"Every tradition has to
renew itself from time to
in order to address the pressing issues of the day and offer
kind of practices that are needed for renewal."
Thich Nhat Hanh
Protestant Christian Holiness movements
emphasis on salvation by grace through
emphasis on adherence to biblical scripture
the right to
dissent from the established religious institution
emphasis on the spiritual life of the
with a responsibility to live an upright life
individual ability to
God and understand the
Will of God for
a methodical approach to understanding
salvation through rebirth and
the constant sustained
baptism in the Holy SpirIT
In Protestantism there has been an
evolution and a mixing of
Protestant theological belief systems that
has resulted in a continually splintering, changing and evolving Christian
emphasizes God's rule
over all things.
The Reformed tradition of
John Calvin held that as a
consequence of the fall of man,
every person born into reality is
enslaved to the flesh(duh!).
inclined to reject God's ethics
to serve their own
interests over those of
their neighbors. Calvinists believe attainment
of heaven not based on virtue, merit or
faith but is unconditionally
grounded in God's mercy
expressed as absolution of original
sin. The saving
grace of God is effectually applied to those whom God has pre-determined to
save. Once truly saved always saved.
Anglicanism1552Calvinist thought reached its
zenith of its influence in the Anglican Church during the reign of Edward VI
first as Forty-Two Articles of Religion found in the Book of Common
1563 Reduced to Thirty-Nine Articles of
1571 Adherence to the Thirty-Nine
Articles made a legal requirement by the English
Anglicanism, in its structures, theology and forms of
worship, is understood as a distinct tradition representing a middle ground
between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
ArminianismArminianism is a school of soteriological thought in Protestant
Christian theology founded by the Dutch theologian Jacobus Arminius. Its
acceptance stretches through much of mainstream Protestantism.
Arminianists believe that
naturally unable to make any
effort towards salvation, salvation is possible by grace alone, works of human
effort cannot cause or contribute to salvation, God's elects (choses those to
be saved) which is conditional upon faith in ,
Christ's atonement was for all
people, God allows his grace to be resisted by those unwilling to believe,
salvation can be lost as continued salvation is conditional upon continued
faith in Christ as
the personification of
Quietism 1650 George Fox
is imprisoned for blasphemy which begins the Quietism revival. A judge mocks
George Fox's exhortation to "tremble at the
Word of the Lord",
calling George Fox and his followers "Quakers".
1653 George Fox is imprisoned and it
is requested that he be put to death. Parliament requests his release rather
than have "a young man
die for religion".
George Fox is
rearrested and taken to London for a meeting with the Lord Protector,
Cromwell. Fox affirms he has no intention to take up arms and is able to
speak about the differences between the Anglicans and the Friends. Fox suggests
Cromwell listen to God's voice and obey
it. This is "speaking truth to power".
"It will be found an unjust and unwise jealousy to deprive a man of his
natural liberty upon a
supposition that he may abuse it." -
By "speaking truth to power" -
simple ideas related with
plain speech - George Fox pursued
the social goals of eradicating war, social injustice and
1654 George Fox is imprisoned in London.
George Fox is imprisoned in Launceston.
1663 George Fox is imprisoned in Lancaster.
1666 George Fox is imprisoned in Scarborough.
1674 George Fox is imprisoned in Worcester.
Quakers fell foul of laws forbidding unauthorized
worship. George Fox often
emphasised the Quaker rejection of baptism by water; this was a useful way of
highlighting how the focus of Friends
on inward transformation
differed from what he saw as the
superstition of outward
George Fox's theology:
Let no man
speak in an unknown tongue.
Let no one be
put to death for chattel,
for money or any outward thing.
Let all these things be taken away, he
that will not speak a few words to his neighbor without money, freely without
end, or reward, or
bribery, and so bring it to a free Nation, and so a free people by the
Power of God.
Let no one that is high, proud,
or lofty, envious or scornful bear
Office, for he will turn the sword backward and do Satan's work, which is to
bring the world into a wilderness. For they that are hasty,
proud in a mad blind zeal will turn the
sword against the just.
Let no law be, but that man may ask a question.
If it be a free Nation, let it be free.
Let none be persecuted and
imprisonment as vagabonds who are moved by God to speak abroad the
Word of God freely
and faithfully. Let none lie long in prison, for that is the way to spoil
people, and to make more thieves, for there they learn wickedness together.
Let all this money, and stipends, and tithes, and
hour-glasses for preaching by the hour be taken away from men, who make a trade
of the Scripture
that worship God, worship God in
selflessness not in
Let all the Burying the dead for money, and Marrying for money,
and Christening for money, and Churching of women for money, let all these
things be swept away, and let the Nation be a free Nation.
Let no man
bear the sword that does violence to any man, or accuse any man
Let no Judge, nor Justice,
nor Sheriff that is ambitious, highminded, bear rule, or bear any
Government, for such do not
stand in awe of God
which is the beginning of the wisdom
with which they should order the Creation to the Glory of God the
Creator. They are out of the meek state
and humility, and doing justly, loving mercy, and walking humbly before God,
and they are an ill favor in the
nostrils of God, and to
all sober, tender people and sincere.
Let all these things for money,
preaching for money, and
singing for money be laid aside.
preaching be a trade, nor the
Word of God
made merchandise of, and let not the
Law be sold nor bought.
Let not them handle the
Law that will not do
justice without money; for those will not do justice, but will favor the
rich for a fee, a gift or
reward, which eates up
the poor, and they will hold people in long suites, by which the cause of the
just suffers and is often overthrown." -
Methodism1738 John Wesley, an Anglican minister, begins preaching the
precepts of Methodism which leads to the Methodist revival.
John Wesley intensely studied the Church
Fathers and Eastern Orthodox Church. He attended Moravian meetings, heard a
sermon of Dr. John Heylyn and seriously studied Christian religious
John Wesley expressed strong disagreement with the doctrines of
election and reprobation teaching that
towards holiness of heart and life
could bring a truly holy and loving Christian to salvation.
evangelistic teaching of John Wesley incorporated and melded Arminianist
doctrine, Calvinist doctrine and Anglican doctrine as represented in the
Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion for use by American Methodists in the 18th
John Wesley believed that doctrine must be
reason were synonymous.
Wesley defined the witness of the
Spirit of God as:
"an inward impression on the soul, whereby the
Spirit of God
directly testifies to an individual's spirit that they are
indeed children of
John Wesley believed a person must believe
Word of God for
himself or herself - intercession was ineffective as
redemption occurs only in a
Wesley's strength as a theologian lay in his ability to combine seemingly
opposing theological stances backed up by a reasonable
He was very good at dialectism.
evangelical theology, grounded firmly in
sacrament, was his promotion of what he termed "Christian perfection," or
holiness of heart and life.
John Wesley insisted that in this
life, the Christian could come to a state where the
God, or perfect compassion, reigned supreme in one's
heart. To be made
compassion meant that a Christian could live with a primary guiding regard
for others and their welfare - "to compassion your
neighbor as you compassion yourself.".
This parallels the
philosophy of Siddhartha
are descended from Methodism and the Methodist Holiness Movement.
Pentecostal soteriology is
generally Arminian rather than Calvinist.
"In all the world's higher religions, salvation and
enlightenment are for
kingdom of heaven is within the mind of a person, not within
mindlessness of a crowd.
Christ promised to be present where two or
three are gathered together.
He did not say anything about being
present where thousands are intoxicating one another with crowd mania." -
weeks ago, I talked about a new book by Christine Wicker called The Fall of
the Evangelical Nation: The Surprising Crisis Inside the Church 2008.
Christine Wicker was raised in the evangelical Baptist church, came to
Christ at age nine, then grew away from the church, but kept a soft and warm
spot in her heart for it.
A major publisher asked her to write a book
about what great successes the megachurches were as the spearheads of the
But after more than a year of research, the
leaders within the churches convinced her that she was writing the
She went back
to her publisher and took another year to write, instead, about the unreported
fact that evangelical churches and numbers are declining, have not kept up with
population growth for the past hundred years, and that we've been duped into
thinking they were strong because they learned to manipulate
the media very cleverly.
They represent perhaps 7% of Americans, not
the 25% we've been told
and the churches know this.
She includes herself among the
duped, as she was a religion writer for the Dallas Morning News for
seventeen years." - Davidson Loehr
"Surely it is obvious, to those who wish to see and
have had their eyes enlightened
by Christ, that the
professing church, Christendom, has become nothing more than a very successful
business, reaping huge profits into the coffers of those who,
wandering off the garden path, have
been enticed by a desire for fame, fortune and universal acceptance. They have
turned the Father's house into nothing more than a
house of merchandise and are
utilizing the secular world's resources and the secular world's methods to
achieve what they believe to be spiritual success. The corporation churches, in
the same manner as the corporations of the secular world, have definite
characteristics that are clearly observable. They are human
initiated and governed,
management-based, profit-oriented, success-driven, client-friendly,
product-focused (programs and services), and image
conscious. " - Huge Skyborn
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of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that
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and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered
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social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as
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the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do
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population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt
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