down to the southern coal fields of the Colorado Fuel and Iron
I went through the various coal camps, eating in the homes of
the miners, staying all night with their families.
I found the
conditions under which they lived deplorable.
in practical slavery to the
company, who owned their houses, owned all the land, so that if a miner did
own a house he must vacate whenever it pleased
the land owners.
They were paid in scrip instead of money so that they could not go away
They must buy at company
stores and at company prices.
The coal they mined was weighed by an
agent of the company and the miners could not have a check weighman to see that
full credit was given them.
The schools, the churches, the roads
belonged to the company.
I felt, after listening to their stories, after
witnessing their long patience
that the time was ripe for revolt against such brutal conditions.
of the fighting took place around Cripple Creek.
The miners were
evicted from their company owned houses.
They went out on the bleak
mountain sides, lived in tents through a
terrible winter with the temperature below zero, with eighteen inches of
snow on the ground.
They tied their feet in gunny sacks and lived lean
and lank and hungry as timber
All civil law had broken down in the Cripple Creek strike.
The militia under Colonel Verdeckberg said, "We are under orders only
from God and Governor Peabody."
Judge Advocate McClelland when accused
of violating the constitution said, "To hell with the constitution!"
There was a complete breakdown of all civil law.
Habeas corpus proceedings were
Free speech and assembly were
People spoke in whispers as in
the days of the inquisition.
Strikers were arrested for vagrancy and worked in chain
gangs on the street under brutal soldiers.
Men, women and tiny children
were packed in the Bullpen at Cripple Creek.
Miners were shot dead as
They were ridden from the country, their families knowing
not where they had gone, or whether they lived.
When the strike started
in Cripple Creek, the civil law was operating, but the governor, a banker, and
in complete sympathy
with the Rockefeller
interests, sent the militia.
They threw the officers out of office.
Sheriff Robinson had a rope thrown at his feet and told that if he did
not resign, the rope would be about his neck.
Shop keepers were forbidden to sell
Priests and ministers were intimidated, fearing to give
The miners opened their own stores to feed the women
The soldiers and hoodlums broke
into the stores, looted them, broke open the safes, destroyed the scales,
ripped open the sacks of
sugar, dumped them on
the floor and poured kerosene
oil over everything.
The beef and meat was poisoned by the militia.
Goods were stolen.
The miners were without redress, for the
militia was immune.
Men beaten and left for dead in the road.
Organizers were thrown into jail and held without trial for months.
They were deported.
were landed in the desert, thirty miles from food or water.
others were deported, taken away without being allowed to communicate with
wives and children.
On the 19th of April, 1914, machine guns, used on
the strikers in the Paint Creek strike, were placed in position above the tent
colony of Ludlow.
Major Pat Hamrock and Lieutenant K. E. Linderfelt
were in charge of the militia, the majority of whom were, company gun-men sworn
in as soldiers.
Early in the morning soldiers approached the colony
with a demand from headquarters that Louis Tikas, leader of the
Greeks, surrender two
Tikas demanded a warrant for their arrest.
Tikas refused to surrender them.
The soldiers returned to
A signal bomb was fired. Then another.
machine guns began spraying the flimsy tent colony, the only home the wretched
families of the miners had, riddling it with bullets.
Like iron rain,
bullets' upon men, women and children.
The women and children fled to
The men defended their home with
All day long the firing continued.
Men fell dead,
their faces to the ground.
The little Snyder boy
was shot through the head, trying to save his kitten.
A child carrying
water to his dying mother was killed.
By five o'clock in the
afternoon, the miners had
no more food, nor water, nor ammunition.
They had to retreat with their
wives and little ones into the hills.
Louis Tikas was riddled with
shots while he tried to lead women and children to safety.
perished with him.
A raw wind blew down the canyons where men, women and children shivered
Then a blaze lighted the sky.
The soldiers, drunk
with blood and with the liquor they had looted from the saloon, set fire to the
tents of Ludlow with oil-soaked torches.
The tents, all the poor
furnishings, the clothes and bedding of the miners' families burned.
Coils of barbed wire were stuffed into the well, the miners' only water
After it was over, the wretched people crept back to bury their
In a dugout under a burned tent, the charred bodies of eleven
little children and two women were found-unrecognizable.
The wires of bed springs writhed on the ground as if they,
too, had tried to flee the horror.
Oil and fire
and guns had robbed men and women and children of their homes and slaughtered
tiny babies and defenseless women.
Done by order of Lieutenant
Linderfelt, a savage, brutal executor of the will of the Colorado Fuel and Iron
Rockefeller got busy.
Writers were hired to write pamphlets which were sent for broadcast to
every editor in the country, bulletins.
In these leaflets, it was shown
how perfectly happy was the
life of the miner until the agitators came; how joyous he was with the
company's saloon, the company's pig-stys for homes, the company's teachers and
preachers and coroners.
How the miners hated
the state law of an eight-hour working day, begging to be allowed to work ten,
How they hated the state law that they should have their own
check weighman to see that they were not cheated at the tipple.
the while the mothers of the children who died in Ludlow were mourning their
And so I could go on and on." - Mary "Mother"
Ledbetter Lee was retained by
John D. Rockefeller Jr to
family and Standard Oil, ("to burnish the family image"), after the
coal mining rebellion in
Colorado known as the "Ludlow Massacre".
Ivy Ledbetter Lee was the
first to use modern
public relations propaganda for
The term "public relations" first appeared in the 1897 Yearbook of Railway
A number of Company B troopers- as instructed by superiors-
locate themselves atop Water Tank Hill, just south of Ludlow.
miners spotted the militiamen, and being quite concerned, armed themselves and
moved to key points where they could closely watch activities.
the sound of riffle fire echoed through the nearby hills.
militia nor the miners knew who fired these shots.
Despite this, an
exchange of gunfire began, as both confused miners and militiamen believed they
were coming under attack.
The militia were outnumbered but had a choice
location and a machine gun.
The spray from the gun drove armed strikers
back toward the tents, and provided excellent coverage for guardsmen advancing
toward the tents.
Company A reinforcements arrived with another machine
gun offer support.
The miners now faced two automatic weapons and about
Machine gun and rifle fire forced women and children to
take refuge in storage cellars beneath the tents.
The bodies of two
women and 11 children - victims of asphyxiation - were found huddled within a
Five strikers, 2 other youngsters, and at least 4 men
associated with the militia joined them in death.
The Ludlow Massacre
spawned the Colorado Coalfield War.
During the ten days of fighting at
least fifty civilians lost their lives, including twenty-one killed at Ludlow.
From 700 to 1,000 armed strikers gained control of large areas of
territory, and waged open warfare against mine guards, militia and mine
Ivy Ledbetter Lee was retained by John D. Rockefeller Jr to
represent Standard Oil
("to burnish the family image"), after the coal mining rebellion.
Sinclair dubbed him "Poison Ivy" after Lee tried to send bulletins saying those
that died were victims of an overturned stove, when in fact they were shot by
the Colorado National Guard.
Ivy Ledbetter Lee was an inaugural member
of the Council on Foreign Relations in the U.S. when it was established in New
York City in 1921.
Shortly before his death in 1934, Congress was
investigating his work in Nazi Germany on behalf of the company IG Farben.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of the
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior
corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction
of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to
the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain
copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically
authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our
efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political,
economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe
this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for
in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C.
Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those
who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for
research and educational purposes. For more information see:
www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted
material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you
must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved