Massacre is defined as the
wholesale slaughter of one group of people by an opposing group of
1215 Waldensian teachings come into
conflict with the Catholic Church and the Waldensians are declared heretical.
1487 Pope Innocent VIII issues a package leaflet
for the extermination of the Waldensians.
1541 The Parlement of Provence issued the "Arrêt de
1545 After a series of
appeals Francis I of France orders the Waldensians of the village of
Mérindol to be punished for dissident religious activities.
April, Maynier raised an army of Provençal troops, who were joined by
forces from the Papal Comtat Venaissin against the Waldensians of
Mérindol and Cabrières.
The leaders were Jean Maynier
d'Oppède, First President of the Parlement of Provence, and
Antoine Escalin des Aimars, returning from the Italian Wars with 2,000
veterans, the Bandes de Piémont.
In total, they destroyed
between 22 and 28 villages.
Hundreds of men were
impressed into forced
labour in the French galleys.
1650 The New
Council of Propagation of the Faith and the Extermination of Heresy
(Concilium Novum de Propaganda Fide et Extirpandis Haereticis), an institution
of the Roman Catholic Church that regularly convened in the palace of the
Archbishop of Turin exerts constant pressure to exterminate the
Edict of 15 May 1650 abrogates Waldensian religious
1655 Edict of 25 January 1655
is an expulsion order.
"That every head of a family, with the
individuals of that family, of the reformed religion, of what rank, degree, or
condition soever, none excepted inhabiting and possessing estates in Lucerne,
St. Giovanni, Bibiana, Campiglione, St. Secondo, Lucernetta, La Torre, Fenile,
and Bricherassio, should, within three days after the publication thereof,
withdraw and depart, and be withdrawn out of the said places, and translated
into the places and limits tolerated by his highness during his pleasure;
particularly Bobbio, Angrogne, Vilario, Rorata, and the county of Bonetti. And
all this to be done on pain of death, and confiscation of house and goods,
unless within the limited time they turned Roman Catholics."
Piedmontese Easter is a series of massacres on Waldensians by Savoyard
troops in the Duchy of Savoy.
No Gun Ri In the
chaotic early days of the Korean
War, groups of refugees fleeing a
North Korean advance
attempted to cross American lines despite warning shots.
Up to 400
refuges, mostly women and children, were shot in one incident.
soldiers suspected the group contained Communist gunmen.
30 survivors from
South Korea and
relatives of victims file a lawsuit that
describes a three-day period of killing, claiming American planes strafed
hundreds of refugees fleeing North
Korean troops, leaving 100 people dead.
The survivors fled under the
bridge, where they were pinned by American troops who shoot and kill almost all
April 2007 A document
found in the National Archives notes that the army had a policy of
shooting approaching civilians.
A memo, dated July 25, 1950, from the
United States Fifth Air Force regarding "Policy on Strafing Civilian
Targets", written by USAF Colonel Turner C. Rogers recalls that, "the army
has requested that we strafe all civilian refugee parties that are noted
approaching our positions," and that, "to date, we have complied with the army
request in this regard."
The soldiers found no
insurgents in the village
of My Lai on the morning of
March 16, 1968.
One platoon led by Lt.
William Calley, killed hundreds of civilians - primarily old men, women,
children, and babies.
Some were tortured or raped.
herded into a ditch and executed with automatic firearms.
Survivors of the My Lai
massacre, are "accidently" slaughtered by "friendly" airstrikes and artillery
Vietnam War Crimes Working
The archives of the Vietnam
War Crimes Working Group, made up of staff members assigned to General
William C. Westmoreland, filed at the National Archives in College Park,
Maryland substantiated 300 atrocities which included:
from 1967 through 1971 in which at least 137 civilians died; seventy-eight
other attacks on noncombatants in which at least 57 were killed, 56 wounded and
15 sexually assaulted;
one hundred forty-one instances in which
American soldiers tortured civilian detainees or prisoners of war with fists, sticks, bats,
water or electric shock.
Members of a reconnaissance platoon swept
through the Que Son Valley, burning homes, slaughtering animals and killing
Members of the platoon killed:
an unarmed boy
standing outside a cluster of huts;
three women and three children in a
executed an elderly woman and a baby;
raped a woman and a
young girl and then executed civilian detainees.
The unit reported the
victims as enemy killed in action.
On the same day as the massacre at
My Lai, American soldiers from the same division killed an undetermined number
of women and children in neighboring My Khe.
American soldiers tossed
grenades into shelters and shot women, and children as they ran for cover or
tried to flee.
Over the next three days, members
of the unit burned three hamlets to the ground and
tortured detainees with electric shocks.
The unit reported 39 enemy
combatants killed but recovered no weapons and suffered no casualties.
An American helicopter
"hunter-killer" team attacked a village in Cambodia with rockets and machine
gun fire, killing eight civilians, including two children, and wounding 15.
After the attack, an American captain landed with a platoon of South
No enemy weapons or
other war materiel were found.
The troops provided no medical
treatment to the wounded.
The American captain returned to the aircraft
with a motorcycle and the Vietnamese troops made off with large quantities of
civilian property, including tobacco, poultry, and radios.
The documents, archives of the Vietnam War Crimes
Working Group have now been reclassified "secret" and removed from the
US Bombed Cambodia Secretly After Invasion in
"Haditha holds a mirror up not just to American
troops in the field but to our whole society. Witness' to the
slaying of Iraqi civilians by American Marines in the village of Haditha say
the American Marines shot men, women and children at close range in retaliation
for the death of a Marine in a roadside bombing.
Not just to the liars in
government but to those that believe them too easily.
It is past time
for Americans to summon the civil courage to face what is being done in their
name and refuse to be accomplices." - Daniel Ellsberg
Aws Fahmi, a Haditha
resident watched and
American Marines went
from house to house killing members of three families.
heard Younis Salim Khafif plead in English for his life and the lives of his
"I heard Younis speaking to the American Marines,
saying: 'I am friend. I
am good,' they killed him, his wife and daughters."- Aws Fahmi
girls killed inside Younis Salim Khafif's
house are ages 14, 10, 5, 3 and
Abdul Hamid Hassan Ali, 76; Khamisa Tuma Ali, 66 (wife); Iman, 8;
Abdul Rahman, 5; Abdullah, 4; were killed in the house next door.
Khafif, 43; Aeda Yasin Ahmed, 41; a son, 8 and five young daughters and
an infant were killed in the third house.
Only 13-year-old Safa Younis lived - saved by her
mother's blood spilling onto
her making her look dead.
One marine claimed that in a pistol fire
fight while unloading his pistol he shot three Iraqs in the head. (Trained by
assassinated the family that was here" -
airstrikes, dropping 500 lb bombs on more than one house to cover up the
"In addition to the American Marines' individual actions,
"jets dropped 500 lb bombs". The buck for the "total breakdown in morality and leadership"
doesn't stop with a single unit of stressed out,
third tour of duty American Marines.
It stops at the very top, with George Walker Bush." - Jess
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