Immigrant Song

General History of Africa

Why do so many African leaders die in office?

14 African Countries Pay France Colonial Tax

African countries continue to pay colonial tax to France

Utilization of Western NGOs for the Theft of Vast Resources

US Military Builds
Up Its Presence In Africa

US military is all over Africa

US military steps up Africa focus

Kenya Hits $100bn Rare Earth Jackpot

Colonial projects did not begin with nation-states but as joint-stock company ventures with private stock sold to private investors (aristocracy).

Using the capital raised from the joint-stock company, the company would assemble a crew of prospectors.

The prospectors only goal was maximizing profits for the shareholders in the joint-stock company.

The most common methods are:

convert agriculture to a cash crop, exploit resources and exploit labor.

A colonial mission nearly always includes all three.

Before colonization, most of these economies were food sovereign, meaning, they could grow enough food to feed the population.

During the process of colonization, all the variety of crops and produce are replaced by the single cash crop or a small group of cash crops that maximizes profit for the colonizing entity.

711 AD Shortly after the Arab conquest of North Africa, the city of Ceuta is used as a staging ground in the Umayyad conquest of Hispania.

850 Benin's inner wall, a 7 mile earthen rampart girded by a moat 20 feet deep, is built.

1200 Benin City and Timbuktu have thriving economies based on trading salt, gold, spices and dyes.

As the wealth of Timbuktu grows it becomes a center of learning attracting Muslim scholars.

1415 John I of Portugal leads a surprise assault on Ceuta, landing on Playa San Amaro marking the beginning of the Portuguese Empire in Africa.

1440 36 known Ogiso are accounted for as rulers of Benin when Oba Ewuare, also known as Ewuare the Great, takes power.

1485 Portuguese Joao Afonso de Aveiro visits Benin City.
1488 Portuguese Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope.

1498 Portuguese Vasco da Gama reaches India.

1553 Significant trading developed between England and Benin based on the export of ivory, palm oil, pepper, and slaves.

1571 A string of Portuguese defensive naval fortifications connect Lisbon to Nagasaki along the coasts of Africa, Middle East, India, and South Asia.

There are larger territorial colonies in Brazil, Angola, and Mozambique.

This commercial network of colonial trade has a substantial impact on the Portuguese economy accounting for about a fifth of per-capita income.

1578 Morocco successfully repells an attempt by Portugal to conquer it at the Battle of Alcácer Quibir.

With Morocco, on the verge of bankruptcy, Sultan Ahmad I al-Mansur Saadi turns his attention to looting the Songhai Empire.

Sultan Ahmad I al-Mansur Saadi commands Judar Pasha, a Spanish eunuch, to take the salt mines at Taghaza and advance on the capital Gao.

1591 Judar Pasha sacks and loots Gao but finding few riches moves on to the richer trading centers of Timbuktu and Djenné.

The looting of the three cities marked the end of the Songhai Empire.

1593 Ahmad I al-Mansur citing "disloyalty" arrests and subsequently kills or exiles many Timbuktu scholars, including Ahmad Baba al Massufi.

1606 Virginia Company begins as a joint-stock company.

1661 Compagnie des aventuriers d'Afrique, a joint-stock company was given exclusive rights to exploit Africa by the "Sun King", Louis XIV of France.

The Sun King consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution, a direct result of absolutism.

1691 "Great Benin, where the king resides, is larger than Lisbon. all the streets run straight and as far as the eye can see. The houses are large, especially that of the king, which is richly decorated and has fine columns. The city is wealthy and industrious. It is so well governed that theft is unknown and the people live in such security that they have no doors to their houses."

1701 Ashanti king Osei Tutu and his adviser Okomfo Anokye establish the Ashanti Kingdom, with the Golden Stool of Asante, conquer Denkyira.

early 1800s Search for ivory, often used in the production of luxury goods, led many white traders into the interior of Africa.

With the exception of trading posts along the coasts, the continent is essentially ignored.

Pandemic Responses Underscore the Need to Decolonize Global Health

1830 French invade Algiers.

One of France's longest-held overseas territories, Algeria became a destination for hundreds of thousands of European immigrants known as colons.

1835 Indigenous rebels organized the Algerian resistance movement against French settlement.

1841 Maurice (Moritz) Worms settles in Ceylon.

The Worms brothers, Gabriel (1801-1888) and Moritz (1805-1867) are the sons of Jeanette Rothschild (1771-1859), the sister of NM Rothschild.

1842 G & MB Worms establishes coffee and tea plantations with slave labor.

Henry (Rothschild) de Worms 1st Baron Pirbright grows up on the estate.

1874 Second African expedition of Henry M. Stanley is finance by two newspapers, The New York Herald and Britain's Daily Telegraph.
Edward Levy Lawson, later Lord Burnham, was editor of the Daily Telegraph; co-founded the Pilgrims Society (1902); chairman of the First Imperial Press Conference (1909); founded the Empire Press Union and lay the foundations of British MI6, MI5 and GC&CS (1909).

Born Edward Levy, London, 28 December; 1833, son of Joseph Moses Levy and his wife Esther (née Cohen); legally changed to Levy-Lawson in 1875.

Lord Burnham's love of pheasant shooting resulted in him enjoying a close relationship with King Edward VII, his son, King George V, and his son King Edward VIII, with King George paying yearly visits to the Hall Barn estate.

1897 Henry Pirbright oversees the British patent office when Nikola Tesla files his wireless telegraphy patents.

Pirbright allow the British Admiralty to steal from Tesla using Guglielmo Marconi as the inventor to make monopolistic deals through Marconi Wireless.

Pirbright coached Henry S. Wellcome and Sir Henry M. Stanley in their acquisition of African poisons and cures used in vaccine experimentation.

Henry Wellcome told the story of Stanley's use of his medicine chests full of experimental vaccines in his The Evolution of Journalism Etcetera.

The Pirbright Institute

Pilgrims society monopoly over world culture

The Pirbright Institute is now essentially controlled by the Wellcome Trust and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

1903 "Pacification campaign" by the colonial forces, who use chemical weapons, mass executions of civilians, concentration camps and other atrocities.

Algerian Genocide: Setif massacre

Algerian Genocide by France

King Leopold II's hidden genocide

20 million dead the role US and its allies played

The Free State of the Congo, a hidden history of genocide

1876 King Léopold II of Belgium, founds and controls the International African Association, inviting Henry Morton Stanley to join him in researching and 'civilizing' the continent.

1878 International Congo Society is formed, with economic goals but still closely related to the former society.

Léopold secretly purchases foreign investor stock in the Congo Society, which turn to imperialistic goals, with the Society serving as a philanthropic front.

1884 The Berlin Conference ushers in a period of heightened colonial activity by European powers, eliminating and overriding most existing forms of African autonomy and self-governance.

Before the conference, European diplomacy treated African natives in the same manner as New World natives: by forming trading relationships with the indigenous chiefs.

1890 Boston Fruit Company running regularly between Jamaica and Boston.

In April they import 44,202 boxes of oranges, 39,354 boxes of lemons, together with 163,779 bunches of bananas.

Germany and the Namibian Ovaherero

Namibia still waiting for a German apology

1897 German colonialists and missionaries arrived in Rwanda.

In pre-colonial times, Rwanda farmland grows an assortment of fruits, vegetables as well as cassava and yam as a staple carbohydrate.

With colonization, first by the Germans and then by the Belgians, the land is converted to a large industrial coffee farm.

Rwanda, no longer able to feed itself, is forced to import basic foodstuff from the mother country.

Many of the vegetables that once grew in Rwanda are now extinct.

Benin City is captured by Admiral Sir Harry Rawson, who razes and burns the city, stealing and destroying treasured art.

The "Benin Bronzes" - stolen portrait figures, busts, and groups created in iron, carved ivory, and especially in brass - are now displayed in museums around the world.

1899 United Fruit Company (UFCO), the merger of Minor C. Keith's banana-trading concerns with Andrew W. Preston's Boston Fruit Co.

Manuel Estrada Cabrera modernizes Guatamala by granting concessions to the United Fruit Company.

The United Fruit Company expands control over the rich alluvial plains of Honduras Atlantic coast.

1900 Spain lacks the wealth and interest to develop its African colonies during the first half of the 20th century.

However, through a paternalistic system, particularly on Bioko Island, Spain develops large cocoa plantations with thousands of imported Nigerian laborers.

1931 Following the fall of the monarchy, the Spanish African colonies including Spanish Guinea and Spanish Morocco became part of the Second Spanish Republic.

1929 United Fruit Company owns or controls 650,000 acres of the best arable land in Honduras, along with railroads and ports.

1932 Martial law declared in Honduras to stop a revolt by banana workers fired by the United Fruit Company.

The quintessential "banana republic," Honduras is a US vassal as a result of Anglo-American control over railroads, mining and banana production.

The banana operations are run like private fiefdom.

The company 'kept order' by crushing labor organizing with their own security forces or by calling in US troops.

Bill Gates Thinks There are Too Many Africans

Gates Foundation destroying Africa's food economy

1936 Francisco Franco, a general of the Army of Africa, rebels against the republican government and starts the Spanish Civil War which lasts until 1939.

1956 When French Morocco becomes independent, Spain surrenders Spanish Morocco, but retains control of Sidi Ifni, the Tarfaya region and Spanish Sahara.

1959 Spanish territory on the Gulf of Guinea is established with a status similar to the provinces of metropolitan Spain.

1968 Under pressure from nationalists and the United Nations, Spain announces it will grant Equatorial Guinea independence.

1969 Under international pressure, Spain returned Sidi Ifni to Morocco.

1975 Green March prompts withdrawal from Spanish Sahara under Moroccan military pressure.

Official Rwanda Story Unravels

America's secret role in the Rwandan genocide

Bantu groups migrate into Rwanda and began to clear forest land for agriculture.

The population coalesced, first into clans (ubwoko), and then, by 1700, into eight kingdoms.

The Kingdom of Rwanda, ruled by the Tutsi Nyiginya clan, became the dominant kingdom in the mid-eighteenth century.

Rwanda and neighbouring Burundi were assigned to Germany by the Berlin Conference of 1884.

German policy was to rule the country through the Rwandan monarchy.

The colonists favoured the Tutsi over the Hutu when assigning administrative roles, believing them to be migrants from Ethiopia and racially superior.

1935 Belgium introduces a permanent division of the population by strictly dividing the population into three ethnic groups, with the Hutu representing about 84% of the population, Tutsi about 15%, and Twa about 1% of the population.

Identity cards issued label each individual: Tutsi, Hutu, Twa, or Naturalised.

A Hutu emancipation movement beglns to grow after World War II.

1957 Hutu scholars write the "Bahutu Manifesto".

This document labels the Tutsi and Hutu as separate races, and called for the transfer of power from Tutsi to Hutu based on "statistical law".

1964 300,000 Tutsis have fled.

1990 To make the economic, social and political conflict look more like an ethnic conflict, propaganda campaigns of fabricated events of ethnic crisis caused by the Tutsi and the Rwandan Patriotic Front took place.

The process is described as "mirror politics", whereby a person accuses others of what the person himself/herself actually wants to do.

Militias were primarily recruited from the vast pool of Hutu internally displaced persons driven from their homes in the North, and claimed a total member of 50,000 on the eve of genocide.

October 1993 President of Burundi, Melchior Ndadaye, elected in June as the country's first ever Hutu president, is assassinated by extremist Tutsi army officers.

April 6, 1994 The airplane carrying Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira, the Hutu president of Burundi, is shot down as it prepared to land in Kigali, killing everyone on board.

Jean-Louis Bruguière concluded Paul Kagame ordered the assassination.

Genocidal killings began the following day.

Soldiers, police, and militia quickly executed key Tutsi and moderate Hutu military and political leaders who could have assumed control in the ensuing power vacuum.

Checkpoints and barricades are erected to screen all holders of the national ID card of Rwanda, which contains ethnic classifications.

This enables Hutu to systematically identify and kill Tutsi.

"We can build United States of Africa"

Hillary Emails Reveal True Motive for Libya Intervention

Hillary Clinton on Gaddafi: "We came, we saw, he died."

Billions Stolen from Libya's 'Frozen Assets'

"Now, I am under attack by the biggest force in military history, my little African son, Obama wants to kill me, to take away the freedom of our country, to take away our free housing, our free medicine, our free education, our free food, and replace it with American style thievery, called "capitalism," but all of us in the Third World know what that means, it means corporations run the countries, run the world, and the people suffer." ~ Col. Muammar Gaddafi, April 8, 2011

The Dreadful Chronology of Gaddafi's Murder

NATO's Libyan War Part Of Plan To Recolonize Continent

National Endowment for Democracy
Manufactures Regime Change Around the World

CIA arms smuggling team in Benghazi

$12.3 billion in Gaddafi's frozen account in Belgium 'disappears'

March 17, 2011 United Nations Security Council adopts French-proposed Resolution 1973 on the situation in Libya.

The resolution forms the legal basis for military intervention in the Libyan civil war, authorizing UN member states to "take all necessary measures to protect civilians and civilian populated areas".

January 1, 2016 State Department releases 3,105 of Hillary Clinton's personal emails as Secretary of State.

An email raises serious questions about the real motives behind the military intervention in Libya.

To Secretary of State Hillary Clinton

from Sydney Blumenthal

"Qaddafi has nearly bottomless financial resources to continue indefinitely, according to the latest report we have received:

On April 2, 2011 sources with access to advisors to Salt al-Islam Qaddafi stated in strictest confidence that while the freezing of Libya's foreign bank accounts presents Muammar Qaddafi with serious challenges, his ability to equip and maintain his armed forces and intelligence services remains intact.

According to sensitive information available to these individuals, Qaddafi's government holds 143 tons of gold, and a similar amount in silver.

During late March 2011, these stocks were moved to SABHA (southwest in the direction of the Libyan border with Niger and Chad); taken from the vaults of the Libyan Central Bank in Tripoli.

This gold was accumulated prior to the current rebellion and was intended to be used to establish a pan-African currency based on the Libyan golden Dinar.

This plan was designed to provide the Francophone African Countries with an alternative to the French franc (CFA)."

"Source Comment: According to knowledgeable individuals this quantity of gold and silver is valued at more than $7 billion.

French intelligence officers discovered this plan shortly after the current rebellion began, and this was one of the factors that influenced President Nicolas Sarkozy's decision to commit France to the attack on Libya."

"According to these individuals Sarkozy's plans are driven by the following issues: A desire to gain a greater share of Libya oil production, Increase French influence in North Africa, Improve his internal political situation in France, Provide the French military with an opportunity to reassert its position in the world, Address the concern of his advisors over Qaddafi's long term plans to supplant France as the dominant power in Francophone Africa".

In Nigeria, a Strongman Tightens the Vise

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