"Every tradition has to
renew itself from time to
in order to address the pressing issues of the day and offer
kind of practices that are needed for renewal."
Thich Nhat Hanh
Protestant Christian Holiness movements
emphasis on salvation by grace through
emphasis on adherence to biblical scripture
the right to
dissent from the established religious institution
emphasis on the spiritual life of the
with a responsibility to live an upright life
individual ability to
God and understand the
Will of God for
Protestantism there has been an evolution and a mixing of Protestant
theological belief systems that has resulted in a continually splintering,
changing, regrouping and evolving Christian theology.
God's rule over all
The Reformed tradition of
John Calvin held that as a
consequence of the fall of man,
every person born into reality is
enslaved to the flesh(duh!).
inclined to reject God's ethics
to serve their own
those of their neighbors. Calvinists believe attainment
of heaven not based on virtue, merit or
faith but is unconditionally
grounded in God's mercy
expressed as absolution of original
sin. The saving
grace of God is effectually applied to those whom God has pre-determined to
save. Once truly saved always saved.
Anglicanism1552Calvinist thought reached its
zenith of its influence in the Anglican Church during the reign of Edward VI
first as Forty-Two Articles of Religion found in the Book of Common
1563 Reduced to Thirty-Nine Articles of
1571 Adherence to the Thirty-Nine
Articles made a legal requirement by the English
Anglicanism, in its structures, theology and forms of
worship, is understood as a distinct tradition representing a middle ground
between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
ArminianismArminianism is a school of soteriological thought in Protestant
Christian theology founded by the Dutch theologian Jacobus Arminius. Its
acceptance stretches through much of mainstream Protestantism.
Arminianists believe that
naturally unable to make
any effort towards salvation, salvation is possible by grace alone, works of
human effort cannot cause or contribute to salvation, God's elects (choses
those to be saved) which is conditional upon
faith in ,
Christ's atonement was for all
people, God allows his grace to be resisted by those unwilling to believe,
salvation can be lost as continued salvation is conditional upon continued
faith in Christ as
the personification of
Quietism 1650 George Fox
is imprisoned for blasphemy which
begins the Quietism revival. A judge mocks George Fox's exhortation to "tremble
at the Word of the
Lord", calling George Fox and his
1653 George Fox is imprisoned and it is requested that he be
put to death. Parliament requests his
release rather than have "a young man
die for religion".
George Fox is rearrested and taken to London for a meeting with the
Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell.
Fox affirms he has no intention to take up arms and is able to speak about the
differences between the Anglicans and the Friends. Fox suggests
Cromwell listen to God's voice and obey
it. This is "speaking truth to power".
"It will be found an
unjust and unwise jealousy to deprive a man of his natural liberty upon
a supposition that he may
abuse it." - Oliver
By "speaking truth to power" -
simple ideas related with
plain speech - George Fox pursued
the social goals of eradicating war, social injustice and
1654 George Fox is imprisoned in London.
George Fox is imprisoned in Launceston.
1663 George Fox is imprisoned in Lancaster.
1666 George Fox is imprisoned in Scarborough.
1674 George Fox is imprisoned in Worcester.
Quakers fell foul of laws forbidding unauthorized
worship. George Fox often
emphasised the Quaker rejection of baptism by water; this was a useful way of
highlighting how the focus of Friends
on inward transformation
differed from what he saw as the
of outward ritual.
George Fox's theology:
no man speak in an unknown tongue.
Let no one be
put to death for chattel,
for money or any outward thing.
Let all these things be taken away, he
that will not speak a few words to his neighbor without money, freely without
end, or reward, or bribery, and so bring it to a free Nation, and so a free
people by the Power of
one that is high, proud, or lofty, envious or scornful bear Office, for he will
turn the sword backward and do Satan's work, which is to bring the world into a
For they that are hasty,
proud in a mad blind zeal will turn the sword against the just.
no law be, but that man may ask a question. If it be a free Nation, let it be
Let none be persecuted and imprisonment as vagabonds who are
moved by God to speak abroad the
Word of God freely
and faithfully. Let none lie long in prison, for that is the way to spoil
people, and to make more thieves, for there they learn wickedness together.
Let all this money, and stipends, and tithes, and
hour-glasses for preaching by the hour be taken away from men, who make a trade
of the Scripture
that worship God, worship God in
Let all the Burying the dead for money, and Marrying for money,
and Christening for money, and Churching of women for money, let all these
things be swept away, and let the Nation be a free Nation.
Let no man
bear the sword that does violence to any man, or accuse any man
Let no Judge, nor
Justice, nor Sheriff that is ambitious, highminded, bear rule, or bear any
Government, for such do not
stand in awe of God
which is the beginning of the wisdom
with which they should order the Creation to the Glory of God the
Creator. They are out of the meek state
and humility, and doing justly, loving mercy, and walking humbly before God,
and they are an ill favor in the
nostrils of God, and to
all sober, tender people and sincere.
Let all these things for money,
preaching for money, and
singing for money be laid aside.
preaching be a trade, nor the
Word of God
made merchandise of, and let not the
Law be sold nor bought.
Let not them handle the
Law that will not do
justice without money; for those will not do justice, but will favor the
rich for a fee, a gift or
reward, which eates up the poor, and they will hold people in long suites, by
which the cause of the just suffers and is often overthrown." -
Methodism1738 John Wesley, an Anglican minister, begins preaching the
precepts of Methodism which leads to the Methodist revival.
John Wesley intensely studied the Church
Fathers and Eastern Orthodox Church. He attended Moravian meetings, heard a
sermon of Dr. John Heylyn and seriously studied Christian religious
John Wesley expressed strong disagreement with the doctrines of
election and reprobation teaching that
towards holiness of heart
and life could bring a truly holy and loving Christian to salvation.
evangelistic teaching of John Wesley incorporated and melded Arminianist
doctrine, Calvinist doctrine and Anglican doctrine as represented in the
Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion for use by American Methodists in the 18th
John Wesley believed that doctrine must be
reason were synonymous.
John Wesley defined the witness of the
Spirit of God as:
"an inward impression on the soul, whereby the
Spirit of God
directly testifies to an individual's spirit that
they are indeed children of God."
John Wesley believed a person must believe
Word of God for
himself or herself - intercession was ineffective as
only in a contrite heart.
strength as a theologian lay in his ability to combine seemingly opposing
theological stances backed up by a reasonable
He was very good at dialectism.
evangelical theology, grounded firmly
in sacrament, was his promotion of what he termed "Christian perfection," or
holiness of heart and
John Wesley insisted
that in this life, the Christian could come to a state where the
God, or perfect compassion, reigned supreme in one's
heart. To be made
compassion meant that a Christian could live with a primary guiding regard
for others and their welfare - "to compassion your
neighbor as you compassion yourself.".
This parallels the
philosophy of Siddhartha
are descended from Methodism and the Methodist Holiness Movement.
Pentecostal soteriology is
generally Arminian rather than Calvinist.
"Surely it is obvious, to those who wish to see and
have had their eyes enlightened by
Christ, that the
professing church, Christendom, has become nothing more than a very successful
business, reaping huge profits into the coffers of those who,
wandering off the garden path, have
been enticed by a desire for fame, fortune and universal acceptance. They have
turned the Father's house into nothing more than a
house of merchandise and are
utilizing the secular world's resources and the secular world's methods to
achieve what they believe to be spiritual success. The corporation churches, in
the same manner as the corporations of the secular world, have definite
characteristics that are clearly observable. They are human
initiated and governed,
management-based, profit-oriented, success-driven, client-friendly,
product-focused (programs and services), and image
conscious. " - Huge
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website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its
author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside
personal experience has created a populace unable to discern propaganda from
reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate
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the human race. Religious
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religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site
marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of Life
- a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no
leap of faith, accepts no
tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every
individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and
Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing
the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
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American social mores and values have declined precipitously
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