"Within every atom traces of
the Sun hath been made manifest."
"Epicurian atomism is the best theory for the
Epicurian atomism is compatible with
|Electrons are simply too
small for us to observe.
J. J. Thompson in 1879 suggested an atom was
composed of electrons surrounded by a soup of positive charge - the plum
When Ernest Rutherford carried out his famous gold leaf
experiments along with Geiger and Marsden, they concluded that the mass of an
atom was concentrated at its center, and thus proposed a model with a positive
central nucleus surrounded by negatively charged electrons.
proposed electrons existed in orbitals - orbiting the central positive nucleus
in a manner analogous to planets orbiting a central star.
A spectral analysis of
hydrogen reveals a set of discrete emission lines which the Bohr model
explains as the transition of electrons between orbitals.
The Bohr model
is only able to explain the emission spectra for hydrogen or other single
electron atoms like ionized helium.
For multi-electron atoms the
spectral analysis showed many more discrete emission lines that could not be
explained by the Bohr model.
This is where the quantum model took over,
where, instead of existing in precisely-defined orbits, all that is known about
electrons is their probable
distribution around the atomgenerally referred to as an electron
The electron cloud model was developed in 1926 by Erwin
Schrödinger and Werner Heisenberg, and can be explained in terms of a
probability wave - specifically the Schrodinger wave equation - where the
states or "orbitals" that an electron can occupy in an atom is
analogous to that of a standing
In the quantum model, these states, or orbitals, depend on a
set of quantum numbers; for example, the principle quantum number n, the
angular momentum number l, the magnetic number m, and the spin number s.
It is these different quantum numbers that define the position and
momentum of an electron in terms of a probability cloud, and thus describe the
emission lines that were unaccounted for in the Bohr model.
model was also extended to explain emission lines that occur due to
an external magnetic field and/or due to
interactions with the quantum vacuum.
"The very attempt to conjure up
an image of elementary particles and think of them in visual terms is to wholly
"Our size is not an
accident. It is, within quite narrow
bounds, imposed by the invariant strengths of the forces of
balance occurs between
gravitational and atomic forces when matter has a density close to the density
of single atoms.
Living things are made out
of intricately organized collections of atoms and molecules, held together by
interatomic and molecular bonds.
trees, people, insects, cells and
molecules are all composed of closely packed arrays of atoms.
The density of these collections of
atoms is therefore similar to the density of a single one
of the atoms of which they are made." -
John D. Barrow
infinite universe is made of galaxies which
are made of stars which are made of planets which are made of atoms which
are made of electrons (negative), protons (positive), and neutrons (neutral)
which are made of elementary particles.
An elementary particle is a
subatomic particle that is not made up of smaller particles, and so can be
considered one of the fundamental units of matter.
There are three
groups of elementary particles: quarks, leptons, and gauge bosons.
Quarks, of which there are 6 types (up,
bottom, plus the anti-particles
of each), combine in groups of three to produce heavy particles called baryons,
and in groups of two to produce intermediate-mass particles called mesons. They
and their composite particles are influenced by the strong nuclear
Leptons are light particles. Again, there are 6 types: electron,
mu neutrino, and
tau neutrino; and the
anti-particles of each. These particles
are influenced by the weak nuclear force.
Gauge bosons carry forces
between other particles. There are four types: gluon, photon, weakon, and
graviton. The gluon carries the strong
nuclear force, the photon the
electromagnetic force, the
weakons the weak nuclear force, and the graviton the
force of gravity.
physics, every type of particle has an associated antiparticle with the same
mass but with opposite physical charges except a photon.
antiparticle of the electron is the antielectron or positron.
electron has a negative electric charge, the positron has a positive electric
charge, and is produced
naturally in certain types of radioactive decay.
If a particle and antiparticle are in the
appropriate quantum states,
then they can annihilate each other to produce photons.
Quantum mechanics differs
from classical physics in that
energy, momentum, angular momentum and other quantities of a bound system are
restricted to discrete values (quantization),
objects have characteristics of both
particles and waves (wave-particle duality), and there are limits to the
precision with which quantities can be measured (the uncertainty
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational
This website defines a
new perspective with which to en❡a❡e Яeality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the faλsification of reaλity outside personal
experience has forged a populace unable to
discern propaganda from Яeality and
that this has been done purposefully by an internati☣nal
c☣rp☣rate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt
Ѵersion of Яeality on the human race. Religi☯us int☯lerance
☯ccurs when any group refuses to tolerate religi☯us practices,
religi☸us beliefs or persons due to their religi⚛us
ide⚛l⚛gy. This web site marks the founding of a system of
philºsºphy nªmed the Mŷsterŷ of the Lumière
Infinie - a ra☨ional gnos☨ic mys☨ery re☦igion based on
reaso🐍 which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no
supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a pers∞nal relati∞n with Æ∞n
through the pursuit of the knowλedge of reaλity in the cu☮ing
the spi☮itual co☮☮uption that has enveloped the human spirit.
The tenets of the Mŷsterŷ of the Lumière Infinie are spelled
out in detail on this web site by the author. Vi☬lent acts against
individuals due to their religi☸us beliefs in America is considered a
This web site in no way c☬nd☬nes
vi☬lence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the vi☬lence
that is already occurring due to the internati☣nal c☣rp☣rate
cartels desire to c✡ntr✡l the human race. The internati☣nal
c☣rp☣rate cartel already controls the w☸rld
ec☸n☸mic system, c☸rp☸rate media w☸rldwide, the
global indus✈rial mili✈ary en✈er✈ainmen✈ complex
and is responsible for the coλλapse of moraλs, the eg●
w●rship behavior and the destruction of gl☭bal ec☭systems.
Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation with
bi☣hazards of a gun.
American social mores and values have
declined precipitously over the last century as the internati☣nal
c☣rp☣rate cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests
in the ability to deceive the p☠pulace in general through
c✡rp✡rate media by press☟ng em☠ti☠nal
butt☠ns which have been πreπrogrammed into the
πoπulation through prior c✡rp✡rate media psychological
operations. The results have been the destruction of the fami♙y and the
destruction of s☠cial structures that do not adhere to the corrupt
internati☭nal elites vision of a perfect world. Through
distra¢tion and ¢oer¢ion the dir⇼ction of th✡ught
of the bulk of the p☠pulati☠n has been direc⇶ed ⇶oward
s↺luti↻ns proposed by the corrupt internati☭nal elite that
further con$olidate$ their p☣wer and which further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and
opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed
the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
☨hough☨. All factual information presented on this web site is
believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in
print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts
truthfully. Opinion and ☨hough☨s have been adapted, edited,
corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly
all opinion and ☨hough☨ has been throughout time but has been done
so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her
☨hough☨s and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the
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