counterintelligence and
counter-proliferation operations without the benefits he would have had if he
had continued as a Federal employee.
(21) In 1998, the Senate approved
a private relief resolution, Senate Resolution 253 (105th Congress) to provide
compensation for Richard M. Barlow's losses on ``the nature, extent, and
character of the claim for compensation referred to in such bill as a legal or
equitable claim against the US or a gratuity''.
(22) With Senate
Resolution 253, the Senate recognized the importance of protecting Federal
employees who inform Congress of Executive Branch distortions of the truth and
(23) On March 6, 2000, the
Government filed a protective order under the state secrets privilege for
documents requested under discovery by Richard M. Barlow relating to the
(24) The documents denied under the state secrets
privilege were documents that Richard M. Barlow had official access to prior to
the loss of clearance.
(25) The documents denied under the
state secrets privilege were subpoenaed by
Richard M. Barlow to substantiate the allegations he originally made regarding
his claim of false testimony of Government officials to Congress on the
program and the actions taken against him.
(26) The evidence withheld
from the Court as a result of the state
secrets privilege included significant, sworn statements from a number of
senior intelligence, State Department, and
corroborating Richard M. Barlow's charges of Executive Branch wrongdoing.
(27) As a result of the use of the state secrets privilege, Richard M. Barlow
and the US Court of Federal Claims did not have access to evidence and
information necessary to evaluate the key information relating to the merits of
Richard M. Barlow's case and accurately report its findings to the Senate.
(28) Since Richard M. Barlow's separation from
government service in 1992, five Senate and five House committees have
intervened in support of Richard M. Barlow's case on a bipartisan basis, and
investigations by the CIA, State Department
Inspectors General, and the Government Accountability Office have
corroborated Mr. Barlow's findings or found that personnel actions were taken
against him in reprisal.
(29) Richard M. Barlow is recognized for his
patriotism and service to his country.
1992 A high-ranking Pakistani official admits that the country
had developed the ability to assemble a nuclear weapon by 1987.
1998 India detonates three
so Islamabad detonates five
"This was not a failure of intelligence. The intelligence
was in the system." - Richard Barlow
Khan Job: Bush Spiked Probe of Pakistans Dr.
Weapons Site Alarms Shut Off, Scientists Inhale
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a new religious
ideology to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification
of reality outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern
propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an
international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt
version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any
group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due
to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of the religion
aptly named The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational
gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith,
accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each
and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the
Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the
hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit.
The tenets of The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled
out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals
due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate
This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the
intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the
international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The
international corporate cartel already controls the world banking system,
corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex
of America and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of
self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization
is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at the point of a
American social mores and values have declined precipitously over
the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more
power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general
through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been
preprogrammed into the population through prior corporate media psychological
operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the
destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt
international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and
coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has
not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making
such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social
justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such
copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In
accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For
more information see: www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to
use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond
'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved