narrative is just as
human failings, bias,
lack of integrity
as any personal witness.
Official narratives are
abandoned once their mendacity has been exposed or
after serving their
narratives are sometimes changed at short notice, and
sometimes demonstrably at
odds with the facts.
For example, the
report states nobody
heard explosions in the World Trade Center, ignoring
eyewitness video and testimony of dozens of witness'.
Official narratives often lack
a 'lowest common denominator' approach.
By trivializing complex issues
they fail to respect nuance.
Their lack of subtlety requires
executed faits accomplis,
easily unmasked by a
population of critical thinkers.
Council of Rome,
under the authority of Imperial Roman Emperor Theodosius I, concluded with Pope
Damasus I issuing the following decree:
We must treat of the divine
Scriptures, what the Holy Catholic Church accepts and what she must
The list of the
Genesis, one book;
Leviticus, one book;
Numbers, one book;
Deuteronomy, one book;
Jesus Nave, one book;
Judges, one book;
Ruth, one book;
Kings, four books;
Paralipomenon, two books;
Psalms, one book;
Solomon, three books;
Proverbs, one book;
Ecclesiastes, one book;
Canticle of Canticles,
Wisdom, one book;
(Sirach), one book.
Likewise, the list
of the prophets:
Isaiah, one book;
book; (Cinoth Lamentations)
Ezechiel, one book;
Daniel, one book;
Osee, one book;
Amos, one book;
Micheas, one book;
Joel, one book;
Abdias, one book;
Jonas, one book;
Nahum, one book;
Habacuc, one book;
Sophonias, one book;
Aggeus, one book;
Zacharias, one book;
Malachias, one book.
Likewise, the list of
Tobias, one book;
Esdras, two books;
Esther, one book;
Judith, one book;
Maccabees, two books.
Scripture the Holy Catholic Church received as
|one book according to Matthew;
according to Mark;
one book according to
one book according to John.
of Catholic Orthodoxy
4 perspectives =
Epistles of the Apostle
one to the Romans;
two to the
one to the Ephesians;
two to the
one to the Galatians;
one to the
one to the Colossians;
one to Titus;
one to the Hebrews.
One book of the
The Apocryphon of John.
One book of the Acts of the
The canonical Epistles number
of the Apostle Peter, two Epistles;
of the Apostle
James, one Epistle;
of the Apostle John, one Epistle;
other John, a Presbyter, two Epistles;
of the Apostle Jude the Zealot,
Thus concludes the canon of the New Testament.
The remaining writings compiled
by heretics or schismatics the Church considerd apocryphal.
we confess that the synod of Sirmium called by Constantius Caesar the son of
Constantine through the
Prefect Taurus is damned then, now and forever.
The Itinerary in the
name of Peter the Apostle, called the nine books of the Holy
Acts in the name of the apostle Andrew;
Acts in the
name of the apostle Thomas;
Acts in the name of the apostle Peter;
Acts in the name of the apostle Philip;
Gospel in the name of
Gospel in the name of Barnabas;
in the name of James the Younger;
Gospel in the name of the
Gospel in the name of
Gospels in the name of Bartholomew;
Gospels in the name of Andrew;
Gospels, which Lucianus
Gospels which Hesychius forged;
the book on the infancy
of the saviour;
the book of the nativity of
the savior and the midwife;
the book called by the name of the Shepherd;
books Leucius, the devil's disciple;
the book called the Foundation;
the book called the Treasure;
the book of the daughters of Adam
the cento on Jesus put together in Virgilian verses;
the book called the Acts of Thecla and Paul;
the book called
the books of Proverbs penned by Holy Sixtus;
Revelation which is called Paul's;
the Revelation which is called
the Revelation called Stephen's;
the book called the Assumption
of Holy Mary;
the book called the Repentance of Adam;
the book Gog the Giant who fought with
the book called the Testament of
the book called the Repentance of
the book called the Repentance of Holy
the book called the Repentance of Jamne and Mambre;
the book called the Lots of the Apostles;
the book called the
Grave-Plate of the Apostles;
the book called the Canons of the
the book Physiologus misattributed to Ambrose;
history of Eusebius Pampilii;
the works of Tertullian;
works of Lactantius also known as Firmianus;
the works of Africanus;
the works of Postumianus and Gallus;
the works of Montanus,
Priscilla and Maximilla;
the works of Faustus the Manichaean;
the works of Commodian;
the works of the other Clement;
the works of Thascius Cyprianus;
the works of Arnobius;
the works of Tichonius;
the works of Cassian the Gallic priest;
the works of Victorinus of Pettau;
the works of Faustus of Riez
the works of Frumentius Caecus;
the cento on Jesus
stitched from verses of Virgil;
the Letter from Jesus to Abgar;
the Letter of Abgar to Jesus;
the Passion of Cyricus and
the Passion of Georgius;
the writing called
the Interdiction of Solomon.
All amulets inscribed with the
names of great demons.
Paul of Samosata,
Photinus and Bonosus,
his obscene followers,
Faustus the African,
Julian of Eclanum,
Priscillian from Spain,
Nestorius of Constantinople,
Maximus the Cynic,
Peter of Antioch,
Acacius of Constantinople with
authors to be damned in the inextricable shackles of anathema
Also known as the 'Gelasian Decree', it was
reproduced by Gelasius in 495. It is identical with the list at
Literal Physical Truth of the Christian
"Modern New Testament scholarship has shown that
we know far less All
Christian documents in existence before the 4th century are on
about the historical Jesus than
we thought we did." - Karen Armstrong
Papyrus is fragile, only fragments of these works have been
Before the invention of the
documents were copied by hand, the laborious process that invited variations:
misspellings, altered wording, grammatical corrections, stylistic improvements,
insertions, omissions, etc.
Many New Testament versions have marginal
These marginalia were often copied into the main text of
No two New Testaments written before the 15th century
are identical !
20th century versions of the New Testament are primarily
based on parchment uncial codices of the 4th through the 9th century.
Many of the earliest of these, like Sinaiticus, have undergone
extensive "correction" by later scribes.
parchment uncial codices of the 4th through the 9th
century5th century Codex
Alexandrinus is largely an Alexandrian witness and the oldest text of the
A passage - "All things came into being through him;
and apart from him no single thing came into being. In him was life; and the
life was the light of men."
5th to 7th century
Codex Washingtonensis or Codex Freerianus paleographers have
deduced that the original scribe corrected some of his own errors, followed by
another who made revisions. Finally, two later hands made a few additional
Codex Washingtonensis is variegated in its
representation and believed to be copied from one that had been pieced together
out of fragments of several manuscripts. Readings representative of all of the
major text types can be found in this manuscript.
A passage - "All
things came into being through him; and apart from him no single thing came
into being. What has come into being in him (is or was) life. And the life was
the light of humanity."
6th century Codex
Bezae: the left hand
page is the Greek and the right hand side is Latin.
As many as nine correctors worked on the manuscript between the sixth and
"All things came into being through him; and apart from
him nothing came into being. What has come into being in him is life. And the
life was the light of humanity."
Alcuin of York during the reign of Charlemagne attempts to purify the corrupted
text. This correction is the basis for the Paris edition that was widely
disseminated among the clergy in northwestern Europe.
12th or 13th century Codex 666 reads as follows:
A passage - "All things came into being through him; and apart from him
no single thing came into being that has come into being. In him was life; and
the life was the light of men."
Corrected passage - "All things came
into being through him; and apart from him no single thing came into being.
What has come into being was life in him; and the life was the light of
The Vulgate, produced by
Johannes Gensfleisch zur
Laden zum Gutenberg, is not entirely without error as several editions of
the first printed work vary.
the 66 books that make
up the Bible were written at different times in history,
compilations of earlier myths while
others synthesize myths of
the inclusion of the writing of Saul of
Tarsus carry forward the dialectic victim perpetrator
ponerology of the Sadducees.
The choice of the 66 books included in
the Bible at the Council of Rome shift
the subconscious image of
the Creator from Nature to the State.
The Septuagint is the
translation named 'The Translation of
the Seventy' for the group of Hebrew scholars that translated the
Tanakh into Greek.
Letter of Aristeas requests the Hebrew Tanakh be translated into Greek
for Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285247 BCE).
The date of the 3rd
century BCE is supported for the Tanakh translation by a number of factors
including the Greek being representative of early Koine Greek, citations
beginning as early as the 2nd century BCE, and early manuscripts datable to the
The Septuagint found widespread use in Hellenistic
culture as well as Jerusalem which had become
Several factors led Hebrews to abandon the Septuagint
Greek scribes were not subject to the same rigid rules
imposed on Hebrews.
Gradual decline of the Greek language among Hebrews
after they fled the Greek-speaking Roman Empire into the
Empire when Jerusalem was
destroyed by the Romans.
1st century BC
The Hebrew historian
canonical list of sacred Hebrew scriptures has three parts: five books of the
Torah, thirteen books of the prophets, and four books of
Sapiential Books or Books of Wisdom is a term used in biblical
studies to refer to a subset of the books in the Septuagint version.
There are seven of these books - Job, Psalms,
Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Book of Wisdom, Song of
Songs (Song of Solomon), and Sirach.
The Testament of Job is a book
written in the 1st century BC.
The author of Wisdom of
Solomon was an Alexandrian Jew during the silent
persecution initiated in Egypt
under Caesar Augustus.
The Wisdom of Sirach is a work of ethical
teachings written by Jewish scribe Shimon ben Yeshua ben Eliezer ben Sira of
Jerusalem about 175 BC.
Ecclesiastes includes the presence of
and Aramaisms which point to a date no earlier than 450 BC and no later than
180 BC, when Eliezer ben Sira quotes from it.
The early Christian Church
used the Septuagint since most of its earliest members were
Greek-speaking and because the Messianic passages most
clearly pointed to Jesus as the Messiah.
Even when Latin, Syriac,
Armenian appeared, the
Septuagint continued to be used by the Greek-speaking portion of the
Scribes of the New Testament, written in Greek,
quoted from the Septuagint frequently, though not exclusively, when
relating prophesies and history.
Eastern Orthodox Church
still prefers to use the Septuagint as the basis for translating the Old
Testament into other languages, and the Greek Orthodox Church continues to use
it in its liturgy even today.
Many modern Catholic translations of the
Bible, while using the Masoretic text, employ the Septuagint to decide
between different possible translations of the Hebrew text whenever the latter
is unclear, corrupt, or ambiguous.
The Greek of the Septuagint
has many idioms and phrases based on Hebrew,
and the grammatical phenomenon known as attraction is common there.
Some parts of it have been described as "Hebrew in Greek words".
However, other sections show an
Hebrew idiom, so that the
literal translation provided makes little sense.
usually, but not always, employed one and the same Greek word for one Hebrew
word whenever it occurs.
Thus the Septuagint can be called a
mostly concordant translation.
However, as in most translations of any
literary work, often more than one Hebrew word gets translated into one and the
same Greek word, removing some nuance from the text.
ponerological element comes in the claim the of
Hebrews are direct
seeing god as all encompassing, subconsciously
relate God to Nature.
This is not true with children as
adults are gods when they
This model creates
a subconscious desire in the
child to become a god.
descendants of God are
of the same essence as
Christianity initially followed the Oral Tradition.
There are several
references to the "Words of
Early collections of sayings are more than likely,
fragments still exist.
The Roman Catholics chose which information was
to be made available.
Without a uniform dogmatized religion the Roman
Catholics realized they would lose control of adherents and, later, even coined
the word propaganda.
From this Church lists of approved, canonical, and heretical texts
Even now within the Church, as has always been, there is
The order of creation of the
Synoptic Gospels of
Matthew, Mark and Luke was debated and revised.
The Synoptic Gospels were originally
of authorship came about in the 2nd century based on legend.
writers before 150 years after the birth of Jesus do not generally refer to any
document as their source for
The Gospel of John was considered heretical and was
Revelation was considered heretical and then added
The Gospel of John,
a highly intellectual account of
Jesus' life , is most likely
penned by John the Presbyter.
John the Presbyter most
likely penned Revelation as
AD According to Tertullian,
Manichaean), a rejected candidate for bishop of Rome, founds a
The first commentary made on the Gospel of John is by
the Gnostics Ptolemaeus and Heracleon, as quoted by Irenaeus and
Ptolemaeus and Heracleon were disciples of
taught that there were three kinds of people.
These were the
Those of a material nature were doomed to
an emotional nature could attain a lesser form of salvation.
Only those of a spiritual
nature received knowledge that allowed them to return to the divine
Pleroma after inhabiting
a material human
Gospel of Thomas is not included in the Vulgate.
All copies are thought
to have been purged.
Transcribed from Greek to Coptic, about half of
the sayings have direct parallels to sayings recorded in the canonical gospels,
and much of the other half can be linked theologically to the rest of the New
Throughout the text of the Gospel of Thomas, Jesus
offers numerous ways to attain the Kingdom of
This makes redemption personal bypassing the need for a
priest, an intercessor or an organized church hierarchy.
an Orthodox Catholic standpoint, the
Gospel of Thomas would have been dangerously thought
the martyr Saint Pothinus and becomes the second Bishop of Lyon.
Smyrna Irenaeus had seen and heard the preaching of Polycarp.
insisted there could be only one orthodox (literally, "straight-thinking") church outside of
which "there was no
(Note: There are
no straight lines in
engineers began early on to
stamp out any train
of thought which did not strictly adhere to
Roman Catholic dogma which
After the gnostic confrontation and until the Reformation,
the Roman Catholic Church was the overwhelmingly dominant force in
The rigid, entrenched
mentality of Catholic orthodoxy must be taken into account in any
reasonable examination of the Christian religion.
and new ideas were crushed by a pronouncement of spiritual death
(excommunication) or physical
death ( inquisition/crusade):
God is supernatural (outside of
(Father, Son and Holy Spirit);
humans to worship him as
a descended God;
Dogma is not to be
challenged as dogma is inflexible to change;
Eternal Soul, existing outside
nature, may end in a place
180 AD Clement
reaches Alexandria where he attends lectures of Pantaenus at the
Catechetical School of Alexandria.
uses the term 'Gnostic' to describe
anyone who had penetrated deeper into the
Clement saw sin as involuntary and
irrational - removed only through the
Wisdom of the
Clement states in Paedagogus that only through
Christianity can man fully participate in the
Logos, which is
Ḉon§ḉiou§ne§§ is neither male or female; God
the Father has both male and female aspects; the Eucharist is described as
milk from the breast of the
Clement argues that both promiscuity and
sexual abstinence are
unnatural, and that the main goal of
human sexuality is procreation.
In an attempt to demonstrate the
primacy of Moses, Clement gives an extended chronology of the world, wherein he
dates the birth of Christ to May 25, 3 BC, and the creation of the world to
To Clement, scripture
is an innately true primitive philosophy which is complemented by human reason
through the Logos.
Clement condemns those who
actively seek out a martyr's death,
arguing that they do not have sufficient respect for the gift of
Clement exhibits extensive knowledge of both
emphasized the permanent
importance of the use of philosophy to understand the relation between
involves a comprehensive
knowledge of essentials,
knowledge allows the
searcher to penetrate deeply into an understanding of what he actually
already knows and by so doing
solidify his faith.
To go beyond reception of truth on
authority metaphysics are a
test of real wisdom, always has been and still is,
living a moral life.
pietists, Clement championed
with the Father, could be held by common Christians.
characterization of a Christian as an intellectual
whose life is a moral example for others influenced the development of the
Gnostikos philosophers, in
touch with the Lumière Infinie, never spoke about
Ḉon§ḉiou§ne§§ as something that required
Clement believed himself to have experienced the Unity
Consciousness but that is unlikely as he was focused on belief systems rather
Clement is succeeded at Alexandria by Origen.
231 Origen is
ordained presbyter by Eusebius of Caesarea.
Origen distinguished between
different schools of biblical
interpretation, historical, moral and
spiritual, arguing biblical
works were primarily theological
Origen, the most prolific and influential Christian
writer prior to the legalization of Christianity by Rome, was responsible for
the intellectual triumph of Catholic Christianity over gnostic
problems at a contextual moral level when Origen was condemned as a
heretic a century after his
Origen had declared the Son was separate from and less than the
Origen, mentions the Gospel of Thomas on a list of Coptic
325 Anno Domini
"Persistent attempts were made to
poison the mind of
the most able champion of the
Nicene Creed, namely,
Athanasius, who had become Bishop of Alexandria shortly after the adjournment
of the council.
Slanderous charges were urged, and finally had their
desired effect in securing the banishment of the cold-hearted bishop.
Meanwhile, Arius had been recalled from banishment and restored to
imperial favor, since he succeeded in convincing Constantine of his substantial
agreement with the Nicene formula, and
declared upon oath that he did
not hold the faith for which he had been condemned.
To complete his
triumph and that of his friends, it only remained that he should formally be
restored to church fellowship." - Henry C. Sheldon
The Council of
Nicaea, held in Nicaea in Bithynia, convoked by the
Imperial Roman Emperor
Constantine in 325, was the first ecumenical conference of bishops of the
Roman Catholic Church.
"Many bore on their bodies the marks of the Lord
Paul, Bishop of Neo-Cæsarea, a monastery situated
on the Euphrates, had been
deprived of the use of both hands by the application of a
Some had the right eye torn out, others had lost the right arm.
In short, it was an
assembly of martyrs." - Theodoret, noting assembled bishops previous trials
and tribulations under Emperor
Council of Nicaea is historically significant as
the first effort to attain consensus in the fellowship of Ḉhri§t
Ḉon§ḉiou§ne§§ through an assembly.
the creation of the Nicene
Creed, a precedent is established for subsequent general councils to create
a statement of belief and canons of
doctrinal orthodoxy hoping to create a unifing textual
Pauline Christianity is formalized as the 'official' form of
You could become a Christian layman through baptism but
you could only be a Christian clergyman, initially by being born into the
Creed solved this problem by the decree that after ordination a priest
could not marry (prefigures the pedophilia?) with the likely conclusive theory
that Constantine wanted to reign in the power of the priests.
that the crimes of priests
ought not to be made known to the multitude, lest they should become an
occasion of offence or of sin.
He also said, that, if he had detected a
bishop in the very act of committing adultery, he would have thrown his
imperial robe over the unlawful deed." - Eusebius speaking of the Emperor
Constantine's opening speech
The primary purpose of the council is to
resolve disagreements in the Church of Alexandria over the nature of Jesus in
relationship to the Father.
Is Jesus of the same or merely a similar
substance to God the Father?
Alexander of Alexandria and Athanasius
took the first position; presbyter Arius, from whom the term
Arian controversy comes,
took the second.
1,800 bishop invited; 300 attended; huge majority from
the Eastern church.
The council decides against the Arians
The council decides in favor of celebrating the date of
the Christian Passover on the first Sunday after the
first full moon following the
"Athanasius, who succeeded
Alexander as bishop in 328, a violent vengeful man, shaped the future of the
church when his side won the theological war.
His adversaries, who were
many, charged him with bribery,
theft, extortion, sacrilege,
anathematized, beaten, intimidated, kidnapped, imprisoned, and exiled
no less than five times by four Roman emperors, spending 17 of the 45 years he
served as Bishop of Alexandria in exile.
Athanasius felt only a strong
God, a strong Church, and a strong empire could provide people with the
security they craved." - Ed Taylor
God transformed himself into
a man, suffered, was
nailed to a cross,
had his liver pierced,
"While Athanasius accused the Arians of demeaning Christ to
the point his majesty and saving power were lost, Arians accused Athanasius of
elevating him to the point that his love and God's majesty were lost."- Ed
Constantine, Empire builder, agreed with Athanasius'
"The essential feature of the Nicene Creed was the
safeguard against denial of the
Son's divinity which, it
provided, through the explicit statement that the Son is homoousion, or
consubstantial, with the Father; not of an essence dissimilar to that of the
Father, or even of an essence merely similar, but of the same essence.
Only two of the assembled bishops, Theonas and Secundus, refused to
sign; and they were excommunicated and banished,
together with Arius.
Eusebius of Nicomedia and
Theognis, while they subscribed the creed, refused to sanction the sentence
For this cause they were deposed and banished shortly
after the adjournment of the council, but ere long were restored and regarded
by Constantine with favor." - History of the Christian Church, Henry C.
Sheldon of Boston
University, Thomas Y. Crowell and Company, New York
352 Council of Laodicea
decrees women are not to be ordained.
Julian the Apostate is the last Pagan Roman Emperor.
364 Following Julian came
Emperor Valentinian who
sent his brother Emperor Valens
to rule in the East.
The Latin Bible used before the Vulgate is usually
referred to as the Vetus Latina, or Old Latin Bible, or
occasionally the Old Latin Vulgate.
The Old Latin Vulgate
remained in use in some circles even after the Vulgate translation of
Jerome of Stridon
became the accepted standard throughout the Roman Catholic Church.
Gauls continued to prefer the Old Latin Vulgate for
The Old Latin Vulgate was not translated by a single
individual or institution.
uniformly edited each book varies in quality of translation and style.
The Old Latin Vulgate books were translated from Greek, not from
the Hebrew Septuagint as each book varies.
382 Emperor Theodosius I orders Jerome of Stridon
under the direction of Pope Damasus I and the Council of Rome to produce the
When Jerome of Stridon begins the translation of
the Vulgate into Latin he starts with the Septuagint.
Vulgate is written in everyday Latin, versio vulgata, as opposed to
Ciceronian Latin of which Jerome of Stridon was a master.
Roman Catholicism unites Western
Europe under the Pope for over a thousand years until
Martin Luther translates the Bible
The closest equivalent in English to the Latin
Vulgate is the King
James version which shows
a marked influence from
the Vulgate in the vigorous
rhythm of its prose and poetry.
The Vulgate, designed to be
easier to understand, was directly translated from Hebrew rather than the Greek
Jerome of Stridon was responsible for at least three
slightly different versions of the Vulgate.
Vulgate was the first, soon replaced by later versions except in Britain,
where it continued to be used until the Norman Conquest in 1066.
Gallicana Vulgate was produced a few years later with
The Hispana Vulgate is largely identical to the
Romana Vulgate except for the book of Psalms, which Jerome of Stridon
translated from Hebrew.
Council of Rome makes it a capital offense to
practice any form of religion accept Nicene Christianity or
385 Pope Siricius leaves his wife in
order to become pope then decrees that
priests may no longer sleep with
* TEMPLES RAZED *
Church of Rome strives to refute the doctrines of Protestantism,
the Vulgate is reaffirmed in the Council of Trent as the sole
authorized text of the Bible.
To reinforce this decree, an attempt is
made to standardize spelling and text of the Vulgate out of the
countless editions written during the Middle Ages.
1590 Pope Sixtus V (1585-90) produces the
VIII (1592-1605) produces the Clementine Vulgate which has been
the official Bible of the Roman Catholic
Church until the 1960s, when worship in vernacular languages
was first permitted.
Results are 7 Sacraments:
the only religious truth
Pope holds the place of
Christ on Earth
Bread and wine is
Sale of indulgences
Dogma to be clearly defined
List of forbidden Protestant
Mass to be in Latin using the Latin Vulgate
Forbidden: Simony, Nepotism,
train priests 'properly' in the art of flogging
Vulgata commissioned in by Pope Pius X of the Benedictine Monastery in
Rome, many decades pass before it is completed.
The main difference
between the Nova Vulgata and the Vulgata Clementina is that it
takes account of the modern textual criticism.
There are a number of
changes where the modern scholars felt that Jerome of Stridon had
failed to grasp the meaning of the
Many modern scholars believe that the Greek
Hexapla is the main source for "iuxta Hebraeos"
Jerome's translation of Exodus Iuxta
"Starting from a careful textual comparison between
Jerome's translation of the Book of Exodus with the
Hebrew and the Greek translations, the dissertation delineates three ways
Jerome engages the Hebrew Bible.
He interprets the Hebrew by itself, he
may compare the Hebrew with the Greek versions, or he may rely on or respond to
an exegetical tradition.
Jerome's method of translation reflects the
influence of a Classical philological model.
Jerome seeks to render the
sense of the text rather than produce a slavishly literal translation.
Like the Classical commentators of his day, he initially concentrates
on the semantics and syntax of the text.
Only when the Hebrew is
unclear does Jerome consider the other translations and exegetical traditions.
The Vulgate interprets the Bible from a Classical, Christian, and
Jewish point of view and Jerome integrates these traditions through a
Jerome's rendition must be understood as more than
a plain translation.
It should be read as a text that reflects the
intellectual currents of its day.
It must also be read as a Latin
interpretation of Scriptures.
The Vulgate must be treated as a work of
Latin scholarship and Latin literature." - Matthew Aaron Kraus
Spelling reflects a more Classical leaning than the
Renaissance spelling of the Clementine edition.
Vulgata does not contain some books found in some editions of the
Vulgate - for example the 3rd and 4th Book of Ezra.
Vulgata is currently the official Latin version published and approved by
the Roman Catholic Church.
The Nova Vulgata has not been widely
embraced by conservative Catholics, as it sounds unfamiliar to the Clementine,
common in the history of the Bible as new translations attempt to supplant
older, more familiar ones.
The Stuttgart Vulgate is published by
the German BibleSociety (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft), based in Stuttgart.
In this edition, Biblia Sacra Vulgata, the German BibleSociety
seeks to reproduce the original, pure Vulgate text that Jerome of
The Stuttgart Vulgate attempts, through critical
comparison of important, historical editions of the Vulgate, to achieve
the original text, cleansed of the errors of a millennium and a half's
The critical source for the Stuttgart Vulgate is Codex
Amiatinus, an 8th century one-volume manuscript of the Latin Bible
produced in England, is regarded as the best medieval witness to original text
of Jerome of Stridon.
1952 Papyrus 1 and 655 are
found to be fragments of the Gospel of Thomas.
In conclusion, The Imperial State
Religion of Holy Roman
Catholic Church chose the books of New Testament that were to be the 'Word of God.'
Any writing that did
not fall within the dogma was systemically destroyed.
what Jesus actually said will remain a
mystery because the Holy Roman
Catholic Church chose the position as intercessor to
The Holy Roman Catholic Church
defined the religion of
Christainity by defining the books that would be included in the Bible in
much the same way that the Church of Covid defined
"The highway will be called
The Way of Holiness;
will be for those who walk The Way.
unclean will not
journey on it."
a neuro-psychological need
to believe their perceptions are correct, so they
reflexively discard or block out any
evidence that contradicts their narrative.
requires a psychological quantum leap that only comes in
a flash of insight." -
This web site is not a commercial web site
and is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to en❡a❡e Яeality to which its
author adheres. The author feels that the faλsification of reaλity
outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern
pr☠paganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an
internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate cartel through their agents who wish
to foist a corrupt version of reaλity on the human race. Religi☯us
int☯lerance ☯ccurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religi☸us beliefs or persons due to their religi⚛us
ide⚛l⚛gy. This web site marks the founding of a system of
philºsºphy nªmed The Truth of the Way of the Lumière
Infinie - a ra☨ional gnos☨ic mys☨ery re☦igion based on
reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a pers∞nal relati∞n with the Æon
through the pursuit of the knowλedge of reaλity in the hope of curing
the spiritual c✡rrupti✡n that has enveloped the human spirit. The
tenets of The Mŷsterŷ of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out
in detail on this web site by the author. Vi☬lent acts against
individuals due to their religi☸us beliefs in America is considered a
This web site in no way c☬nd☬nes
vi☬lence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the vi☬lence
that is already occurring due to the internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate
cartels desire to c✡ntr✡l the human race. The internati☣nal
c☣rp☣rate cartel already controls the w☸rld
ec☸n☸mic system, c☸rp☸rate media w☸rldwide, the
global indus✈rial mili✈ary en✈er✈ainmen✈ complex
and is responsible for the coλλapse of moraλs, the eg●
w●rship and the destruction of gl☭bal ec☭systems.
Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation with
bi☣hazards of a gun.
American social mores and values have
declined precipitously over the last century as the internati☣nal
c☣rp☣rate cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests
in the ability to deceive the p☠pulace in general through
c✡rp✡rate media by press☟ng em☠ti☠nal
butt☠ns which have been πreπrogrammed into the
πoπulation through prior mass media psych☣l☣gical
☣perati☣ns. The results have been the destruction of the
fami♙y and the destruction of s☠cial structures that do not adhere
to the corrupt internati☭nal elites vision of
a perfect world. Through
distra¢tion and coercion the dir⇼ction of th✡ught of the bulk
of the p☠pulati☠n has been direc⇶ed ⇶oward
s↺luti↻ns proposed by the corrupt internati☭nal elite that
further con$olidate$ their p☣wer and which further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views
and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings,
showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and
unpopular ☨hough☨. All factual information presented on this web
site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally
presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the
facts truthfully. Opinion and ☨hough☨s have been adapted, edited,
corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly
all opinion and ☨hough☨ has been throughout time but has been done
so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her
☨hough☨s and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the
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efforts to advance understanding of ¢riminal justi¢e, human
rightϩ, political, politi¢al, e¢onomi¢,
demo¢rati¢, s¢ientifi¢, and so¢ial justi¢e
iϩϩueϩ, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any
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© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved