"Very quickly the Word of the Gospel becomes an
oppressive law as established political and social order embrace the
The spirit of play is forced to the periphery of the
fellowship, where it was welcomed by those who were previously excluded.
Charismatic Pentacostal counter-movements come into being as an
antidote for the over-emphasis on the Word over Spirit; order over spontaneity;
control over liberty.
Pentacostal movement has been derailed in the West by the same Roman legalistic
and Greek rationalistic forces that gave birth to the Constantinean church.
A key to understanding the transition is the concept of play.
Play critically confronts any ideology and political or religious
system which has absolute claims.
Nor are playful human beings out to
dominate reality and exploit it,
to justify their own existence with the result.
criticism of technocratic utilitarian thought and achievement which attacks
both the nature and the quality of human life.
Both approaches are
typical of the false self, which not only wrongs reality (and thus the truth)
but leads to an absolutization of one's own interpretation of existence." -
Parham obtained a minister's license from the Southwest Kansas
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Charles Fox Parham's
adoption of Wesleyan "holiness" theology with its crisis experience of
him as a troublemaker and he surrendered his minister's
declared that following conversion, believers should seek for a "second
blessing" to purge the desires of the
flesh from their hearts.
preaching tended to center around Wesleys sanctification teaching of a
second crisis experience subsequent to justification which was commonly termed
From this it followed that it
was the duty of those who had experienced entire sanctification to confess it
and seek to bring others into this experience.
1898 Charles Fox Parham
established the Bethel Healing Home and published the Apostolic
Faith magazine in Topeka, Kansas.
Parham founds Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas.
students gathered to pray for the promised "Latter Rain" outpouring of the Holy
Spirit (Joel 2:23,28,29) hoping to acquire
spiritual power that marked the expansion of the Early
In an intense atmosphere of
expectancy Agnes N. Ozman
became the first to "Speak in
Charles Fox Parham 'receives' the capability of speaking
in "German" and "Swedish"; Agnes N. Ozman in "Chinese," and others in a variety
of "foreign languages" including "Japanese", "Hungarian", "Syrian", "Hindi" and
As there was no one in Topeka, Kansas who spoke any of these
languages and as none of these "speakers of tongues" actual did any foreign
missonary work it is unlikely that any of these spoken tongues were actual
Charles Fox Parham
noted that "Cloven Tongues of Fire"
appeared over the heads of speakers of tongues.
He believed speaking in
tongues meant that an individual had been given the power by the Holy Spirit to
speak and understand a foreign language to facilitate foreign missonary
Charles Fox Parham is considered to be the "founder of modern
It is clear from history that both the Azusa Street revival and the
that spread from Zion City (now called Zion), Illinois, grew from Charles Fox
Parham's Latter Rain
Charles Fox Parham moves to Houston, Texas, where in
spite of segregation, William Seymore, a
one-eyed African-American preacher is taught Latter Rain
goes to Los Angeles, where his speaking sparks the the Azusa Street revival.
denominations can trace their roots to the Azusa Street revival.
The Azusa Street Revival of
Charles Fox Parham after observing "supernatural manifestations" of
the Azusa Street revival declares: "The Lord is sick at His
1907 David Wesley Myland begins teaching the rudimentary
mythology of the "Latter Rain."
The idea of a Latter Rain was present
from the earliest days of
believed that the return of speaking in
tongues and the baptism of the Holy Spirit marked the Latter Rain, near the
outpouring of the Holy Spirit on
Pentecost had been
the "Former Rain" that established Christ's Church, but the current "movement"
of the Holy Spirit was the Latter Rain that would bring the Christ's work to
completion, and culminate in the Second
Coming of Jesus Christ, the
mid-1940's The enthusiasm and
fire of the
that started at Azusa Street is waning, and
adherents are looking for another
movement of the Holy Spirit - seeking signs and wonders.
William Marrion Branham, Percy Hunt
and George Hawtin codify Latter Rain mythology as the "The New Order of the Latter
1949 Latter Rain
dogma leads to the condemnation of the "The New Order of the Latter Rain" by
the Assemblies of God General Council.
Many Latter Rain acolytes resign
or are excommunicated for their involvement and form independent Latter Rain
Most of these fellowships are small.
mythology becomes increasingly
heretical and, many degenerated into clearly definable cults - Church of the
Living Word, The Body, House of
Prayer, etcetera .
Some of those who kept the Latter Rain alive
from that time and are a big influence in the new Latter Rain
Third Wave are Bill
City "prophets", Vineyard and
Latter Rain includes:
the placing of experience over
of the Holy Spirit and the gifts
of the Holy Spirit can be imparted through the "laying on of hands";
of Christ to be built upon the foundation of the five-fold ministry of
present-day apostles and
mandate - the Latter Rain movement must overcome all resistance and destroy
all evil which now prevents the
when all enemies are finally dealt with Christ will be released
from heaven to
Return to Earth, at which time
Latter Rain acolytes will present the Earth
to Christ as his footstool.
"After being ordained into full-time
ministry by a RHEMA graduate and
acknowledged prophet I started a small ministry called "Latter Rain
Ministries." I had several cassettes and booklets by
William Marrion Branham and prayed I
too could have such a
ministry. I, like many others, believed that the Lord had restored the
office of the apostle and prophet. Many
words were spoken over my wife and I regarding the move of God and the
end time glory which was
about to be manifested and our role
in this coming move. Now I know that I, and all my friends in ministry, were
Montanists to the core, (although probably none of us
knew it at the time). It was
only recently (within the last two to three years) that the Lord has opened my
wife and my eyes to the Truth of His Word, which
has been subsequently revealing the darkness of what we once gladly walked in.
I know from personal experience the great attraction Latter Rain holds for
people. Adherents want to be on the cutting edge of spiritual advancement.
Adherents want to see
the sick healed,
feel His presence,
etcetera. The problem is almost all of what transpires in neo-Montanist
congregations is subjective experience devoid of any
solid Biblical foundation. The Bible ends
up being used to prove the experience, it matters not where the texts are drawn
from, and context is immaterial." -
Rev. Robert S. Liichow
Rain mythology condemnation
by Assemblies of God include: overemphasis relative to imparting, identifying,
bestowing, or confirming of gifts by the "laying on of hands" and
prophecy;erroneous teaching that
the true church is
built on the foundation of present-day apostles and
prophets; the suggestion that an
intercessor could hear confession and absolve sin;
extreme and unscriptural
practice of imparting or imposing control over
individuals by the
gifts of utterance.
Latter Rain movement, along with
elements of the "Healing Revival"
slowly dissolved into parts of the larger
Pentacostal movement. Dancing, lifting of
hands and spontaneous praise are marks
of the Charismatic
Some parts of the Charismatic Pentacostal
movement have a blend of influences that may include both the Latter Rain, the
Healing Revival and the
elements distinctive from traditional Pentecostal theology.
"The flamboyant claims of the Charismatic
are beyond tolerance and
have succeeded in
leading Christians to seek the 'gifts' rather than the 'Giver' and has already
done untold harm to the people of God." - InPlainsite.org
Latter Rain by Manifest
1947 through 1957
City "prophets" include Oral
Roberts, Jack Coe, William Marrion
Smith founds Calvary Chapel after
serving as Healing Revival campaign
"In 1990 a shift occurred and the
Apostolic movement began
to be birthed. My wife and I have met no less than six apostles - most of whom
used to be pastors, then prophets, and now
apostles. Over the last fifteen years we have
various moves of the Holy
Spirit and they all can be reduced to being nothing more than Latter Rain
acolytes, only the error has
progressed even more radically since 1947." - Rev. Robert S. Liichow
Two of the most prominent proponents of the mythology of Latter Rain
Cain and C. Peter
Peter Wagner, co-founder of the World Prayer Center, a non-profit
corporation, and chancellor of the Wagner Institute, a non-profit
in Colorado Springs, is touted as a leading authority in the fields of
church growth and
Morphed and evolved Latter Rain
mythologies now include: Kingdom Now /
Progressive Revelation, Revival/Harvest, Joel's Army, Replacement
mythology, Post-Millennial Eschatology, Signs and
Warfare , Ecumenism, Restoration of Apostles and
Prophets, Jubilee/Feast of Tabernacles, and the
Some leaders of the Latter Rain
movement taught that as the
End approached Manifest
Sons would arise.
These Manifest Sons, ones who have come
into the full stature of Christ would receive the Spirit without
measure receiving a
number of "divine gifts", including the ability to teleport, to
speak any language and
to perform divine healing and other
Manifest Sons cannot be
deceived and do not deceive.
Manifest Sons claim they will
restore man's rightful position as originally mandated in Genesis ushering in
the millennial reign of Christ in which all people will be given full
redemption - free
from the curse of Original Sin,
free from sin causing evil spirits to
scatter before the triumphant power of
Joel's army and all sickness,
disease, death and desires of the
flesh will end.
"A Man Child is
birthed who is to bring about a dramatic change in the entire structure of the
Church. The Man Child will bring full
Apostolic Order." -
vision given to apostle Paul Cunningham at the 2nd apostles gathering
During the early years, some of the most ardent critics of the Latter
Rain and Latter Rain's Manifest Sons mythology came from within
particularly the Assemblies of God.
Leaders of the Assemblies of God
were concerned that it glorified men among other things and pointed to the "ye are gods"
dogma as evidence of severe
adherents of Manifest Sons mythology include:
Paulk, Oral Roberts,
Cain, William Marrion Branham and
1989 A supernatural
manifestation enters Benny Hinn at the Orlando Christian Center,
takes control of his mind and tongue to the
point where he is unaware of the several future
Benny Hinn claims he is drunk on the Holy Spirit Spirit and asks
someone to tell him what he had just said.
"So my point is this, that
there will be a manifestation of the
sons and daughters of
And it won't be this baloney that we've heard of in the past;
I mean, there's been a few people tried to walk through a wall like this over
here and knocked their brains loose, but that's not what I'm talking about.
I'm talking about a manifested
sons of god; if anyone walks through this wall over here, they're not going
to tell you about it - I mean, they're just going to do it." -
1993 Randy Clark, a
St. Louis Vineyard
pastor, is despondent.
Randy Clark visits a
Howard-Browne meeting in Tulsa.
Randy Clark keeps going up to get prayed
for and keeps getting knocked down by
supernatural manifestations -
slain in the
laughter - had to be
an anointing of the Holy
Randy Clark, invited to speak at
John Arnott's Toronto Airport
Vineyard fellowship, puts to work what he has learned from
The Toronto revival has also been referred to as the
"Toronto Blessing", "The Father's Blessing", "The
Anointing", "The Awakening", "The River", "The Fire".
Randy Clark announces his
sermon, "The Making of a Warrior."
Carol Arnott falls to the
floor and slashes violently with an imaginary two handed sword for about twenty
Clark conclusion Carol Arnott delivers the following
"This is My sword, this is not man's sword, this is My
golden sword. The old methods will not be acceptable to Me anymore because I am
doing a new thing. This new way is new and you must throw away the old ways of
doing things and take up My sword because My sword is made of pure gold and is
purer and is mighty. If you wield it the captives will be set free, the chains
will be broken and the healings will be manifest because it will not be by
might, nor by power, but by My wonderful Holy Spirit." - Carol Arnott
channeling the Fire of the Holy
People infected with "Fire of the Holy Spirit" exhibited
the following behaviors: miraculous
laughter, physical spasms and
jerking, weeping(and gnashing of teeth), groaning, shaking, 'drunkenness,'
falling to the floor,
slain in the
spirit, roaring like lions,
barking like dogs and "speaking in
Many traditional Christians consider these type of "supernatural manifestations",
spawned initially by the Latter Rain/Manifest Sons mindset, lead to
"If you're going to
be concerned about deception, then please be concerned about the greatest
deception that there is, and the greatest deception of all, in my opinion, is
not to fall for teachings of a false prophet." - John
At first the Vineyard and
Charismatic establishment embrace "supernatural manifestations" as
it brings out crowds.
After two years the
Airport Vineyard is forced by John Wimber to resign from the
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