made his first covenant with
mankind in the time of
Noah to institute a social order that would
honor human life as
the image of
The social order Noah instituted is known as Noahide
Noahide laws as traditionally enumerated are:
Do not steal.
Do not murder.
Do not deny God.
Do not blaspheme God.
Do not eat
a live animal.
courts/legal system to ensure law and obedience.
Do not engage in
incestuous, adulterous or
A Semite is a descendent of Shem, the eldest son of
"Jews have a special status in the eyes of
, but we lose that special status when we abandon
Torah." - Judaism 101
The Torah is traditionally accepted as the
literal word of
to Moshe Rabbenu and is accepted as
the primary guide to the relationship between
The Torah is also
known as the Five Books of Moshe
"In the beginning...");
Leviticus (Vayikra: "And he called...");
(Bamidbar: "In the wilderness...");
(Devarim: "Words", or "Discourses")
interpretation is that the Torah
constitutes one long name of , and that
it was broken up into words so that human minds could understand it.
Criticism of the Torah is considered to be both
heretical which raises questions about
Orthodox Judaism holds that the Torah is the
Oral Tradition written down.
Originally it was forbidden to write
and publish the Oral Law,
as any writing would be incomplete and subject to
prevent the material from being lost, the rabbis began to write down their
Oral Tradition when living in
Babylon after the fall of Jerusalem.
The first major written work of
Rabbinic Judaism was the Mishnah.
writings from this period that record details of the
Oral Tradition are called
"Baraita" refers to teachings "outside" of the six orders of
The Tosefta is a later compendium of several baraita
What is now commonly titled Judaism is centered on the
rabbinical teachings of the Pharisees.
understand the evolution of what is called Judaism one must understand the
history of rabbinical teaching.
The first period of rabbinical teaching
is termed "Zugot" - a plural of two identical objects.
Babylonian Talmud (Pesachim
109b-112a) contains an extensive discussion of dangers of zugot and of
performing various activities in pairs.
The discussants expressed belief in
a demonology and practices of sorcery from which protection was needed by
avoiding certain activities.
The period termed Zugot began when
the Jewish revolt, led by Judas Maccabaeus and Jonathan Maccabaeus, against the
Seleucid Empire succeeded.
The period termed Zugot lasted from the
founding of the Hasmonean
Dynasty until the rise of the Herodian Dynasty, a vassal of the
Great bolstered the legitimacy of his reign by marrying a Hasmonean
princess, Mariamne daughter of Hyrcanus II, and assured himself
the throne with the murder of the last male Hasmonean heir.
With the rise of the independent
Judean state under Simon Maccabeus of the Hasmoneans, the nature of Judaism
changed from theocracy based on the
natural moral order with priests intrepreting the
Will of God into
a nomocracy with a list of do's and
Simon Maccabeus of the Hasmoneans reigned from 142 BC to 135
It is here that an irrevocably splintering of traditional Judaic
thought, taught by Moshe
Rabbenu as Mosiac Law, occurs.
proponents of the exegesis of the
Mishnah, argued with
Sadducees, the high priest sect of the Hasmonean dynasty, embraced the
ponerology of being the most perfect righteous Ones - the Zaddikim.
theocracy a 'god' or 'deity', recognized as the supreme civil ruler, is
represented either in a personal incarnation or, more often, via
religious institutional representatives.
nomocracy is a social cultural system in which the ultimate and final authority
(sovereignty) rests in a system of law - as in the
The change from
theocracy to nomocracy reflected a radical transformation from the rule of the
Hebrew community through
the High Priest, to rule of the community through the judicial and legislative
discourse of the Supreme Court.
The High Priest, the Kohen Gadol, went
from being the supreme legal and spiritual authority to a figurehead who ruled
in the Temple but was still subservient to the Supreme Court.
time on rabbinic sages, the Pharisees, interpret and
Oral Torah or
The Tannaim were rabbinic sages
whose opinions are recorded in the Mishnah, the first written
collection of existing Oral
Tradition(70 - 200 AD).
The Mishnah is considered to be the first
important work of Rabbinic Judaism and is the foundational source of later
rabbinic religious thought.
interpretations of the Mishnah over
the next three centuries are redacted as the Gemara by the Amoraim in both
The Tannaim exclude any mention of
Masada or of the Zaddikim Zealots in the Mishnah.
The compilation of the rabbinic
commentaries in the Gemara gave rise to the Talmud.
definitively edited Talmud and
the task of the Geonim was to interpret the
render legal decisions in
agreement with its teachings.
The Geonim decided issues on which no
ruling had been rendered before the Talmud was
Nearly all rabbinic
commentary concerns specifying what behavior is sanctioned by the
what rituals must be performed to satisfy those
This body of interpretations is called
halakha (the Way).
Moses Maimonides codified the Talmud in
the Mishnah listing the 613 mitzvot (commandments) paraphrased in the
The opinions of the Talmudic rabbis are divided between
those who seek the purpose of the mitzvot and those who do not question them.
The former argue that if the reason for each mitzvah could be
determined, people might try to achieve what they see as the purpose of the
mitzvah, without actually performing the mitzvah itself.
Babylonian Talmud, along with the
numerological and astrological elements of the
Kabbalah, became preeminent and was the
form of Judaism accepted by the Yiddish Khazar Ashkenazi
Those who practice what has been conveniently titled
Judaism come from three distinct cultural groups -
Peninsula Jews, Semitic Mizrahi Jews
and the Yiddish Khazar
Eastern European Ashkenazi Jews.
The are two groups that titles its religion Judaic that
reject the Talmud - the Karites
and Black Ethiopian Jews.
"Crimean Karaims are people of Turk(ic)
descent who have adopted Karaism. Karaism is Mosaism, an independent, non
sectarian, monotheistic religion of Abraham." - Mehmet
Karites are a
splinter group of the Turkish
Black Ethiopian Jews are Semites.
Karaite Judaism or Karaism is a Jewish movement
characterized by the recognition of the Tanakh as its scripture, and the
rejection of rabbinic Judaism and
the Mishnah and the Talmud as binding.
When interpreting the Tanakh,
Karaites strive to adhere to the plain meaning (p'shat) of the text.
This is in stark contrast to rabbinical Judaism, which employs
the methods of p'shat, remez (implication or clue), drash ("deep
interpretation," based on breaking down individual words, e.g., breaking down
"be'ra'shit" to "beit" "ra'shit", which means two startings of) and sod
("secret," the deeper meaning of the text, drawing on the
The Torah ("Teaching," also known as the Five Books of Moshe
Rabbenu), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings") - hence TaNaKh.
The elements of the Tanakh are
incorporated in various forms in Christian Bibles, with some variations, as the
In modern times Karaite Judaism has formed its own
independent Jewish organization, and is not a member of any rabbinic
Semites are the descendants of
Noah's son Shem and are defined as any member of any of various ancient and
modern peoples originating in Middle East and northern Africa, including the
Canaanites, Phoenicians, Arameans,
Ethiopians, Hebrews, and Arabs.
Mizrahi Jews are true
Semitic Jews descended from local Jewish communities of the Middle East from
To be anti-Semitic one must hate the
descendants of Noah's son Shem.
Palestinians are Arabs and Arabs are
that denigrate or hate Palestinians, Arabs or Ethiopians are anti-Semites.
The Khazars, a
Caucasian-Mongolian race later mixed with Aryans, are not Semitic people of
Black Ethiopian Judaism tradition goes no further than the
Ethiopian Jews do not recognize
the Talmud and other
commentaries that form the basis of modern Talmudic traditions.
this reason the Black Ethiopian Jews are forbidden to perform marriages,
funerals and other services in the state of Israel.
The state of
Israel is not a Judaic state -
it is a Zionist
Israelis routinely assassinate Palestinians they believe to be Palestinian
Many times this targeting kills innocent children.
is an attempt to live up to the Pauline myth.
The Israelis also
routinely murder non-violent peace activists such as
Rachel Corrie, crushed by a bulldozer,
documentary film maker James Miller, shot through the neck and
Reuters cameraman Fadel Shana
killed by a flechette shell fired by an Israeli tank.
word of the Lord, O people of Israel!
The Lord has brought charges
against you, saying:
"There is no faithfulness, no
kindness, no knowledge of God in your
You make vows and
break them; you kill and steal and commit adultery.
There is violence
everywhere one murder after another.
That is why your land is in
mourning, and everyone is wasting away.
Even the wild animals, the birds
of the sky, and the fish of the sea are disappearing.
"Don't point your finger at someone else and
try to pass the blame!
My complaint, you priests, is with you.
So you will stumble in broad daylight, and your false prophets will
fall with you in the night.
And I will destroy Israel, your mother.
My people are being destroyed because they don't know me.
you priests refuse to know me, I refuse to recognize you as my
Since you have forgotten the laws of your God, I
will forget to bless your children." - Hosea 4:1-6
"What emerged for me,
from the study of the first chapters of the Talmud was the discovery that the
main stream of Talmudic thought is permeated by the
superiority of Jews over gentiles,
disconcertingly reminiscent of
racist notions of our time.
Living in Israel for the past twenty
years in a Jewish
majority that is no more sensitive to
the feelings of minorities within it than gentile
majorities are, I have come to realize
the vitality of Jewish racist
notions, and I am more
than ever convinced that the hold will have on this and future generations will
be gravely impaired unless these notions are neutralized by an internal
reordering of traditional values." - Moshe Greenberg*
"The problem is Israel wants more land than
it has right to and is willing to lead America into global conflicts to gain
it." - Bob Daly 01/07
13 principles of faith
The existence of
The resurrection of the dead
The coming of the Jewish
Revelation through God's prophets
God's spirituality and
Reward of good and retribution of evil
foreknowledge of human actions
God alone is to be the object of
God's law given on Mount Sinai to Moses
of Moses among the prophets
The immutability of the Torah as
Orthodox Judaism or
PhariseeismOrthodox Judaism adheres to a
relatively strict interpretation and application
of the laws first canonized in the Talmudic texts and as subsequently developed
and applied by the later authorities known as the Gaonim, Rishonim, and
Orthodox Judaism is characterized by belief that the Torah
and its laws are Divine, were transmitted
by Yahweh to Moshe Rabbenu,
are eternal, and are unalterable; belief that there is also an oral law in
Judaism, which contains the authoritative interpretation of the written legal
sections of the Torah, and is also Divine by virtue of having been transmitted
in some form by Yahweh to Moshe
Rabbenu along with the Written Law, as embodied in the
Midrash, and innumerable
related texts, all intrinsically and inherently entwined with the written law
of the Torah; belief that Yahweh has
made an exclusive, unbreakable covenant with the Children of Israel to be
governed by the Torah; adherence to Halakha, or Jewish law, including
acceptance of codes, mainly the Shulchan Aruch, as authoritative practical
guidance in application of both the written and oral laws, as well as
acceptance of halakha-following Rabbis as authoritative interpreters and judges
of Jewish law; belief in Jewish eschatology.
Orthodox beliefs may be
most found in their adherence to the thirteen Jewish principles of faith as
stated by the Rambam (Maimonides).
Soulless - defined as lacking sensitivity the
capacity for feeling empathy and/or
having no soul.
Apostate - defined as
faithless to moral allegiance; pertaining to, or characterized by,
"Apostates are evil people, corrupt children who have rejected
God." - Isaiah 1:4
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buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a
personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the
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and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered
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American social mores and values have declined
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