DCA or 1,2-dichloroethane

Skin penetration and lag times

1,1-Dichloroethane C2H4Cl2 is a chlorinated hydrocarbon.

It is a colorless oily liquid with a chloroform-like odor.

It is not easily soluble in water, but miscible with most organic solvents.

Large volumes of 1,1-dichloroethane are manufactured, with annual production exceeding 1 million pounds in the United States.

Most common use of 1,2-dichloroethane is in the production of vinyl chloride.

P-dichlorobenzene appears as a white colored liquid with the odor of moth balls.

1,2-Dichlorobenzene is an organic compound with the formula C6H4Cl2.

It is a derivative of benzene, consisting of two adjacent chlorine atoms.

It is used an insecticide for termites and locust borers by the United States Forest Service to combat bark beetle outbreaks.

1,4-Dichlorobenzene is an organic compound with the formula C6H4Cl2.

2008 Bill Doucette finds 1,2-dichloroethane (DCA), a toxic chlorinated solvent, in gingerbread man Christmas ornaments made in China at Hill Air Force Base, an aircraft-maintenance facility north of Salt Lake City.

Each gram of gingerbread man polymer contained 2.3 milligrams of 1,2-dichloroethane and the emission rate of the toxic chlorinated solvent fumes remains dangerously elevated for nearly a year.

Gingerbread Man

Ground water contamination reported at US military bases:

Long Beach
1,2-dichloroethylene, 420000.0 ppb

1,2-dichlorobenzene 82000.0 ppb

1,2-dichlorobenzene 32000.0 ppb

Mare Island
1,2-dichlorobenzene 20000.0 ppb

Mather AFB
1,2-dichlorobenzene 590000.0 ppb

1,2-dichloroethylene 470000.0 ppb

Camp Pendleton
1,2-dichloroethane 12000.0 ppb

George AFB
1,2-dichloroethane 16000.0 ppb

Point Molate
1,2-dichloroethylene 11000.0 ppb;
Vinyl chloride 19000.0 ppb

March AFB
1,2-dichlorobenzene 130000.0 ppb

North Island
1,1-dichloroethylene 23000000.0 ppb;
1,2-dichloroethane 1100000.0 ppb;
Barium and compounds 2590000.0 ppb;
Acenaphthene 11000000.0 ppb;
Butyl benzyl phthalate 11000000.0 ppb;
Polychlorinated biphenyls ...

Stockton Naval
1,1-dichloroethane 16000.0 ppb;
Selenium 17700.0 ppb;
Phenol 26000.0 ppb;
Antimony and compounds 29700.0 ppb;
Copper and compounds 41800.0 ppb;
Vinyl chloride 45000.0 ppb;
Vanadium 62700.0 ppb;
Zinc 132000.0 ppb;
Arsenic 180000.0 ppb;
Nickel and compounds 208000.0 ppb;
Fluoride ...

1,1-dichloroethane 20000.0 ppb;
Methyl ethyl ketone 25000.0 ppb;
1,2-Dichloroethylene (mixture) 39000.0 ppb;
Trichloroethylene (TCE) 53000.0 ppb;
Acetone 77000.0 ppb;
Barium and compounds 216000.0 ppb;
Nickel ...

Tustin USMC Air Station
1,1-dichloroethane 39000.0 ppb;
1,1-dichloroethylene 300000.0 ppb;
1,2-dichloroethylene 780000.0 ppb
1,1,1-trichloroethane 580000.0 ppb;
Selenium 45500.0 ppb;
Cadmium and compounds 68590.0 ppb;
Methylene chloride 100000.0 ppb;
Chloroform 130000.0 ppb ...

1,2-dichlorobenzene 38000.0 ppb

Fort Barry 1,1-Dichloroethane 63000.0 ppb;
1,2,4-trimethylbenzene 65000.0 ppb;
Antimony and compounds 73900.0 ppb;
Arsenic 104300.0 ppb;
Barium and compounds ...

D-Q University
1,2-dichloroethylene 37000.0 ppb;
trichloroethylene (TCE) 23000.0 ppb;
vinyl chloride 68000 ppb ...

San Diego
1,2-dichloroethylene 3000.0 ppb;
Beryllium and compounds 700.0 ppb;
(Diethylamino)Ethane 1100.0 ppb;
Dalapon 2200.0 ppb
Silver and compounds 5500.0 ppb
Carbon Tetrachloride 7000.0 ppb;
Lead 8100.0 ppb...

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