"Our continual observations upon the conduct of
others insensibly lead us to form to ourselves certain general rules concerning
what is fit and proper either to be done or avoided.
The regard to
those general rules of conduct is what is
properly called a sense of duty, a
principle of the greatest consequence in human life, and the only principle
by which the bulk of mankind are capable of directing their actions.
Without this sacred regard to general rules, there is no man whose
conduct can be much depended upon.
It is this which constitutes the
most essential difference between a man of
principle and honor, and a worthless fellow.
The one adheres on all
occasions steadily and resolutely to his maxims, and preserves through the
whole of his life one even tenor of conduct.
The other acts variously
and accidently, as humor, inclination, or interest chance to be uppermost.
Upon the tolerable observance of these duties [ justice, truth,
chastity, fidelity] depends the very existence of human society, which would
crumble into nothing if mankind were not generally impressed with reverence for
those important rules of conduct." - Adam
"It seems at first sight a
very rational way of testing any proposed rule of conduct is to ask - how will
Taking men as we know them, and institutions as they are, what
will result from carrying such a theory into practice?
very common-sense style of
inquiry is that by which most opinions on morals and politics are formed.
People consider of any system, whether it seems feasible, whether it
will square with this or the other social arrangement, whether it fits what
they see of human nature.
They have got certain notions of what man
is, and what society must
be; and their verdict on any ethical doctrine depends upon its
accordance or discordance with these.
If moral systems are adopted or
condemned, because of their consistency or inconsistency, with what we know of
men and things, then it is taken for granted that men and things will ever be
as they are.
And yet we know human
nature to be infinitely variable.
Unable as the imperfect man may
be to fulfil the perfect law, there is no other law for him.
One right course only is open; and he
must either follow that or take the consequences.
The conditions of existence will not bend before his
perversity; nor relax in consideration of his weakness.
are broken, no exception from penalties are to be hoped for.
by the multiplied and ever-new aspects of human affairs, it is not perhaps
surprising that men should fail duly to recognize the
systematic character of the natural
Yet in the moral as in the material world, accumulated
evidence is gradually generating the conviction, that
events are wrought out in a certain inevitable way by unchanging forces.
In all ages there has been some glimmering
perception of this truth; and experience
is ever giving to that perception increased distinctness.
even now all men do, in one mode or other, testify of such a faith.
Every known creed is an assertion of
What are the moral codes of the
Buddhist, but so many
acknowledgments of the inseparable connection between conduct and its results?
Do they not all say you
shall not do this, and this, because they will produce evil; and you
shall do that and that, because they will produce good?
imply such a faith, too, in our every day conversations; in our maxims and
precepts, in our education of children, in our advice to friends.
In judging men and things we instinctively refer
them to some standard of ascertained principles.
good or evil of this or the
other scheme, because of its accordance or discordance with certain perceived
social laws of life.
Surely, then, if all believe in the persistency of these secondary
laws, much more should they believe in the persistency of those
primary ones, which underlie human
existence, and out of which our every day truths grow.
has laws, or it has not.
If it has not, there can be no order, no
certainty, no system in its phenomena.
If it has, then are they like
the other laws of the universe - sure, inflexible, ever active, and having no
How infinitely important is it, that we should ascertain
what these laws are; and having ascertained, implicitly obey them!
Only by submission to them can anything
Only as it
complies with the principles of moral equilibrium can it stand.
Our social edifice may be constructed with
all possible labour and ingenuity, and be
strongly cramped together with
cunningly-devised enactments, but if there be
no rectitude in its component
partsif it is not built on upright principles, it will
assuredly tumble to pieces.
As well might we seek to light a fire with
ice, feed cattle on stones, hang our hats on cobwebs, or otherwise disregard
the physical laws of the
world, as go contrary to its equally imperative
We cannot always be strictly guided by
Prudential considerations must have some weight.
It is necessary to
use a little diplomacy.
Very specious are your reasons for
advocating this or the other exception.
Rest satisfied that they are no
more impossibile than are your proposed exceptions, which similarly conflict
with the essential social laws of
One breach of moral
law leaves a gap for numberless subsequent trespasses.
If the first
move has been taken with impunity, it will be followed by others.
a hole through a principle to admit a solitary exception and so many other
exceptions will be thrust through after as to render the principle void.
If its consequences are closely
traced, this same plea for licence in
special cases turns out to be the source of
nearly all the evils that afflict us.
The rule breaker confesses
his act is at variance with moral law,
which he admits to be, and in some sort believes to be, the best guide.
The rule breaker thinks that his interest requires him to make
All rule breakers do this; and see the result.
A rule breaker is
laying claim to the perfect knowledge of
In short, he is
assuming omniscience, which is requisite for the successful carrying out of
such a system.
Any departure from
principle to escape some anticipated evil, is a return to the
proved errors of expediency.
And it is yet further enforced by the
reflection, that to think we can
better ourselves by deserting the road marked out for us, is
an impious assumption of more than divine
the foolishness of such conduct
needs illustrating by facts, there are plenty.
The constant failure of schemes
devised without consulting ethical principles has been already exemplified.
Let us now, however, take a few cases specially applying to the present
point - cases in which benefit has been sought by going in palpable opposition
to those principles - cases in which men, dissatisfied with the road whose
finger-post declares that
"Honesty is the best policy," have diverged into the byways of injustice, in
the hope of more readily attaining their ends.
The enslavement of the negroes serves as a
Nothing could have seemed more conclusive than the
reasoning of unscrupulous colonists on this matter.
Rich soils, a
splendid climate and a large market for the
sale of produce.
Now, could but a sufficiency of labourers be
imported and reduced to servitude, what
profit they would bring to their possessors!
Maintained at a cheap
rate; made to work hard, and to keep long at it, what a surplus would they not
Here was a mine of wealth!
golden visions have been far from realized
Slave countries are comparatively poverty
stricken all over the Earth.
The southern states of America are far
behind their northern neighbours in prosperity and are
in process of abandoning slavery one
after another, in consequence of its ruinous results.
scheme has not answered as was expected.
Though worked in some cases
sixteen hours out of the twenty-four; supported on "a pint of flour and one
salt herring per day;" kept to his work by
whips, the slave did not bring to
his owner the large profit calculated.
It has turned out that under
like circumstances wage labor is
Then there came results that were never looked for.
in its train the multiplied curses of a diseased social state; a reign of
mutual hatred and terror; of universal demoralization; of
sin-begotten recklessness; of extravagant
expenditure; of bad cultivation, exhausted
soils, mortgaged estates, bankruptcy, beggary.
After all, the moral law would
have been the safest guide.
Let us remember also, the failure of those attempts to profit at the expense of our
American colonies; and the disastrous results.
Our governors thought it
would be highly beneficial to the mother country, if the colonies were
constrained to become her customers; and in pursuance of this conclusion, not
only prohibited the settlers from purchasing certain goods from any other
country than England, but actually denied them the right to make those goods
As usual the manuvre proved worse than abortive.
That outlay was wholly thrown away, and worse than thrown away; for
it turns out that artificial trades so
obtained entail loss upon both parties.
Then too came the
punishment, the resistance of the
settlers, the war of
independence, and the
hundred and odd millions added to our national burdens!
astounding illustration of the defeat of dishonesty by the
eternal laws of right conduct we
have in the history of the
Selfish, unscrupulous, worldly-wise in policy, and with
unlimited force to back it, this oligarchy, year by year, perseveringly carried
out its schemes of aggrandisement.
subjugated province upon province; it laid one prince after another under
tribute; it made exorbitant demands upon adjacent
rulers, and construed refusal into a
pretext for aggression; it became sole proprietor of the
land, claiming nearly one-half the
produce as rent; and it entirely
commerce: thus uniting in itself the
character of conqueror, ruler, landowner,
With all these resources, what could it be but
From the spoils of victorious war, the rent of millions of
acres, the tribute of dependent monarchs, the profits of an exclusive trade,
what untold wealth must have poured in upon it! what revenues! what a bursting
Alas! the Company is some 50,000,000l. in
These are but a few samples from a universal
traced, the results of abandoning the ethical to pursue the expedient will
uniformly be found to end thus.
Men who are insane
enough to think that they may safely violate fundamental laws of right
conduct , may read in such
defeats and disasters their own fate.
Let them but inquire, and
they will find that each petty evil, each great catastrophe, is in some way or
other a sequence of injustice.
Yet this commentary
on the moral code -
history as we call it - men for ever
read in vain!
Poring with microscopic eye over the
symbols in which it is written, they are
heedless of the great facts expressed by them.
Instead of collecting
evidence bearing upon the all-important question - what are the laws that
determine national success or failure, stability or
revolution? - they gossip about state intrigues, sieges and battles, court
scandal, the crimes of nobles, the quarrels of parties, the births, deaths, and
marriages of kings, and other like
Minutiæ, pettifogging details, the vanity and frippery
of bygone times, the mere decorations of the web of existence, they examine,
analyze, and learnedly descant upon; yet
are blind to those stern
realities which each age shrouds in its superficial tissue of events -
those terrible truths which
glare out upon us from the gloom of the past.
From the successive
strata of our historical deposits, they diligently gather all the
highly-coloured fragments, pounce upon everything that is curious and
sparkling, and chuckle like children over
their glittering acquisitions; meanwhile the
rich veins of wisdom lie utterly
Why all this laboured examination
into the propriety, or impropriety, of making exceptions to an ascertained
The very question
what does a man really mean by saying of a thing
that it is "theoretically just," or "true in
principle," or "abstractedly correct
Simply that it accords with what he, in some
way or other, perceives to be the
established arrangements of natural
admits that an act is "theoretically just," he admits it to be that which, in
strict duty, should be done.
in principle," he means in harmony with the conduct
decreed for us.
course which he calls "abstractedly
correct," he believes to be the appointed way to
There is no escape. The expressions mean this, or they
that such and such are the true roads to happiness, he opines that he desire
To the Creator's silent
admonishment - commit only moral acts;
he replies that, all things
considered, he thinks he can do better!
This is the real infidelity;
to doubt the foresight and efficiency of the
natural moral order along with
suppose a human judgement less fallible!
If there be any weight in
the considerations above set forth, then, no matter how seemingly inexpedient,
dangerous, injurious even, may be the course which morality points out as "abstractedly right,"
the highest wisdom is in fearless
submission to the natural moral order." - Herbert
Many people falsely judge others by their own
personal rules of conduct which may or may not be standard within a social
culture and which may or may not conform to the
natural moral order.
A few moral themes seem to be universal - harm, fairness,
community, authority and purity.
Most people think it's bad to harm
others and good to help them.
People have a sense
of fairness: that one should reciprocate
favors, reward benefactors and punish cheaters.
They value loyalty
to a group, sharing and solidarity among its members and conformity to its
They believe that it is right to defer to legitimate authorities
and to respect people with high status.
And they exalt purity,
cleanliness and sanctity while loathing defilement, contamination and carnality.
For a moral maxim to be true it must have universality, which is to say
that it must be disconnected from the particular physical details surrounding
the proposition, and could be applied to any rational being.
formulation of the categorical imperative:
"Act only according to that
maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal
law." - Immanuel Kant
formulation of the categorical imperative:
"Act in such a way that you
treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other,
always at the same time as an end and never merely as a means to an end." -
Third formulation of
the categorical imperative:
"Therefore, every rational being must so
act as if he were through his maxim always a legislating member in the
universal kingdom of ends." - Immanuel
Examples of actions that can not become universal if a
civilization is to continue to function:
Deception - If it is
universally acceptable to lie, then no
one would believe anyone and all truths would be assumed to be lies.
Theft - If it is universally acceptable to steal then there could be no
Suicide - If it is
universally acceptable to
commit suicide when faced with the realization that life might not give you
what you desire then it is likely most life would be taken
as many human desires can not be naturally
The moral sense is as
vulnerable to illusions as the other senses.
A corrupt moral sense confuses morality with purity,
status and conformity.
corrupt moral sense tends to reframe practical problems as
moral crusades and thus
see their solution in punitive aggression.
A corrupt moral sense imposes taboos that
make certain ideas indiscussible.
A corrupt moral sense
is the result of falling into spiritual corruption.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the
human race. Religious intolerance occurs
when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or
persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a
system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of Life - a rational gnostic
mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no
tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every
individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and
Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing
the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of Life are spelled out in detail on this web site by the
author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in
America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site in no way condones
violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is
already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control
the human race. The international
corporate cartel already controls the world economic system, corporate media
worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex and is
responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior
and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on cooperation.
Cooperation does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores
and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt
international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the
ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing
emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through
prior corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the
destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not
adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through
distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population
has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite
that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and
opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed
the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
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may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
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