"The professional standards of science must impose a framework of discipline and at the same time encourage rebellion against it.

They must demand that, in order to be taken seriously, an investigation should largely conform to the currently predominant beliefs about the nature of things, while allowing that in order to be original it may to some extent go against these." - John C. Polanyi


Scientific Studies: John Oliver

Studies full of jargon flag scientists as liars

Most Scientific Findings Are Wrong or Useless

Why Most Published Research Findings Are False

The Truth Is Many Scientific Studies Can't Be Trusted

Science Studies Appear to Be Tainted By Sloppy Analysis

Retraction Watch: epidemic of deeply flawed meta-analyses

Replicated 100 Psychology Studies: Fewer Than Half Concur

"Science, as a dominant factor in determining the beliefs of educated men, has existed for about 300 years; as a source of economic technique, for about 150 years.

In this brief period it has proved itself an incredibly powerful revolutionary force.

When we consider how recently it has risen to power, we find ourselves forced to believe that we are at the very beginning of its work in transforming human life." - Bertrand Russell

a universal way to solve problems

"History of scientific knowledge consists of a perennial rigging and collapsing of ever expanding paradigms - every expansion denied and fought off with the last-ditch obstinacy of old guard scientists." - Lew Paz

There are a few exceptions to the idea there is no conclusive proof in science.

Scientists intuitively feel how rational scientific theories are, rather than having a precise logical method for making such judgements.

Shaping principles, based on an intuitive understanding of variables and probabilities, go unspoken as most are unaware they are using them.

Shaping principles influence the data we perceive as there is a tendency for the mind to subconsciously fill in patterns based on these notions.

Such human contamination is called internal theoretical orientation of data.

As a result, totally objective data can, in reality, never be obtained.

The Science Delusion

"Every framework sets up
a restricted field of relationships."

Alan Watts

"Framing is the process by which a communication source, such as a news organization, defines and constructs a political issue or public controversy" (Nelson, Oxley, & Clawson, 1997, p. 221).

Jim A. Kuypers defined frames as rhetorical entities that "induce us to filter perceptions of the world in particular ways, essentially making some aspects of our multi-dimensional reality more noticeable than other aspects."

"Framing is a process whereby communicators, consciously or subconsciously, act to construct a point of view that encourages the facts of a given situation to be interpreted by others in a particular manner.

Frames operate in four key ways: they define problems, diagnose causes, make moral judgments, and suggest remedies.

Frames are often found within a narrative account of an issue or event, and are generally the central organizing idea." - Jim A. Kuypers

A frame must be relevant to observers and inform them.

Snow, Rochford, Worden, Benford (1986) identify three core framing tasks.

The degree tasks are attended to will determine participant mobilization:

Diagnostic framing for identification of a problem causation;

prognostic framing to suggest solutions, strategies and tactical possibilities;

motivational framing that serves as a call to arms or rationale for action.

People view reality through framing and shaping principles.

Once a framework of a personal worldview is in place it recedes from conscious thought to lodge itself deep in the subconscious.

Having built framework to navigate, we no longer consciously plug in.

It is subconscious; what we think of as "common sense" is merely an act or notion that resonates within one of our deep subconscious frameworks.

"Scientific knowledge may lead to salvation, but the prerequisite for this
revealed wisdom of science is Christian morality." - Edmund Brehm

The criminalization of science whistleblowers

How ancient brains learn new science

"A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a next generation grows up that is familiar with it." - Max Planck

"Efforts to communicate science are hampered by the fact that perfectly intelligent people are ignorant of the basic principles of science." - AA

The goal of Science is to obtain True Knowledge of Reality, precisely the same goal as that of the Ancient Gnostics.

Philosophy of science deals with the systemic nature of scientific inquiry which is equivalent to gnostic inquiry.

To properly understand the philosophy of science, to understand methods of gnostic inquiry, it is necessary to understand basic elements of science which include data, theories, and shaping principles.

Collections of information about physical processes are termed data.

Collecting data to support scientific theories is laborious.

Fundamental assumptions are made in data collection.

Details of that process are often excluded when forming a scientific theory.

Generalized data is easier to fit into a scientific theory than specific data.

Scientific theories come in two forms.

Phenomenological theories are empirical generalizations of data.

They describe recurring processes of nature and do not refer to causation.

Phenomenological theories involve physical laws and natural laws.

Explanatory theories explain the observations rather than generalize them.

Whereas laws are descriptions of empirical regularities, explanatory theories are conceptual constructions to explain why the phenomena exist.

Shaping principles are non-empirical fundamental assumptions that form the basis of science and go into selecting every theory.

Originally science, a systematic way of acquiring knowledge, was seen as absolutely objective, rational, and based on purely empirical observations.

This traditional image of science held that scientific theories and laws were to be conclusively confirmed or falsified based on objective data.

It was believed that the "scientific method" excluded cognitive bias, emotion, intuition, assumptions and was based entirely on logic and reason.

The definition of what the "scientific method" is has changed over time.

In the early seventeenth century Baconian inductivism was considered to be the "scientific method."

The basic concept:

collect as numerous of observations as humanly possible;

remain unaffected by any prior prejudice, theoretical preconceptions or cognitive bias while gathering the data;

inductively infer theory from data (generalize data into physical laws);

then collect more data to modify or reject the hypothesis as needed.

Unfortunately, when using inductivism to arrive at natural laws, certain theoretical preconceptions are absolutely vital.

To generalize the data into physical laws, the individual must assume that the laws apply for physical processes not observed.

This results in several assumptions, such as a uniform operation of nature.

Even if we put aside the fact that inductive logic is invariably based on such postulations, there is another problem.

Science deals with concepts and explanatory theories that cannot be directly observed, including atomic theory and the theory of gravity.

Many other theories include unobservable concepts like forces, fields, and subatomic particles.

There is no known rigorous inductive logic that can infer those theories and concepts solely from the data they explain.

Isaac Newton developed hypothetico-deductivism in the late 1600s.

Essentially, one starts with a hypothesis, basically a provisional theory, and then deduces what we would expect to find in the empirical world as a result of that hypothesis.

"I am very astonished that the scientific image of the real world around me is deficient." - Erwin Schrödinger

The concept was to quarantine human irrationality.

A theory did not become a valid theory by its origins, but because of the hypothetico-deductive method of verification.

Hypothetico-deductivism fails if rigorous proof is necessary for valid science.

We must assume: sense experience, memory, and testimony are all generally reliable; we have examined all the data and there is no possibility future observations will behave unexpectedly.

Unfortunately every theory has an infinite number of expected empirical outcomes, and we are incapable of testing all of those expectations.

As a result of the underdetermination of theories and unknown unknowns, contradictory empirical evidence, a scientific theory cannot be conclusively proven merely through the data.

Karl Popper recognized that one could not record everything observed.

Some sort of selection is needed, and thus observation is always selective.

Karl Popper felt a hypothesis had to come first for scientific investigation to begin as there is no other way to determine which data is to be observed.

Karl Popper developed the idea of falsification which suggests that if a prediction does not come true, then the scientific theory must be false.

The necessity for a scientific theory to be conclusively falsifiable is known as the demarcation criterion.

Surprisingly, the problem is that it is impossible to conclusively falsify theories by empirical data.

Scientific theories, by themselves, are incapable of making predictions.

assumptions and variables

Empirical results of an experiment invariably rest on auxiliary assumptions - assumptions auxiliary to the original fundamental assumptions.

Assume we have a particle theory that says if we process a certain particle in a particular way, we will get specified values on various measurements.

We must assume:

all foundational theories involved in deriving the prediction are correct;

the models we are using in deriving the prediction are all correct;

the predictions derived from employing the theories and models to make the prediction are all logically correct;

and, due to the nature of reality, most variables we'll skip …

Predictions of future probable outcomes are dependent on the fundamental assumptions of previous scientific theories and the models derived.

Unfortunately scientific theories cannot be conclusively proven.

The dependence on foundational assumptions to make predictions is sometimes called the Duhem-Quine problem.

Theories can neither be conclusively proven nor conclusively falsified by empirical data.

It is possible to salvage a troubled theory or make arguments against a well-supported theory simply by altering auxiliary assumptions to produce different predictions or change the meaning of theory-laden observations.

It is also possible to modify virtually any theory so that it's consistent with whatever data that might come up.

The shaping principles used to build theories form the foundation of science.

Examples of shaping principles include: there exists an external objective reality; the belief natural processes operate in a fairly consistent manner; our senses are generally reliable.

Due to the underdetermination of theories, there is always an infinite number of competing theories that can accommodate any given set of empirical data.

Ockham's Razor or the Law of Parsimony, the fundamental shaping principles of logic, states that, if all other aspects are equal, the simplest theory is preferred over other theories involving additional complexity.

no intention

Myth of Exponential Growth

Thoughts Can Release Abilities beyond Normal Limits

Neurons reveal the brain's learning limit

"The joke of our time is the suicide of intention."

Theodor Adorno

"Unhappiness comes about not only by unrealistic expectations but from lacking a full sense of one's own capacities and limitations." - Peggy Levine

Probability theory is the branch of mathematics concerned with probability, the analysis of conforming phenomena.

As a mathematical foundation for statistics, probability theory is essential to many human activities that involve quantitative analysis of large sets of data.

Methods of probability theory also apply to descriptions of complex systems given only partial knowledge of their state, as in statistical mechanics.

A great discovery of twentieth century physics was the probabilistic nature of physical phenomena at atomic scales, described in quantum mechanics.

There is a fine line between expecting what is possible and expecting what is highly unlikely or even impossible if your worldview is askew.

On a quantum level intention physically modifies reality as free will gives us the choice of whether to stand, sit or lie down.

unique library index

This web site is not a commercial web site and is presented for educational purposes only.

This website defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."

This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation does not occur at the point of a gun.

American social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.

All views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.

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