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George Fox

John Wesley


rebirth

"Every tradition has to renew itself from time to time
in order to address the pressing issues of the day and offer
the kind of practices that are needed for renewal."
Thich Nhat Hanh

Protestant Christian Holiness movements

emphasis on salvation by grace through faith


Puritanism

emphasis on adherence to biblical scripture and
the right to dissent from the established religious institution


Pietism

emphasis on the spiritual life of the individual,
coupled with a responsibility to live an upright life


Quietism

emphasis on individual ability to experience
God and understand the Will of God for oneself


Methodism

a methodical approach to understanding scripture;
salvation through rebirth and faith in
the constant sustained baptism in the Holy SpirIT



Calvinism

In Protestantism there has been an evolution and a mixing of Protestant theological belief systems that has resulted in a continually splintering, changing and evolving Christian theology.

Calvinism emphasizes God's rule over all things.

The Reformed tradition of John Calvin held that as a consequence of the fall of man, every person born into reality is enslaved to the flesh(duh!). Individuals are inclined to reject God's ethics to serve their own interests over those of their neighbors. Calvinists believe attainment of heaven not based on virtue, merit or faith but is unconditionally grounded in God's mercy expressed as absolution of original sin. The saving grace of God is effectually applied to those whom God has pre-determined to save. Once truly saved always saved.



Anglicanism

1552Calvinist thought reached its zenith of its influence in the Anglican Church during the reign of Edward VI first as Forty-Two Articles of Religion found in the Book of Common Prayer.

1563 Reduced to Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion.

1571 Adherence to the Thirty-Nine Articles made a legal requirement by the English Parliament.

Anglicanism, in its structures, theology and forms of worship, is understood as a distinct tradition representing a middle ground between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

Arminianism

Arminianism is a school of soteriological thought in Protestant Christian theology founded by the Dutch theologian Jacobus Arminius. Its acceptance stretches through much of mainstream Protestantism.

Arminianists believe that individuals are naturally unable to make any effort towards salvation, salvation is possible by grace alone, works of human effort cannot cause or contribute to salvation, God's elects (choses those to be saved) which is conditional upon faith in , Christ's atonement was for all people, God allows his grace to be resisted by those unwilling to believe, salvation can be lost as continued salvation is conditional upon continued faith in Christ as the personification of God.

Quietism

1650 George Fox is imprisoned for blasphemy which begins the Quietism revival. A judge mocks George Fox's exhortation to "tremble at the Word of the Lord", calling George Fox and his followers "Quakers".

1653 George Fox is imprisoned and it is requested that he be put to death. Parliament requests his release rather than have "a young man… die for religion".

George Fox is rearrested and taken to London for a meeting with the Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell. Fox affirms he has no intention to take up arms and is able to speak about the differences between the Anglicans and the Friends. Fox suggests Oliver Cromwell listen to God's voice and obey it. This is "speaking truth to power".

"It will be found an unjust and unwise jealousy to deprive a man of his natural liberty upon a supposition that he may abuse it." - Oliver Cromwell

By "speaking truth to power" - simple ideas related with plain speech - George Fox pursued the social goals of eradicating war, social injustice and oppression.

1654 George Fox is imprisoned in London.

1656 George Fox is imprisoned in Launceston.

1660 and 1663 George Fox is imprisoned in Lancaster.

1666 George Fox is imprisoned in Scarborough.

1674 George Fox is imprisoned in Worcester.

Quakers fell foul of laws forbidding unauthorized worship. George Fox often emphasised the Quaker rejection of baptism by water; this was a useful way of highlighting how the focus of Friends on inward transformation differed from what he saw as the superstition of outward ritual.

George Fox's theology:

Let no man speak in an unknown tongue.

Let no one be put to death for chattel, for money or any outward thing.

Let all these things be taken away, he that will not speak a few words to his neighbor without money, freely without end, or reward, or bribery, and so bring it to a free Nation, and so a free people by the Power of God.

Let no one that is high, proud, or lofty, envious or scornful bear Office, for he will turn the sword backward and do Satan's work, which is to bring the world into a wilderness. For they that are hasty, proud in a mad blind zeal will turn the sword against the just.

Let no law be, but that man may ask a question. If it be a free Nation, let it be free.

Let none be persecuted and imprisonment as vagabonds who are moved by God to speak abroad the Word of God freely and faithfully. Let none lie long in prison, for that is the way to spoil people, and to make more thieves, for there they learn wickedness together.

Let all this money, and stipends, and tithes, and hour-glasses for preaching by the hour be taken away from men, who make a trade of the Scripture

Let all that worship God, worship God in selflessness not in selfishness.

Let all the Burying the dead for money, and Marrying for money, and Christening for money, and Churching of women for money, let all these things be swept away, and let the Nation be a free Nation.

Let no man bear the sword that does violence to any man, or accuse any man falsely.

Let no Judge, nor Justice, nor Sheriff that is ambitious, highminded, bear rule, or bear any Government, for such do not stand in awe of God which is the beginning of the wisdom with which they should order the Creation to the Glory of God the Creator. They are out of the meek state and humility, and doing justly, loving mercy, and walking humbly before God, and they are an ill favor in the nostrils of God, and to all sober, tender people and sincere.

Let all these things for money, preaching for money, and singing for money be laid aside.

Let not preaching be a trade, nor the Word of God made merchandise of, and let not the Law be sold nor bought.

Let not them handle the Law that will not do justice without money; for those will not do justice, but will favor the rich for a fee, a gift or reward, which eates up the poor, and they will hold people in long suites, by which the cause of the just suffers and is often overthrown." - George Fox



Methodism

1738 John Wesley, an Anglican minister, begins preaching the precepts of Methodism which leads to the Methodist revival.

John Wesley intensely studied the Church Fathers and Eastern Orthodox Church. He attended Moravian meetings, heard a sermon of Dr. John Heylyn and seriously studied Christian religious sects.

John Wesley expressed strong disagreement with the doctrines of election and reprobation teaching that individual efforts towards holiness of heart and life could bring a truly holy and loving Christian to salvation.

The evangelistic teaching of John Wesley incorporated and melded Arminianist doctrine, Calvinist doctrine and Anglican doctrine as represented in the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion for use by American Methodists in the 18th century.

John Wesley believed that doctrine must be rational as faith and reason were synonymous.

John Wesley defined the witness of the Spirit of God as: "an inward impression on the soul, whereby the Spirit of God directly testifies to an individual's spirit that they are indeed children of God."

John Wesley believed a person must believe Word of God for himself or herself - intercession was ineffective as redemption occurs only in a contrite heart.

John Wesley's strength as a theologian lay in his ability to combine seemingly opposing theological stances backed up by a reasonable interpretation of scripture.

He was very good at dialectism.

John Wesley's evangelical theology, grounded firmly in sacrament, was his promotion of what he termed "Christian perfection," or holiness of heart and life.

John Wesley insisted that in this life, the Christian could come to a state where the compassion of God, or perfect compassion, reigned supreme in one's heart. To be made perfect in compassion meant that a Christian could live with a primary guiding regard for others and their welfare - "to compassion your neighbor as you compassion yourself.".

This parallels the philosophy of Siddhartha Gautama.

Pentecostal denominations are descended from Methodism and the Methodist Holiness Movement.

Pentecostal soteriology is generally Arminian rather than Calvinist.


enjoy your rebirth

"In all the world's higher religions, salvation and enlightenment are for individuals. The kingdom of heaven is within the mind of a person, not within the collective mindlessness of a crowd.

Christ promised to be present where two or three are gathered together.

He did not say anything about being present where thousands are intoxicating one another with crowd mania." - Aldous Huxley


"A couple weeks ago, I talked about a new book by Christine Wicker called The Fall of the Evangelical Nation: The Surprising Crisis Inside the Church 2008.

Christine Wicker was raised in the evangelical Baptist church, came to Christ at age nine, then grew away from the church, but kept a soft and warm spot in her heart for it.

A major publisher asked her to write a book about what great successes the megachurches were as the spearheads of the evangelical movement.

But after more than a year of research, the leaders within the churches convinced her that she was writing the wrong book.

She went back to her publisher and took another year to write, instead, about the unreported fact that evangelical churches and numbers are declining, have not kept up with population growth for the past hundred years, and that we've been duped into thinking they were strong because they learned to manipulate the media very cleverly.

They represent perhaps 7% of Americans, not the 25% we've been told – and the churches know this.

She includes herself among the duped, as she was a religion writer for the Dallas Morning News for seventeen years." - Davidson Loehr

20th century Pentecostal revivals

New Apostolic Reformation

Toronto revival

The Call


son of man

"Surely it is obvious, to those who wish to see and have had their eyes enlightened by Christ, that the professing church, Christendom, has become nothing more than a very successful business, reaping huge profits into the coffers of those who, wandering off the garden path, have been enticed by a desire for fame, fortune and universal acceptance. They have turned the Father's house into nothing more than a house of merchandise and are utilizing the secular world's resources and the secular world's methods to achieve what they believe to be spiritual success. The corporation churches, in the same manner as the corporations of the secular world, have definite characteristics that are clearly observable. They are human initiated and governed, management-based, profit-oriented, success-driven, client-friendly, product-focused (programs and services), and image conscious. " - Huge Skyborn

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