The Count of Monte Cristo
cause of imprisionment
"The practice of arbitrary imprisonments have been,
in all ages, the favorite and most formidable instruments of tyranny." -
Alexander Hamilton"It drives me
to despair," said
"Do you, then, compassion Mercedes?"
long as I have known her - always."
"And you sit there, tearing your
hair, instead of seeking to remedy your
condition; I did not think that was the way of your people."
you have me do?" said Fernand.
"How do I know? Is it my affair?
I am not in compassion with Mademoiselle
Mercedes; but for you, in the
words of the gospel,
seek, and you shall find."
have found already. Pen, ink, and paper," muttered Fernand.
king's attorney, is informed by a
friend of the throne and religion, that one Edmond Dantes, mate of the ship
Pharaon, arrived this morning
from Smyrna, after having touched at Naples and Porto-Ferrajo, has been
intrusted by Murat with a letter for the usurper, and by the
usurper with a letter for the
Bonapartist committee in Paris. Proof of this
crime will be found on arresting
him, for the letter will be found upon him, or at his father's, or in his cabin
on board the Pharaon."
"No; captivity has subdued me - I have
been here so long."
"So long? - when were you arrested, then?" asked
"The 28th of February, 1815, at half past two in the
"Today is the
30th of July, 1816. Why it is but seventeen
"Only seventeen months," replied Edmond Dantes. "Oh, you
do not know what is seventeen months in prison! - seventeen ages rather,
especially to a man who, like me, had arrived at the summit of his
ambition - to a man, who, like me, was
on the point of marrying a woman he adored,
who saw an honorable career
opened before him, and who loses all in
an instant - who sees his prospects destroyed, and is ignorant of the fate of
his affianced wife, and whether his aged father be still living! Seventeen
months captivity to a sailor accustomed to the boundless
ocean, is a worse
punishment than human
crime ever merited. Have
pity on me, then, and ask for me, not
intelligence, but a trial; not
pardon, but a verdict - a trial, sir, I ask only for a
trial; that, surely, cannot be denied to one who is accused!"
after escaping "Yes, monsieur, I believe so; for until now, no man has found
himself in a position similar to mine. The dominions of
kings are limited either by
mountains or rivers, or a change of manners, or an alteration of
My kingdom is
bounded only by the limits of the Earth, for I am not an Italian, or a
Frenchman, or a Hindu, or an American,
or a Spaniard - I am a cosmopolite.
No country can say it saw my
God alone knows what
country will see me die.
I adopt all customs,
me to be a Frenchman, for I speak
French with the same facility and purity
as yourself. Well, Ali, my Nubian, believes me to be an Arab; Bertuccio, my
steward, takes me for a Roman;
Haidee, my slave, thinks me a
therefore, comprehend, that
being of no country, asking no protection from any government,
acknowledging no man as my brother, not
one of the scruples that arrest the powerful, or the obstacles which
paralyze the weak,
paralyzes or arrests me.
I have only two adversaries - I will not say two conquerors,
for with perseverance I subdue even them, - they are time and distance.
There is a third, and the most terrible - that is my condition as a
This alone can stop me in my onward career, before I have
attained the goal at which I
aim, for all the rest I have reduced to
mathematical terms. What men
call the chances of fate - namely, ruin, change, circumstances - I have fully
anticipated, and if any of these should overtake me, yet it will not
"I say, sir,
that with the your eyes fixed on the social organization of nations, you see
only the springs of the machine, and
lose sight of the sublime workman who
makes them act; I say that you do not recognize before you and around you any
but those office holders whose commissions have been signed by a minister or
king; and that the men whom God has put above those office holders, ministers,
and kings, by giving them a
mission to follow out, instead of a
post to fill - I say that they escape your narrow, limited field of
"I am he whom you sold and dishonored -
I am he whose
betrothed you prostituted - I
am he upon whom you trampled that you might raise yourself to
I am he whose father you condemned to
die of hunger - I am am he whom you
also condemned to starvation, and who yet forgives you, because he
hopes to be forgiven -
I am Edmond Dantes!"
then, and be happy, beloved children of my
heart, and never forget that until
the day when God shall deign to reveal
the future to man, all human wisdom is summed up in these two words, - Wait and
Edmond Dantes, Count of Monte Cristo
Alexander Dumas, French serial
"Corporal punishment used to be
carried out in a businesslike fashion. Bodies were branded, amputated, wrenched
apart. From the stake to the scaffold, from the pillory to the gibbet, physical
suffering was produced with elaborate theatricality as an example to all. Care
was taken that no one should be unaware of it. All that came to a sudden end in
the second half of the 18th century.
The monotonous tumbling of locks
and the shadow of the cell block have replaced the grand ceremonial of flesh
and blood. The condemned culprit's body is concealed rather than being placed
on exhibition. We no longer want to cause the criminal pain; we want to train
him; we want to reeducate his "spirit."
The change took place
throughout Western civilization in less than a century. The Middle Ages had its
prisons and jails but it was unfamiliar with anything resembling the rigid
system of regimented, fastidious detention that developed between 1780 and 1820
as Europe and the New World became covered with penitentiaries.
not enough to say, with the 18th-century "reformers," that "humanization" and
"progress" explained and justified this radical change in the penal system.
The shock of corporal punishment and the silence of reclusion are not
simply two isolated and opposed phenomena; nor are their differences only on
the surface. They stand for a change from one kind of justice to another, a
profound change in the organization of authority.
monarchy, the criminal defied the authority of the king, and the authority
crushed him and dramatically reminded everybody of its unlimited power. For the
theoreticians of the Enlightenment, someone who committed a crime broke the
contract that bound him to his fellows. Society put him aside and reformed him
by carefully regulating his every action and every moment of his life in
Prison means a rigorous regulation of space, because the guard
can and must see everything. It is also the rigid regulation of the use of time
hour by hour. Finally, it involves regulation of the slightest bodily movements
or change of position.
Prison is not unique. It is positioned within
the disciplined society, the society of
generalized surveillance in which we live.
"What is so
astonishing," Foucault asks, "about the fact that our prisons resemble our
factories, schools, military bases, and hospitals - all of which in turn
back to stacks
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a new
religious ideology to which its author adheres. The author feels that the
falsification of reality outside personal experience has created a populace
unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has been done
purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their agents who wish
to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance
occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious
beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the
founding of the religion aptly named The Truth of the Way of Life - a rational
religion based on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes,
has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every
individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and
Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing
the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of Life are spelled out in detail on this web site by the
author. Violent acts against individuals due to their religious beliefs in
America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site in no way condones
violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the violence that is
already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control
the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world
condemning system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military
entertainment complex of America and is responsible for the collapse of morals,
the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global
ecosystems. Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at
the point of a gun.
American social mores and values have declined
precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international cartel has
garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to deceive the
populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional buttons which
have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass media
psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the family
and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the corrupt
international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction and
coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has
not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making
such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic,
scientific, and social justice
issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted
material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance
with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed
without profit to those who have
expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research
and educational purposes. For more information see:
www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted
material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you
must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved