visitation of violence - 20th
"All initiation of force is
a violation of someone else's
rights, whether initiated by an individual or the state, for the benefit of
an individual or group of individuals, even if it's supposed to be for the
benefit of another individual or group of individuals." - Ron
"Demonstrators are once again
condemning America in a foreign
city. This time, it is in Kabul, Afghanistan.
Shouting 'death to America,' burning our flag, and setting off bombings, the
demonstrators express their hatred toward America.
America has just
placed sanctions on yet another country to discipline those who do not obey
American commands. The nerve of them. Do
they not know America is the most powerful nation on Earth and America has to
protect it's interests?
should do as America says and obey American CIA directives.
process is not new. It has been going on for 50 years, and it has brought us
grief and multiplied our enemies.
American foreign policy
of military interventionism has brought American death and destruction to many
foreign lands and loss of life for many Americans. From Korea and
Vietnam to Serbia,
Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan and
now Iraq again, Americans have ventured far from our shores in search of wars
to fight. The most current anti-American
demonstrations in Kabul were understandable and predictable.
one-time ally, Usamah bin Mohammad
bin Laden, when he served as a
freedom fighter against the Soviets in Afghanistan and when
American's bombed his Serbian enemies
while siding with his friends in Kosovo, has not been fooled and desire that
his cause cannot be promoted by
America's fickle foreign
policy. There is no evidence that this policy serves the interests of
anyone on Earth but America's.
certainly increases the danger to all American as
America has become the number one target of terrorists. Conventional war
against America is out of the question, but acts of terrorism, whether it is
the shooting down of a civilian airliner or bombing a New York City building,
are almost impossible to prevent in a reasonably open
society. It is hard for the average
citizen of these countries to understand why Americans must be so involve in
their affairs, and resort so readily to bombing and boycotts in countries
thousands of miles away from America.
American foreign policy
is deeply flawed and does not serve
American national security
interest. American foreign policy in the Middle East has endangered some of
the moderate Arab governments and galvanized Muslim militants." -
Ron Paul, excerpts of Nov. 17, 1999
Listing of Notable Deployments and/or Imperialist
Misadventures of US Military Forces Overseas in the 20th
troops participate in operations to protect foreign lives during the
Boxer rebellion, particularly
at Peking. For many years after this a permanent legation guard is maintained
in Peking, and is strengthened at times as trouble threatened.
Colombia (State of Panama)
US forces protect American
property on the Isthmus and kept transit lines open during serious
US forces protect American lives and property
at Bocas del Toro during a civil war.
US places armed guards on all trains crossing
the Isthmus to keep the railroad line open, and stationed ships on both sides
of Panama to prevent the landing of Colombian troops.
US forces protect the American consulate and
the steamship wharf at
Puerto Cortez during a period of revolutionary activity.
A detachment of marines ias landed
to insure European creditors would not seize the island and hold it until
Ulises 'Lilís' Heureaux debts are paid off under the leagl authority of
the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
protect the American consulate in Beirut when a local Moslem uprising is
were sent to Abyssinia to protect the US Consul General while he negotiates a
US forces protect
American interests and lives during and following the revolution for
independence from Colombia over construction of the Isthmian Canal. With brief
intermissions, US Marines were stationed on the Isthmus from November 4, 1903,
to January 21, 1914, to guard American interests.
A guard of Marines is sent to protect the American legation
in Seoul during the Russian-Japanese
American and British naval forces established an area in which no
fighting would be allowed and protected American interests in Puerto Plata and
Sosua and Santo Domingo City during revolutionary fighting.
US forces protect American lives and property at
Ancon at the time of a threatened insurrection.
US forces seek
to restore order, protect foreigners, and establish a stable government after
serious revolutionary activity.
US takes control of Dominican customs, then the chief
source of income for the Dominican government.
Troops are stationed in
Trujillo, Ceiba, Puerto Cortez, San Pedro, Laguna and Choloma To protect
American interests during a war between Honduras and Nicaragua.
forces protected American interests at Bluefields.
are deployed in November to guard the cable stations at Shanghai; landing
forces are sent for protection in Nanking, Chinkiang, Taku and elsewhere.
American naval detachments
lands to protect American lives and interests during a civil war in Honduras.
US forces guard the American legation at
Constantinople during a Balkan War.
Disorders begins with the overthrow of the dynasty during the Kuomintang
rebellion which was redirected by the invasion of China by
Japan. This led to
demonstrations and landing parties for the protection of US interests in China
continuously and at many points from 1912 on to 1941. The guard at Peking and
along the route to the sea was maintained until 1941.
forces protect American interests during an attempted revolution.
US forces protect American interests on the
Province of Oriente, and in Havana.
A small force lands to
prevent seizure by the
government of an American-owned railroad at Puerto Cortez.
Troops, on request of both political parties,
supervised elections outside the Canal Zone.
at Ciaris Estero to aid in evacuating American citizens and others from the
Yaqui Valley, made dangerous for foreigners by civil strife.
Undeclared Mexican-American hostilities followed
the Dolphin affair and Pancho Villa's raids These include the capture of Vera
Cruz and, later, Pershing's expedition into northern Mexico.
During a revolutionary movement, US
naval forces stop bombardment of Puerto Plata, and by threat of force maintain
Santo Domingo City as a neutral zone.
occupy Haiti during a period of chronic political instability from July 28,
1915, to August 15, 1934.
forces landed to quell a riot taking place on American
property in Nanking.
American naval forces occupy the island after the
default on foreign debt from May 1916 to September 1924.
Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina, "El Jefe," is
installed by the Americans. Trujillo and family amassed enormous wealth
controlling and monopolizing cattle lands for domestic meat and milk
production, salt, sugar, tobacco, lumber, and the lottery. At the 1938 Evian
Conference the Dominican Republic was the only country willing to accept
Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina ruled the Domican
Republic with an iron fist killing an estimated 30,000 people in the process.
"The 44", under its leader Miguel Angel Paulino drove through the streets in
their red Packard death car (carro de la muerte). Later imprisonments and
killings were handled by the SIM, the secret police, organized by Johnny Abbes.
Churches were required to post the slogan, "Dios en cielo, Trujillo en tierra"
(God in Heaven, Trujillo on Earth).
In what is termed the Parsley
Massacre Trujillo ordered an attack on the border areas were Haitians had
crossed over and taken up residence. Tens of thousands of Haitians were
slaughtered as they tried to escape.
Political dissenters disappeared.
The Marabel sisters - Argentina Minerva, Antonia María Teresa and Patria
Mercedes - also known as the "Butterflies" (Las Mariposas) were ruthlessly
beaten to death in a sugarcane field on the orders of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo
On April 6
the US declares war with Germany.
On December 7 the US declares war
US forces protect American interests during an
insurrection and subsequent unsettled conditions. Most of the US armed forces
leave by August 1919, but two companies remained at Camaguey until February
American troops land at
Chungking to protect American lives during a political crisis.
the United States Invaded Russia: Woodrow Wilsons Siberian
Woodrow Wilson officially
recognizes Korea as territory of the
refuses to receive delegations from Korea and Vietnam demanding restoration of
The delegations proclaimed before both houses of Congress,
as an addendum to his "Fourteen
Points" of a day earlier:
must be respected; people may now be dominated and governed only by their own
consent. Self determination is not a mere phrase; it is an imperative principle
. that peoples and provinces are not to be bartered about from
sovereignty to sovereignty as if they were mere chattels and
pawns in a game, even the great
game, now forever discredited, of the balance of power; but that all
well-defined national aspirations shall be accorded the utmost satisfaction
that can be accorded them."
The promise of "Fourteen Points" become known
in the third world as an infamous, cruel and preposterous lie (the Japanese
occupiers were deadly in punishing all those involved in the country-wide March
1st Korean Independence Movement).
American and Mexican troops fight at Nogales.
After withdrawal of the Pershing expedition, US troops entered Mexico in
pursuit of bandits at least three times in 1918 and six times in 1919.
land 7,000 men at Vladivostok to protect the American consulate and other
points in the fighting between the Bolshevik troops and the Czech Army which
had traversed Siberia from the western front. A joint proclamation of emergency
government and neutrality is issued by the American, Japanese, British, French,
and Czech commanders.
5,000 American troops join the allied intervention
force at Archangel and remained until June 1919. These operations were in
response to the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and are partly supported by
Tsarist or Kerensky elements.
forces are used for police duty according to treaty stipulations, at Chiriqui,
during election disturbances and subsequent unrest.
US forces land
at Trau at the request of Italian authorities to police order between the
Italians and Serbs.
Marines from the
US$ Arizona land to guard the US Consulate during the Greek occupation of
A landing force is
sent ashore to maintain order in a neutral zone during an attempted revolution.
A landing force was sent ashore for a few hours to
protect lives during a disturbance at Kiukiang.
US forces protected the American Legation and other American interests,
such as the cable station, during a period of fighting between Unionists and
the Government of Guatemala.
Marine guard is sent to protect the US radio station and property on Russian
Island, Bay of Vladivostok.
Panama - Costa Rica
American naval squadrons demonstrated
in April on both sides of the Isthmus to prevent war between the two countries
over a boundary dispute.
Turkey A landing force is
sent ashore with consent of both Greek and Turkish authorities, to protect
American lives and property when the Turkish Nationalists entered Smyrna.
Marines are landed six times to protect Americans
during periods of unrest.
US forces protected American lives and interests
during election hostilities.
Fighting of Chinese factions accompanied by riots
and demonstrations in Shanghai brings the landing of American forces to protect
lives and property in the CRS-14 International Settlement.
US forces protected foreigners at La Ceiba during
a political upheaval.
Strikes and rent
riots led to the landing of about 600 American troops to keep order and protect
Nicaragua The coup d'etat of General Chamorro arouses
revolutionary activities leading to the landing of American marines to protect
the interests of the US. US forces come and go intermittently until January 3,
Nationalist attack on Hankow bring the landing of American
naval forces to protect American citizens. A small guard is maintained at the
consulate general even after September 16, when the rest of the forces were
withdrawn. Likewise, when Nationalist forces
captured Kiukiang, naval forces are landed for the protection of foreigners.
1927 to 1934
US has 5,670 troops ashore in China and 44 naval
vessels in its waters. American naval forces and marines increase due to
fighting at Shanghai . In March a naval guard is stationed at the American
consulate at Nanking after Nationalist forces captured the city. American and
British destroyers later used shell fire to protect Americans and other
foreigners. Subsequently additional forces of marines and naval vessels are
stationed in the vicinity of Shanghai and Tientsin. In 1932 American forces
land to protect American interests during the Japanese occupation of Shanghai.
In 1933 US has 3,027 armed men ashore. In 1934 Marines landed at Foochow to
protect the American Consulate.
1937 Emperor Hirohito, appointed his brother Prince Chichibu,
to head Golden Lily, established in November 1937 before Japan's infamous Rape
of Nanking, to accompany and follow the military.
The Golden Lily
operation carried out massive plunder throughout Asia and includes an army of
jewelers, financial experts and smelters which beacme known as Yamashita's
Billions of dollars worth of gold and
other plundered treasures are stockpiled in underground caverns, some of which
were discovered by Edward G. Lansdale,
McNamaras special assistant on the 5412 Committee, who directed the
recovery of some of the vaults.
A tiny portion
becomes the source of Ferdinand Marcos'
In order to maintain secrecy Washington officials claim the
Japanese have not engaged in plunder.
A Filipino treasure hunter named
Rogelio Roxas and the Golden Budha Corporation files a lawsuit against the
former president of the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos and his wife Imelda
Marcos for theft and human rights
claimed that in Baguio City in 1961 he met the son of a former member of the
Japanese army who mapped for him the location of the legendary Yamashita
Roxas claimed, that President Ferdinand Marcos learned of
Roxas' discovery and ordered him arrested, beaten, and the treasure
The Golden Budha Corporation, which now holds exclusive
ownership rights to the treasure, obtains a final judgment against Imelda
Marcos to the extent of her interest in the Marcos estate in the principal
amount of $13,275,848.37
Roxas estate obtains a $6 million
judgment on the claim for human right abuse.
United States Ninth Circuit
Court of Appeal to summarize the allegations leading to Roxas final
judgment as follows:
"The Yamashita Treasure was found by Roxas and
stolen from Roxas by Marcos' men."
There remains speculation that much
of the treasure was used to fund Project Hammer along with other
covert "anti-communist operations".
1940 Troops were sent to guard air and naval bases obtained by
negotiation with Great Britain in Newfoundland, Bermuda, St. Lucia, Bahamas,
Jamaica, Antigua, Trinidad, and British Guiana. These were sometimes called
Greenland is taken under protection of the US in
American troops occupy
Dutch Guiana by agreement with the Netherlands government in
coöperates to protect aluminum ore supply from the
bauxite mines in Surinam.
Iceland is taken under the protection of the US,
with consent of its government, for strategic reasons.
In the spring the President ordered the Navy to
patrol ship lanes to Europe. By July US warships were convoying and by
September were attacking German submarines. In November, the Neutrality Act was
partly repealed to protect US military aid to Britain.
The US declares
war against Japan after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
Hitler declares a war against
Italy under Mussolini declares a war against the US.
US declares war against Italy and Germany.
Bulgaria, Hungary and Rumania
declare war against the US.
The US declares war against Bulgaria,
Hungary and Rumania.
Marines assist Chinese Nationalist authorities in disarming and repatriating
the Japanese in China and in controlling ports, railroads, and airfields. This
is in addition to approximately 60,000 US forces remaining in China at the end
of World War II.
State Department officials, arrive
in Korea with the US Army, disband the government of the Korean People's
Republic formed when Japan announce their intention to surrender. Without
Korean authorization they immediately cut Korea into two parts to be occupied
by US and Soviet troops and establish a military government, flying in from
Washington DC (in General MacArthur's private plane), Singman Rhee. Persecution
of members of the disallowed Korean Peoples Republic, communists, socialists,
unionists and anyone against the the partition and demanding an independent
Korea begins in earnest. Rhee's special forces and secret police take the lives
of some 200,000 men, women and children as recently documented by the Truth
and Reconciliation Commission set up by the National Assembly of the
Republic of (South) Korea. On the Island of Cheju alone, within a year, as many
as 60,000 of its 300,000 residents are murdered, while another 40,000 flee by
sea to nearby Japan some two years before the Koreans from the north invade the
March 10, 1945 Operation Meetinghouse
325 B29 bombers drop nearly 500,000 cylinders of napalm and petroleum jelly on
the most densely populated areas of Tokyo killing 100,000 killed.
firestorm, hundreds of metres high and fuelled by strong winds, quickly turned
40 square kilometres of Tokyo into an inferno.
Over one million are made
homeless. 267,171 buildings are destroyed.
proclaims its independence from a combined Frence and Japanese
Truman orders the augmentation of US troops along
the zonal occupation line and the reinforcement of air forces in northern Italy
after Yugoslav forces shot down an unarmed US Army transport plane flying over
Venezia Giulia. Earlier US naval units had been dispatched to the scene.
A marine consular guard is sent to
Jerusalem to protect the US Consul General.
Union establishes a land blockade of the US, British, and French sectors of
Berlin on June 24, 1948, the US and its allies airlift supplies to Berlin until
the blockade is lifted in May 1949.
dispatched to Nanking to protect the American Embassy when the city falls to
Communist troops, and to Shanghai to aid in the protection and evacuation of
Arnold Leese: THE JEWISH ROTTING OF CHINA
June 25 1950:
US forces line up 400 Korean
refugees - men, women and children - and slaughter them.
US responds to North Korean invasion of South Korea. US forces deployed
in Korea exceed 300,000 during the last year of the conflict.
Over 36,600 US military are
killed in action. The US attacks by, air, sea and land, aiming at the
southward invading army of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North),
which nevertheless unifies the peninsula in five short weeks (except for the US
defended port city of Pusan); with little résistance from South Korea's
ROK military as most of its soldiers either defect or go home; over the next
three years US will commit dozens of high death toll documented atrocities as
American planes level to the ground almost every city and town of any
appreciable size on the entire peninsula, north and south, and in the end
threatened to drop the atomic bomb while engaging in biological warfare.
Official report on US biowarfare in North
beginning of the Korean
War, President Truman orders the US Seventh Fleet to prevent Chinese
Communist attacks upon Formosa and Chinese Nationalist operations against
A marine battalion evacuates US nationals and
other persons from Alexandria during the
Marines land in
Lebanon at the invitation of its
government to help protect against threatened insurrection purportedly
supported from outside. The President's executive action is supported by
a Congressional resolution
passed in 1957 that authorized such actions in that area of the world.
2d Marine Ground Task Force was deployed to protect US
nationals during the Cuban crisis.
3d Marine Expeditionary Unit
landed on May 17, 1962 to support the regime during the threat of Communist
pressure from outside; by July 30 the 5,000 marines had been withdrawn.
Kennedy institutes a "quarantine" on the
shipment of offensive missiles to Cuba from the
Soviet Union. He warns the
Soviet Union that the launching of
any missile from Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere would bring
about US nuclear retaliation on the
Soviet Union. A
negotiated settlement is achieved a few days later.
Secret War in
Laos and gains control of the Golden Triangle Heroin trade.
Missions Over Laos From 1965-1973
US sends four transport planes to
provide airlift for Congolese troops during a rebellion and to transport
Belgian paratroopers to rescue foreigners.
US military advisers had been in South
Vietnam for a decade, and their numbers had been increased as the military
position of the Saigon government becomes weaker. After citing what he termed
were attacks on US destroyers in the
Tonkin Gulf, Lyndon
Johnson asked in August 1964 for a
resolution expressing US determination to support freedom and protect peace
in Southeast Asia.
Congress responded with the Tonkin Gulf Resolution,
expressing support for "all necessary
measures" to repel armed attack against US forces and prevent further
Following this resolution, and following a
Communist attack on a US installation in central Vietnam, the US escalated its
participation in the war to a peak of 543,000 military personnel by April
US bombing rural civilian villages, 1964
US intervenes to protect lives and
property during a Dominican revolt and sends more troops as fears grow that the
revolutionary forces are going to win.
U.S. Embassy Tracked Indonesia Mass Murder 1965
three military transport aircraft with crews to provide the Congo central
government with logistical support during a revolt.
US troops are
ordered into Cambodia to clean out Communist sanctuaries from which Viet Cong
and North Vietnamese purportedly attack US and South Vietnamese forces in
US naval forces evacuated US civilians during
hostilities between Turkish and Greek Cypriot forces.
22 and 23, helicopters from five US naval vessels evacuate approximately 250
Americans and Europeans from Lebanon
during fighting between mainly
Druze Christians aligned
against PLO Palestinians, Shi'a and
Sunni Muslims with secular communists and socialists switching
On April 3, 1975,
Gerald Ford sends US naval
vessels, helicopters, and marines to assist in evacuation of refugees and US
nationals from Vietnam. On April 30, 1975,
Gerald Ford reported that a
force of 70 evacuation helicopters and 865 marines have evacuated about 1,400
US citizens and 5,500 third country nationals and South Vietnamese from landing
zones near the US Embassy in Saigon and the Tan Son Nhut Airfield.
12, 1975, Gerald Ford
orders US military forces to proceed with the planned evacuation of US citizens
incident. On May 15, 1975, Gerald Ford orders military forces to retake the SS
Mayaguez, a merchant vessel en route from Hong Kong to Thailand with a US
citizen crew which was seized by Cambodian naval patrol boats in international
waters and forced to proceed to a nearby island.
Dick with Don and
Additional forces were sent to
Korea after two American soldiers were killed by North Korean soldiers in the
demilitarized zone between North and South Korea while cutting down a
US utilized military
transport aircraft to provide logistical support to Belgian and French rescue
operations in Zaire.
On April 26, 1980 six US transport
planes and eight helicopters are used in an unsuccessful attempt to rescue
American hostages being held in Iran.
After a guerilla offensive
against the government of El Salvador, additional US military advisers are sent
to El Salvador, bringing the total to approximately 55, to assist in training
government forces in counterinsurgency.
December 11, 1981
the Salvadoran Army's select, American-trained Atlacatl Battalion, massacre
more than 800 civilians in El Mozote.
Girls as young as 10 were raped.
El Mozote was largely Evangelical
Protestant but many of its neighbors were Roman Catholic and influenced by
PANAMA: TROUBLED PASSAGE FOR A US ALLY
On August 19 US planes based on the carrier US$ Nimitz shoot down two
Libyan jets over the Gulf of Sidra after one of the Libyan jets had fired a
heat-seeking missile. The US periodically held freedom of navigation exercises
in the Gulf of Sidra, claimed by Libya as territorial waters but
considered international waters by the US.
The deployment of military personnel and equipment
to participate in the Multinational Force of Observers in the Sinai.
Dispatch of 80
marines to serve in the multinational force to assist in the withdrawal of
members of the Palestine Liberation force from Beirut. Deployment of 1200
marines to serve in a temporary multinational force to facilitate the
restoration of Lebanese government sovereignty.
Large-scale disappearances of left-leaning union
members, students and others began to take place after Roberto Suazo
Córdova takes office. Suazo relies on United States support including
controversial social and economic development projects sponsored by the United
States Agency for International Development. Honduras becomes host to the
largest Peace Corps mission in the world.
Libyan plane purportedly bombs a city in Sudan on March 18, 1983, and
Sudan and Egypt
appealed for assistance, the US dispatched an AWACS electronic surveillance
plane to Egypt.
denied any responsibility for the attack, blaming it on rebels in the Sudan Air
Did Libya bomb Sudan? Answer may lie in the Sudanese
undertakes a series of exercises in Honduras that some believed might lead to
conflict with Nicaragua.
Chad Two AWACS electronic
surveillance planes and eight F-15 fighter planes and ground logistical support
forces are deployed to assist Chad against rebel forces.
Grenada occupied by Marines and Army airborne
troops to protect lives and assist in the restoration of law and order and at
the request of five members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.
Saudi Arabian jet fighter planes, aided
by intelligence from a US AWACS electronic surveillance aircraft and fueled by
a United States KC-10 tanker, shot down two Iranian CRS-19 fighter planes over
an area of the Persian Gulf proclaimed as a protected zone for shipping.
US Navy pilots intercepted an Egyptian airliner
and force it to land in Sicily. The airliner was carrying the hijackers of the
Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro who had killed an American citizen during the
helicopters and crewmen ferry Honduran troops to the Nicaraguan border to repel
while engaged navigation exercises around the Gulf of Sidra, are attacked by
Libyan missiles and the US responds with missiles. US air and naval forces had
conducted bombing strikes on military installations in Libya.
US Army personnel and aircraft assisted
Bolivia in anti-drug operations.
After the Iran-Iraq War results in several
military incidents in the Persian Gulf, the US increased US joint military
forces operations in the Persian Gulf and adopts a policy of reflagging and
escorting Kuwaiti oil tankers through the Gulf.
US Navy ships are
'fired upon' or have 'struck mines' or
taken other military action on multiple occasions.
Libya US Navy F-14 aircraft
based on the US$ John F. Kennedy shoot down two Libyan jet fighters over the
Mediterranean Sea about 70 miles north of
Libya. The US pilots claim the
Libyan planes demonstrated hostile intentions.
HW Bush orders a brigade-sized force of
approximately 1,900 troops to augment the estimated 11,000 US forces already in
HW Bush announced that military and law enforcement assistance
will be sent to help the Andean nations of Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru combat
illicit drug producers and traffickers under the authroity of the Andean
Initiative in War on Drugs. By mid-September there were 50-100 US military
advisers in Colombia in connection with transport and training in the use of
military equipment, plus seven Special Forces teams of 2-12 persons to train
troops in the three countries.
December 20 Panama
strongman Manuel Noriega was a highly paid CIA asset and
Noriega facilitated "guns-for-drugs" flights for the
Contras, providing protection and pilots, as well as safe havens for drug
cartel operatives, and discreet banking facilities.
The U.S. government
turned against Noriega, invaded Panama in December 1989 and kidnapped the
general once they discovered he was providing intelligence and services to the
Cubans and Sandinistas.
Ironically drug trafficking through Panama
increased after the US invasion."
John Dinges, Our Man in
Panama, Random House, 1991; National Security Archive Documentation Packet
The Contras, Cocaine, and Covert Operations
27,000 US troops
invade the Panama to oust Panamanian military leader
General Manuel Noriega.
Noriega was hoisted into power with US backing when the previous Panamanian
leader Omar Torrijos fell out of US favor (and then fell out of the sky in a
1981 plane crash)
Manuel Noriega backing attended the U.S. Armys
notorious School of the Americas (also known as the School of Assassins) and
was a paid CIA operative in 1967.
Noriega helped set up the CIAs
"drugs-for-guns" trade that used cocaine trafficking to finance their secret
Contra war against Nicaragua.
The poor working class neighborhood of El
Chorillo was totally destroyed because it was believed to be Noriega's
The University of Panamas seismograph marked
442 major explosions in the first 12 hours of the invasion, about one major
bomb blast every two minutes.
Fires engulfed the mostly wooden homes,
destroying about 4,000 residences.
Some residents began to call El
Chorrillo Guernica or little Hiroshima.
Operation Just Cause
HW Bush orders US military
forces to despose General Manuel Noriega.
Invasion of Panama Explains the Current US Foreign Policy
fighter planes from Clark Air Base in the Philippines assist the Aquino government in
repeling a coup attempt.
100 marines are sent from the US Navy base at
Subic Bay to protect the US Embassy in Manila.
Additional security is provide to the US
Embassy in Monrovia, and that helicopter teams had evacuated US citizens from
substantial elements of the US armed forces into the Persian Gulf region to
ensure an adequate offensive military option after the August 2 invasion of
Kuwait by Iraq.
Unit of CIA Sent Ton of Cocaine to US
forces to commence combat operations on January 16 against Iraqi forces and
military targets in Iraq and Kuwait, in
conjunction with a coalition of allies and
UN Security Council
HW Bush states on May 17 in a status report to
Congress that the Iraqi repression of the Kurdish
people had necessitated a limited introduction of US forces into northern Iraq
for emergency relief purposes.
Force C-141s transport 100 Belgian troops and equipment into Kinshasa after
widespread looting and rioting break out. US planes also carry 300 French
troops into the Central African Republic and haul back American citizens and
third country nationals from locations outside Zaire.
US military planes evacuat Americans from
Sierra Leone, where military leaders have overthrown the government.
US began a
series of military exercises in Kuwait,
following Iraqi refusal to recognize a new border drawn up by the United
Nations and refusal to coöperate with UN inspection teams.
in the enforcement of a
prohibition against Iraqi flights in a specified zone in southern Iraq, and
aerial reconnaissance to monitor Iraqi compliance with the cease-fire
armed forces are deployed to Somalia in response to a humanitarian crisis and a
UN Security Council
Resolution determining that the situation constituted a threat to
international peace. US forces continued to participate in the successor United
Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II), which the UN Security Council
authorized to assist Somalia in political reconciliation and restoration of
How the U.S. Caused the Breakup of the Soviet
US deploys a
battalion task force to Kuwait to
underline the continuing US commitment to Kuwaiti independence. US military
action under the UN umbrella continues.
US naval forces launch missiles
against the Iraqi Intelligence Service's headquarters in Baghdad in response to
a purported unsuccessful attempt to assassinate former George Bush in
US began an airdrop of relief
supplies aimed at Muslims surrounded by Serbian forces in Bosnia. US forces
participate in a NATO air action to
enforce a UN ban on all unauthorized military flights over
response to attacks against UN forces in Somalia by a factional leader, the US
Quick Reaction Force participates in military action to quell the
350 US soldiers are
deployed to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to participate in the UN
Protection Force to help maintain stability in the area.
US ships begin to
UN arms embargo against Haiti.
US expands its participation in the conflict in
former Yugoslavia. 60 US aircraft are available for participation in the
authorized NATO missions. US planes
patrolling the "no-fly zone" in former Yugoslavia under the
North Atlantic Treaty
Organization shoot down 4 Serbian Galeb planes. Warplanes under
NATO command bomb Bosnian Serb
forces shelling the "safe" city of Gorazde. US aircraft under
NATO attack Bosnian Serb heavy
weapons in the Sarajevo heavy weapons exclusion zone.
NATO veteran: I witnessed the genocide against Serbs in
US military forces
deployed to Burundi to conduct possible non-combatant evacuation operations of
US citizens and other third-country nationals from Rwanda, where widespread
fighting has broken out.
Who was Behind the 1994 Rwanda Genocide?
US contingent in the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia had been augmented by a reinforced company of 200
US naval forces
continue enforcement of the UN embargo in the waters around Haiti and that 712
vessels had been boarded since October 20, 1993. 1,500 troops are deployed to
protect the regime. Troop level is subsequently increased to 20,000.
combat-equipped US armed forces personnel began deployment into Mogadishu,
Somalia, to assist in the withdrawal of U.N. forces assigned there to the
United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II).
combat-equipped fighter aircraft and other aircraft contribute to the
enforcement of a NATO the no-fly zone in airspace over
Bosnia-Herzegovina. 500 US soldiers continued to
be deployed in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia as part of the UN
Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP). NATO air strikes are used against Bosnian
Serb Army (BSA) forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina that were threatening the
U.N.-declared safe areas of Sarajevo, Tuzla, and Gorazde - "some 300 sorties
were flown against 23 targets in the vicinity of Sarajevo, Tuzla, Gorazde and
Mostar.""1,500 US military personnel" are deployed to Bosnia-Herzegovina and
Croatia as part of a NATO "enabling
force" to lay the groundwork for the prompt and safe deployment of the
NATO led Implementation Force
(IFOR)."3,000 other US military personnel are deployed to Hungary, Italy, and
Croatia to establish
infrastructure for the enabling force and IFOR.
On December 21,
1995, Clinton reports to Congress that he had ordered the deployment of
approximately 20,000 US military personnel to participate in the
NATO led Implementation Force (IFOR) in
the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, and approximately 5,000 US military
personnel would be deployed in other former Yugoslav states, primarily in
Croatia. In addition, about 7,000 US support forces would be deployed to
Hungary, Italy and Croatia and other regional states in support of IFOR's
reduction" in the number of United States personnel assigned to the United
Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) leaves 309 US personnel "equipped for combat."
US military forces are deployed
if the need to evacuate "private US citizens and certain third-country
nationals who had taken refuge in the US Embassy compound...." should
Central African Republic
military personnel are deployed to Bangui, Central African Republic, to conduct
the evacuation from that country of "private US citizens and certain US
Government employees," and to provide "enhanced security for the American
Embassy in Bangui."
totaling about 17,000 occupy Bosnia "under NATO operational command and control" as part
of the NATO Implementation Force (IFOR).
In addition, about 5,500 US military personnel were deployed in Hungary, Italy
and Croatia, and other regional states to provide "logistical and other support
to IFOR." 500 US soldiers remain in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
as part of the United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP). US
participation in an IFOR follow-on force in Bosnia, known as SFOR
(Stabilization Force), under NATO command
requires "about 8,500" personnel
US military forces
to evacuate certain US Government employees and private US citizens from
Tirana, Albania, and enhance security for the
US Embassy in that city.
military personnel had been deployed to Congo and
Gabon to provide enhanced
security for American private citizens, government employees, and selected
third country nationals in Zaire, and to be available for any necessary
military personnel were deployed to Freetown, Sierra Leone, to prepare for and
undertake the evacuation of certain US government employees and private US
US military personnel
involved in SFOR are in Bosnia, near Tuzla, and about 2,800 US troops were
deployed in Hungary, Croatia, Italy, and other regional states to provide
logistics and other support to SFOR. A US Army continent of about 500 also
remained in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia as part of the U.N.
Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).
Samuel Richard "Sandy" Berger* is
National Security Advisor, under President Bill Clinton from 1997 to 2001.
Samuel Richard Berger helped to formulate the foreign policy of the Clinton
Administration advising Clinton regarding the Khobar Towers bombing, Operation
Desert Fox, the NATO bombing campaign against Yugoslavia, responses to
the terrorist bombings
of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, and the administration's
policy of engagement with the People's Republic of China.
During a period of domestic conflict about 550
US military personnel are stationed at Utapao Air Base in Thailand. These
personnel were to be available for possible emergency evacuation operations in
Cambodia as deemed necessary.
An army mutiny in
Guinea-Bissau endangers the US Embassy, US government employees and citizens in
that country. US military personnel are deployed to Dakar, Senegal, to remove
such individuals, as well as selected third country nationals, from the city of
Bissau. The deployment continued until the necessary evacuations were
Joint Task Force of US military personnel is
deployed to Nairobi, , to coordinate the medical and disaster assistance
related to the bombings of the US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. Teams of
50-100 security personnel had arrived in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania, to enhance the security of the US Embassies and citizens there.
200 US Marines
and 10 Navy SEALS are deployed to the US Embassy compound in Tirana, Albania,
to enhance security against reported threats against US personnel.
are made against camps and installations in Afghanistan and
Sudan used by
Usamah bin Mohammad bin Laden.
responsiblity for the bombings, on August 7, 1998, of the US Embassies in Kenya
Due to political
instability and civil disorder in Liberia 30 additional US military personnel ,
are deployed as a stand-by response and evacuation force of to augment the
security force at the US Embassy in Monrovia.
US and UK conduct a bombing campaign termed
Operation Desert Fox, against Iraqi industrial facilities and against other
Iraqi military and security targets including a dry milk factory. Coalition
forces enforce the "no-fly" zones over Iraq, conduct military operations
against the Iraqi air defense systems on numerous occasions in response to
India detonates a nuclear
Pakistan detonates a nuclear
US Armed Forces in Bosnia and other states in
the region as participants in and supporters of the
NATO led Stabilization Force (SFOR) total
about 6,900, with about 2,300 US military personnel deployed to Hungary,
Croatia, Italy and other regional states. Also some 350 US military personnel
remain deployed in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) as part of
the U.N. Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP).
US military personnel provide security for the US embassy
and American citizens in Nairobi, pending completion of renovations of the
American embassy facility in Nairobi, subject of a terrorist bombing in August
US military forces in
coalition with NATO allies commence air
strikes against Yugoslavia in response to the Yugoslav government's campaign of
violence and repression
against the ethnic Albanian population in Kosovo. Clinton directs the
deployment of about "7,000 US military personnel as the US contribution to the
approximately 50,000-member, NATO led
security force (KFOR)" currently being assembled in Kosovo, including several
thousand additional US Armed Forces personnel to Albania in support of the deep
strike force located there.
6,200 US military personnel are continuing to
participate in the NATO led Stabilization
Force (SFOR) in Bosnia, and another 2,200 personnel are supporting SFOR
operations from Hungary, Croatia, and Italy. He also noted that US military
personnel remain in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to support the
international security presence in Kosovo (KFOR).
This web site is not a commercial web site and
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This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their philosophical ideology.
This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of
the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion
based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no
supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior
corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction
of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to
the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
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may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
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the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
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