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20th century Charismatic Pentacostal revivals

"Very quickly the Word of the Gospel becomes an oppressive law as established political and social order embrace the fellowship.

The spirit of play is forced to the periphery of the fellowship, where it was welcomed by those who were previously excluded.

Charismatic Pentacostal counter-movements come into being as an antidote for the over-emphasis on the Word over Spirit; order over spontaneity; control over liberty.

The Charismatic Pentacostal movement has been derailed in the West by the same Roman legalistic and Greek rationalistic forces that gave birth to the Constantinean church.

A key to understanding the transition is the concept of play.

Play critically confronts any ideology and political or religious system which has absolute claims.

Nor are playful human beings out to dominate reality and exploit it, to justify their own existence with the result.

This implies a criticism of technocratic utilitarian thought and achievement which attacks both the nature and the quality of human life.

Both approaches are typical of the false self, which not only wrongs reality (and thus the truth) but leads to an absolutization of one's own interpretation of existence." - Jean-Jacques Suurmond


Charles Fox Parham obtained a minister's license from the Southwest Kansas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Charles Fox Parham's adoption of Wesleyan "holiness" theology with its crisis experience of sanctification branded him as a troublemaker and he surrendered his minister's license. Holiness preachers declared that following conversion, believers should seek for a "second blessing" to purge the desires of the flesh from their hearts.
Revivalism emphasized definable turning points in a Christian’s life as essential. Holiness preaching tended to center around Wesley’s sanctification teaching of a second crisis experience subsequent to justification which was commonly termed entire sanctification. From this it followed that it was the duty of those who had experienced entire sanctification to confess it and seek to bring others into this experience.

1898 Charles Fox Parham established the Bethel Healing Home and published the Apostolic Faith magazine in Topeka, Kansas.

1901 Charles Fox Parham founds Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas. Forty students gathered to pray for the promised "Latter Rain" outpouring of the Holy Spirit (Joel 2:23,28,29) hoping to acquire the supernatural spiritual power that marked the expansion of the Early Church.

In an intense atmosphere of expectancy Agnes N. Ozman became the first to "speak in tongues." Charles Fox Parham 'receives' the capability of speaking in "German" and "Swedish"; Agnes N. Ozman in "Chinese," and others in a variety of "foreign languages" including "Japanese", "Hungarian", "Syrian", "Hindi" and "Spanish". As there was no one in Topeka, Kansas who spoke any of these languages and as none of these "speakers of tongues" actual did any foreign missonary work it is unlikely that any of these spoken tongues were actual coherent foreign language verbalizations.

Charles Fox Parham noted that "Cloven Tongues of Fire" appeared over the heads of speakers of tongues. He believed speaking in tongues meant that an individual had been given the power by the Holy Spirit to speak and understand a foreign language to facilitate foreign missonary work.

Charles Fox Parham is considered to be the "founder of modern Pentecostalism." It is clear from history that both the Azusa Street revival and the Pentecostal revival that spread from Zion City (now called Zion), Illinois, grew from Charles Fox Parham's Latter Rain mythology.

Charles Fox Parham moved to Houston, Texas, where in spite of segregation, William Seymore, a one-eyed African-American preacher is taught Latter Rain mythology.





1906 William Seymore goes to Los Angeles, where his speaking sparks the the Azusa Street revival.

Pentecostal denominations can trace their roots to the Azusa Street revival.

The Azusa Street Revival of 1906.

Charles Fox Parham after observing "supernatural manifestations" of the Azusa Street revival declares: "The Lord is sick at His stomach!"



don't be afraid

1907 David Wesley Myland begins teaching the rudimentary mythology of the "Latter Rain."

The idea of a Latter Rain was present from the earliest days of Pentecostalism.

Many believed that the return of speaking in tongues and the baptism of the Holy Spirit marked the Latter Rain, near the End Times. The outpouring of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost had been the "Former Rain" that established Christ's Church, but the current "movement" of the Holy Spirit was the Latter Rain that would bring the Christ's work to completion, and culminate in the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, the Rapture.

mid-1940's The enthusiasm and fire of the Pentecostal revival that started at Azusa Street is waning, and adherents are looking for another movement of the Spirit - seeking signs and wonders.

1947 William Marrion Branham, Percy Hunt and George Hawtin codify Latter Rain mythology as the "New Order of the Latter Rain."

1949 Latter Rain dogma leads to the condemnation of the "The New Order of the Latter Rain" by the Assemblies of God General Council. Many Latter Rain acolytes resign or are excommunicated for their involvement and form independent Latter Rain fellowships. Most of these fellowships are small. Their evolving mythology becomes increasingly heretical and, many degenerated into clearly definable cults - Church of the Living Word, The Body, House of Prayer, etcetera .

Some of those who kept the Latter Rain alive from that time and are a big influence in the new Latter Rain Third Wave are Bill Hamon, Paul Cain, the Kansas City "prophets", Vineyard and Harvest.

Latter Rain includes:

the placing of experience over exposition; baptism of the Holy Spirit and the gifts of the Holy Spirit can be imparted through the "laying on of hands"; that Christ's Church is built upon the foundation the five-fold ministry of present-day apostles and prophets; the dominion mandate - the Latter Rain movement must overcome all resistance and destroy all evil which now prevents the return of Christ; when all enemies are finally dealt with Christ will be released from heaven to return to Earth, at which time Latter Rain acolytes will present the Earth to Christ as his footstool.

"After being ordained into full-time ministry by a RHEMA graduate and acknowledged prophet I started a small ministry called "Latter Rain Ministries." I had several cassettes and booklets by William Marrion Branham and prayed I too could have such a supernatural ministry. I, like many others, believed that the Lord had restored the office of the apostle and prophet. Many prophetic words were spoken over my wife and I regarding the move of God and the end time glory which was about to be manifested and our role in this coming move. Now I know that I, and all my friends in ministry, were Montanists to the core, (although probably none of us knew it at the time). It was only recently (within the last two to three years) that the Lord has opened my wife and my eyes to the Truth of His Word, which has been subsequently revealing the darkness of what we once gladly walked in. I know from personal experience the great attraction Latter Rain holds for people. Adherents want to be on the cutting edge of spiritual advancement. Adherents want to see God's power manifested, the sick healed, feel His presence, etcetera. The problem is almost all of what transpires in neo-Montanist congregations is subjective experience devoid of any solid Biblical foundation. The lighted ends up being used to prove the experience, it matters not where the texts are drawn from, and context is immaterial." - Rev. Robert S. Liichow

Latter Rain mythology condemnation by Assemblies of God include: overemphasis relative to imparting, identifying, bestowing, or confirming of gifts by the "laying on of hands" and prophecy; erroneous teaching that the true church is built on the foundation of present-day apostles and prophets; the suggestion that an intercessor could hear confession and absolve sin; extreme and unscriptural practice of imparting or imposing control over individuals by the gifts of utterance.

The Latter Rain movement, along with elements of the "Healing Revival" slowly dissolved into parts of the larger Charismatic Pentacostal movement. Dancing, lifting of hands and spontaneous praise are marks of the Charismatic Pentacostal movement. Some parts of the Charismatic Pentacostal movement have a blend of influences that may include both the Latter Rain, the Healing Revival and the Jesus Movement, elements distinctive from traditional Pentecostal theology.

"The flamboyant claims of the Charismatic are beyond tolerance and have succeeded in leading Christians to seek the 'gifts' rather than the 'Giver' and has already done untold harm to the people of God." - InPlainsite.org





1947 through 1957 Healing Revival Early Kansas City "prophets" with Oral Roberts, Jack Coe, William Marrion Branham and Paul Cain.

1965 Chuck Smith founds Calvary Chapel after serving as Healing Revival campaign manager for Paul Cain.

"In 1990 a shift occurred and the Apostolic movement began to be birthed. My wife and I have met no less than six apostles - most of whom used to be pastors, then prophets, and now apostles. Over the last fifteen years we have spiritually surfed various moves of the Holy Spirit and they all can be reduced to being nothing more than Latter Rain acolytes, only the error has progressed even more radically since 1947." - Rev. Robert S. Liichow

Two of the most prominent proponents of the mythology of Latter Rain are Paul Cain and C. Peter Wagner.

C. Peter Wagner, co-founder of the World Prayer Center, a non-profit corporation, and chancellor of the Wagner Institute, a non-profit 501c3, in Colorado Springs, is touted as a leading authority in the fields of church growth and spiritual warfare.

Morphed and evolved Latter Rain mythologies now include: Kingdom Now / Dominion mythology, Progressive Revelation, Revival/Harvest, Joel's Army, Replacement mythology, Post-Millennial Eschatology, Signs and Wonders, Spiritual Warfare , Ecumenism, Restoration of Apostles and Prophets, Jubilee/Feast of Tabernacles, and the Post-denominational Church.

Some leaders of the Latter Rain movement taught that as the End approached Manifest Sons would arise. These Manifest Sons, ones who have come into the full stature of Christ would receive the Spirit without measure receiving a number of "divine gifts", including the ability to teleport, to speak any language and to perform divine healing and other miracles. They claimed Manifest Sons cannot be deceived and do not deceive.

Manifest Sons claim they will restore man's rightful position as originally mandated in Genesis ushering in the millennial reign of Christ in which all people will be given full redemption - free from the curse of Original Sin, free from sin causing evil spirits to scatter before the triumphant power of Joel's army and all sickness, disease, death and desires of the flesh will end.

"A Man Child is birthed who is to bring about a dramatic change in the entire structure of the Church.The Man Child will bring full Apostolic Order." - vision given to apostle Paul Cunningham at the 2nd apostles gathering

During the early years, some of the most ardent critics of the Latter Rain and Latter Rain's Manifest Sons mythology came from within Pentecostalism, particularly the Assemblies of God. Leaders of the Assemblies of God were concerned that it glorified men among other things and pointed to the "ye are gods" dogma as evidence of severe theological error.

Major adherents of Manifest Sons mythology include: Earl Pearly Paulk, Oral Roberts, Paul Cain, William Marrion Branham and Benny Hinn.



holy ghost machine gun

"Are you ready for some real revelation knowledge ... you are God!"
Benny Hinn

December 31, 1989 A supernatural spirit enters Benny Hinn at the Orlando Christian Center, takes control of his mind and tongue to the point where he is unaware of the several future prophecies uttered. Benny Hinn claims he was drunk on the Holy Spirit and asks someone to tell him what he had just said.

"So my point is this, that there will be a manifestation of the sons and daughters of God. And it won't be this baloney that we've heard of in the past; I mean, there's been a few people tried to walk through a wall like this over here and knocked their brains loose, but that's not what I'm talking about. I'm talking about a manifested son of god; if anyone walks through this wall over here, they're not going to tell you about it - I mean, they're just going to do it. And sons of god don't tell you they're sons of god, they'll just show you!" - Paul Cain



Toronto revival

Catch Your Wave/Finale

Free Donuts: Catch The Wave - Part One

1993 Randy Clark, a St. Louis Vineyard pastor, is despondent. In desperation, Randy Clark visits a Rodney Howard-Browne meeting in Tulsa. Randy Clark keeps going up to get prayed for and keeps getting knocked down by Rodney Howard-Browne.

Rodney Howard-Browne's manifestations - slain in the spirit, shakings, laughter - had to be an anointing of the Holy Spirit !

1994 Randy Clark, invited to speak at John Arnott's Toronto Airport Vineyard fellowship, puts to work what he has learned from Rodney Howard-Browne.

The Toronto revival has also been referred to as the "Toronto Blessing", "The Father's Blessing", "The Anointing", "The Awakening", "The River", "The Fire".

Randy Clark announces his sermon, "The Making of a Warrior."

Carol Arnott falls to the floor and slashes violently with an imaginary two handed sword for about twenty minutes.

Upon Randy Clark conclusion Carol Arnott delivers the following "prophecy":

"This is My sword, this is not man's sword, this is My golden sword. The ways you have been using My weapons, the methods that you have been using in the past, you are to throw them away because I am giving you My sword now and the old ways of doing things will not do. The old methods will not be acceptable to Me anymore because I am doing a new thing. Do not look to the yesterdays but look to the future because I am doing a new thing and this new way is not the old. This new way is new and you must throw away the old ways of doing things and take up My sword because My sword is made of pure gold and is purer and is mighty. If you wield it the captives will be set free, the chains will be broken and the healings will be manifest because it will not be by might, nor by power, but by My wonderful Holy Spirit. ...Let Me refine you and come and take up that golden sword for I will use you in ways, I will use you in ways that you can't imagine, but I must purify you first." - Carol Arnott channeling the Holy Spirit

People infected with "Fire of the Holy Spirit" exhibited the following behaviors: miraculous healing, hysterical laughter ("Holy Laughter"), physical spasms and jerking, weeping, groaning, shaking, 'drunkenness,' falling to the floor, slain in the spirit, roaring like lions, barking like dogs and "speaking in tongues."

Many traditional Christians consider these type of "supernatural manifestations", spawned initially by the Latter Rain/Manifest Sons mindset, lead to apostasy.

"If you're going to be concerned about deception, then please be concerned about the greatest deception that there is, and the greatest deception of all, in my opinion, is not to fall for teachings of a false prophet." - John Arnott

At first the Vineyard and Charismatic establishment embraced these "supernatural manifestations" as it brought out the crowds. After two years the Toronto Airport Vineyard was forced by John Wimber to resign from the Vineyard Association.
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