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followers of Islam

Sharia, Shari-'ah, Shari'a, Shariah, Syariah, Islamic law or the Law of Allah

Math and Islam

Apostasy in Islam

Crime and Islam


In the name of the merciful and compassionate Lord. 0 thou who art enwrapped!

Rise by night except a little the half, or deduct there from a little, and chant the sacred text.

Verily, we will cast on thee a heavy speech.

Verily, the early part of the night is stronger in impressions and more upright in speech!

Verily, thou hast by day a long employment; but mention the name of thy Lord,

Devote thyself thoroughly to Him; there is no God but He; then take Him for a guardian!

And endure patiently what they say, and flee from them with a decorous flight.

And leave those who say it is a lie, who are possessed of comfort; and let them bide for a while.

Those who bear the throne and those around it celebrate the praise of their Lord,

Believe in Him, and ask pardon for those who believe.

'Our Lord, thou dost embrace all things in mercy and knowledge,
then pardon those who turn repentant and follow thy way, and guard them from the torment of hell!'

'Our Lord make them enter into gardens of Paradise which thou hast promised to them, and to those who do well of their fathers, and their wives, and their seed; verily, thou art the mighty, the wise. Guard them from evil deeds, for he whom thou shalt guard from evil deeds on that day, thou wilt have had mercy on, and that is mighty bliss!'


IN the name of the merciful and compassionate God.
By the night when it veils!
And the day when it is displayed!
And by what created male and female!
Verily, your efforts are diverse!
As for him who gives resources and stands in awe of God,
And believes in the best,
We will send him easily to ease!
As for him who is closefisted,
And longs for wealth,
And calls the good a lie,
We will send him easily to difficulty!
And his wealth shall not avail him!


Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the Earth, and in the succession of night and day, are signs to those possessed of minds; who remember God standing and sitting or lying on their sides, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the Earth.

'0 Lord! Thou hast not created it all in vain.

We celebrate you Lord!'

-from the Qur’an , Islamic sacred text, which teaches tolerance and moderation in all things


Islamic rules of war

Chinese charater for surrenderChinese charater for God

The word 'Islam' is defined as the submission and/or surrender to Allah's will (God's will).

{Surrendering to God's Will simply means giving up the desire to control.}

"To submit the soul to God out of love for Him
Makes the soul's essential life blaze and grow."
- Rumi


Judaism does not believe in the personification of God in an individual human.

Christianity believes in the personification of God in Jesus.

Islam does not believe in the personification of God in an individual human.

Talmudism believes that God will be personified in an individual human Talmudic Messiah who will have unlimited material power developed slowly through the conquering of all other social systems. (Supreme Leader)

New Apostolic Reformation believes in a seven fold church ranking in which each rank is granted by God increased supernatural power - Teacher, Pastor, (Neo)Evangelist, Prophet, Apostle, Priest and King and believes that a Jesus with supernatural powers will appear.

Talmudism and the New Apostolic Reformation both believe that once a hierarchy of control is in place - meaning controlling positions of political, educational, civil, military, religious, philosophical, cultural, economic and scientific authority - then:

in the case of the New Apostolic Reformation;

Jesus will return sweeping all opponents aside with the sword of fire.

in the case of the Talmudism;

the Talmudic Messiah will return sweeping all opponents aside with the sword of fire.(In the Mishneh Torah under the Laws of Idolatry and Gentile Customs Moses Maimonides notes that it is good to burn a city that has been proselytized over to idolatry, ie refuses to submit to Talmudic rule.. Examples include Tokyo, Dresden, Hiroshima)



speak for justice


Sharia, Shari-'ah, Shari'a, Shariah, Syariah, Islamic law or the Law of Allah

Shariah controls, rules and regulates all public and private behavior.

Shariah has regulations for personal hygiene, diet, sexual conduct, and elements of child rearing.

Mainstream Islam distinguishes between fiqh, which means 'understanding of details' and refers to the inferences drawn by scholars, and sharia, which refers to the principles that lie behind the fiqh.

Scholars hope that fiqh and sharia are in harmony in any given case, but they cannot be sure.

Sharia has certain laws which are regarded as divinely ordained, concrete and timeless for all relevant situations (for example, the ban against drinking liquor as an intoxicant).

Sharia also has certain laws which are extracted based on principles established by Islamic lawyers and judges (Mujtahidun).

The sharia as interpreted by Islamic lawmakers is believed by Muslims to be merely a human approximation of the true Sharia, which is understood as the divine and eternal correct path.

In deriving Sharia law, Islamic lawmakers are not, therefore, actually creating divinely correct or incorrect actions beyond question, but rather attempting to interpret divine principles.

Sharia in general is considered divine, but a lawyer's or judge's extraction or opinion on a given matter is not, though the process and intention to refer to Allah's law is divinely sanctioned.

An Islamic lawyer or judge's attempts to rule according to Sharia, can be described as 'ruling by Sharia', but this ruling is not beyond question.

For Sunni Muslims, the primary sources of Islamic law are the Qur'an, the Hadith or directions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, the unanimity of Muhammad's disciples on a certain issue (ijma), and Qiyas (drawing analogy from the essence of divine principles).

Qiyas - various forms of reasoning, including by analogy - are used by the law scholars (Mujtahidun) to deal with situations where the sources provided no concrete rules. The consensus of the community, public interest, and others were also accepted as secondary sources where the first four primary sources allow.

In Imami-Shi'i law, the sources of law (usul al-fiqh) are the Qur'an, anecdotes of Muhammad's practices and those of the 12 Imams, and the intellect (aql).

The practices called Sharia today, however, also have roots in local customs (Al-urf). Islamic jurisprudence is called fiqh and is divided into two parts: the study of the sources and methodology (usul al-fiqh - roots of the law) and the practical rules (furu' al-fiqh - branches of the law).

The authority of Sharia is drawn from two primary sources, as well as two secondary sources. The first major source is the specific guidance in the Qur'an, and the second source is the Sunnah, literally the 'Way', i.e. the way that Muhammad (the prophet of Islam) lived his life. (The compilation of all that Muhammad said, did or approved of is called the Hadith.)

A lesser sources of authority is Qiyas, which is the extension by analogy of existing Sharia law to new situations.

Finally, Sharia law can be based on ijma, or consensus. Justification for this final approach is drawn from the Hadith where Muhammad states; "My nation cannot agree on an error."

The role of ulema, i.e. scholars, is critical, since they are the ones who study the Islamic law and therefore have authority to represent it.

Sharia has largely been codified by the schools (madhhabs) of Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh).

The comprehensive nature of Sharia law is due to the belief that the law must provide all that is necessary for a individual's spiritual and physical well-being.

All possible actions of a Muslim are divided (in principle) into five categories: obligatory, meritorious, permissible, reprehensible, and forbidden.

Fundamental to the obligations of every Muslim are the Five Pillars of Islam.

Sharia is the social equal to English common law, European civil law, Socialist law, Hindu law and the law of Moses.

The most striking difference between Sharia law and English common law or European civil law is that in both English common law and European civil law lawfully executed and valid contracts can not be revised. Under Sharia law if one party to a contract feels the contract is unjust he may ask the Sharia law authority to change the terms, modify or invalidate the contract on the grounds that fairness and justice under Sharia law requires the equal enrichment of both participants to the contractual obligation .

Crime and Islam

Sharia has a very high level of proof for the most serious crimes and punishments. If proof is not as specified then the crime must be considered a lesser crime. The major myth is that judges in Islamic nations have fixed punishments for all crimes. The judge under Sharia is not bound by precedents, rules, or prior decisions as in English common law.

Hadd crimes, the most serious crimes in Sharia law, are murder, apostasy, making war upon Allah and His messengers, theft, adultery, defamation, false accusation of adultery or fornication, robbery and consumption of intoxicants. These are considered crimes against Allah.

Tazir crimes are acts which are punished because the offender disobeys Allah's law and word. Tazir crimes are crimes against society.

A Qesas crime is one of retaliation. If you commit a Qesas crime, the victim has a right to seek retribution and retaliation.

The concept of retribution was found in the first statutory "Code of Hammurabi" and in the law of Moses in the form of "an eye for an eye." Muslims add to that saying "but it is better to forgive."

Contemporary common law today still is filled with the assumptions of retribution. The American justice system has adopted a retribution model which sets fixed punishments for each crime. The American federal code contains "mandatory minimum" sentences for drug dealing. Many states have fixed punishment for drug, violence and the use of particular weapons.

Qesas crime is simple retribution: if one commits a crime he knows what the punishment will be.


Diya has its roots in Islamic law and dates to the time of the prophet Mohammad when there were many local families, tribes and clans. The prophet Mohammad was able to convince several tribes to take a monetary payment in retribution for damage to the clan or tribe.

Diya is paid by the offender to the victim if he is alive. If the victim is dead, the money is paid to the victim's family or to the victim's clan or tribe. The assumption is that victims will be compensated for their loss.

Under English common law, the victim or family must sue the offender in a civil tort action for damages. Qesas law combines the process of criminal and civil hearings into one, just as the "civil law" is applied in many nations on Earth. Qesas crimes are compensated as restitution under common law and civil law. Qesas crimes require compensation for each crime committed.


Prophet's lifestyle

Apostasy in Islam

In some interpretations of an Islamic state, conversion by Muslims to other religions is forbidden and is termed apostasy.

In Muslim theology, apostasy resembles the crime of treason, the betrayal of one's own country. Penalties may include ostracism or even execution if they live or have lived in an "Islamic State" and are deemed enemies of the state.

By analogy, in the age of nation states, an individual who commits treason (turning state's secrets to a foreign power, or spies for a foreign power, etc) is subject to severe penalty - historically, death.

A well known example of a Muslim "apostate" undergoing persecution is that of Salman Rushdie, whose novel The Satanic Verses prompted Khomeini to issue a fatwa (religious opinion) for his execution. Even though some suspect that Khomeini issued this fatwa more because of the lampooning of Khomeini himself it could be argued that Khomeini's motivation for issuing the fatwa is irrelevant as Rushdie's apostasy was the formal ground for the imposition of the death sentence.


"Some of us are righteous, and some are less than righteous; we follow various paths.

We knew full well that we can never run away from God on Earth; we can never run away and escape.

When we heard the guidance, we believed therein.

Anyone who believes in God will never fear any injustice, nor any affliction.

Among us are the submitters, and among us are the compromisers.

As for those who submitted, they are on the right path.

As for the compromisers, they will be fuel for Gehenna.

If they remain on the right path, we will bless them with abundant water.

We will surely test them all.

As for him who disregards the message of God, God will direct him to ever increasing retribution. "

Qur'an Jinn 72:11-17




mathematics

Math and Islam

"Mathematics is the bedrock upon which the entire edifice of science rests. To this day, every field of thought that presumes to the status of a science turns to mathematics for validation, either directly or by implying through hypertrophied technical jargon an exactitude of meaning that admits to the methods of deductive reasoning." - Charles Eisenstein


Currently used science and mathematics depended upon the Arabic numeral system created or improved by Muslims.

Algebra was first fully developed by Al Khwarism, the "father of algebra".

Al-Tusi is the "father of trigonometry".

Al-Khashi, from Persia, invented decimal fractions.



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