"All sensation is true;
sensation is the
primary source of knowledge."
"All credibility, all conscience, all evidence of
truth come only from the senses."
sense is defined
a sensation produced by a
intuitive acquired ability to estimate;
the normal ability to think or
aware of; meaning; import; significance;
Any of the faculties by which stimuli from outside or inside the
body are received and felt, as the faculties of hearing, sight, smell, touch,
taste, and equilibrium.
the mind acting in the direct
cognition of material objects or of
its own mental states.
Understanding is the logical power of apprehending
general conceptions while
classifying, arranging, and making deductions.
Reason is the power
of apprehending fundamental truths which are the conditions of
all real and scientific
knowledge, and which control
the mind in all its processes of investigation and
nine major sense
"Visually most of us can immediately perceive
only four or so items."
"He who touches, feels;
he who touches not,
"He who tastes, knows bitterness, saltiness and sourness;
who tastes not, knows only the flavor
"He who is in balance, walks a straight
he who is not in balance, falls down."
"Our senses are limited.
We 'see' only some wavelengths of light
we 'smell' only a range of odours;
we 'hear' only a range
If we see nothing, then this does not mean that nothing is
The extents of our senses, both quantitatively and
qualitatively, are also the results of an
adaptive selection process that must
allocate scarce resources.
could have evolved eyes that were thousands of times more sensitive, but that
ability would need to have been paid for by using resources that could have
been used elsewhere.
We have ended up with a package of senses that
makes efficient use of the scarce
resources available." - John D.
Although human senses are
limited they are truly quite magnificent.
A human with normally functioning senses
feel on the fingertips or face a pressure that depresses the skin a
weight of a bee's wing falling on the cheek from less than half an inch
see a small candle flame from 30 miles away on a clear, dark
distinguish among more than 300,000 different color
smell one drop of perfume diffused through a three-room
taste .04 ounce-of table salt dissolved in 530 quarts of
gauge the direction of a sound's origin based on a .00003 second
difference in its arrival from one ear to
21 senses or more
The commonly held definition of a
"sense" is "any system that consists of a group of sensory cell types that
respond to a specific physical phenomenon and that corresponds to a particular
group of regions within the brain where the signals are received and
The commonly held human senses are as follows:
This technically is two senses
given the two distinct types of receptors present, one for color (cones) and
one for brightness (rods).
is sometimes argued to be five senses by itself due to the differing types of
taste receptors (sweet, salty, sour,
umami), but generally is just referred to as one sense. For those who don't
know, umami receptors detect the amino acid glutamate, which is a taste
generally found in meat and some artificial flavoring. The taste sense, unlike
sight, is a sense based on a chemical reaction
This has been found to be distinct from pressure, temperature,
pain, and even itch sensors.
Obvious sense is obvious. ;-)
Surprisingly, this is a distinct sensor system from other touch-related
Ability to sense
heat and cold. This also is thought of as more than one sense. This is not just
because of the two hot/cold receptors, but also because there is a completely
different type of thermoceptor, in terms of the mechanism for detection, in the
brain. These thermoceptors in the brain are used for monitoring internal body
along some medium, such as air or water that is in contact with your ear drums.
Smell: Yet another of the sensors that work off of a chemical reaction. This
sense combines with taste to produce flavors.
This sense gives you the ability to
tell where your body parts are, relative to other body parts. This sense is one
of the things police officers test when they pull over someone who they think
is driving drunk. The "close your eyes and touch your nose" test is testing
this sense. This sense is used all the time in little ways, such as when you
scratch an itch on your foot, but never once look at your foot to see where
your hand is relative to your foot.
These are found in such places as your muscles and
allow the brain the ability to monitor muscle tension.
In a word, pain. This was once thought to
simply be the result of overloading other senses, such as "touch", but this has
been found not to be the case and instead, it is its own unique sensory system.
There are three distinct types of pain receptors: cutaneous (skin), somatic
(bones and joints), and visceral (body organs).
is the ability to detect
which is principally useful in providing a sense of direction when detecting
the magnetic field of the
Earth. Unlike most birds, humans do not have a strong magentoception,
however, experiments have demonstrated that we do tend to have some sense of
magnetic fields. The mechanism
for this is not completely understood; it is theorized that this has something
to do with deposits of iron oxide in our noses. This would make sense if that
is correct as humans who are given magnetic implants have been shown to have a
much stronger magnetoception than humans without.
The sense that allows you to keep
your balance and sense body movement in terms of acceleration and directional
changes. This sense also allows for perceiving gravity. The sensory system for
this is found in your inner ears and is called the vestibular labyrinthine
system. Anyone who's ever had this sense go out on them on occasion knows how
important this is. When it's not working or malfunctioning, you literally can't
tell up from down and moving from one location to another without aid is
These are found in
such places as the lungs, bladder, stomach, and the gastrointestinal tract. A
type of stretch receptor, that senses
dilation of blood
vessels, is also often involved in headaches.
These trigger an area of the medulla
in the brain that is involved in detecting
blood born hormones and
drugs. It also is involved in the vomiting reflex.
This system more or less allows your body to
monitor its hydration level and so your body knows when it should tell you to
This system allows your
body to detect when you need to eat something.
This one is debated as no singular mechanism has
been found that allows people to perceive time. However, experimental data has
conclusively shown humans have a startling accurate sense of time, particularly
when younger. The mechanism we use for this seems to be a distributed system
involving the cerebral cortex,
cerebellum, and basal ganglia. Long term time keeping seems to be monitored by
the suprachiasmatic nuclei (responsible for the circadian rhythm). Short term
time keeping is handled by other cell systems.
Did you know humans have
the ability to ignore one or more of the sensory systems at any given time
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior
corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction
of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to
the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has
not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making
such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social
justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such
copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In
accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For
more information see: www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to
use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond
'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved