"There is no way of coming at a true theory of society, but
by inquiring into the nature of its component individuals.
humanity in its combinations, it is necessary to
analyze humanity in its elementary
We quickly find that every phenomenon exhibited by
an amalgamation of men,
originates in some quality of the
A little consideration shows us, for instance, that
the very existence of society, implies some natural affinity in its members for
such a union.
It is pretty clear too, that without
a certain fitness in mankind for
ruling, and being ruled,
government would be an
organizations of commerce, have grown up under the
stimulus of certain desires existing in each
It is from our
possession of an emotion to which they appeal, that
religious institutions have
been called into existence.
see throughout nature that the properties of a community are dependent upon the
attributes of its component parts.
Every social action must have
its origin in a property of the individual.
the attractions and affinities latent in
separate atoms, become visible when those atoms are approximated; so
the forces that are dormant in
the isolated men, are rendered active by juxtaposition
with his fellows.
philosophy suggests moral law originates naturally.
Had we no other
inducement to eat than that arising from the prospect of certain advantages to
be thereby obtained, it is
scarcely probable that our bodies would be so well cared for as now.
If, in addition to these needs of the body, all other requirements of
our nature were similarly consigned to the sole care of the intellect - were
knowledge, property, freedom, reputation, friends, sought only at the
intellects dictation - then our investigations would be perpetual, our
estimates complex, our decisions so difficult that life would be wholly
occupied in the collection of
evidence and the balancing of
Quite different, however, is the method of nature.
We find in ourselves some prompter called
a desire; and the more
essential the action, the
more powerful is the impulse to its performance, and the more
the gratification derived therefrom.
Thus, the longings for food,
for sleep, for warmth, are irresistible; and quite independent of foreseen
The continuance of humanity is secured not in
obedience to reason but
often in defiance of it.
are not impelled to accumulate the means of subsistence solely by
a view to consequences, is
proved by the existence of skinflints, in whom the love of acquirement is
gratified to the neglect of the ends.
We find employed a like system
of regulating our conduct to our fellows.
That we may behave in the public
sight in the most agreeable manner, we possess a love of
produces not only an inattentiveness to the never-ending
task of critique; it is the
failure of conscience and moral witnessing." - Henry A. Giroux
desirable that there should be
a segregation of those best
fitted for companionship - hence the sentiment of friendship.
not then reasonably expect to find a
like instrumentality employed in impelling us to that line of conduct, in the
due observance of which consists what we call morality ?
We are guided
to our bodily welfare by instincts; that from instincts also, spring those
domestic relationships - and that
similar agencies are
used to secure our indirect benefit, by regulating social behavior.
As upright conduct in each is necessary to the happiness of all, there
exists in us an impulse towards such conduct; we possess a " Moral Sense," a
duty to dictate rectitude in
transactions; which receives gratification from honest and fair dealing;
and which gives birth to the sentiment of justice.
"And so you think," says the patrician, "that the
object of our rule should be
'the greatest happiness to the greatest number.'"
"Such is our
opinion," answers the
Whereupon, after some shuffling, our petitioner is
forced to confess, that he has no other authority but his own feeling - that he
has simply an innate perception of the fact; or, in other words, that "his moral sense tells him
In truth, none but those committed to
a preconceived theory, can fail
to recognise, on every hand, the workings of such a faculty.
times downward there have been constant signs of its presence - signs which
happily thicken as our own day is approached.
The articles of Magna Charta
embody its protests against oppression, and its demands for a better
administration of justice.
But how, it may be asked, can an emotion
can a desire give rise to a moral sense ?
To elucidate this we must
take an example.
Contrast the skinflint and
his devotedness to accumulation, the skinflint has a quite peculiar
belief in the worth of money.
The most stringent economy he thinks
virtuous; and anything like the most ordinary liberality vicious;
whilst of extravagance he has an
Whatever adds to his store seems to him good,
whatever takes from it, bad.
Should a passing gleam of generosity lead
him on occasion to open his purse, he is pretty sure afterwards to reproach
himself as having done wrong.
Whilst the spendthrift is
deficient in the instinct of
acquisition, he also fails to realize the intrinsic worth of
The spendthrift regards saving habits as mean; and holds that
there is something noble in profuseness.
Here a confounding of intellectual
intelligence with emotional intelligence.
It is clear perceptions of
the propriety or impropriety of certain lines of conduct,
originate with the intellect, but with
by desire, would show both skinflint and spendthrift
their habits were unwise; whereas
the intellect, influenced by
desire, makes each think the other a fool, but
doesn't enable him to see
his own foolishness.
Every desire is accompanied
by a moral sense of the rightness of those actions which give it
Human desire generates the moral sense that things
are good or bad, according to
the pleasure or pain they bring; and always generates such convictions when
However, there is nearly always
a perpetual emotional
conflict - an antagonism
throughout life resulting from the incongruity of belief.
a desire is very predominant, or no adverse desire exists, that the connection
between the instincts and the opinions they dictate, becomes
"If," say the objectors, "this 'moral sense'
originates different notions of duty in each age, each race, each individual,
how can it afford a safe foundation for a systematic morality?"
What can seem to be more absurd
than to seek a definite rule of right, in the answers of so uncertain an
The phenomena of social life, both past and present,
illustrates the influence of the
moral sense which
is not readily explicable upon any other hypothesis.
of moral sense are
inaccurate and often
contradictory, it may still be capable of generating
a fundamental moral
intuition, which can be logically unfolded into a scientific
morality." - Herbert Spencer
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass
media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the
family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the
corrupt international elites vision of a
perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of
the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
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their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational,
insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web
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redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion
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