narrative is just as
human failings, bias,
lack of integrity
as any personal witness.
Official narratives are
abandoned once their mendacity has been exposed or
after serving their
narratives are sometimes changed at short notice, and
sometimes demonstrably at
odds with the facts.
For example, the
report states nobody
heard explosions in the World Trade Center, ignoring
eyewitness video and testimony of dozens of witness'.
Official narratives often lack
a 'lowest common denominator' approach.
By trivializing complex
issues they fail to respect nuance.
Their lack of subtlety requires
executed faits accomplis,
easily unmasked by a
population of critical thinkers.
Council of Rome,
under the authority of Imperial Roman Emperor Theodosius I, concluded with Pope
Damasus I issuing the following decree:
We must treat of the divine
Scriptures, what the Holy Catholic Church accepts and what she must
The list of the
Genesis, one book;
Leviticus, one book;
Numbers, one book;
Deuteronomy, one book;
Jesus Nave, one book;
Judges, one book;
Ruth, one book;
Kings, four books;
Paralipomenon, two books;
Psalms, one book;
Solomon, three books;
Proverbs, one book;
Ecclesiastes, one book;
Canticle of Canticles,
Wisdom, one book;
(Sirach), one book.
Likewise, the list
of the prophets:
Isaiah, one book;
book; (Cinoth Lamentations)
Ezechiel, one book;
Daniel, one book;
Osee, one book;
Amos, one book;
Micheas, one book;
Joel, one book;
Abdias, one book;
Jonas, one book;
Nahum, one book;
Habacuc, one book;
Sophonias, one book;
Aggeus, one book;
Zacharias, one book;
Malachias, one book.
Likewise, the list of
Tobias, one book;
Esdras, two books;
Esther, one book;
Judith, one book;
Maccabees, two books.
List of the
Scriptures of New and Eternal Testament, which the Holy Catholic Church
receives of the Gospels:
|one book according to Matthew;
according to Mark;
one book according to
one book according to John.
of Catholic Orthodoxy
perspectives = 1
Epistles of the Apostle
one to the Romans;
two to the
one to the Ephesians;
two to the
one to the Galatians;
one to the
one to the Colossians;
one to Titus;
one to the Hebrews.
One book of the
The Apocryphon of John.
One book of the Acts of the
The canonical Epistles number
of the Apostle Peter, two Epistles;
of the Apostle
James, one Epistle;
of the Apostle John, one Epistle;
other John, a Presbyter, two Epistles;
of the Apostle Jude the Zealot,
Thus concludes the canon of the New Testament.
The remaining writings compiled
by heretics or schismatics the Church considerd apocryphal.
we confess that the synod of Sirmium called by Constantius Caesar the son of
Constantine through the
Prefect Taurus is damned then, now and forever.
The Itinerary in the
name of Peter the Apostle, called the nine books of the Holy
Acts in the name of the apostle Andrew;
Acts in the
name of the apostle Thomas;
Acts in the name of the apostle Peter;
Acts in the name of the apostle Philip;
Gospel in the name of
Gospel in the name of Barnabas;
in the name of James the Younger;
Gospel in the name of the
Gospel in the name of
Gospels in the name of Bartholomew;
Gospels in the name of Andrew;
Gospels, which Lucianus
Gospels which Hesychius forged;
the book on the infancy
of the saviour;
the book of the nativity of
the savior and the midwife;
the book called by the name of the Shepherd;
books Leucius, the devil's disciple;
the book called the Foundation;
the book called the Treasure;
the book of the daughters of Adam
the cento on Jesus put together in Virgilian verses;
the book called the Acts of Thecla and Paul;
the book called
the books of Proverbs penned by Holy Sixtus;
Revelation which is called Paul's;
the Revelation which is called
the Revelation called Stephen's;
the book called the Assumption
of Holy Mary;
the book called the Repentance of Adam;
the book Gog the Giant who fought with
the book called the Testament of
the book called the Repentance of
the book called the Repentance of Holy
the book called the Repentance of Jamne and Mambre;
the book called the Lots of the Apostles;
the book called the
Grave-Plate of the Apostles;
the book called the Canons of the
the book Physiologus misattributed to Ambrose;
history of Eusebius Pampilii;
the works of Tertullian;
works of Lactantius also known as Firmianus;
the works of Africanus;
the works of Postumianus and Gallus;
the works of Montanus,
Priscilla and Maximilla;
the works of Faustus the Manichaean;
the works of Commodian;
the works of the other Clement;
the works of Thascius Cyprianus;
the works of Arnobius;
the works of Tichonius;
the works of Cassian the Gallic priest;
the works of Victorinus of Pettau;
the works of Faustus of Riez
the works of Frumentius Caecus;
the cento on Jesus
stitched from verses of Virgil;
the Letter from Jesus to Abgar;
the Letter of Abgar to Jesus;
the Passion of Cyricus and
the Passion of Georgius;
the writing called the
Interdiction of Solomon.
All amulets inscribed with the names of
Paul of Samosata,
Photinus and Bonosus,
Montanus with his obscene followers,
Faustus the African,
Julian of Eclanum,
Priscillian from Spain,
Nestorius of Constantinople,
Maximus the Cynic,
Peter of Antioch,
Acacius of Constantinople with
authors to be damned in the inextricable shackles of anathema
Also known as the 'Gelasian Decree', it was
reproduced by Gelasius in 495. It is identical with the list at
Literal Physical Truth of the Christian
"Modern New Testament scholarship has shown that
we know far less All
Christian documents in existence before the 4th century are on
about the historical Jesus than
we thought we did." - Karen Armstrong
Papyrus is fragile, only fragments of these works have been
Before the invention of the
documents were copied by hand, the laborious process that invited variations:
misspellings, altered wording, grammatical corrections, stylistic improvements,
insertions, omissions, etc.
Many New Testament versions have marginal
These marginalia were often copied into the main text of
No two New Testaments written before the 15th century
are identical !
20th century versions of the New Testament are primarily
based on parchment uncial codices of the 4th through the 9th century.
Many of the earliest of these, like Sinaiticus, have undergone
extensive "correction" by later scribes.
parchment uncial codices of the 4th through the 9th
century5th century Codex
Alexandrinus is largely an Alexandrian witness and the oldest text of the
A passage - "All things came into being through him;
and apart from him no single thing came into being. In him was life; and the
life was the light of men."
5th to 7th century
Codex Washingtonensis or Codex Freerianus paleographers have
deduced that the original scribe corrected some of his own errors, followed by
another who made revisions. Finally, two later hands made a few additional
Codex Washingtonensis is variegated in its
representation and believed to be copied from one that had been pieced together
out of fragments of several manuscripts. Readings representative of all of the
major text types can be found in this manuscript.
A passage - "All
things came into being through him; and apart from him no single thing came
into being. What has come into being in him (is or was) life. And the life was
the light of humanity."
6th century Codex
Bezae: the left hand
page is the Greek and the right hand side is Latin.
As many as nine correctors worked on the manuscript between the sixth and
"All things came into being through him; and apart from
him nothing came into being. What has come into being in him is life. And the
life was the light of humanity."
Alcuin of York during the reign of Charlemagne attempts to purify the corrupted
text. This correction is the basis for the Paris edition that was widely
disseminated among the clergy in northwestern Europe.
12th or 13th century Codex 666 reads as follows:
A passage - "All things came into being through him; and apart from him
no single thing came into being that has come into being. In him was life; and
the life was the light of men."
Corrected passage - "All things came
into being through him; and apart from him no single thing came into being.
What has come into being was life in him; and the life was the light of
The Vulgate, produced by
Johannes Gensfleisch zur
Laden zum Gutenberg, is not entirely without error as several editions of
the first printed work vary.
the 66 books that make
up the Bible were written at different times in history,
compilations of earlier myths while
others synthesize myths of
the inclusion of the writing of Saul of
Tarsus carry forward the dialectic victim perpetrator
ponerology of the Sadducees.
The choice of the 66 books included in
the Bible at the Council of Rome shift
the subconscious image of
the Creator from Nature to the State.
The Septuagint is the
translation named 'The Translation of
the Seventy' for the group of Hebrew scholars that translated the
Tanakh into Greek.
Letter of Aristeas requests the Hebrew Tanakh be translated into Greek
for Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285247 BCE).
The date of the 3rd
century BCE is supported for the Tanakh translation by a number of factors
including the Greek being representative of early Koine Greek, citations
beginning as early as the 2nd century BCE, and early manuscripts datable to the
The Septuagint found widespread use in Hellenistic
culture as well as Jerusalem which had become
Several factors led Hebrews to abandon the Septuagint
Greek scribes were not subject to the same rigid rules
imposed on Hebrews.
Gradual decline of the Greek language among Hebrews
after they fled the Greek-speaking Roman Empire into the
Empire when Jerusalem was
destroyed by the Romans.
1st century BC The Hebrew historian
Josephus canonical list of
sacred Hebrew scriptures has three parts: five books of the Torah,
thirteen books of the prophets, and four books of hymns.
Books or Books of Wisdom is a term used in biblical studies to refer to a
subset of the books in the Septuagint version.
There are seven of these
books - Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes,
Book of Wisdom, Song of Songs (Song of Solomon), and
The Testament of Job is a book
written in the 1st century BC.
The author of Wisdom of
Solomon was an Alexandrian Jew during the silent
persecution initiated in Egypt
under Caesar Augustus.
The Wisdom of Sirach is a work of ethical
teachings written by Jewish scribe Shimon ben Yeshua ben Eliezer ben Sira of
Jerusalem about 175 BC.
Ecclesiastes includes the presence of
loan-words and Aramaisms which point to a date no earlier than 450 BC and
no later than 180 BC, when Eliezer ben Sira quotes from it.
Christian Church used the Septuagint since most of its earliest members
were Greek-speaking and because
the Messianic passages most
clearly pointed to Jesus as the Messiah.
Even when Latin, Syriac,
Armenian appeared, the
Septuagint continued to be used by the Greek-speaking portion of the
Scribes of the New Testament, written in Greek,
quoted from the Septuagint frequently, though not exclusively, when
relating prophesies and history.
Eastern Orthodox Church
still prefers to use the Septuagint as the basis for translating the Old
Testament into other languages, and the Greek Orthodox Church continues to use
it in its liturgy even today.
Many modern Catholic translations of the
Bible, while using the Masoretic text, employ the Septuagint to decide
between different possible translations of the Hebrew text whenever the latter
is unclear, corrupt, or ambiguous.
The Greek of the
Septuagint has many idioms and phrases
based on Hebrew, and the grammatical phenomenon known as attraction is common
Some parts of it have been described as "Hebrew in Greek words".
However, other sections show an
Hebrew idiom, so that the
literal translation provided makes little sense.
usually, but not always, employed one and the same Greek word for one Hebrew
word whenever it occurs.
Thus the Septuagint can be called a
mostly concordant translation.
However, as in most translations of any
literary work, often more than one Hebrew word gets translated into one and the
same Greek word, removing some nuance from the text.
The main ponerological element comes in the claim the
Hebrews are direct descendents of
seeing god as all encompassing, subconsciously
relate God to Nature.
This is not true with children as
adults are gods when they are
This model creates
a subconscious desire in the
child to become a god.
descendants of God are
of the same essence as
Christianity initially followed the Oral Tradition.
There are several
references to the "Words of
Early collections of sayings are more than likely,
fragments still exist.
The Roman Catholics chose which information was
to be made available.
Without a uniform dogmatized religion the Roman
Catholics realized they would lose control of adherents and, later, even coined
the word propaganda.
From this Church lists of approved, canonical, and heretical texts
Even now within the Church, as has always been, there is
The order of creation of the
Synoptic Gospels of
Matthew, Mark and Luke was debated and revised.
The Synoptic Gospels were originally anonymous.
authorship came about in the 2nd century based on legend.
writers before 150 years after the birth of Jesus do not generally refer to any
document as their source for
The Gospel of John was considered
heretical and was added later.
Revelation was considered
heretical and then added later.
The Gospel of John,
a highly intellectual account of
Jesus' life , is most likely
penned by John the Presbyter.
John the Presbyter most
likely penned Revelation as
AD According to Tertullian,
Valentinus, a rejected
candidate for bishop of Rome, founds a
The first commentary made on the Gospel of John is
by the Gnostics Ptolemaeus and Heracleon, as quoted by Irenaeus and
Ptolemaeus and Heracleon were disciples of
Valentinus taught that there were three kinds of
These were the material,
Those of a material nature were doomed to
an emotional nature could attain a lesser form of salvation.
Only those of a spiritual
nature received knowledge that allowed them to return to the divine
Pleroma after inhabiting
a material human
Gospel of Thomas is not included in the Vulgate.
All copies are thought
to have been purged.
Transcribed from Greek to Coptic, about half of
the sayings have direct parallels to sayings recorded in the canonical gospels,
and much of the other half can be linked theologically to the rest of the New
Throughout the text of the Gospel
of Thomas, Jesus offers numerous ways to attain the Kingdom of
This makes redemption personal
bypassing the need for a priest, an intercessor or an organized church
From an Orthodox Catholic
standpoint, the Gospel of Thomas would have been
the martyr Saint Pothinus and becomes the second Bishop of Lyon.
Smyrna Irenaeus had seen and heard the preaching of Polycarp.
insisted there could be only one orthodox (literally, "straight-thinking") church outside of
which "there was no
(Note: There are
no straight lines in
engineers began early on to
stamp out any train
of thought which did not strictly adhere to
Roman Catholic dogma which
After the gnostic confrontation and until the Reformation,
the Roman Catholic Church was the overwhelmingly dominant force in
The rigid, entrenched
mentality of Catholic orthodoxy must be taken into account in any
reasonable examination of the Christian religion.
Schisms, dissensions, and new ideas were crushed by
a pronouncement of spiritual death (excommunication) or
physical death (
God is supernatural (outside of
(Father, Son and Holy Spirit);
humans to worship him as
a descended God;
Dogma is not to be
challenged as dogma is inflexible to change;
Eternal Soul, existing
outside nature, may end in a
place called hell.
180 AD Clement reaches Alexandria where he attends lectures of
Pantaenus at the Catechetical School of Alexandria.
Clement uses the
term 'Gnostic' to
describe anyone who had penetrated deeper into the
Clement saw sin as involuntary and
irrational - removed only through the
Wisdom of the
Clement states in Paedagogus that only through
Christianity can man fully participate in the
Logos, which is
Christ is neither male or female; God the Father has both
male and female aspects; the Eucharist is described as milk from the breast of
Clement argues that both promiscuity and
sexual abstinence are
unnatural, and that the main goal of
human sexuality is procreation.
In an attempt to demonstrate the
primacy of Moses, Clement gives an extended chronology of the world, wherein he
dates the birth of Christ to May 25, 3 BC, and the creation of the world to
To Clement, scripture
is an innately true primitive philosophy which is complemented by human reason
through the Logos.
Clement condemns those who
actively seek out a martyr's death,
arguing that they do not have sufficient
respect for the gift of life.
Clement exhibits extensive knowledge
of both Hellenism and
emphasized the permanent
importance of the use of philosophy to understand the relation between
involves a comprehensive
knowledge of essentials,
knowledge allows the
searcher to penetrate deeply into an understanding of what he actually
already knows and by so doing
solidify his faith.
To go beyond reception of truth on
authority metaphysics are a
test of real wisdom, always has been and still is,
living a moral life.
pietists, Clement championed
with the Father, could be held by common Christians.
characterization of a Christian as an intellectual
whose life is a moral example for others influenced the development of the
Gnostikos philosophers, in
touch with the Lumière Infinie, never spoke about
Christ Consciousness as something
that required faith.
Clement believed himself to have experienced the
Unity Consciousness but that is unlikely as he was focused on belief systems
rather than Gnosis.
Clement is succeeded at Alexandria by Origen.
231 Origen is
ordained presbyter by
Origen distinguished between
different schools of biblical
interpretation, historical, moral and
spiritual, arguing biblical
works were primarily theological
Origen, the most prolific and influential Christian
writer prior to the legalization of Christianity by Rome, was responsible for
the intellectual triumph of Catholic Christianity over gnostic
problems at a contextual moral level when Origen was condemned as a
heretic a century after
Origen had declared the Son was separate from and less than
Origen, mentions the Gospel of Thomas on a list of
Old Latin Vulgate The Latin Bible used before the Vulgate is usually
referred to as the Vetus Latina, or Old Latin Bible, or
occasionally the Old Latin Vulgate.
The Old Latin Vulgate
remained in use in some circles even after the Vulgate translation of
Jerome of Stridon
became the accepted standard throughout the Roman Catholic Church.
Gauls continued to prefer the Old Latin Vulgate for
The Old Latin Vulgate was not translated by a single
individual or institution.
uniformly edited each book varies in quality of translation and style.
The Old Latin Vulgate books were translated from Greek, not from
the Hebrew Septuagint as each book varies.
325 Anno Domini
"Persistent attempts were made to
poison the mind of
against the most able champion of the
Nicene Creed, namely,
Athanasius, who had become Bishop of Alexandria shortly after the adjournment
of the council.
Slanderous charges were urged, and finally had their
desired effect in securing the banishment of the cold-hearted bishop.
Meanwhile, Arius had been recalled from banishment and restored to
imperial favor, since he succeeded in convincing Constantine of his substantial
agreement with the Nicene formula, and
declared upon oath that he did
not hold the faith for which he had been condemned.
To complete his
triumph and that of his friends, it only remained that he should formally be
restored to church fellowship." - Henry C. Sheldon
The Council of
Nicaea, held in Nicaea in Bithynia, convoked by the
Imperial Roman Emperor
Constantine in 325, was the first ecumenical conference of bishops of the
Roman Catholic Church.
"Many bore on their bodies the marks of the Lord
Paul, Bishop of Neo-Cæsarea, a monastery situated
on the Euphrates, had been
deprived of the use of both hands by the application of a
Some had the right eye torn out, others had lost the right arm.
In short, it was an
assembly of martyrs." - Theodoret, noting assembled bishops previous trials
and tribulations under Emperor
Council of Nicaea is historically significant as
the first effort to attain consensus in the fellowship of Christ through an
With the creation of the
Nicene Creed, a precedent is
established for subsequent general councils to create a statement of belief and
canons of doctrinal orthodoxy hoping to
create a unifing textual source.
Pauline Christianity is formalized as
the 'official' form of Christianity.
You could become a Christian
layman through baptism but you could only be a Christian clergyman, initially
by being born into the group.
Nicene Creed solved this
problem by the decree that after ordination a priest could not marry
(prefigures the pedophilia?) with the likely conclusive theory that Constantine
wanted to reign in the power of the priests.
"He said that
the crimes of priests ought
not to be made known to the multitude, lest they should become an occasion
of offence or of sin.
He also said, that, if he had detected a bishop
in the very act of committing adultery, he would have thrown his imperial robe
over the unlawful deed." - Eusebius speaking of the Emperor Constantine's
The primary purpose of the council is to resolve
disagreements in the Church of Alexandria over the nature of Jesus in
relationship to the Father.
Is Jesus of the same or merely a similar
substance to God the Father?
Alexandria and Athanasius took the first position; presbyter Arius, from whom
the term Arian
controversy comes, took the second.
1,800 bishop invited; 300
attended; huge majority from the Eastern church.
The council decides
against the Arians overwhelmingly.
The council decides in favor of
celebrating the date of the Christian Passover on the first Sunday after the
first full moon following the
"Athanasius, who succeeded Alexander as bishop
in 328, a violent vengeful man, shaped the future of the church when his side
won the theological war.
His adversaries, who were many, charged him
with bribery, theft, extortion, sacrilege, treason and murder.
anathematized, beaten, intimidated, kidnapped, imprisoned, and exiled no less
than five times by four Roman emperors, spending 17 of the 45 years he served
as Bishop of Alexandria in exile.
Athanasius felt only a strong God, a
strong Church, and a strong empire could provide people with the security they
craved." - Ed Taylor
God transformed himself into
a man, suffered, was
nailed to a cross,
had his liver pierced,
"While Athanasius accused the Arians of demeaning Christ to
the point his majesty and saving power were lost, Arians accused Athanasius of
elevating him to the point that his love and God's majesty were lost."- Ed
Constantine, Empire builder, agreed with Athanasius'
"The essential feature of the Nicene Creed was the
safeguard against denial of the
Son's divinity which, it
provided, through the explicit statement that the Son is homoousion, or
consubstantial, with the Father; not of an essence dissimilar to that of the
Father, or even of an essence merely similar, but of the same essence.
Only two of the assembled bishops, Theonas and Secundus, refused to
sign; and they were excommunicated and banished,
together with Arius.
Nicomedia and Theognis, while they subscribed the creed, refused to
sanction the sentence against Arius.
For this cause they were deposed
and banished shortly after the adjournment of the council, but ere long were
restored and regarded by Constantine with favor." - History of the Christian
Church by Henry C. Sheldon of Boston University, Thomas Y. Crowell and
Company, New York ©1895
Council of Laodicea decrees women are not to be
361 Julian the Apostate is
the last Pagan Roman Emperor.
Following Julian came
Emperor Valentinian who
sent his brother Emperor Valens
to rule in the East.
382 Emperor Theodosius I orders
Jerome of Stridon under the direction of Pope Damasus I and the Council of Rome
to produce the Latin Vulgate.
When Jerome of Stridon begins the
translation of the Vulgate into Latin he starts with the Septuagint.
Vulgate is written in everyday Latin, versio vulgata, as opposed to
Ciceronian Latin of which Jerome of Stridon was a master.
Roman Catholicism unites Western Europe
under the Pope for over a thousand years until
Martin Luther translates the Bible
The closest equivalent in English to the Latin
Vulgate is the King James
version which shows a
marked influence from the Vulgate in the
vigorous rhythm of its prose and
The Vulgate, designed to be easier to understand,
was directly translated from Hebrew rather than the Greek Septuagint.
Jerome of Stridon was responsible for at least three slightly different
versions of the Vulgate.
The Romana Vulgate was the first,
soon replaced by later versions except in Britain, where it continued to be
used until the Norman Conquest in 1066.
The Gallicana Vulgate
was produced a few years later with revisions.
Vulgate is largely identical to the Romana Vulgate except for the
book of Psalms, which Jerome of Stridon translated from Hebrew.
of Rome makes it a capital offense to practice any form of religion accept
Nicene Christianity or Judaism.
385 Pope Siricius leaves his wife in
order to become pope then decrees that
priests may no longer sleep with
* TEMPLES RAZED *
Church of Rome strives to refute the doctrines of Protestantism,
the Vulgate is reaffirmed in the Council of Trent as the sole
authorized text of the Bible.
To reinforce this decree, an attempt is
made to standardize spelling and text of the Vulgate out of the
countless editions written during the Middle Ages.
1590 Pope Sixtus V (1585-90) produces the
VIII (1592-1605) produces the Clementine Vulgate which has been
the official Bible of the Roman Catholic
Church until the 1960s, when worship in vernacular languages
was first permitted.
Results are 7 Sacraments:
the only religious truth
Pope holds the place of
Christ on Earth
Bread and wine is
Sale of indulgences
Dogma to be clearly defined
List of forbidden Protestant
Mass to be in Latin using the Latin Vulgate
Forbidden: Simony, Nepotism,
train priests 'properly' in the art of flogging
Vulgata commissioned in by Pope Pius X of the Benedictine Monastery in
Rome, many decades pass before it is completed.
The main difference
between the Nova Vulgata and the Vulgata Clementina is that it
takes account of the modern textual criticism.
There are a number of
changes where the modern scholars felt that Jerome of Stridon had
failed to grasp the meaning of the
Many modern scholars believe that the Greek
Hexapla is the main source for "iuxta Hebraeos"
Jerome's translation of Exodus Iuxta
"Starting from a careful textual comparison between
Jerome's translation of the Book of Exodus with the
Hebrew and the Greek translations, the dissertation delineates three ways
Jerome engages the Hebrew Bible.
He interprets the Hebrew by itself, he
may compare the Hebrew with the Greek versions, or he may rely on or respond to
an exegetical tradition.
Jerome's method of translation reflects the
influence of a Classical philological model.
Jerome seeks to render the
sense of the text rather than produce a slavishly literal translation.
Like the Classical commentators of his day, he initially concentrates
on the semantics and syntax of the text.
Only when the Hebrew is
unclear does Jerome consider the other translations and exegetical traditions.
The Vulgate interprets the Bible from a Classical, Christian, and
Jewish point of view and Jerome integrates these traditions through a
Jerome's rendition must be understood as more than
a plain translation.
It should be read as a text that reflects the
intellectual currents of its day.
It must also be read as a Latin
interpretation of Scriptures.
The Vulgate must be treated as a work of
Latin scholarship and Latin literature." - Matthew Aaron Kraus
Spelling reflects a more Classical leaning than the
Renaissance spelling of the Clementine edition.
Vulgata does not contain some books found in some editions of the
Vulgate - for example the 3rd and 4th Book of Ezra.
Vulgata is currently the official Latin version published and approved by
the Roman Catholic Church.
The Nova Vulgata has not been widely
embraced by conservative Catholics, as it sounds unfamiliar to the Clementine,
common in the history of the Bible as new translations attempt to supplant
older, more familiar ones.
The Stuttgart Vulgate is published by
the German BibleSociety (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft), based in Stuttgart.
In this edition, Biblia Sacra Vulgata, the German BibleSociety
seeks to reproduce the original, pure Vulgate text that Jerome of
The Stuttgart Vulgate attempts, through critical
comparison of important, historical editions of the Vulgate, to achieve
the original text, cleansed of the errors of a millennium and a half's
The critical source for the Stuttgart Vulgate is Codex
Amiatinus, an 8th century one-volume manuscript of the Latin Bible
produced in England, is regarded as the best medieval witness to original text
of Jerome of Stridon.
1952 Papyrus 1 and 655 are
found to be fragments of the Gospel of Thomas.
In conclusion, The Imperial State Religion
of Holy Roman Catholic
Church chose the books of New Testament that were to be the 'Word of God.'
Any writing that did
not fall within the dogma was systemically destroyed.
what Jesus actually said will remain a
mystery because the Holy Roman
Catholic Church chose the position as intercessor to
The Holy Roman Catholic Church defined the religion of
Christainity by defining the books that would be included in the
"The highway will be called
The Way of Holiness;
will be for those who walk The Way.
unclean will not
journey on it."
a neuro-psychological need
to believe their perceptions are correct, so they
reflexively discard or block out any
evidence that contradicts their narrative.
requires a psychological quantum leap that only comes in
a flash of insight." -
This web site is not a commercial web site
and is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to
reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the international
corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate
cartel already controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide,
the global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the
collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction
of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation.
Coöperation does not occur at the point of a gun.
social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as
the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power
rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media
by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population
through prior mass media psychological operations. The results have been the
destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not
adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of
a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views
and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings,
showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and
unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web site is
believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in
print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts
truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected,
redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion
and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the
original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions
clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain
copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically
authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our
efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political,
economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe
this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for
in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C.
Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those
who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for
research and educational purposes. For more information see:
www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted
material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you
must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved