"Very quickly the Word of the Gospel becomes an
oppressive law as established political and social order embrace the
The spirit of play is forced to the periphery of the
fellowship, where it was welcomed by those who were previously excluded.
Charismatic Pentacostal counter-movements come into being as an
antidote for the over-emphasis on the Word over Spirit; order over spontaneity;
control over liberty.
Pentacostal movement has been derailed in the West by the same Roman legalistic
and Greek rationalistic forces that gave birth to the Constantinean church.
A key to understanding the transition is the concept of play.
Play critically confronts any ideology and political or religious
system which has absolute claims.
Nor are playful human beings out to
dominate reality and exploit it,
to justify their own existence with the result.
criticism of technocratic utilitarian thought and achievement which attacks
both the nature and the quality of human life.
Both approaches are
typical of the false self, which not only wrongs reality (and thus the truth)
but leads to an absolutization of one's own interpretation of existence." -
Charles Fox Parham
obtained a minister's license from the Southwest Kansas Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church.
Charles Fox Parham's adoption of Wesleyan
"holiness" theology with its crisis experience of sanctification
as a troublemaker and he surrendered his minister's license. Holiness preachers
declared that following conversion, believers should seek for a "second
blessing" to purge the desires of the
flesh from their hearts.
Revivalism emphasized definable turning points in a Christians life as
essential. Holiness preaching tended to center around Wesleys
sanctification teaching of a second crisis experience subsequent to
justification which was commonly termed entire sanctification. From this it
followed that it was the duty of those who had experienced entire
sanctification to confess it and seek to bring others into this
Charles Fox Parham
established the Bethel Healing Home and published the Apostolic Faith magazine
in Topeka, Kansas.
Parham founds Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas. Forty students
gathered to pray for the promised "Latter Rain" outpouring of the
Holy Spirit (Joel 2:23,28,29) hoping to acquire
the supernatural spiritual power
that marked the expansion of the Early Church.
In an intense atmosphere
of expectancy Agnes N. Ozman became the
first to "speak in tongues." Charles
Fox Parham 'receives' the capability of speaking in "German" and "Swedish";
Agnes N. Ozman in "Chinese," and others in a variety of "foreign languages"
including "Japanese", "Hungarian", "Syrian", "Hindi" and "Spanish". As there
was no one in Topeka, Kansas who spoke any of these languages and as none of
these "speakers of tongues" actual did any foreign missonary work it is
unlikely that any of these spoken tongues were actual
Charles Fox Parham noted that "Cloven Tongues of Fire"
appeared over the heads of speakers of tongues. He believed speaking in tongues
meant that an individual had been given the power by the Holy Spirit to speak
and understand a foreign language to facilitate foreign missonary work.
Charles Fox Parham is considered to be the "founder of modern
Pentecostalism." It is
clear from history that both the Azusa Street revival and the
Pentecostal revival that
spread from Zion City (now called Zion), Illinois, grew from Charles Fox
Parham's Latter Rain mythology.
Charles Fox Parham moved to Houston,
Texas, where in spite of segregation,
William Seymore, a
one-eyed African-American preacher is taught
William Seymore goes to
Los Angeles, where his speaking sparks the the Azusa Street revival.
can trace their roots to the Azusa Street revival.
The Azusa Street Revival of
Charles Fox Parham after observing "supernatural manifestations" of the
Azusa Street revival declares: "The Lord is sick at His
1907 David Wesley Myland begins teaching
the rudimentary mythology of the "Latter Rain."
The idea of a
Latter Rain was present from the earliest days of
believed that the return of speaking in
tongues and the baptism of the Holy Spirit marked the
Latter Rain, near the
End Times. The
outpouring of the Holy Spirit on
Pentecost had been the
"Former Rain" that established Christ's Church, but the current "movement" of
the Holy Spirit was the Latter
Rain that would bring the Christ's work to completion, and culminate in the
Second Coming of Jesus Christ, the Rapture.
mid-1940's The enthusiasm and
fire of the
Pentecostal revival that
started at Azusa Street is waning, and adherents are looking for another
movement of the Spirit - seeking signs and wonders.
Branham, Percy Hunt and George Hawtin codify Latter Rain mythology as the
"New Order of the Latter Rain."
1949 Latter Rain
dogma leads to the condemnation of the
"The New Order of the Latter Rain" by the Assemblies of God General Council.
Many Latter Rain acolytes resign or are excommunicated for their involvement
and form independent Latter Rain fellowships. Most of these fellowships are
small. Their evolving mythology
becomes increasingly heretical and, many degenerated into clearly definable
cults - Church of the Living Word, The Body, House of Prayer, etcetera .
Some of those who kept the Latter Rain alive from that time and are a
big influence in the new Latter Rain
Third Wave are Bill Hamon,
Cain, the Kansas City
"prophets", Vineyard and
the placing of experience over exposition; baptism of the Holy
Spirit and the gifts of the Holy Spirit can be imparted through the "laying on of hands"; that Christ's Church
is built upon the foundation the five-fold ministry of present-day apostles and
prophets; the dominion mandate -
the Latter Rain movement must overcome all resistance and destroy all evil
which now prevents the return of Christ; when all enemies are finally dealt
with Christ will be released from heaven to return to Earth, at which time
Latter Rain acolytes will present the Earth to Christ as his footstool.
"After being ordained into full-time ministry by a
RHEMA graduate and acknowledged prophet
I started a small ministry called "Latter Rain Ministries." I had several
cassettes and booklets by William Marrion Branham
and prayed I too could have such a
I, like many others, believed that the Lord had restored the office of the
apostle and prophet. Many
were spoken over my wife and I regarding the move of God and the
end time glory which was
about to be manifested and our role
in this coming move. Now I know that I, and all my friends in ministry, were
Montanists to the core, (although probably none of us
knew it at the time). It was only
recently (within the last two to three years) that the Lord has opened my wife
and my eyes to the Truth of
His Word, which has been
subsequently revealing the darkness of what we once gladly walked in. I know
from personal experience the great attraction Latter Rain holds for people.
Adherents want to be on the cutting edge of spiritual advancement.
Adherents want to see
the sick healed,
feel His presence,
etcetera. The problem is almost all of what transpires in neo-Montanist
congregations is subjective experience devoid of any solid
Biblical foundation. The lighted ends up
being used to prove the experience, it matters not where the texts are drawn
from, and context is immaterial." - Rev. Robert S. Liichow
Latter Rain mythology
condemnation by Assemblies of God
include: overemphasis relative to imparting, identifying, bestowing, or
confirming of gifts by the "laying on of
hands" and prophecy; erroneous
teaching that the true church is built on the foundation of present-day
apostles and prophets; the suggestion that an intercessor could hear confession
and absolve sin; extreme and unscriptural practice of imparting or imposing
control over individuals by the
gifts of utterance.
Rain movement, along with elements of the "Healing Revival" slowly
dissolved into parts of the larger
Pentacostal movement. Dancing, lifting of
hands and spontaneous praise are marks
of the Charismatic
Pentacostal movement. Some parts of the Charismatic Pentacostal movement
have a blend of influences that may include both the Latter Rain, the
Healing Revival and the
elements distinctive from traditional Pentecostal theology.
flamboyant claims of the Charismatic are beyond tolerance and have succeeded in
leading Christians to seek the 'gifts' rather than the 'Giver' and has already
done untold harm to the people of God." - InPlainsite.org
1947 through 1957 Healing Revival Early
Kansas City "prophets" with
Oral Roberts, Jack Coe,
Smith founds Calvary
Chapel after serving as Healing Revival campaign manager
"In 1990 a shift occurred and the
Apostolic movement began to be
birthed. My wife and I have met no less than six apostles - most of whom used
to be pastors, then prophets, and now
apostles. Over the last fifteen
years we have spiritually surfed
various moves of the Holy Spirit and they all can be reduced to being nothing
more than Latter Rain acolytes, only the error has progressed even more
radically since 1947." - Rev. Robert S. Liichow
Two of the most
prominent proponents of the mythology of Latter Rain are
Cain and C. Peter
Wagner, co-founder of the World Prayer Center, a non-profit
corporation, and chancellor of the Wagner Institute, a non-profit
in Colorado Springs, is touted as a leading authority in the fields of
church growth and
evolved Latter Rain
mythologies now include: Kingdom Now /
Progressive Revelation, Revival/Harvest, Joel's Army, Replacement
mythology, Post-Millennial Eschatology, Signs and Wonders,
, Ecumenism, Restoration of Apostles and Prophets,
Jubilee/Feast of Tabernacles, and the Post-denominational Church.
Some leaders of the Latter Rain movement taught that as
the End approached
Manifest Sons would arise.
These Manifest Sons, ones who
have come into the full stature of Christ would receive the Spirit without
measure receiving a
number of "divine gifts", including the ability to teleport, to
speak any language and
to perform divine healing and other
miracles. They claimed Manifest Sons cannot be
deceived and do not
Manifest Sons claim they will
restore man's rightful position as originally mandated in Genesis ushering in
the millennial reign of Christ in which all people will be given full
redemption - free from the curse of
Original Sin, free from
sin causing evil spirits to scatter before
the triumphant power of Joel's
army and all sickness, disease, death and
desires of the flesh will end.
"A Man Child is birthed who is to bring about a dramatic change in the
entire structure of the Church.The Man Child will bring full
Apostolic Order." - vision
given to apostle Paul Cunningham at the 2nd apostles gathering
the early years, some of the most ardent critics of the Latter Rain and Latter
Rain's Manifest Sons mythology came from within
particularly the Assemblies of God. Leaders of the Assemblies of God were
concerned that it glorified men among other things and pointed to the "ye are gods"
dogma as evidence of severe
of Manifest Sons mythology include:
Earl Pearly Paulk,
Cain, William Marrion
Branham and Benny
December 31, 1989 A
enters Benny Hinn at the Orlando Christian Center, takes control of his
mind and tongue to the
point where he is unaware of the several future
prophecies uttered. Benny Hinn
claims he was drunk on the
Holy Spirit and asks someone to tell him what he had just said.
point is this, that there will be a manifestation of the
sons and daughters
of God. And it won't be this baloney that we've heard of in the past; I
mean, there's been a few people tried to walk through a wall like this over
here and knocked their brains loose, but that's not what I'm talking about. I'm
talking about a manifested
son of god; if
anyone walks through this wall over here, they're not going to tell you about
it - I mean, they're just going to do it. And
sons of god
don't tell you they're
sons of god,
they'll just show you!" -
1993 Randy Clark, a
St. Louis Vineyard pastor, is
despondent. In desperation, Randy Clark
visits a Rodney
Howard-Browne meeting in Tulsa. Randy
Clark keeps going up to get prayed for and keeps getting knocked down by
Rodney Howard-Browne's manifestations -
slain in the
laughter - had to be an
anointing of the Holy Spirit !
Randy Clark, invited to speak at
John Arnott's Toronto Airport
Vineyard fellowship, puts to work what he has learned from Rodney
The Toronto revival has also been referred to as the
"Toronto Blessing", "The Father's Blessing", "The Anointing", "The Awakening",
"The River", "The Fire".
Randy Clark announces his sermon,
"The Making of a Warrior."
Carol Arnott falls to the floor
and slashes violently with an imaginary two handed sword for about twenty
Clark conclusion Carol Arnott delivers the following
"This is My sword, this is not man's sword, this is My
golden sword. The ways you have been using My weapons, the methods that you
have been using in the past, you are to throw them away because I am giving you
My sword now and the old ways of doing things will not do. The old methods will
not be acceptable to Me anymore because I am doing a new thing. Do not look to
the yesterdays but look to the future because I am doing a new thing and this
new way is not the old. This new way is new and you must throw away the old
ways of doing things and take up My sword because My sword is made of pure gold
and is purer and is mighty. If you wield it the captives will be set free, the
chains will be broken and the healings will be manifest because it will not be
by might, nor by power, but by My wonderful Holy Spirit. ...Let Me refine you
and come and take up that golden sword for I will use you in ways, I will use
you in ways that you can't imagine, but I must purify you first." - Carol
Arnott channeling the Holy Spirit
People infected with "Fire of the
Holy Spirit" exhibited the following behaviors:
hysterical laughter ("Holy Laughter"),
physical spasms and jerking,
falling to the floor,
slain in the
spirit, roaring like lions, barking like dogs and "speaking in tongues."
traditional Christians consider these type of "supernatural
manifestations", spawned initially by the Latter Rain/Manifest Sons
mindset, lead to apostasy.
you're going to be concerned about deception, then please be concerned about
the greatest deception that there is, and the greatest deception of all, in my
opinion, is not to fall for teachings of a false prophet." - John
At first the Vineyard and Charismatic establishment embraced
these "supernatural manifestations" as it brought out the crowds. After two
years the Toronto
Airport Vineyard was forced by John
Wimber to resign from the
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