Detailed Map of the Universe

Universe Explained in Under 3 Minutes

Universe Grows Like a Giant Brain

Big Bang Theory

Holographic Universe

Electric Universe Theory

Mystery of the Universe's Expansion Rate Widens

Across The Universe

Chinese charater for the Milky Way Galaxy

Here Comes The Sun

Look Into The Sun

Waiting for the Sun

The Sun's Evolution

Bring Me Sunshine

Snatam Kaur

Evolution of a Habitable Planet

Hydroelectric Dam Changed Earth's Rotation

Chinese charater for the planet earth

atomic weight of an atom

Electron ring images confirm Landau Levels

Democritus of Abdera

Greek philosopher (460-370 B.C.)
developed a model of the universe based on the
concept that all things are comprised of tiny particles

"Within every atom traces of the Sun hath been made manifest."

"Epicurian atomism is the best theory for the natural world.

Epicurian atomism is compatible with Christianity."

Pierre Gassendi

Inside the Mysterious Electron

Electrons are simply too small for us to observe.

J. J. Thompson in 1879 suggested an atom was composed of electrons surrounded by a soup of positive charge - the plum pudding model.

When Ernest Rutherford carried out his famous gold leaf experiments along with Geiger and Marsden, they concluded that the mass of an atom was concentrated at its center, and thus proposed a model with a positive central nucleus surrounded by negatively charged electrons.

Niels Bohr proposed electrons existed in orbitals - orbiting the central positive nucleus in a manner analogous to planets orbiting a central star.

A spectral analysis of hydrogen reveals a set of discrete emission lines which the Bohr model explains as the transition of electrons between orbitals.

The Bohr model is only able to explain the emission spectra for hydrogen or other single electron atoms like ionized helium.

For multi-electron atoms the spectral analysis showed many more discrete emission lines that could not be explained by the Bohr model.

This is where the quantum model took over, where, instead of existing in precisely-defined orbits, all that is known about electrons is their probable distribution around the atom—generally referred to as an electron cloud.

The electron cloud model was developed in 1926 by Erwin Schrödinger and Werner Heisenberg, and can be explained in terms of a probability wave - specifically the Schrodinger wave equation - where the states or "orbitals" that an electron can occupy in an atom is analogous to that of a standing wave.

In the quantum model, these states, or orbitals, depend on a set of quantum numbers; for example, the principle quantum number n, the angular momentum number l, the magnetic number m, and the spin number s.

It is these different quantum numbers that define the position and momentum of an electron in terms of a probability cloud, and thus describe the emission lines that were unaccounted for in the Bohr model.

The quantum model was also extended to explain emission lines that occur due to an external magnetic field and/or due to interactions with the quantum vacuum.

Neutrinos Lead to Unexpected Discovery in Basic Math

Elementary Particle

The Standard Model Of Particle Physics

Weasel shuts down world's largest particle accelerator

"The very attempt to conjure up an image of elementary particles and think of them in visual terms is to wholly misrepresent them."

Werner Heisenberg

Our ancestors are primordial stars ripped apart by the collision of star systems.

New solar systems coalesce from clouds of stardust.

Gravity draws matter together, exploding in supernova.

Before heavier elements are amalgamated, three cycles of the death and rebirth of a star system are required.

Three cataclysmic stellar collisions make life!

The Living Earth is dependent upon Existent Forces.

Without that force life could not have come into being.

Embedded in the molecules of each unique thing there exists a record of the history of its ancestors!

organic spaceship

Richard Feynman's Story of Particle Physics

Mysteriously Shrinking Proton Continues to Puzzle Physicists

"Our size is not an accident. It is, within quite narrow bounds, imposed by the invariant strengths of the forces of nature.

A balance occurs between gravitational and atomic forces when matter has a density close to the density of single atoms.

Living things are made out of intricately organized collections of atoms and molecules, held together by interatomic and molecular bonds.

Planets, mountains, trees, people, insects, cells and molecules are all composed of closely packed arrays of atoms.

The density of these collections of atoms is therefore similar to the density of a single one of the atoms of which they are made." - John D. Barrow

The infinite universe is made of galaxies which are made of stars which are made of planets which are made of atoms which are made of electrons (negative), protons (positive), and neutrons (neutral) which are made of elementary particles.

An elementary particle is a subatomic particle that is not made up of smaller particles, and so can be considered one of the fundamental units of matter.

There are three groups of elementary particles: quarks, leptons, and gauge bosons.

Quarks, of which there are 12 types (up, down, charm, strange, top, and bottom, plus the anti-particles of each), combine in groups of three to produce heavy particles called baryons, and in groups of two to produce intermediate-mass particles called mesons. They and their composite particles are influenced by the strong nuclear force.

Leptons are light particles. Again, there are 12 types: electron, muon, tau; electron neutrino, mu neutrino, and tau neutrino; and the anti-particles of each. These particles are influenced by the weak nuclear force.

Gauge bosons carry forces between other particles. There are four types: gluon, photon, weakon, and graviton. The gluon carries the strong nuclear force, the photon the electromagnetic force, the weakons the weak nuclear force, and the graviton the force of gravity.

In particle physics, every type of particle has an associated antiparticle with the same mass but with opposite physical charges except a photon.

The antiparticle of the electron is the antielectron or positron.

While the electron has a negative electric charge, the positron has a positive electric charge, and is produced naturally in certain types of radioactive decay.

If a particle and antiparticle are in the appropriate quantum states, then they can annihilate each other to produce photons.

Quantum mechanics differs from classical physics in that energy, momentum, angular momentum and other quantities of a bound system are restricted to discrete values (quantization), objects have characteristics of both particles and waves (wave-particle duality), and there are limits to the precision with which quantities can be measured (the uncertainty principle).

Feynman Lectures on Physics

Particle Physics - Subatomic Particle
(Leptons, Quarks, Higgs, Gravitons)

Physicists confirm two rare pentaquarks exist

particle or wave

photograph of light as both a particle and wave

Measurements retroactively force photons to be both wave and particle

"Since quantum physics has clarified the dematerialization of material reality, we must accept reality as much more extensive in scope and depth than our senses reveal, and humans as potentially more flexibly expansive beings, both psychologically and spiritually, than what we have heretofore taken ourselves to be.

We have to see all things in the light of a broader radius of comprehension.

Though science has assigned metaphoric labels to the phenomena at the very edge of existence - protons, electrons, quarks, gluons, plus bits and quibits from the arena of information theory - essentially we are speaking of various configurations of frequencies."- Lew Paz

The Most Astounding Fact

unique library index

This web site is not a commercial web site and is presented for educational purposes only.

This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."

This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation does not occur at the point of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.

All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.

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