furry freak brothers

the war on drugs

Original War on Drugs

Drug War Statistics

"No drug causes the fundamental ills of society.

If we're looking for the sources of our troubles, we

shouldn't test people for drugs, we should test them

for stupidity
, ignorance, greed, and love of power."

PJ O'Rourke

drug monopolies

Rat Park drug experiment cartoon

Addiction and the Rat Park experiments

The root of healing from addiction is connection

Isolation Breeds Addiction - Not Drugs

Brazil Top Cocaine™ Transshipment Country

The Cause of Addiction Is Not What You Think

"Wide availability and peer pressure makes it almost

inevitable that everyone will use drugs at some time."

Peter Moulding

History of Pharmacological Treatment
for Substance Use Disorders

"Drugs are a tragedy for addicts.

Criminalizing use converts tragedy into a disaster."

William J. Bennett

"It is possible to stop most drug addiction in the US within a very short time.

Simply make all drugs available and sell them at cost.

Label each drug with a precise description of ALL effects and risks.

This will require heroic honesty.

Don't say that marijuana is addictive or dangerous when it is neither.

"Speed" kills most unpleasantly, or Heroin™, which can be addictive and difficult to kick." - Gore Vidal, 1970

Between 1780 and 1830, a near-tripling of annual per capita alcohol consumption and a related rise in alcohol problems in America led to what has been christened the “discovery of addiction.”

1784 Benjamin Rush describes one of the earliest pharmacological treatments for chronic drunkenness - the use of an emetic to create a conditioned aversion to alcohol.

1838 Samuel Woodward pushed for the medicalization of addiction by calling for the creation of specialized institutions for the care of the inebriate.

Agents used to aid detoxification included alcohol, chloral hydrate, strychnine, mercury, arsenic, atropine, belladonna, hyoscyamus, coca, cannabis indica, opium, atropine, hyoscy-amus, belladonna, sulphur, quinine, and paraldehyde.

1870 Joseph Parrish founds the American Association for the Cure of Inebriates.

Founding principles declare:

- Intemperance is a disease.

- It is curable in the same sense that other diseases are.

- Its primary cause is a constitutional susceptibility to the alcoholic impression.

- This constitutional tendency may be either inherited or acquired.

1879 Keeley Institute, known for its Keeley Cure or Gold Cure, is a commercial medical operation offering treatment to alcoholics.

The success of the Keeley products spawn patent medicine cures for addiction.

Keeley treated with combinations of strychnine, atropine, cocaine, codeine, and apomorphine promising to destroy craving for alcohol and opiates.

Sold as bottled home cures they secretly contained alcohol, opium, morphine and cocaine which eventually led to prescription and product labeling laws.

There were three approaches to narcotic withdrawal in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries:

- rapid and complete withdrawal,

- stepped withdrawal utilizing a step-down of drug dosage,

- prolonged withdrawal over an extended period of time.

Pharmacological adjuncts used to facilitate these processes included codeine, cannabis indica, strychnine, belladonna, atropine, cocaine, quinine, whiskey, and coffee; purgatives to speed the elimination of toxins; sedatives to provide comfort and sleep (chloral hydrate, bromides, sulphonal, trional, and veronal); aversive agents (tartar emetic); drugs whose resulting disorientation reduced flight from treatment (hyoscine or atropine); and plant specifics thought to destroy narcotic craving (Avena sativa or Viola sagittata) (Kolb & Himmelsbach, 1938).

Formal narcotic addiction withdrawal protocols of the early twentieth century included the Lambert-Towns treatment (a combination of belladonna, xanthoxlyun, hyoscyamus, strychnine, and digitalis), the Petty method (atropine, scopolamine, sparteine sulphate, and sodium thiosulfate), the Sceleth method (scopolamine, pilocarpine, ethyl-morphin, strychnine, and various cathartics), the Nellens and Massee method (mercurous chloride, magnesium sulphate, and chloral) and Narcosan treatment (a mixture of lipoids, proteins, and vitamins).

"The tension between the governed and the governing is what makes the world go 'round.

It's not love; tension exists in love affairs.

Possession is the heart of human relationships.

And resistance to control." - William Safire

"Nonviolent drug use represents the largest increase in our prison population since the war on drugs began under Richard Nixon.

Prisons, built and operated by private corporations, are among the fastest growing, most profitable industries." - Lillian Laskin

The Dark, Dark Hours

CIA war for drugs


"Government has no place in prohibiting consumers

from buying products to harm themselves."

Milton Friedman

"John D. Rockefeller Junior is the man directly responsible for creating and instigating the destructive war on drugs.

The war on drugs was carefully planned and orchestrated to protect the family ownership of a chemically-based pharmaceutical monopoly.

Rockefeller obsession was to own or control the various chemical companies that relied on petroleum.

Rockefeller started working on serious plans to take over the educational system, the medical system, all the medical schools and research schools.

This is all done in the name of philanthropy, but the real purpose is the Rockefellers can now insist physicians be trained to only prescribe the use of chemical pharmaceutical drugs for their patients.

The Rockefeller business strategy for China was to force the Chinese people off of their traditional herbal medicines and on to Rockefeller chemical pharmaceutical drugs."- Jean Carter

Nixon Advisor Admits Inventing War On Drugs to Suppress 'Anti-War Left and Black People'

Drug Prohibition: A History

Organized Crime in the 1920's and Prohibition

Prohibition and the Rise of the American Gangster

US government poisoned alcohol during Prohibition

Prohibition Began Over a 100 Years Ago And We're Still Paying

remember prohibition ?


A war on people that

bypass, shirk, evade, circumvent,

avoid or otherwise attempt to

sidestep PHRMA monopolies.

cannabis war success

When is the government going to learn

drug abuse is a symptom of a sick society?

Brian M. Levine MD

"The drug war has failed because it defines any use of an illegal drug as abuse in need of treatment, forced if necessary.

The American drug war has been building for over a 100 years.

It began with the flawed logic of social engineers such as Richmond Pearson Hobson and Harry Jacob Anslinger to punish the sale of patent medicine.

As the situation deteriorated, Nelson Rockefeller, Richard Nixon and then Ronald Reagan escalated the war.

Academics predicted failure but were ignored." - John Chase

crime spree

Hold Your Head Up

Young Stranger

The Record Setter

A Brief History of the Drug War

Dr. Carl Hart : 'Crack Wasn't the Real Problem'

"As a politician, you can use "crack cocaine" as a code word and say you're going after the drug, but you're actually going after people we don't really like in our society." - Carl Hart

drug adiction rate

Brain Science & Myths About Addiction

Its Not A War On Drugs, Its A War On Freedom

The DEA and the National Institute for Drug Abuse
block serious research on medical uses of cannabis

6 Brave Researchers Busting The Myths Behind The War On Drugs

Millions of cars tracked across US in 'massive' real-time DEA spy program


"Prohibition is a drain on the public purse.

Federal, state and local governments spend billions per year to enforce drug prohibition.

These same governments forego billions per year in tax revenue they could collect from legalized drugs, assuming these were taxed at rates similar to those on alcohol and tobacco.

Under prohibition, these revenues accrue to traffickers as increased profits." - Jeffrey Miron, Harvard economist

October 27, 1970 Congress passes the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act categorizing chemical compounds based on their medicinal use and potential for addiction.

1971 Two congressmen release a report that ten to fifteen percent of US servicemen in Vietnam became addicted to Heroin™.

President Nixon declares drug abuse to be "public enemy number one".

"I started in the war on drugs at the very beginning.

I worked the first 14 years undercover.

I have followed the war on drugs ever since.

When I retired I felt bad about my role in implementing an unjust war.

The war on drugs was declared by Richard Nixon.

As the federal funding started pouring in, we went from a seven-man unit to a 76-person bureau of narcotics.

When you increase any organization by 11 times overnight, you set up a great deal of expectations.

Officers are judged mainly on the number of arrests they make.

The expectation was that in the coming year we'd arrest at least 11 times as many people for non-violent drug offense as we did the year before.

We were supposed to arrest drug users: Not easy in 1970 for several reasons.

First, we didn't really have much of a drug problem in 1970.

Those of us old enough to look back to those times, we know the main problem was soft drugs: marijuana, hashish, psilocybin mushrooms, LSD - mind-altering drugs.

We targeted young folks, folks in high school or college or in between, little friendship groups, because there were no drug dealers.

Our bosses didn't know how to fight a war on drugs.

They knew one thing: They knew how to work that federal cash cow.

So they had to make the war on drugs look like it was an absolute necessity.

We started arresting everybody we could put our fingers on.

I infiltrated a group of maybe 15 young people.

Friday night, school's out, work's out, somebody'd say "You wanna get high?"

A few people would take them up on that, and of course I was always there to take them up on that.

Rachel's Timeline

My Best Friend Rachel Hoffman Was Murdered At 23-Years-Old

Our Marijuana Laws Destroy Lives: The Rachel Hoffman Tragedy

One of the friends who happened to have access to the family car could go and get drugs - because I was working the suburbs.

There just were no drugs in the suburbs; you had to go to New York City to get them - and he'd ask what do you want?

One person says get me a couple joints, one says get me some acid, and when they came to me I'd put my order in too, for this tiny bit of substance.

An hour later they'd come back and hand this stuff out to their friends.

And when they handed it to me they became a big-time drug dealer.

And I would stay in that group until I got everybody in the group.

Which was easy because whoever made the run before didn't want to do it again; they weren't even getting gas money.

These were just young people accommodating each other.

In 2002 I sat down with four other police officers and we decided we were going to try and do something.

We decided first - what should law enforcement people be trying to do?

We boiled it down to the very essence - we were interested in reducing the incidence of death, disease, crime and addiction.

All four of these categories are made infinitely worse by the war on drugs.

We decided we wanted to end drug prohibition, just like we ended alcohol prohibition in 1933.

As law enforcement we knew that the very day after we ended that terrible law, Al Capone and all his smuggling buddies were out of business.

They were no longer out on the streets, killing each other to try and control that lucrative business.

They were no longer killing us cops trying to fight that useless war.

They were no longer killing our children caught in crossfire and drive-by shootings: all the things we have today.

We knew that if we came up with a system of legalized regulation of drugs today we could take all the violence out of this equation. All of it.

If we treated drug abuse we could actually start helping these people instead of destroying their lives.

We've spent more than a trillion dollars on the war on drugs since 1970.

And what do we have to show for that money?

It's billion more every year that we'll throw down the same rathole.

In 37 years we've made over 38 million arrests for non-violent drug offenses.

We've quadrupled the number of people in our prisons since then.

We've made building prisons the fastest-growing industry in the US.

Despite all this money spent, and all these lives destroyed, today drugs are cheaper, they're more potent and they're easier for our children to access than they were in 1970 when I started buying them as an undercover agent.

In 1969 arrests for non-violent drug offenses was in the tens of thousands.

In 1970, when we started this, that number went up to hundreds of thousands.

If we were doing anything to interdict drugs, the price would go up, not down?

The supply would go down, not up.

Instead, when I was a young trooper in 1970, kicking down doors and executing search warrants a good seizure for a local cop might be an ounce of cocaine™ or a quarter-ounce of Heroin™.

Look at what we're seizing today.

In 2002, in a single seizure we seized ten tons of Heroin™ and in another single seizure 20 tons of Cocaine™.

That's a failed policy, with unintended consequences any way you look at it." - Jack Cole, 26 year veteran New Jersey State Police, executive director of Law Enforcement Against Prohibition

devil's harvest

fools errand: slang term

Alcohol as a gateway drug

Marijuana kills brain cancer

Does Marijuana Make You Stupid?

Neuroprotective antioxidants from marijuana

A Marijuana Bud A Day Keeps The Stroke Away

Marijuana & Stroke: Pot Compounds Protect Brain

No bones about it: Cannabis may be used to treat fractures

Marijuana Use: Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Money, Not Morals, Drives Marijuana Prohibition

Joint relief: Marijuana helps mend broken bones

Marijuana cuts lung cancer tumor growth in half

Five Groups Lobbying to Keep Marijuana Illegal

Neuroprotection by Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol

lawful versus unlawful

"It's been corporate policy for at least 18 years that every new hire excrete on command while a rubber-gloved nurse waits outside with her ear plastered to the door.

Those who test positive for illegal drugs don't get their promised job, on grounds that someone who can't stay off the stuff long enough to pass a one-time, advance-notice screening might have a problem.

This despite the fact that we generally don't operate machinery heavier than a coffee pot, aren't likely to sell our secrets to blackmailing Russkies and are supposed to be at least theoretically representative of typical Americans.

Because guess what? The typical American - and just about every journalist I've ever asked - has already tried marijuana at least once before the age of 25, according to the government's National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

What's more, despite 35 years and billions of dollars worth of taxpayer financed propaganda to the contrary, most of those who've inhaled didn't collapse through the "gateway" into desperate Heroin™ addiction and "Traffic"style sex slavery." - Matt Welch

March 1999 Institute of Medicine (IOM) finds cannabis has no significant addictive potential.

The report notes: "few cannabis users develop dependence "and if there are withdrawal symptoms, they are "mild and short lived."

The IOM report states gateway theory is a social hypothesis.

The pharmacological qualities of cannabis does not lead to chemical use.

The legal status of cannabis makes it a gateway drug.

"The "gateway" to hard drugs is cannabis prohibition!" - Jack Herer

How to win the war on drugs

Congress quietly ends federal ban on marijuana

"Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did."

Economist Links "War on Drugs" to Increased Homicide Rate

"Growing up I heard innumerable times marijuana was a 'gateway' drug that was very likely to cause the user to graduate to hard drugs.

In elementary school I had peers who said, "Take 2 aspirin and wash them down with Coca-Cola®. It will give you a nice high."

Over-the-counter painkillers are probably the most widely abused chemicals.

Out of elementary and into junior high - it is a whole new story.

If the over-the-counter painkillers work what about the other stuff?

Braver and more experienced - these kids already knew alot about drugs.

And they had them after raiding Mom' medicine cabinet !

Out of junior high and into HighSchool - it is a fantastic new adventure.

The most easily accessible after pills - tobacco and alcohol.

Cigarettes are number one with cheap wine and beer a close second.

And of course there are many dipping into Mom's medicine cabinet and Dad's liquor cabinet." - Athbhreith Athbheochan

Annual Causes of Death in the United States

Consumers Union Report - Licit and Illicit Drugs


"Particularly alarming is the 212% increase from 1992 to 2003 in the number of 12 to 17 year olds abusing and trying these drugs for the first time." - Joseph A. Califano Jr, Columbia University National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse

US Drug Enforcement Administration says 7 million Americans currently abuse PHRMA, noting that is "more than the number who are abusing cocaine™, Heroin™, hallucinogens, ecstasy and inhalants combined."

DEA reports "opioid painkillers cause more fatal overdoses than cocaine and Heroin™ combined."

22 year-old Savannah Kissick overdoses on a combination of painkillers and sedatives while celebrating New Year's Eve.

2005 1 in 10 teenagers continue to abuse PHRMA according to the federally funded annual survey by the University of Michigan in .

2008 At least 485 people died in Kentucky including Savannah Kissick from PHRMA overdoses of methadone, oxycodone and hydrocodone, alprazolam (Xanax), opium, diazepam (Valium®) and fentanyl.

"We are drowning in a sea of prescription medication tied to every type of crime, the burglaries, the thefts, the accidents, the domestic disputes between families. It's breaking families up." - Greenup County Sheriff Keith Cooper

US Drug Enforcement Agency states that stolen or illegal purchased prescription medications are a favorite of high school and college students.

"The first time I ever got "high" was on prescribed codeine (methylmorphine - codeine sulfate and codeine phosphate) for a head injury in elementary school.

The first illegal drug I ever purchased was a "rack of whites", amphetamines, in middle school." - Athbhreith Athbheochan

'Robotrippin' by middle school students is increasing at 50% per year.

The key ingredient is DXM, Dex or dexmethorphan.

Lucia Martino, a 16 year old user and one of about 2.4 million teens that have used Dex, died of an overdose in September 2006.

American consumers spent $4.5 billion in 2005 on 'cold remedies'.

There is no remedy for a viral cold infection !

"When drug treatment doesn't work thats because it's an incorrect solution.

The real issue is social justice and equal access to housing, employment, wealth, healthcare, psychotherapy, education, legal services - all the things that most middle-class Americans take for granted.

We persist with behavior modification, requiring socially marginalized self-medicating drug users with serious personal problems to stop applying the balm before addressing the source of their pain."- Paul Cherashore

The Mystery of the Terrifying Xanax Resurgence in America

Barbiturates in the US

Barbiturates a century after clinical introduction

Signs and Symptoms of Dextromethorphan Abuse

Dependence risk with chronic dextromethorphan abuse

"Since 1971, marijuana has been classified as a "Schedule I" narcotic, meaning it has no medical value.

That's the same category as Heroin™.

And as if that's not goofy enough, that also would suggest marijuana is more dangerous than crack cocaine, a Schedule II drug that no one in the sane world describes as less dangerous than marijuana." - Clarence Page


unique library index

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