Valdez runs aground in Prince William Sound spilling 10.8 million gallons
include 250,000 sea birds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 harbor seals, 250 bald eagles,
22 orcas and millions of salmon and
In 1994 Exxon is fined $5 billion in civil court as punitive
damages. Punitive damages overturned on appeal in 2007. For the quarter ending
September 30, 2007 Exxon posted a profit of $9.4 billion.
JP Morgan invents credit-default swap
credit line for Exxon Valdez liability.
Scientists estimate that between 1800 and 1994 118 billion metric tons of
carbon has caused naturally alkaline oceans to become more acidic.
the oceans pH is a relatively constant property, and it has not changed over
time scales of hundreds of thousands of years. The pH changes that are
occurring in the oceans today are truly extraordinary." - Joan Kleypas,
scientist National Center for Atmospheric Research
"There is growing
consensus within the scientific community that increasing carbon dioxide levels
will lead to acidification in the ocean, inhibiting the ability of small
animals such as coral,
mollusks and some forms of plankton to form their shells. These creatures are
at the bottom of the oceanic food chain. If they disappear, the oceanic food
chain collapses." - James Friedson
1999 Oil tanker, New Carissa owned by Green Atlas Shipping and
operated by TMM Co. Ltd runs aground off the Oregon coast.
At the time
of the grounding the vessel was empty of cargo, but contained 359,000 gallons
of heavy fuel oil in six tanks and 37,400 gallons of diesel oil in one tank.
200,000 gallons of oil, roughly half, are consumed in the fire lite for
130,000 gallons of oil remaining in the bow section after
the burn is sunk in over 10,000 feet of water 282 miles west of
fishing vessel sinks in Prince William Sound, Alaska releasing 35,000 gallons
of diesel fuel into the sound.
Cleanup efforts tapered off after recovering 11,000
January 14, 2006 - hundreds of sea turtles found dead
off the coast of El Salvador
Huge "dead zone" of water so
devoid of oxygen that sea life could not live in it spreads at the mouth of the
Mississippi River. It is estimated to be between 4,770 and 6,900 square
Oil from the sunken tanker Prestige, which sank on November 19,
2002 off the Spanish coast, is still leaking about 80 tons of oil each day.
About 53,000 tons of oil remain in the ship.
Los Angeles admits
liability for over 3,670 sewage spills over the past decade.
2004 An annual occurrence caused by
fertilizer run-off in the Mississippi basin leaves a
dead zone of waters across
5,800 square miles of the Gulf of Mexico.
dead zone extendes from the
mouth of the Mississippi River in southeastern Louisiana 250 miles west to near
the Texas border and is closer to shore than usual because of
incorporation, the OMI Corp. is fined $4.2 million after pleading guilty to
dumping thousands of gallons of waste oil and sludge into the
ConocoPhillips will pay $485,000 in fines for Clean Water Act
violations arising from a natural gas platform in Alaska's Cook Inlet.
470 violations occurring between 1999 and 2004, mostly consisting of
the dumping of raw sewage into the inlet.
2005 Ocean fisheries have
dropped to 10% of their 1950 levels.
'Red' tide of plankton causes
unprecedented closure of shell fish fisheries along the
coast of New England.
disease that had struck over 30% of New England lobsters.
Researchers believe that higher
ocean temperatures have caused nearly a
third of New England lobsters to become inedible.
It is revealed that
the American military used the ocean, up
until 1970, as a dump for toxic waste.
The US army, alone, admitted
dumping 64 million pounds of nerve agents and mustard gas, 400,000 chemical
filled bombs, and 500 tons of radioactive toxic waste off the East, Gulf and
West coasts of America as well as around Hawaii and off the coast of Alaska.
The nerve agents, radioactive toxic waste and other toxic chemical
agents could pose a hazard for generations.
impact of the chemical dumping
has never been studied.
Few scientists knew it was done, so studies of
the decline in sea life have never focused on the possibility of
leaking chemical weapons.
dead zones have been
identified in the oceans, 90% of the large fish species have disappeared from
the oceans in the last 50 years, 97% of the elkhorn and staghorn
coral off the coast of
Florida has disappeared since 1975, 75% of the kelp forests off the Southern
California coast have vansihed in the last 50 years and 650 gray whales have
washed up dead or dying along the West Coast in the past seven
Tropical fish are sighted of the coast of New England.
State of California spends $33 million to offset private costs associated with
the dismal salmon fishing season. Catches are
one tenth of past average catches.
Dead zone at the mouth of the
Mississippi River is estimated has expanded to 8500 square miles.
British Petroleum agrees to pay $20 million in fines for
pipeline leaks and spills into Alaska Prudhoe Bay.
Lack of predators in
the ocean makes a lasting impact on Northern Ireland's only
35 feet deep of jelly fish attacks
salmon penned in nets off the Glens of Antrium killing the entire farmed
population worth $2 million.
The jelly fish, Pelagia nocticula,
is best known for terrorizing bathers in the Mediterranean Sea.
unprecedented, absolutely amazing. The sea was red with
jelly fish, and there was nothing we
could do about it, absolutely nothing." - John Russell, fish farm managing
Canadian researchers efforts to revive
wild salmon populations that were
exposed to sea lice infestations of farmed salmon appear to be failing.
Even though the wild fishery has been closed exposed
wild salmon populations are
depressed and declining quickly due to sea lice infestations.
dead zones, caused by
petrochemical fertilizers, are identified.
The size of dead
zones have roughly doubled every decade since 1960.
ExxonMobil fined $2.64
million for improperly handling and disposing of polychlorinated biphenyls
("PCBs") on an offshore oil and gas platform in the Santa Barbara
A 337 page federal fisheries report shows overwhelming evidence
that the pesticides malathion,
with the ability of wild salmon to
find food, reproduce and swim. The continued unfettered use of
farmers "jeopardized the continued existence" of
wild salmon off the Pacific coast of
California, Oregon and Washington.
"Measurements of ocean acidification
in the US Pacific Northwest show acidity is rising more than ten times faster
than climate models have predicted." - Jessica Marshall
"Declines in seawater pH were expected to happen very slowly,
so we've been lax in dealing with the problem, but our study shows ocean
acidification may be happening much quicker." - Timothy Wootton
Gulf of Mexico dead zone size of
2005 Issue of National Geographic
magazine it is noted that sea temperatures in the Atlantic Ocean have risen by
one to two degrees Fahrenheit since 1994.
Since 1995 the Atlantic has
been producing hurricanes at a pace double that of previous quarter century.
The rise of sea temperatures in the Atlantic is directly responsible
for the severity and frequency
Lower temperatures cause less severe and frequent
hurricanes while higher temperatures create
more severe and frequent
In the analysis presented it was predicted that
hurricanes in the near future could cause much more damage to the region
than hurricanes in the past.
The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal
(MRGO), a 76 mile channel that provides a shorter route between the Gulf of
Mexico and New Orleans's inner harbor, was designed for deep-draft vessels that
cannot fit through canal locks of the global industrial canals.
MRGO, now called the "hurricane highway," was directly responsible for the
storm surge that breached the levies of New Orleans.
the damage done to New Orleans rests in the laps of the US Army Corps of
Engineers and the shipping concerns that used the MRGO
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forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
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buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a
personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the
knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has
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the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world
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entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the
elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems.
Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at the point
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American social mores and values have declined precipitously
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through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been
preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media psychological
operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the
destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt
international elites vision of a perfect
world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the
bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
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