|"There is a
pressing need for such negative eugenics in the Atlantic communities due to the
steady elimination of death selection from human conditions, is shown by the
British Board of Education Report of the Mental Deficiency Committee (1929).
This records an increase of one hundred per cent in the defectives of Great
Britain between 1906 and 1927, while the population as a whole has increased
only fourteen per cent. [
] The birthrate of defectives it seems has not
risen, but the defective children have been better taken care of and have
survived. So that they in their turn are capable of parentage." - HG Wells,
HG Wells and Population Control, John S. Partington, Wells, Huxley &
Wells (: III, 968); also in Wells, Huxley & Wells (1938:
"The notion that the lower classes are
biologically inferior to the upper classes
is meant to legitimate the
structures of inequality in our society by putting a biological gloss on them"
- Harvard geneticist Richard Lewontin, 'The Doctrine of DNA: Biology as
interprets medicine as a form of politics.
Aesculapius, god of
medicine, as a politician.
Medical art must not consider the
prolongation of life as its aim, but only
the interest of the
State. " - Karl Popper
"The development of a long-term sterilizing capsule
that could be implanted under the skin and removed when pregnancy is desired
opens additional possibilities for
control. A large portion of population denies the possibility government
may be ethically corrupt and that events such as
9/11 may have been strategically planned out
The capsule could be
implanted at puberty and might be
removable, with official permission, for a limited number of births.
A program of sterilizing
women after their second child, despite the relatively greater difficulty
of the operation than vasectomy, might be easier to implement than
trying to sterilize men." - John Holdren, Science Czar
It is difficult to comprehend that people in power
might plan such a devastating attack, for the aftermath resulted in
In theory, an
elected leader is an individual a group gives power to in trust to make
the best decisions for the
population's survival, so trying to grasp the idea that
government is doing the opposite of
this role is perplexing.
Time and time again we are seeing
governments make decisions which promote
more separation, more fear, and
more destruction to the planet.
There is disconcerting evidence that
insiders in government have a
sinister agenda for the population, incomprehensible for most to
This plan is designed to
decrease population over the coming years.
Considering the amount of the
genetically modified foods on
grocery store shelves, the
chemicals that are put into cosmetics and clothes as well as the
harmful toxins in vaccines,
one must consider the idea that some group or alliance of groups is trying to cause harm to the
National Cancer Institute (NCI) has
been manipulating cancer statistics, stating that there has been
a decrease in the number of cancer cases
over the past decades when in
fact cancer cases have significantly increased.
chemicals the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves for use as medicine it
also approves harmful chemicals in food such as
brominated vegetable oil (BVO) in Gatorade, a chemical which
has been banned in over 7 countries.
Center for Disease Control (CDC) approves harmful toxic compounds
containing mercury, squalene and
organizations were purportedly designed for the purpose of protecting people
but it seems they are doing
the opposite by poisoning people.
Purposeful intention behind
the pollution of the environment?
Some argue that the
transnational global elite have an
agenda of decreasing the world's population drastically and that
infiltrated all governments to ensure it unravels as they have carefully
Pseudoscientific Origins of Eugenics
The eugenics movement arose in the 20th century as two wings of a
common philosophy of human worth.
Francis Galton, who coined the term
eugenics in 1883, perceived it as a moral
philosophy to improve humanity by encouraging the ablest and healthiest
people to have more children.
The Galtonian ideal of eugenics is
usually termed positive eugenics.
Negative eugenics, on the other hand,
advocated culling the least able from the breeding population to preserve
The eugenics movements in the US, Germany, and
Scandinavia favored the negative approach.
notion of segregating people considered unfit to reproduce dates back to
For example, the
Septuagint describes the
Amalekites a supposedly depraved group that God condemned to death.
Concerns about environmental influences that might damage heredity
leading to ill health, early death, insanity, and defective offspring
were formalized in the early 1700s as degeneracy theory.
Degeneracy theory maintained a strong scientific following until late
in the 19th century.
Masturbation, then called
onanism, was presented in medical schools as the first biological theory of the
cause of degeneracy.
Fear of degeneracy through
masturbation led Harry Clay Sharp,
a prison physician in Jeffersonville, Indiana, to carry out vasectomies on
prisoners beginning in 1899.
The advocacy of Sharp and his medical
colleagues, culminated in an Indiana law mandating compulsory sterilization of
1907, this was the first
eugenic sterilization law in the US.
By the mid-19th century most
scientists believed bad environments caused degenerate heredity.
Benedict Morel's work extended the causes of degeneracy to some
legitimate agents including poisoning by
ergot, and other toxic substances in the
The sociologist Richard Dugdale believed that good
environments could transform degenerates into
worthy citizens within three generations.
This position was a
backdrop to his very influential study on The Jukes (1877), a degenerate family
of paupers and petty criminals in Ulster County, New York.
inheritance of acquired (environmental) characters was challenged in the 1880s
by August Weismann, whose theory of the germ plasm convinced most scientists
that changes in body tissue (the soma) had little or no effect on reproductive
tissue (the germ plasm).
At the beginning of the 20th century,
Weismann's views were absorbed by degeneracy theorists who embraced negative
eugenics as their favored model.
Adherents of the new field of genetics were ambivalent about eugenics.
Most basic scientists including William Bateson in Great
Britain, and Thomas Hunt Morgan in the US
shunned eugenics as vulgar and
an unproductive field for research.
However, Bateson's and Morgan's
contributions to basic genetics were quickly absorbed by eugenicists, who took
interest in Mendelian analysis of pedigrees of humans, plants, and animals.
Many eugenicists had some
type of agricultural background.
Charles Davenport and Harry
Laughlin, who together ran the Eugenics Record Office, were introduced through
their shared interest in chicken breeding.
Both also were active in
Eugenics Section of the American Breeder's Association (ABA).
Davenport's book, Eugenics: The Science of Human Improvement through
Better Breeding, had a distinct agricultural flavor, and his
affiliation with the ABA was
included under his name on the title page.
genetics also provided the favored model for negative eugenics: human
populations, like agricultural breeds and varieties, had to be culled of their
least productive members, with only the healthiest specimens used for breeding.
Evolutionary models of natural
selection and dysgenic (bad) hereditary practices in society also
contributed to eugenic theory.
there was fear that highly intelligent people
would have smaller families (about 2 children), while the allegedly degenerate
elements of society were having larger families of four to eight
Public welfare might also play a role in allowing less
fit people to survive and reproduce, further upsetting the natural selection of
Medicine also put its stamp on eugenics.
Physicians like Anton Ochsner and Harry Sharp were convinced that
social failure was a medical problem.
Italian criminologist and
physician Cesare Lombroso popularized the image of an innate criminal type that
was thought to be a reversion or atavism of a bestial ancestor of humanity.
When medical means failed to help the
psychotic, the retarded,
the pauper, and the vagrant, eugenicists shifted to preventive medicine.
The German physician-legislator Rudolph Virchow, advocated programs to
deal with disease prevention
on a large scale.
Virchow's public health movement was fused with
eugenics to form the racial hygiene movement in Germany and came to
America through physicians he trained.
Eugenicists argued that
"defectives" should be prevented from breeding, through custody in asylums or
Many doctors felt that sterilization was a
more humane way of dealing with people who could not help themselves.
Vasectomy and tubal ligation were favored methods, because they did not
alter the physiological and psychological contribution of the reproductive
Sterilization allowed the convicted criminal or
mental patient to
participate in society, rather than being institutionalized at public
Sterilization was not viewed as a punishment because these
doctors believed (erroneously) that the social failure of "unfit" people was
due to an irreversibly degenerate germ plasm.
History of the Eugenics Movement
Eugenics, improving the
human race by the scientific control of breeding, was viewed by a large number
of scientists for almost one hundred years as
the means of producing
paradise on Earth.
These scientists concluded that many human
traits were genetic, and that persons who came from genetically 'good families'
tended to turn out far better than those who came from 'poor families.'
The next step was to encourage the good families to have more children,
and the poor families to have few or no children.
From these simple observations developed one of the most
far-reaching movements, Social
Darwinism, which culminated in the loss of millions of lives.
discouraged aiding the sick, building asylums for the insane,
or even aiding the poor and all those who were believed to be in some way
'genetically inferior', which included persons afflicted with an extremely wide
variety of unrelated physical and even psychological maladies.
was to save the human race from the 'evolutionary inferior'.
was sexual sterilization, permanent custody of 'defective' adults by the state,
marriage restrictions, and even the elimination of the unfit through means
which ranged from refusal to help them to outright killing.
eugenics movement grew from Thomas Huxley's
confusion about the
Theory of Evolution by Charles
Aldous attempted to correct his grandfather's mistakes but
it is yet to be seen whether or not Western culture in general would accept his
Eugenics spanned the political spectrum from conservatives
to radical socialists; what they had in common was a belief in evolution and a
faith that science, particularly genetics, held the key for improving the lives
1857 Dred Scott decision "Negroes
are so inferior that they have no rights which a white man is bound to
1859 Darwin's Origin of Species.
General Theory of Evolution defended by Thomas Henry Huxley,
"Darwin's bulldog" who misunderstands
survival of the fittest.
Franco-Prussian War. The
participants see it as a race war. (George Mosse, Towards the Final
Solution, p. 90)
After the defeat of the Prussians (Germans) by
Napoleon at the battle of
Jena, Prussia had established a three-tiered educational system considered
scientific in nature.
been successfully conditioned into
freedom from stressful
thinking and to follow
orders with a generous dose
1871 The German physiologist
Rudolf Virchow conducts a study of 6.7 million children in Germany, comparing
Jewish and Christian children across a range of physical characteristics.
No differences are found.
However, the findings from the study
produced no cultural impact. (George Mosse, Towards the Final Solution,
Virchow is essentially the last major voice in Germany
arguing against the idea that there
are "races" within mankind.
of Man published by Charles Darwin.
It's main thesis: man developed
from a lower life form.
Premillennial dispensationalism rejects
evolution theory on these grounds.
Galton, Darwin's cousin, coins the word "eugenics".
His early aim is to
selectively marry off the population so that poor heredity will be eliminated.
Galton begins popularizing his ideas.
Dreisch splits a fertilized sea urchin egg which is at the two-cell division
stage by hand.
Each cell subsequently developed into two small but
identical sea urchin larva.
His research was carried on by Hans Spemann
in Germany and Ross Harrison in the US.
Charles Benedict Davenport, a Harvard Ph.D, becomes an assistant professor at
the University of Chicago.
president David Starr Jordan originates the notion of "race and blood" in his
racial epistle "Blood of a Nation," in which the university scholar
declares that human qualities and conditions such as talent and poverty are
passed through the blood.
1903 Eugenics Movement
founded in America.
Experts: David Star Jordan
is chairman (a prominent biologist
and chancellor of Stanford University), Luther Burbank (the famous plant
breeder), Vernon L. Kellog (a world renowned
biologist at Stanford), William B.
Castle (a Harvard geneticist), Roswell H. Johnson (a geologist and a professor
of genetics), and Charles R. Henderson of the University of Chicago.
1904 Francis Galton
endows a chair of eugenics at the University of London. (Bernard Schreiber,
The Men Behind Hitler, A German Warning to the World, 1971, p. 15).
The Journal for Racial and Social Biology, founded in Germany in
this year, will follow Francis Galton's work in England (Eugenics Education
Society) very closely. (Mosse, p. 75).
Charles Benedict Davenport
becomes director for the
Institute station for experimental evolution at Cold Spring Harbor.
Edward Thorndike of Columbia University, one of the most influential
educational psychologists in history, is also involved as well as
Henry Havelock Ellis, Dr Frederick
Walker Mott, and Dr A. F. Tredgold.
Frederick Walker Mott in a lecture
to the Eugenics Education Society claims that
PTSD is rare in
volunteers as opposed to regular conscripted men,
and that it was not a new
disorder but merly a variety occurring in those already
Davenport argues that hereditability is a major influence
in everything from criminality to epilepsy, even alcoholism and pauperism
He assumed that traits which we now know are polygenic in
origin were single Mendelian characters.
This error caused him to
greatly oversimplify interpolating from the genotype to the phenotype.
He ignores the forces of the environment to such a degree that he
labels those who 'loved the sea' as suffering from thalassaphilia, and
concludes that it was a sex-linked recessive trait because it was virtually
always exhibited in males!
Davenport also concluded that
prostitution is caused not by social, cultural or
economic circumstances, but a dominant genetic trait which causes a woman to be
"Carnegie Institution established a laboratory
complex at Cold Spring Harbor on Long Island that stockpiled millions of index
cards on ordinary Americans, as researchers carefully plotted the removal of
families, bloodlines and whole peoples.
From Cold Spring Harbor,
eugenics advocates agitated in the legislatures of America, as well as the
nation's social service agencies and associations." - Edwin Black
of Indiana passes the world's first mandatory sterilization law. (John David
Smith, "Minds Made Feeble", p. 136-137)
Chemicals are studied in connection
with biological problems such as the relationship between toxins and
antitoxins, serum therapy, its role for digestion and absorption as well as for
the gastric and pancreatic juices.
1908 Henry H.
Goddard translates Alfred Binet's work, popularizing it among
the intellectual classes.
notion of a scientific elite classifying people based on aptitude, assigning an
efficient role for everyone,
appeals to the conceit of
The idea of quantity, ranking, and assessing
cognitive performance caught on in the US, where eugenics was
a prevailing intellectual fashion.
What might have been a humanitarian push to provide remedial help to
students into a weapon of war against the weak.
1909 Swedish Society for Racial Hygiene founded.
Svante August Arrhenius becomes a member.
1911 Eugenics journals are common throughout Europe. (Mosse, p
Eighteen solutions are explored in a Carnegie-supported
"Preliminary Report of the Committee of the Eugenic Section of the American
Breeder's Association to Study and to Report on the Best Practical Means for
Cutting Off the Defective Germ-Plasm in the Human Population."
Point eight is euthanasia.
The most commonly suggested method
of eugenicide in America was a "lethal chamber" or public locally operated gas
1912 American sociologist Henry
Herbert Goddard, director of the Training School for Feeble-Minded Boys and
Girls in Vineland NJ, publishes his account of the Kallikaks.
Deborah Kallikak was considered feeble-minded.
Her family tree
was traced back six generations and feeble-mindedness was purportedly found in
Elizabeth Kite, an assistant of Goddard who has no
formal training, does most of the research.
The work falsely
demonstrates that feeble-mindedness and a propensity towards crime are
Years later, the data is found to have been fabricated by
Kite and Goddard.
1914 Henry Herbert Goddard
publishes Feeblemindedness: Its Causes and Consequences the study of the
300 families of the Kallikak line.
Stories on the Jukes and Nams of New
York, the Tribe of Ishmael in Indiana, the Hill Folk of Ohio and the Dacks of
Pennsylvania are also published about this time
Dr A. F. Tredgold writes
Mental Deficiency (Amentia).
He devoted an entire chapter to the
idiot savant describing 20
patients "with special aptitudes" due to
experienced either "prenatal or post natal'.
George Bernard Shaw, author
HG Wells, and planned parenthood founder
Margaret Sanger are also very involved.
As the eugenics movement grew,
it added other prominent individuals.
Alexander Graham Bell, the
inventor of the telephone was 'one of the most respected, if not
one of the most zealous
participants in the American Eugenics Movement.'
numerous papers in scholarly journals specifically on genetics and the deafness
Of the many geneticists who are today
recognized as scientific pioneers that were once eugenicists include J. B. S.
Haldane, Thomas Hunt Morgan, William Bateson, Herman J. Muller, and
evolutionary biologist Julian Huxley.
Professors were prominent among both the officers and members of
various eugenics societies which sprang up in the US and Europe.
virtually every college and university were professors 'inspired by the new
creed,' and most of the major colleges had credit courses on
These classes were typically well attended and their content
was generally accepted as proven science.
Many eugenicists also
lectured widely and developed new courses, both at their institutes and
elsewhere, to educate the public in the principles of eugenics.
eugenics movement attacked the idea of
Many concluded that letting inferior persons
participate in government was naive, if not dangerous.
educational opportunities and governmental benefits for everyone likewise
seemed a misplacement of resources: one saves only the best cows for breeding,
slaughtering the inferior ones, and these
laws of nature must be applied to
the human animal.
If the primary determinant of mankind's behavioural
nature is genetic as the movement concluded, then
are largely useless.
those who are at the bottom
of the social ladder in society, such as Blacks, are in this position
not because of social injustice
or discrimination, but as a result of their own inferiority.
Francis Galton, a cousin of
Charles Darwin, began his lifelong quest to quantify humans, and search for
ways of genetically improving the human race around 1860.
The idea that humans could achieve biological
progress and eventually breed a superior race was not seen as heretical to the
All around Galton were the fruits of the recent
advances in technology and the industrial revolution that had dramatically
proved human mastery over inanimate nature.
They knew that, by careful
selection, farmers could obtain better breeds of both plants and animals, and
it was logical that the human races could similarly be improved.
and his coworker, Karl Pearson, are regarded as founders of the modern field of
statistics, and both made major contributions.
research was extremely convincing, especially to academics.
Galton believed the route to produce a race of gifted humans was by controlling
marriages of superior stock.
Thus the marriage license.
was fully accepted by the educated classes.
Books on eugenics became
best-sellers Albert E. Wiggam wrote at least four popular books on
eugenics, several were best-sellers and the prestigious Darwinian family name
stayed with the eugenics movement for years the president of the British
Eugenics Society from 1911 to 1928 was Major Leonard Darwin, Charles'
1916 Margaret Sanger opens her first birth
1917 Goddard and the new IQ
tests determined that the average immigrant had a "moron-grade" intelligence
level. (Smith, p. 6)
Intelligence Quotient is seen as immutable, fixed
in the genes. (Donald K. Pickens, "Eugenics and the Progressives", p.
Margaret Sanger founds the Birth Control League, and it's
magazine The Birth Control Review.
She edits this magazine until
It promotes Sanger's idea "More children from the fit, less from
1903 to 1918 Karl Pearson and his
staff publish over 300 works, plus various government reports and popular
expositions of genetics.
When Francis Galton dies University College
establishes a Galton eugenics professorship, and a new department called
The fund enables Karl Pearson to be freed
from his 'burdensome' teaching to devote full time to eugenics research.
Karl Pearson contributions in statistics are crucial to virtually all
modern scientific research.
He developes the Pearson product moment
correlational coefficient, regression analysis, multiple
correlation, and chi square, and made numerous important contributions in the
area of statistical analysis including the goodness of fit theory.
1918 Popenoe, the Army venereal
disease specialist during World War I, co-writes the widely used textbook,
Applied Eugenics, which argues, "From an historical point of view, the
first method which presents itself is execution
Its value in keeping up
the standard of the race should not be underestimated."
Eugenics devote a chapter to "Lethal Selection," which operates "through
the destruction of the individual by some adverse feature of the environment,
such as excessive cold, or bacteria, or by
Eugenic Society of São Paulo is founded
with Rockefeller Foundation assitance.
This represents the
institutionalization of eugenics in Brazil by elites.
CN LIVE! with Pepe Escobar
1920 The Release of Unworthy
Life, That It Might Be Destroyed by the German lawyer Karl Binding and the
physician Alfred Hoch.
The book is definitely utilitarian.
asserted that "useless" eaters had to die so others could use scarce resources
Euthanasia is based on a
common respect for "everyone's will to live".
correspondence to resource preservation and overpopulation arguments. (Mosse,
1920s US congress introduces and passed many laws to restrict
the influx of 'inferior races,' including those from Southern and Eastern
Europe, and also China.
Inter-racial marriage is forbidden by law in many areas and
discouraged by social
pressure in virtually all.
The eugenicists conclude that the American
belief that education could benefit everyone is unscientific, and that the
conviction that social reform and
social justice could substantially reduce human misery was more than
wrong-headed, it was openly dangerous.
1921 The Birth Control League
changes its name to the American Birth Control League.
Stoddard is on the board of directors.
"Birth control propaganda is
thus the entering wedge for the eugenic educator." - Margaret Sanger ("The
Eugenic Value of Birth Control Propaganda", Birth Control Review,
October 1921, p. 5)
1922 Margaret Sanger publishes
Pivot of Civilization.
It advocates birth control and
IQ testing as mandatory for the lower classes.
Philanthropy is seen as
a positive danger to society, since it allows the
lower classes to
Sanger later asserts that up to 70% of the population
have an intellect of less
than a 15-year old (David Kennedy, Birth Control in America, the Career of
Margaret Sanger, p. 116)
She will also promote the idea of
parenthood licenses -
no one being permitted to have a child unless they first obtain
a government-approved parenthood permit.
Margaret Sanger, a strong
advocate and practitioner of polygamy, considers marriage an abomination and an
assault on human liberty.
and restriction on child
labor, not because it is good for the children, but because it would prove
to be a burden to the poor and force them to restrict family
Lothrop Stoddard publishes The Revolt Against Civilization.
It asserts that uncontrolled reproduction among defective families
would bring the "twilight of the American
mind" and the "dusk of mankind". (Smith, p.3)
holding honorary degrees from the Universities of Birmingham, Cambridge,
Edinburgh, Greifswald, Groningen, Heidelberg, Leipzig and Oxford, actively
engages in the process leading to the creation in of The State Institute for
Racial Biology in Uppsala, Sweden, originally proposed as a Nobel
Institute, taking a position on the board.
The Immigration Restriction Act comes into effect.
won't be removed until 1965.
It is passed largely due to the supporting
testimony of the Eugenics Records Office, Cold Spring Harbor, Long
Island. (Smith, p. 3)
Virginia passes the Racial Integrity Act,
which forbids miscegany (sexual relations between whites and blacks).
This law will become the
model for the German
It is itself modelled on a sterilization act developed
by Harry Laughlin.
The law was written by W.A. Plecker; a eugenicist
and the registrar for vital statistics for Virginia, he also worked closely
with the Eugenics Record Office, and belonged to several eugenic
organizations. (Smith, p. 154-156).
begins funding Margaret Sanger.
1925 Karl Pearson
begins publishing The Annals of Eugenics and continues until he dies.
Part of the reason that the eugenics movement caught on so rapidly was
because of the failures of the many innovative reformatory and other programs
designed to help the poor, the criminal, and people with mental and physical
Many of those who worked in these institutions conclude that
most people in these classes were 'heredity losers' in the struggle for
The unfit should not be allowed to survive and breed
Darwinism gave them an answer to the difficulties that they faced.
Instead of helping people charity was destroying positive habits of
industry and enabling them to breed more of their own genetically inferior
Many of those who began their careers helping the poor conclude
that many, if not most, of their programs are doing more harm than
Many eugenicists believe negative traits picked up in life can be
As many of the supposed biologically inferior groups reached
their second and third generation in America, such as
Ashkenazi, many did
extremely well, empirically documenting that such groups were not biologically
Another problem was that not only were Blacks and Jews
singled out but the Irish, Welsh and numerous other groups were also
judged as racially inferior.
It soon became apparent that many of the
hodgepodge claims were false.
Research by anthropologists
shows how incredibly important culture and learning are, even in shaping minor
Other researchers proved that diet and sanitary
conditions were extremely important, especially in the so-called
The irony of the
assumption that feeblemindedness was inherited became apparent when it was
found that many clearly mentally deficient persons produced offspring which
were fully normal.
This was especially true of those whose children
were raised by relatives and had decent food and
US Supreme Court
upholds the validity of mandatory sterilization in Buck v. Bell.
During the Nuremburg trials, a German doctor will cite Buck vs.
Bell as the precedent for Nazi race hygiene and sterilization programs.
(Smith p. 156)
Lambeth Conference in England approves, for the first time, the use of
contraceptives, albeit only within marriage and only for grave reasons.
Derrick Sherwin Bailey is a
participant in this conference.
Derrick Sherwin Bailey was ordained as
an Anglican priest in 1943 and from 1951 to 1955 Central Lecturer to the
Church of England Moral Welfare Council.
1932 Aldous Huxley
publishes Brave New World.
Brave New World explicitly
models a collectivist society in
which the bodies of everyone are the common property of all.
have been purged of all the inhibitions which tradition has
This is inverted totalitarianism - government control
of individual minds - in exchange for social stability.
Totalitarian governments must make their
subjects obedient servants, and this is best undertaken by allowing unlimited
degradation, and the
silence which it entails, is the best weapon of propaganda in controlling
population as anyone that disagrees
According to Huxley, in order for totalitarianism to
take hold, four principles must be present:
techniques of suggestion.
Huxley proposed drugs such as
scopolamine, and infant
wrote before the effects of television were well-understood.
fully developed science of human differences.
People must be placed
correctly in the social hierarchy to avoid the dangerous thoughts which people
uncomfortable with their social situation feel.
3) Mental vacations.
Mental vacations can come in a multiple of forms.
culture social heirarchy people strive to be able to afford to take real
vacations to destinations in Paradise.
4) Eugenics, in order to
standardize the human product.
(Huxley, Perennial Classic, 1946, vii-xiii)
A special recipient of Rockefeller funding is the Kaiser Wilhelm
Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics in Berlin run by Otmar
Freiherr von Verschuer, a hero in American eugenics circles.
had a long-time assistant. His name was Josef Mengele.
A product can be
defective in 3 main ways:
1. If a product is marketed with inadequate
instructions or warnings as to foreseeable risks, it has
a marketing defect.
2. If it's manufactured with a flaw, but the design and marketing are
fine, its called a
3. If a product is designed in a way that
injury could foreseeably result, and if the risk of injury could have been
reduced by an alternative design, then
a product is said to have a design
its first twenty-five years of eugenic legislation, California sterilized 9,782
individuals, mostly women.
Many were classified as "bad girls,"
diagnosed as "passionate," "oversexed" or "sexually wayward."
Sonoma, some women were sterilized because of what was deemed an abnormally
large clitoris or labia.
1,278 coercive sterilizations were performed,
700 of which were on women.
The state's two leading sterilization mills
in 1933 were Sonoma State Home with 388 operations and Patton State Hospital
with 363 operations.
Other sterilization centers included Agnews,
Mendocino, Napa, Norwalk, Stockton and Pacific Colony state
Only after eugenics became entrenched in the United States
was the campaign transplanted into Germany, in no small measure through the
efforts of California eugenicists, who published booklets idealizing
sterilization and circulated them to German officials and scientists." - Edwin
Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a
Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany by
Hitler studied American eugenics laws.
He tried to
legitimize his antiSemitism by medicalizing it, and wrapping it in the more
palatable pseudoscientific facade of eugenics.
The April issue of
"The Birth Control Review" is devoted entirely to eugenic sterilization,
with a feature article by Dr. Ernst Rudin, the director of Germany's Eugenics
institute. (Schreiber, p. 35).
July 14: Hereditary Health Law inacted,
based on the Laughlin model.
Germany also sets up the first eugenics
Within a year 56,000 people have been sterilized.
This move is roundly
applauded by American
eugenicists. (Smith p 156).
November: The Kallikak study is
republished in Germany.
Harry Laughlin puts the number of eugenic
sterilizations performed in the US at 15,000 through December 1931.
Hans Spemann, developer of chimeric animals, delivers the Silliman
invitational lecture at Yale about intra-species transplantation experiments
1934 The German constitution of 1871 prohibited
abortion, the article which outlawed it is changed when the Hamburg courts
declare a "racial emergency".
Abortion is permitted in Germany for the
first time since the German state came into being.
Neglect of mentally
and physically handicapped patients is encouraged. (Robert Jay Lifton, The Nazi
Doctors, p. 62)
Nuremburg laws are passed.
An estimated 500,000 abortions have been
performed in Germany.
1936 The Nazis award Harry
Laughlin an honorary degree from Hiedelburg University as part of the
university's 550th anniversary celebration, in
appreciation for his eugenics
Laughlin, in his acceptance, states that the Germans provide
the "human seed-stock which ... founded my own country and thus gave basic
character to our present lives and institutions". (Smith, p. 158).
American Eugenics Society has a roundtable discussion at which Nazi
eugenicist Maria Kopp reads her paper on eugenic sterilization.
based their laws on the sterilization program in California carried out by the
Human Betterment Foundation, now known as the Association for
(Marie Kopp Legal and Medical Aspects
of Eugenic Sterilazation in Germany; a talk delivered at the annual meeting
of the American Eugenics Society, May 7, 1936).
considered an epicenter of the American eugenics movement.
eugenicists included potent but little known race scientists, such as Army
venereal disease specialist Dr. Paul Popenoe, citrus magnate and Polytechnic
benefactor Paul Gosney, Sacramento banker Charles M. Goethe, as well as members
of the California State Board of Charities and Corrections and the University
of California Board of Regents.
Eugenics would have been so much bizarre
parlor talk had it not been for extensive financing by corporate
philanthropies, specifically the Carnegie Institution, the Rockefeller
Foundation and the Harriman railroad fortune.
They were all in league
with some of America's most respected scientists hailing from such prestigious
universities as Stamford, Yale, Harvard, and Princeton.
espoused race theory and race science, and then faked and twisted data to serve
eugenics' racist aims." - Edwin Black
1937 North Carolina becomes the first state to contribute
money to Margaret Sanger's birth control movement. (Diversity Magazine,
March/April 1992, p 12, also see Linda Gordon, Woman's Body, Woman's Right).
The NC public health office convinces recalcitrant county health
officers to set up birth control clinics by telling them to check their vital
statistics, confident that they would discover a high proportion of black
Two Rockefeller grantees, Gregory
Pincus and Jacques Loeb, purportedly use
(instigated by x-rays,
and chemicals to induce the female into pregnancy) to create several
pathenogenic monsters, one of which, a rabbit, is featured on the cover of
Rockefeller grants are instrumental in advancing
social control eugenics.
They eventually fund PP, SIECUS,
The American Right to Die Society, Alfred Kinsey's sexuality project
(see Reader's Digest, April 1997, "Sex, Lies, and the Kinsey Report", p.
59), and The
Hastings Center, among others.
states in the US have mandatory sterilization laws. (Smith, p. 139).
The Knauer infant, a child born blind and having deformed limbs, is
starved to death in Germany causing a storm of controversy in Europe. (Lifton,
1939 The German
T-4 program has begun.
Mentally and physically handicapped children are
systematically poisoned or starved to death.
This is soon expanded to
include handicapped adults as well.
Margaret Sanger writes Clarence
Gambel, telling him to hire "three or four colored ministers with engaging
personalities ... we do not want word to get out that we want to exterminate
the Negro population, and the minister is the man who
can straighten out that idea if it occurs to any of their more rebellious
members". (Linda Gordon, Women's Body, Women's Right, A Social History
of Birth Control in America p. 333).
The American Birth Control
League launches The Negro Project.
1941 Hackett's Handbook for Schooling Hitler Youth explains
the Nazi eugenics program.
Ich Klage An (I Accuse), a film favorably
detailing how a doctor euthanizes his handicapped wife, is released. (Smith p.
165 and Mosse, Towards the Final Solution, p. 216)
The Nazi regime
recommends that abortion on the mother's request should be approved in order to
reduce the surplus population.
American Birth Control League changes its name to Planned
1944 Planned Parenthood
hires a permanent Negro Consultant.
Parenthood policy required the hiring of staff at each clinic which reflected
the racial population it served, in order to make birth control more palatable.
(Diversity Magazine, March/April p. 14)
Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer becomes a corresponding member of the newly formed
American Society of Human Genetics.
University of Münster offered Verschuer a position at its new Institute
of Human Genetics, where goes on to become dean.
In the early and
mid-1950s, Verschuer became an honorary member of numerous prestigious
societies, including the Italian Society of Genetics, the
Anthropological Society of Vienna, and the Japanese Society for Human
John D. Rockefeller III
April issue of Scientific American carries the article "How Cells
Associate", which describes the cloning and hybridization of amphibian
embryos performed by Dr. Clifford Grobstein, professor emeritus at UC San
Diego, member of the American Fertility Society, and a member of the Hastings
Center review committee.
1968 Dr. Geoffery
Chamberlein, a researcher at George Washington U, obtains several liveborn
babies on the abortion schedule and attaches them to an artificial placenta
Several hours later, after the necessary data was
obtained, the equipment is shut off and the children die.
how many children thay want 41% of poll respondants want four or more children.
1971, Three years later the percentage had
dropped to 19%. (Celeste Michelle Condit, "Decoding Abortion Rhetoric" p 71,
and Gallup 1935-1971, 2168-2169)
The Zero Population Growth
movement is instrumental in adopting the "unwanted child" rhetoric which
eventually is adopted by the pro-abortion movememnt. (Condit, p. 187).
1973 Roe v. Wade, 410
The Court ruled 72 that a right to privacy under the Due
Process Clause of the 14th Amendment extended to a woman's decision to have an
This right to have an abortion must be balanced against the
interests of the state in protecting female health and the potentiality of
The Court resolved this balancing test by tying state
regulation of abortion to the third trimester of pregnancy.
to a prize competition from the Population Institution, which wanted
television shows dealing with population matters, an episode of the television
series "Maude" shows her having an abortion (Condit, p. 124).
1980's Dr. Ann McLaren, British
biologist, a frequent researcher at
Cold Springs Harbor and a member of the American Fertility Society is appointed
to England's Warnock Committee, which is tasked to discuss whether or not human
embryo experimentation should be permitted for the first 14 days.
introduces and popularizes the term "pre-embryo".
1984 Faye Wattleton, the first African
American and youngest president ever elected to Planned Parenthood
Federation of America tells the Washington Times that Margaret
Sanger was "devoted to eugenics and the advancement of the perfect race."
1986 Faye Wattleton tells The Humanist
Magazine "I am proud to be walking in the footsteps of Margaret Sanger."
Planned Parenthood's definition of abstinence:
means sex without having intercourse. It is the most effective form of birth
control, has been used for centuries and is still very common. It has no
pysical side effects as long as prolonged sexual arousal is followed by orgasm
to relieve pelvic congestion." (Boston Women's Health Book Collective, The New
Our Bodies, Ourselves, p. 237)
1992 70% of
Planned Parenthood clinics are located in predominantly black or hispanic
neighborhoods. (Diversity, March April, 1992, p. 16).
Germany's decision to exterminate the handicapped, and then the
Jews, was merely the next logical step on the path to
specifically denied that Social
Darwinism applied to them.
They claimed evolution did not apply to
races with strong racial roots, so their eugenics policies were only meant to
prevent the contamination of perfection.
countries where rural populations continue to grow and holdings are divided
among the children in each generation, the land per family eventually shrinks
to the point where survival is threatened.
Halting the fragmentation
that is creating a nightmarish situation in many rural communities in Africa
and Asia depends either on moving quickly to replacement-level fertility or
accepting massive rural-urban migration.
Societies with water demands
surpassing the sustainable yield of the aquifers and desiring more water per
person in the future will have to consider the possibility of reducing
population size, a trend already under way in some European countries.
This means shifting not to a two-child family, but to a one-child
family." - Lester R. Brown, Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the
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