myth : metaphor
In conceptualizing metaphor, a
mechanism for using inference
from a source domain to think and
talk about another domain comes into
"Reasoning by metaphor is
an ingenious technique that
allows us to remedy our weaknesses by capitalizing on our strengths - using
things we can visualize to think, talk, and reason about things we can not
"We may not always know
it, but we think in metaphor. A large proportion of our most commonplace
thoughts make use of an extensive, but
unconscious, system of
metaphorical concepts, that is, concepts from a typically concrete realm of
thought that are used to comprehend another, completely different domain. Such
concepts are often reflected in everyday language, but their most dramatic
effect comes in ordinary reasoning. Because so much of our social and political
reasoning makes use of this system of metaphorical concepts, any adequate
appreciation of even the most mundane social and political thought requires an
understanding of this system. But unless one knows that the system exists, one
may miss it altogether and be mystified by
its effects." - George Lakoff A
metaphor is a symbolic conceptual
image that suggests something else.
For instance, if
I say to a individual, "You are a
nut," I am not suggesting that
the individual is
literally a nut.
"Nut" is a metaphor.
In sacred text metaphors are used to
constructs transcendent of literal physical objects.
If you think
that the metaphor is itself the reference, it would be like going to a
restaurant, asking for the menu, seeing an image of beefsteak, and
starting to eat the
That is literally what is being
would appear to be that Christ ascended into the sky.
If that were
really the intent of the message, we
have to throw the message away, there would have been no such place
for Christ to literally go.
Christ could not have ascended to heaven
because there is no physical heaven anywhere in the universe as was thought up
until the time of Galileo Galilei.
Even ascending at the speed of light,
Christ would still be in the galaxy.
simply eliminated that as a physical
If you read 'Christ ascended to heaven' in
terms of its metaphoric connotation, you see that Christ has gone inward - not
into outer space but into inward space, to the place from which all being comes
into the consciousness of the Source of Life -
the Kingdom of Heaven.
These images are an
outward reflection of an inner reality.
To ascend with Christ we turn
Returning to the Source,
alpha and omega, of leaving the fixation on the material behind and going to
the dynamic Source of Life.
In the standard
way of thinking of Christ ascending to heaven, we
cannot identify with Christ,
we have to imitate Jesus.
To say, "I and the Father are
one," as Christ said,
is blasphemy for
In the Gospel of
Thomas, dug up in Egypt in 1946, Christ says, "He who drinks from my mouth
will become as I am, and I shall be
This is Buddhism.
We are all
manifestations of Buddha
consciousness, or Christ
The word "Buddha" means "the one who woke up."
are all to do that! Find
wake up to the Buddha or
Christ consciousness within
This is blasphemy to Christians that take the Bible
literally, but it is the
very essence of Christian gnosticism and of the
Gospel of Thomas.
metaphor in Christianity that corresponds to
If one dies with a fixation on the things of this
Earth then one's spirit is not
ready to behold the beatific vision, therefore one has to undergo a purgation,
one has to be purged clean of one's limitations.
The limitations are what are
Sin in this sense is
simply a limiting factor that limits your consciousness and
fixes it in an inadequate
In the Eastern metaphor, if you die in that condition,
you come back again to have more experiences that will clarify, clarify,
clarify, until you are released from these fixations.
The reincarnating soul is the
principal hero of Eastern myth.
The soul puts on various personalities, life
idea is not that you and I, as the personalities that we are, will be
what the soul throws off.
Then the soul puts on another
body, male or female, depending on 'what experiences are necessary for it to
clear itself of this attachment to the field of time.
and what in India are called the "rishis" are said
to have 'heard' the scriptures.
The sacred sound of Ohm.
anybody might open his eyes and ears, but not everyone has the capacity
actually to hear the scriptures.
Many times they think there may have been a misspelling.
There has to be a training to help you open
your ears, to pull the
splinter out of your eye, so that
you can begin to hear metaphorically
instead of literally.
Jung understood myth is grounded in
Anyone writing a creative work
knows that you yield or submit
yourself, and the work talks to you and builds it's creative self.
To a certain extent, you become the carrier of something that is given
to you from what have been called the
Muses - or, in biblical language, "God."
This is no fantasy, it is a fact.
inspiration comes from the
subconscious, and since
minds of the people of any single small society or culture have much in
common, what the preacher, rabbi, teacher, shaman or
seer brings forth is something that is
waiting to be brought forth in everyone.
So when one hears the seer's
story, one responds, 'Aha! This is my story too!
This is what I had always wanted
to say but didn't know how to say it!'
- adapted from Joseph
Metaphor is a word derived from
Old French Metaphore, which came from Latin Metaphora, meaning carrying
Allegory is a word that has been derived from Latin Allegoria,
meaning figurative or veiled language.
A metaphor is a figure of speech
wherein an unfamiliar subject is
described using an attribute of a familiar subject.
An allegory is a narrative in which a
component, such as a character or setting, is representative of a particular
value or underlying idea.
"William Golding's Lord of the
Flies is a highly symbolic novel, and he uses both metaphor and allegory to
make his point." - Lori Steinbach
Metaphorical allegory is
an extended comparison of seemingly unrelated objects or actions composed upon
a phrasal metaphorical foundational plinth using both metaphor and allegory
interwoven into a complex spider's web.
The final result can be either
the chaotic haphazard helter-skelter any-old-which-way irregular overdone
hit-or-miss reckless slipshod web woven by a Black Widow playing a red violin,
comparable to pulp fiction belonging in the trash bin of non-recyclables, or
the fine re-usable weave of a Cross Orbweaver who bears the Cross for all to
see while hanging out and rolling up her weaving, comparable to a fine
leather-bound gold-leaf embossed timeless piece of literature that is
faithfully returned time after time to its cradle between old friends on a
shelf behind beveled crystal glass.
"Metaphor is not merely a matter of language. It is
a matter of conceptual structure. And conceptual structure is not merely
a matter of the intellect - it
involves all the natural dimensions of our experience, including aspects of our
sense experiences: color,
shape, texture, sound, etc. These dimensions structure not only mundane
experience but aesthetic experience
as well."- George Lakeoff & Mark Johnson
Modes of metaphorical conceptualization cross
cultural boundaries as the feeling of
If the same forms of well-being are widespread around the
world, we expect the same metaphors for morality to show up in culture after
culture - and they do.
A system of metaphors for morality as a whole is
far from arbitrary.
All humans fear the dark as stubbing your toe in
the dark is evil while being able to see where you are going is
Better to walk upright like a man than to slump like a chimp -
moral men are on the up and up, they stand up and are upstanding.
Immoral men do low things, are
underhanded, are snakes in the grass.
To do evil is to fall, to
descend. To do good is to
To climb is to ascend with support - repaid or not - as in
lizards on the apex of
the ponzi pyramid climbed over the investors backs.
A moral person is strong; an immoral person
Some people have a "heart of gold", "do not have a mean
bone in their body" while others are "rotten to the core".
fear creating courage to stand up to immorality.
We speak of a
"degenerate" person, the "erosion" of moral standards,
the "crumbling" of moral
values, the "rupture" or "tearing" of the moral fabric.
Moral Wholeness: Wholeness entails an overall unity
of form that contributes to strength. Thus moral wholeness is attendant to
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
defines a new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author
adheres. The author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal
experience has forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and
that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel
through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the
human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate
religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious
ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The
Truth of the Way of Life - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason
which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme leader, no
church buildings and in which each and every individual is encouraged to
develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer through the pursuit
of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the spiritual corruption that
has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The Truth of the Way of Life are
spelled out in detail on this web site by the author. Violent acts against
individuals due to their religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate
This web site in no way condones violence. To the contrary the
intent here is to reduce the violence that is already occurring due to the
international corporate cartels desire to control the human race. The
international corporate cartel already controls the world economic system,
corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military entertainment complex
and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the elevation of self-centered
behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems. Civilization is based on
cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at the point of a gun.
social mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as
the corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power
rests in the ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media
by pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population
through prior corporate media psychological operations. The results have been
the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do
not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world.
Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the
population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt
international elite that further consolidates their power and which further
All views and opinions presented on this web site are
the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through their
writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful
and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web site is
believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in
print media which may or may not have originally presented the facts
truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected,
redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion
and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the
original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions
clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has
not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making
such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social
justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such
copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In
accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For
more information see: www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to
use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond
'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved