natural resources

The World Factbook

Locations of Deposits

The Great Remembering

Big Problems Need Small Solutions

A resource is an available source that can be drawn on when needed.

Resources - mineral wealth, biodiversity, labor assets, landscapes - drive economic and political development.

Afghanistan - natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

Albania - petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower

Algeria - petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

Angola - petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium

Argentina - fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium

Australia - bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum

Austria - petroleum, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower

Azerbaijan - petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite

Bahrain - petroleum, natural gas, pearls

Bangladesh - natural gas, arable land, timber, coal

Bolivia - tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower

Bosnia - coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, forests, hydropower

Botswana - diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

Brazil - bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

Brunei - petroleum, natural gas, timber

Bulgaria - bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land

Burma - petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower

Burundi - nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone

Cambodia - petroleum, natural gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates

Cameroon - petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

Canada - iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower

Central African Republic - diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, petroleum, hydropower

Chad - petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, gold

Chile - copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower

China - coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower

Columbia - petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower

superficial overvalued rock

Congo - cobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber

Cote d'Ivoire - petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower

Cuba - cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

Djibouti - gold, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum

Dominican Republic - nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

Ecuador - petroleum, timber, hydropower

Egypt - petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc

Equatorial Guinea - petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum

Ethiopia - gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

Finland - timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver

France - coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber

French Guiana - gold, petroleum, kaolin, niobium, tantalum

Gabon - petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower

Georgia - forests, hydropower, manganese, iron ore, copper

Germany - coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, timber, arable land

Ghana - gold, timber, diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver

Greece - lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite

Greenland - coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium

Guatamala - petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle (chewing gum, butadiene - a hydrocarbon, was made to replace chicle) Guinea - bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower

Guinea-Bissau - timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, petroleum
Haiti - bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower

Guyana - bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber

Honduras - timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, hydropower

Hungary - bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land

Iceland - hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite

India - coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum

Indonesia - petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Iran - petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

Iraq - petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur

Ireland - natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite
Israel - timber, potash, copper, natural gas, phosphate, magnesium bromide
Italy - coal, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorspar, feldspar, pyrite (sulfur), natural gas and oil reserves, arable land

Kazakhstan - petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium

Kenya - limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower

Korea (north) - coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, fluorspar, hydropower

Korea (south) - coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead

Kosovo - nickel, lead, zinc, magnesium, lignite, kaolin, chrome, bauxite

Kuwait - petroleum

Kyrgyzstan - hydropower, gold, scandium, yttrium, lanthanoids, coal, petroleum, natural gas, nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, zinc

Laos - timber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones

Latavia - peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land

Lebanon - limestone, iron ore, arable land (water-surplus state in a water-deficit region)

Lesotho - diamonds

Liberia - iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower

Libya - petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

Macedonia - iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land

Madagascar - graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, semiprecious stones, mica, hydropower

Malawi - uranium, coal, bauxite

Malaysia - tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

Mali - gold, phosphates, kaolin, uranium, gypsum, hydropower,bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, copper

Mauritania - iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, petroleum
Mexico - petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber

Monaco - gamblers

Mongolia - oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron

Morocco - phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc

Mozambique - coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite

Namibia - diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, hydropower

Netherlands - natural gas, petroleum, peat, arable land

New Zealand - natural gas, iron ore, coal, timber, hydropower, gold

Nicaragua - gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber

Niger - uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, petroleum

Nigeria - natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Norway - petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, timber, hydropower

Oman - petroleum, copper, asbestos, chromium, gypsum, natural gas

Pakistan - natural gas, petroleum, coal, iron ore, copper, opium

Panama - copper, mahogany forests

Papua New Guinea - gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, petroleum

Paraguay - hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese

Peru - copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas

Philippines - timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, copper
Poland - coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land
Portugal - cork oak, iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower

Qatar - petroleum, natural gas

Romania - petroleum, timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

Last speech of Nicolae Ceauescu, December 21, 1989

Nicolae and Elena Ceausescu before execution, December 21, 1989

Inside Ceausescu's Romania: An Unquestionably Efficient Police State

Russia - petroleum, natural gas, coal, strategic minerals, timber

Rwanda - gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land

Saudi Arabia - petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper

Serbia - petroleum, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, chromite, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, arable land

Sierra Leone - diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

Somalia - uranium, iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, natural gas, oil

South Africa - gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, natural gas

Spain - coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land

Sudan - petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower

Sweden - iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower

Syria - petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, gypsum, hydropower

Tajikistan - hydropower, petroleum, uranium, mercury, coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

Tanzania - hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

Thailand - tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

Timor-Leste - gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese

Tunisia - petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc

Türkey - coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite, emery, feldspar, magnesite, perlite, pumice, pyrites, arable land, hydropower

Türkmenistan - petroleum, natural gas, sulfur

Ugunda - copper, cobalt, hydropower, arable land

Ukraine - iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land

United Arab Emirates - petroleum

United Kingdom - coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, arable land

US - coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber

Uzbekistan - natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead, zinc, tungsten, molybdenum

Venezuela - petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds

Vietnam - phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate

Yemen - petroleum, coal, gold, lead, nickel, copper

Zambia - copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower
Zimbabwe - coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals

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