"To dismiss utilitarian items as only 'crafts' has
contributed to the tragic separation of art from life. Within created
traditional Native American forms there can be no such dichotomy, as art is not
only the particular created form but also the inner principle from which the
outer form comes into being. An art form is often seen as beautiful not just in terms of aesthetics but also because of its usefulness and the
degree to which it serves its purpose." - James Houston
To create dichotomy bipartition a whole into two subsets in which
everything must belong to one subset and nothing can belong simultaneously to
both subsets. The two subsets thus formed are complements.
In logic, the bipartitions are opposites if there exists a
proposition that is true in one subset and not the other.
continuous variables or multicategorical variables as binary variables is
The discretization error inherent in
dichotomization is temporarily ignored for modeling purposes and, hopefully,
not forgotten as it so often is in ontological dualism.
dualism, the world is divided into two overarching categories, creating a
dichotomization of reality.
This is easily seen in Taosim concept of
Yin and Yang as well as in
Zoroastrianism concept of the
battle of Ahura Mazda and
Angra Mainyu which was carried
over into Christianity.
Moral dualism, springing from ontological
dualism, is the belief of the great complement of or conflict between the
benevolent and the malevolent.
Gemeinschaft vs Gesellschaft
dichotomyGemeinschaft is commonly translated
as "community"and exemplified historically by a family or a village in a
pre-modern rural setting.
Gesellschaft is commonly translated as "larger
social grouping" and was exemplified historically by a joint-stock company or a
sovereign state in the 20th century. Currently mostly exemplified by
corporations which have swallowed many a sovereign state.
needs of both social groups, to which every individual is at one time or
another, creates a dichtomy of contentious social ties which can be
Gemeinschaft, belonging to personal social interactions,
personal roles, informal values, and actual beliefs based on close personal
Gesellschaft, belonging to indirect social interactions,
impersonal roles, formal values, and feigned beliefs based on mythology of the
In a social culture regulated by Gemeinschaft there is
seldom a need to police or enforce indirect social control due to a direct
sense of loyalty an individual feels for group.
who originally defined this social dichotomy, saw the family as the most
perfect expression of gemeinschaft.
Ferdinand Tönnies did believe
that gemeinschaft could be based on shared place or shared belief as well as
kinship, and he included globally dispersed religious communities as possible
examples of gemeinschaft.
Gesellschaft describes the associations in
MICE culture. Individual self-interest
takes precedence over the needs of MICE culture.
maintained through individuals acting in their own
Monsanto is a good
example of gesellschaft: the workers, managers, and owners have very little in
terms of shared orientations or beliefs, they may even despise the product they
are making, but it is in all their self-interest to continue to produce
glyphosate and 2,4-D thus the poison manufacturing continues
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
created a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of Life - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which
requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church
buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a
personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the
knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has
enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of Life are
spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against
individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate
This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the
intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the
international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The
international corporate cartel already controls the world central banking
system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment
complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of
self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization
is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at the point of a
American social mores and values have declined precipitously over
the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more
power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general
through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been
preprogrammed into the population through prior corporate media psychological
operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the
destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt
international elites vision of a perfect
world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the
bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web
site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through
their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational,
insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web
site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally
presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the
facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected,
redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion
and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the
original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions
clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.
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© Lawrence Turner
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