a warrior is not required
to sacrifce himself
"Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will
give you rest. Take my yoke upon you
and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in
heart, and you will find rest for your
yoke is easy and my burden is
"This is the first and greatest
Adore the Creator with all your
heart, soul, and mind.
The second most important is
Care for your neighbor as much as you
care about yourself.
All the other admonishments and all the
admonishments of the prophets stem
from these two laws and are fulfilled if you
obey them. Keep only these and you
will find that you are obeying all the others."
"Humble men are fortunate for
God's word is given to
Those who grieve are fortunate for they shall be comforted.
The meek and lowly are fortunate
for the whole Earth belongs to them.
Content are those who long to be just, for
they shall be completely satisfied.
Content are the compassionate and merciful,
for they shall be shown mercy.
Content are those whose
pure, for they shall see God.
Content are those who strive for
peace they shall be called the sons of
false teachers who come.
You can detect them by the way they act, just as you can identify a tree by its
fruit. Different kinds of
fruit trees can quickly be
identified by examining their fruit. A
variety that produces delicious
fruit never produces an inedible
fruit. And a tree producing an inedible fruit can't produce what is good. So
the trees having the inedible fruit are chopped down and thrown
on the fire. The way to identify a tree (or a individual) is by the type of
fruit produced. Not all who
sound religious are. They may refer to me as 'Lord,' but still won't find the
Kingdom of God, for the
decisive question is whether they live
by the Law of God ."
"Heaven can be entered only through the
narrow gate! The
spiritual corruption is
broad, and its gate is wide enough for all the multitudes who choose the way of
The gateway to Life is small, and the way is narrow, and only a few ever find
"Do not be anxious about tomorrow;
day at a time."
"Do not worry about things:
food, drink, clothes, for you
already have life."
"Woe to the creatures which see and know not what
which stand and know not upon what they stand."
Hagiga, Chapter II translated by Michael L.
"Lift now the lid of the jar of heaven.
those eyes that see only faults,
Open those that contemplate the
"Why worry about the small things in the eye
of a brother when your eyes can not see ? Should you say, 'brother, let me help
you get the small things out of your eye,' when you have no vision?' Hypocrite!
Remove the blinders from your eyes, then you can see to help your
1250-1300; Middle English < Latin idiỡta < Greek
private person, layman, person lacking skill or
expertise, equivalent to idiỡ-
(lengthened variant of idio- idio-,
perhaps by analogy with stratiỡtẽs
derivative of stratiá army) + -tẽs agent noun suffix
Unknown Source - Where does
the message come from?
Is the message acturately sourced or is it based
on fanciful imaginative concepts and positive thinking?
Message - What is the substance of the message?
For the true teacher,
Christ is central. You will recognize them by the spiritual fruit of their
Disparte Position - In what position will the message leave
The true teacher teaches the acolyte how to escape the spiritual
corruption of the Veil of Cognitive Bias while the counterfeit teacher points a
distracting finger and says "look over there!"
Peculiar Character - What
kind of people does the message produce?
The true teacher edifyingly
pursues goodness, knowledge, self-control, perseverance, godliness,
brotherly kindness, and compassion. The
counterfeit teacher is marked by arrogance, prejudice and slander and his flock
will act and think like him.
Different Appeal - Why should you listen to
The true teacher appeals to heart in an attempt to awaken
compassion and reveal the methods the counterfeit teacher uses to appeal to the
animal material side of human
nature. The counterfeit teacher asks, "What do people want to hear?
Multicolored Fruit - What result does the message have in people's
The true teacher is effective and productive in his or her
knowledge of Jesus Christ while the counterfeit is "like a spring without
water." They promise much but produce little. Is the fruit organic and full of
life or is it GMO and marked with death?
Direction - Where does the
message ultimately lead you?
The true teacher will elevate your
understanding of reality while the counterfeit will attempt to confuse your
understanding. Here we find the most disturbing contrast of all. The true
teacher points you at the door you have to walk through while the conterfeit
opens a door into his imaginative conceptual construct, grabs you by the pants
and roughly shoves you through the door slamming it shut and trapping you in a
Symptoms of false teaching:
of zeal. Showmanship may hide lack of substance.
Be wary of credentials.
They are not proof of knowledge, understanding or wisdom.
Be wary of
novelty. Is this novelty part of a natural evolving understanding or is it just
new words clothing old dead concepts ?
Be wary of sensational
entertaining worship and look for the inward invisible work of the Creator and
Sustainer within the hearts of the flock.
Be honest in appraisal and
judgement. Don't put the blinders on!
False understanding starts
incrementally and grows as more layers of the Veil of Cognitive Blindness are
added over time.
Avoid the mental contagion of the crowd - a superficial
readiness to believe anyone who talks cleverly and earnestly.
ingnorarrognace and reject the false
hypothesis that those good at rhetoric are honest !
"A farmer went out to his field to sow grain. As he
scattered the seed on the earth, some of it fell on a footpath and was trampled
on; and the birds came and ate it as it lay exposed. other seed fell on
shallow soil with rock beneath. This seed
began to grow, but soon withered and died for lack of moisture. other seed
landed in thistle patches, and the
young grain stalks were soon choked out. Still other fell on
fertile soil; this seed grew and produced a
crop one hundred times as large as he had planted. If anyone has
listening ears, use them now!"
"The seed is
God's word to men. The
hard path where some seed fell
represents the hard hearts of those who
hear, but then
comes and steals God's
word away and prevents people from believing and finding
salvation. The stony earth
represents those who enjoy listening to
sermons, but somehow God's
word never really gets through to them and doesn't
take root and grow. They
know that God's word is
true, and sort of believe for awhile; but when the
hot winds of persecution blow, they
lose interest. The seed among the thorns
represents those who listen and believe
God's word but whose
faith afterwards is choked out by worry
and riches and the
responsibilities and pleasures of life.
And so they are never able to help anyone else to believe
God's word. The
fertile soil represents
honest, good hearted people. They
listen to and cling to them and steadily spread them to others who also soon
believe God's word."
"If, as my disciples , you give even a cup of cold water
to a little child, you will surely be rewarded. All that is now hidden will
some day come to light. If you have ears,
listen! Be sure to put into practice what you
hear. The more you do this, the more
you will understand what I tell you."
"Who ever heard of someone
lighting a lamp and then covering it up to
keep it from shining? No, lamps are mounted in the open where they can be seen.
This illustrates the fact that some
day everything shall be brought to light
and made plain to all. So be careful how you listen; for whoever has, to him
shall be given more; and whoever does not have, even what he thinks he has
shall be taken away from him."
acknowledges me as his friend,
openly acknowledge him as my friend before
and you will be given what you ask for.
and you will find.
door will be opened.
For everyone who asks, receives.
Anyone who seeks, finds.
If only you will knock, the
door will open."
Literal Physical Truth of the New Testament
"Modern New Testament scholarship has shown that
we know far less The New Testament did not fall out
of the sky a complete book. The
books of the
New Testament were not all written at the same
time, were not necessarily written in the order they appear nor were they even
originally written in the same language.
about the historical
Jesus than we thought we did." - Karen Armstrong
All Christian documents in
existence from before the 4th century are on papyrus. Since papyrus is fragile,
only fragments of these works have been preserved.
Before the invention
of the printing press all documents had to be copied by hand, a laborious
process that invited all kinds of variations: misspellings, altered wording,
grammatical corrections, stylistic improvements, insertions, omissions, etc.
Many New Testament versions have marginal
notes added. These marginalia were often copied into the main text of later
versions. No two New Testaments written before
the 15th century are identical !
20th century versions of the
New Testament are primarily based on parchment
uncial codices of the 4th through the 9th century. Many of the earliest of
these, like Sinaiticus, have undergone extensive "correction" by later
parchment uncial codices of the 4th through the 9th
century5th century Codex Alexandrinus is largely an Alexandrian
witness and the oldest text of the Gospels.
A passage - "All
things came into being through him; and apart from him no single thing came
into being. In him was life; and the life was the light of men."
5th to 7th century Codex
Washingtonensis or Codex Freerianus paleographers have deduced that
the original scribe corrected some of his own errors, followed by another who
made revisions. Finally, two later hands made a few additional changes.
Codex Washingtonensis is variegated in its representation and
believed to be copied from one that had been pieced together out of fragments
of several manuscripts. Readings representative of all of
the major text types can be found in this manuscript.
A passage - "All
things came into being through him; and apart from him no single thing came
into being. What has come into being in him (is or was) life. And the life was
the light of humanity."
6th century Codex
Bezae: the left hand page is the Greek and the right hand side is Latin. As
many as nine correctors worked on the manuscript between the sixth and twelfth
"All things came into being through him; and apart from him
nothing came into being. What has come into being in him is life. And the life
was the light of humanity."
9th century Alcuin of
York during the reign of Charlemagne attempts to purify the corrupted text.
This correction is the basis for the Paris edition that was widely disseminated
among the clergy in northwestern Europe.
12th or 13th
century Codex 666 reads as follows:
passage - "All things came into being through him; and apart from him no single
thing came into being that has come into being. In him was life; and the life
was the light of men."
Corrected passage - "All things came into being
through him; and apart from him no single thing came into
being. What has come into being was life
in him; and the life was the light of men."
century Printing press invented. The Vulgate, as produced by Gutenberg,
is not entirely without mistakes as
the several editions of the first printed work vary one from the
the Hebrews resisted the writing down of
Mosiac Law. It was understood that
the Oral Tradition was less likely to
have ponerological elements inserted through the evolution of the definitions
of words. The tradition was to teach each child orally all that had been
previously revealed as the work of the hand of God.
This was the
tradition of Jesus the Tannaim who
taught using the Oral
Hebrew attitudes toward
translations of Hebrew scripture
evolved over time.
Alexander the III
of Macedonia conquered Egypt he introduced Hellenism which swept the world up along with
Alexander. Ptolomy added Hellenistic elements to the evolved
mythology, particularly when he brought the stolen stone idol to
By the time of the birth of
Jesus the Hebrews of Alexandria had built a scriptural edifice now known as the
Old Testament which was later translated into the Greek
2nd century BC Readings in the
synagogues must be interpreted from
Hebrew into Aramaic for the local people to understand. A later
Talmudic injunction by Rabbi Simon ben
Gamaliel said that Greek was the only language into which
the Torah could be accurately
Septuagint is the Greek translation
named 'according to the seventy' for the group of Hebrew scholars that
translated the Old Testament into Greek.
The Septuagint found widespread
use in Hellenistic culture as well as Jerusalem which had become
a cosmopolitan city.
Several factors finally led most Hebrews to
abandon the Septuagint including:
Greek scribes were not subject to the
same rigid rules imposed on Hebrew scribes;
favored the Septuagint;
decline of the Greek language among Hebrews after they flee the Greek-speaking
Roman Empire into the Aramaic-speaking
Persian Empire when Jerusalem is destroyed by the
AD The Hebrew historian Josephus canonical list of sacred scriptures has
three parts: five books of the Torah, thirteen books of the prophets, and four
books of hymns.
Sapiential Books or Books of Wisdom is a term used in
biblical studies to refer to a subset of the books in the Septuagint version.
There are seven of these books, namely the books of Job, Psalms,
Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, the Book of Wisdom, the Song of Songs (Song of
Solomon), and Sirach. The Testament of Job is a book written in the 1st century
The author of Wisdom of Solomon was an Alexandrian Jew during the
silent persecution initiated in Egypt under Caesar Augustus.
of Sirach is a work of ethical teachings written by the Jewish scribe Shimon
ben Yeshua ben Eliezer ben Sira of Jerusalem approximately 175 BC. Ecclesiastes
includes the presence of Persian loan-words and Aramaisms which point to a date
no earlier than 450 BC and no later than 180 BC, when Eliezer ben Sira quotes
The early Christian Church used the Septuagint since most of
its earliest members were Greek-speaking and because the Messianic passages
most clearly pointed to Jesus as the Messiah.
Saint Jerome started preparation of the Vulgate into Latin he started with the
Septuagint. Even when Latin, Syriac, Coptic, Armenian and other
translations appeared, the Septuagint
continued to be used by the Greek-speaking portion of the Christian Church.
Scribes of the New Testament, also written in Greek, quoted from the Septuagint
frequently, though not exclusively, when relating prophesies and history from
the Old Testament.
The Eastern Orthodox Church still prefers to use the
Septuagint as the basis for translating the Old Testament into other
languages, and the Greek Orthodox Church (which has no need for
translation) continues to use it in
its liturgy even today.
Many modern Catholic translations of the Bible,
while using the Masoretic text as their basis, employ the Septuagint to decide
between different possible translations of the Hebrew text whenever the latter
is unclear, corrupt, or ambiguous.
The Greek of
the Septuagint has many idioms and phrases based on Hebrew, and the
grammatical phenomenon known as attraction is common there. Some
parts of it have been described as "Hebrew in Greek words". However, other
sections show an ignorance of
Hebrew idiom, so that the literal
translation provided makes little
sense. The translators usually, but not always, employed one and the same Greek
word for one Hebrew word whenever it occurs. Thus the Septuagint can be
called a mostly concordant translation. However, as in most
translations of any literary work,
often more than one Hebrew word gets translated into one and the same Greek
word, removing some nuance from the text.
Vulgate 382 Emperor
Theodosius I orders Saint Jerome under the direction of
Pope Damasus I and the Council
of Rome to produce the Latin Vulgate. The Vulgate is written in everyday Latin,
versio vulgata, as opposed to Ciceronian Latin of which Saint Jerome was a
The bedrock of
Roman Catholicism is Saint Jerome's
Vulgate. Roman Catholicism
united Western Europe, under the Pope, for over a thousand years until
translated the Bible into German in
The closest equivalent in English to the Latin Vulgate is the
King James Version which shows a marked
influence from the
Vulgate in the vigorous rhythm of its
The Vulgate, designed
to be easier to understand, was directly translated from Hebrew rather than the
Saint Jerome was responsible for at least three
slightly different versions of the Vulgate.
The Romana Vulgate
was the first, soon replaced by later versions except in Britain, where it
continued to be used until the Norman Conquest in 1066.
Vulgate was produced a few years later with revisions.
Vulgate is largely identical to the Romana Vulgate except for the book of
Psalms, which Saint Jerome translated from the Hebrew
for this version.
Old Latin Vulgate The Latin Bible used before the Vulgate is usually referred to as
the Vetus Latina, or Old Latin Bible, or occasionally the Old Latin Vulgate.
The Old Latin Vulgate remained in use in some circles even after Saint Jerome's
Vulgate became the accepted standard throughout the Western Roman Catholic
Church. Gauls continued to prefer the Old Latin Vulgate for
The Old Latin Vulgate was not translated by a single
individual or institution, nor even uniformly edited. Each book varies in
quality of translation and style. The Old Latin Vulgate Old Testament books
were most likely translated from the Greek Septuagint, not from the Hebrew as
each book varies in quality of translation and
Church of Rome strives to refute the doctrines of Protestantism,
the Vulgate is reaffirmed in the Council of Trent as the sole authorized text
of the Bible. To reinforce this declaration, an attempt is made to standardize
the spelling and overall text of the Vulgate out of the countless editions
written during the Middle Ages.
1590 Pope Sixtus
V (1585-90) produces the Sistine Vulgate.
Clement VIII (1592-1605) produces the Clementine Vulgate which has been
the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church until the 1960s, when worship
in vernacular languages was first permitted.
1907 Nova Vulgata
commissioned in by Pope Pius X of the Benedictine Monastery in Rome, though
many decades would pass before it would be completed. The main difference
between the Nova Vulgata and the Vulgata Clementina is that it takes account of
the modern textual criticism. There are a number of changes where the modern
scholars felt that Saint Jerome had failed to grasp the meaning of the original
languages. Spelling reflects a more Classical leaning than the Renaissance
spelling of the Clementine edition. Nova Vulgata does not contain some
books found in some editions of the Vulgate - for example the 3rd and 4th Book
The Nova Vulgata is currently the
official Latin version published and
approved by the Roman Catholic Church.
The Nova Vulgata has not been widely embraced by conservative Catholics, as it
sounds unfamiliar compared to the Clementine, a fact common in the history of
the Bible as new translations attempt to supplant older, more familiar
The Stuttgart Vulgate is published by the German BibleSociety
(Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft), based in Stuttgart. In this edition, Biblia Sacra
Vulgata, the German BibleSociety seeks to reproduce the original, pure Vulgate
text that Saint Jerome produced 1,600 years ago.
The Stuttgart Vulgate
attempts, through critical comparison of important, historical editions of the
Vulgate, to achieve the original text, cleansed of the errors of a millennium
and a half's time.
The main critical source for the Stuttgart Vulgate
is Codex Amiatinus, the highly-esteemed 8th century, one-volume manuscript of
the whole Latin Bible produced in England, regarded as the best medieval
witness to Saint Jerome's original text.
Depending on your point of
view, one of the beauties or one of the problems with the Bible is that,
by carefully picking and choosing
your passages, you can get anything you want out of it.
passages from the canonical gospels, scholars, theologians, and lay alike have 'proven' that
Jesus was a
Essene, a revolutionary
Zaddikim intent on overthrowing
Roman occupation, a
Marxist, a supply-side Republican, and even a
Taoist. (Of course others have also
found passages to repudiate all of these assertions.)
It is most likely that the historical
Jesus of Nazareth was actually a Therapeutae/Tekton/Tannaim with lots of Essene
Over time, as we all know, everything decays or becomes
corrupt. This would have been the case with the original writings about Jesus.
The written texts that now exist were not
written by apostles of Jesus but rather were copies of texts of Jesus'
We have no way of knowing exactly what changes were made and
what was added to the original texts dealing with Jesus but
research suggests that the original
texts were simply the statements and sermons
of Jesus which were later elaborated upon.
Thousands of men spent
their entire lives redefining the religion which we now call
There was much debate about who wrote what and what was
true as opposed to what was
heretical even in the first century after
the birth of Jesus. The process of selection and status gradually evolved, and
even the Bible itself tells us that what we currently have is not the full
story or a complete image.
One generation removed from
the living Jesus
gnostic thought began to build
Mystery upon the evolving myth of Jesus
Mystical Gnosticism is
simply a religion of redemption - wisdom
of truth gained through the coupling of
experience with knowledge.
Clement of Alexandria used the term 'gnostic'
to describe anyone who had penetrated deeper into the Gnostic Mysteries .
The Gnostic universally
heralded Jesus the Tekton as the one who
brought recognition of Knowledge
of the Truth.
"In Gnostic terms the body's site of power has been
referred to as those of the 'sleepers' and 'wakers.' The 'sleepers' being those
whose conscious self has yet to break through the layers of the body's social
conditioning. The spiritual-somatic experience has been seen as a threat to
hierarchical societies because it exists beyond their bounds of power. This is
one reason why ecstatic experiences - whether through spiritual or other means
- have been suppressed, outlawed, and discredited by religions and mainstream
institutions alike. Ecstatic experiences that can break down human thinking
patterns and conditioning structures are unnerving for institutions of
social-political power. How can you control, regulate, and discipline a
body/energy/experience that has no physical location?" - Kingsley L.
Titus Flavius Clemens Titus Flavius Clemens, Clement of Alexandria, succeeded
his mentor, Pantaenus, as head of the catechetical school at Alexandria to
become the intellectual leader of the Christian community in Alexandria, Egypt
for the last two decades of the 2nd century after the birth of Jesus.
Titus Flavius Clemens emphasized the permanent importance of the use of
philosophy to understand the relation between knowledge and
a comprehensive knowledge of
the essentials, knowledge allows the
believer to penetrate deeply into the understanding of what he actually
believes and by so doing perfect his faith.
In order to attain the "Faith of Knowledge," to find the
Truth, which is so much higher than the mere "faith of conjecture," or simple
reception of a truth on authority, philosophy is permanently
To judge those who professed esoteric
knowledge or the Truth all that was needed, Titus Flavius Clemens argued
correctly, check to see if they lived a moral life which was the test of real
Against anti-intellectual pietists, Clement of Alexandria
championed the ideal of spiritual
enlightenment. Titus Flavius Clemens characterization of the real Christian
as an intellectual whose life is a moral example for others
development of the monastic ideal.
During the persecution of Alexandrian
Christians, Titus Flavius Clemens found refuge in Jerusalem. Titus Flavius
Clemens was succeeded at Alexandria by his brilliant protégé,
Roman Catholics attempted early on to
stamp out any train of thought, to destroy all branches of the gnostic
mysteries and destroy any text of the Christian religion which did not strictly
adhere to Roman Catholic
gnostic confrontation and
until the Reformation, the Roman
Catholic Church was the overwhelmingly
dominant force in Christianity. The rigid, entrenched mentality of
Catholic orthodoxy must be taken into
account in any reasonable examination of the Christian religion.
Schisms, dissensions, and new ideas were crushed by a
pronouncement of spiritual death (excommunication) or
physical death (inquisition/crusade.) This
dogma was and is not to be challenged; dogma is
inflexible to change:
supernatural (outside of
nature); God is three-in-one, (the
Father, the Son and the Holy
Spirit); God requires humans to
worship him as a human Emperor
(descended God) on Earth is worshiped; that something called the
soul (which exists outside of
nature) is condemned by God to a place called hell unless one believes in and
follows the religious dogma of whichever sect or cult one has joined or been
born into; that to some, belief in their sect or cults religious dogma
guarantees one a secure position in the nether realm of heaven; that to others
good works and belief are necessary to gain admission to heaven, and that to
still others good works, belief and a following of religious law is the only
way to gain admission to heaven.
Catholic Church needed then and needs now Without a uniform religion the
realized they would
lose control of adherents. It was from
this Roman Catholic Church that the ultimate lists of approved, canonical, and
heretical texts issued.
to control the information
made available to the public about Jesus.
within what is now the Roman Catholic Church there has always been dissension.
The Synoptic Gospels, Gospel of Matthew, Gospel of Mark and Gospel
of Luke, order of creation was debated and revised.
of John was considered heretical and
was added later.
considered heretical and then added later.
The first commentary made on the Gospel of
John was by the gnostics
Ptolemy and Heracleon, as quoted by Irenaeus and
Origen. The Gospel of John
is a highly intellectual account of Jesus' life which would have required a
good level of education and was most likely penned by John the Presbyter (priest) as
opposed to John the Apostle who was an
uneducated fisherman. John the Presbyter most likely penned Revelation
Irenaeus insisted there could be only one
orthodox (literally, "straight-thinking") church outside of which "there was no
Christian writers before 150 years after the birth of
Jesus do not generally refer to any
document (including the canonical gospels) as their source for
The Synoptics were
originally anonymous, and decisions of authorship came about in the 2nd century
based on legend.
1st century Christianity
follows the Hebrew tradition of being practiced primarily as an oral cultural
There are several references to the "words of Jesus".
of sayings are more than likely, fragments still exist.
During the Axial Age
scribbling down verbal utterances of the Oral Tradition - axioms, adages and
proverbs - of Akhenaten,
Zoroaster, Moshe Rabbenu,
Pythagoras became widespread with the use of written language. The Gospel of Thomas, which was
discovered less than a century ago,
is evidence that such collections originally did
The idea that the Greek
gospels are based on primitive collection of sayings (Greek: logia) goes back
to the very first commentary on the gospels. Early in the 2nd century after the
birth of Jesus, Papias reported
that Matthew compiled the logia of Christ which others
interpreted as best
they could. Papias penned, a 5 volume commentary on
the sayings of Jesus from the accounts
of second generation church leaders, labeled an Exposition of the Oracles of
The Exposition of the Oracles of the Lord to this
date provide the earliest record of the composition of the gospels. Papias'
work is among the many texts claimed to be known to ancient Christians that
were destroyed by the Roman
From a fragment from the Exposition of the Oracles
of the Lord by Papias we learn that;
Papias affirms that he
received the sayings of the apostles from those who accompanied them, and he
moreover asserts that he heard with his own ears Aristion and the presbyter
John. Papias mentions them frequently by name, and in his
writings gives their traditions. Papias relates other miraculous deeds, stating
that he acquired the knowledge of them from
also relates that he had received a wonderful
narrative from the daughters of the
Apostle Philip in Hierapolis. Papias relates that a dead man was raised to life
in his day. Papias also mentions another miracle relating to Justus, surnamed
Barsabas, how Justus swallowed a deadly poison, and received no
harm, on account of the
Papias set down other things as coming to him from unwritten
tradition, strange parables and
instructions of Jesus - and some other things of a more fabulous nature. One of
these predicts that a millennium after the Jesus resurrection from
death, when the personal reign of Jesus
will be established on this Earth. Papias moreover hands down, in his own
writing, other narratives given by
the previously mentioned Aristion of Jesus' sayings, and the traditions of the
Papias has given in the following words regarding the
Gospel of Mark:
"And the presbyter said this: Mark having become
the interpreter of
Peter, wrote down accurately whatsoever he
remembered. It was not, however, in
exact order that he related the sayings or deeds of Jesus. For he neither heard
Jesus nor accompanied Him. But afterwards, as I said, he accompanied Peter, who
accommodated his instructions to the necessities, but with no
intention of giving a regular
narrative of Jesus' sayings.
Wherefore Mark made no mistake in thus
writing some things as he remembered
them. For of one thing he took especial care, not to omit anything he had
heard, and not to put anything fictitious into the statements."
With regard to the Gospel of Matthew, Papias has made the
"Matthew put together the oracles in the Hebrew
language, and each one interpreted them as
best he could. The same writer used proofs from the First Epistle of
John, and from the Epistle of Peter in like manner."
also gives another story of a woman who was accused of many
sins before Jesus, which is to be found in the
Gospel according to the Hebrews.
This fragment of the Exposition of
the Oracles of the Lord by Papias translated by the Reverend Alexander
Roberts and James Donaldson. Excerpted from Volume I of The Ante-Nicene Fathers
(Reverend Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson, editors); American Edition
copyright © 1885
chronicle of a conflict,In the first few centuries, there were a
number of conflicts over which
direction the Roman Catholic Church would take. The earliest was
Saul of Tarsus, a Hellenized
Hebrew converted to the Zaddikim
Cult, which already had a supernatural Hebrew Messiah, versus James, the
brother of Jesus, also known as James the
by the winners of the conflict.
Saul of Tarsus, the reformulated "Paul", won out in a largely
Hellenized population so it is no surprise the writing of Saul of Tarsus
dominates the New Testament.
of Christianity is known as Pauline
The conversion of
Saul of Tarsus into "Paul" can be
dated to a couple years after the crucifxion of Jesus of Nazareth, by his
reference to it in one of his letters. According to the account in Acts, it
took place on the road to Damascus, where he reported having experienced a
vision of the resurrected Jesus. The account says that "he fell to the earth,
and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?" Saul
replied, "Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou
persecutest!"In Galatians 1:16 Saul writes that God "was pleased to reveal his
son to me." In 1 Corinthians 15:8, as he lists the order in which Jesus
appeared to his disciples after his resurrection, Saul writes, "last of all, as
to one untimely born, He appeared to me also."
Saul was a young
Hellenized Hebrew Zaddikim
fanatic charged with the execution and the seizure of disciples of Jesus. On
the road Saul was struck with the realization that he could mold the evolving
legend of Jesus, one of the last Tannaim, using the
Zaddikim Messiah with which
he had recently become aquainted. Within the Sanhedrin the last remaining
elements of a Hasmonean high priest inner circle cult, the
Zaddikim, still existed. The
Zaddikim were an extremist
apocalyptic sect whose stated aim was to invoke the intervention of
supernatural powers to establish Israel as a sovereign realm. They had
extremist Zealot followers they used a shock troops. And they had the Sicarii
"His whole state of mind shows the influence of the Gnostic
lore of Alexandria, especially the Hermes literature, hence his strange
belief in supernatural powers. Throughout Paul's writings an irrational or
pathological element could not but repel the disciples of the Rabbis. The
conception of a new faith, half pagan and half Jewish, such as Saul preached,
and susceptibility to its influences, were altogether foreign to the nature of
Jewish life and thought." - Kaufmann Kohler, Rabbi Emeritus of Temple Beth-El,
Modern scholars believe that Jesus preached mainly to Hebrews
as Jesus was baptized by John the
Baptist whose opinions he would have shared. James, as
leader of the Jerusalem Church,
taught both Aramaic and Greek speakers. Saul of Tarsus, as the 'Apostle to the
Gentiles,' made the teaching of Jesus
relevant and interesting to the polytheistic Hellenized gentiles.
order for the fledgling Christianity to gain attention in
the Hellenized culture, the religion had to obtain
certain characteristics common to the other gods and
religions of that time. There was
a ready structural model to be found in the State religion of Rome which had
adopted the myths of the Greek city states which had been spread throughout the
Mediterranean by the Greek colonizers - the best known of which was
Alexander III of Macedonia
who conquered all cultures from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas.
the 4th century the 'official' form
of Christianity, basically Pauline
Christianity, was protected by
Constantine, and formalized, as
"Nicene Christianity" at the Council of Nicaea, 325, and was finally authorized
by imperial sanction in the Theodosian decrees of 391 in both the Eastern and
Western Roman Empire.
Gospel of Thomas was one of the gospels that did not make the final cut
and is a collection of over one hundred statements made by Jesus. Although it
is known to be a corrupted text, as it was transcribed from Greek to Coptic,
about half of the sayings have direct parallels to sayings recorded in the
canonical gospels, and much of the other half can be linked
theologically to the rest of the
The existence of the
Gospel of Thomas has been known to scholars since the origins of
Christianity, but no copies were known to have
survived any of the puritanical
purges. The work is mentioned by the early
Roman Catholic Church fathers
in a negative context.
Throughout the text of the Gospel of Thomas, Jesus offers numerous ways to attain
the kingdom of heaven. This makes
redemption a personal thing for the
reader and bypasses the need
for a priest or an organized church
From an orthodox Catholic
standpoint, the Gospel of Thomas would have been dangerously thought
Around 233, Origen, mentions the Gospel of Thomas on a list of Coptic gospels. In 1952 it
was established that Papyrus 1 and 655 were also fragments of the Gospel of Thomas.
The Gospel of Thomas was never cannonized and was found to
be heretical because it encourages the
to think for himself!
Origen was the most prolific and
influential Christian writer prior to the legalization of Christianity by Rome.
Origen was responsible for the
intellectual triumph of Catholic
Christianity over the gnostic
and pagan cults of Christianity.
Origen distinguished between different
types of biblical interpretation,
historical, moral and
spiritual, and argued that biblical
works were primarily theological compositions.
This created real
the historical and moral levels and
because of this Origen was
condemned as a heretic by the Roman
Catholic Church a century after his death.
The Roman Catholic Church has
always fought against those who would use the path of knowledge to attain
the kingdom of heaven;
claiming that the path to heaven lies in unquestioning
faith in precepts and pronouncements of
the Roman Catholic Church. This is also true of many of religious
First Council of
Nicaea, held in Nicaea in Bithynia, convoked by the
Imperial Roman Emperor
Constantine I in 325, was the first ecumenical conference of bishops of the
Roman Catholic Church, and resulted in the first uniform Christian
Theodoret, speaking of the assembled
bishops previous trials and tribulations under
Emperor Diocletian, "Many
like the holy apostles, bore in their bodies the marks of the Lord Jesus
Christ. Paul, Bishop of Neo-Cæsarea, a fortress situated on the banks of
the Euphrates, had been deprived of the use of both hands by the application of
a red-hot iron. Some had had the right eye torn out, others had lost the right
arm. In short, it was an assembly of martyrs."
"He said that the crimes
of priests ought not to be made known to the multitude, lest they should become
an occasion of offence or of sin. He also said, that, if he had detected a
bishop in the very act of committing adultery, he would have thrown his
imperial robe over the unlawful deed." - Eusebius speaking of the Emperor
Constantine's opening speech
With the creation of the Nicene Creed, a
precedent was established for subsequent 'general (ecumenical) councils of
Bishops' (Synods) to create statements of belief and
canons of doctrinal orthodoxy - the intent being to
create unity of belief for the whole of Christendom.
The primary purpose of the council was to resolve
disagreements in the Church of Alexandria over the nature of Jesus in
relationship to the Father; in particular, whether Jesus was of the same or
merely of similar substance as God the Father.
St. Alexander of Alexandria and Athanasius took the first
position; the popular presbyter Arius, from whom the term Arian controversy
comes, took the second. The council decided against the Arians overwhelmingly.
The council also decided in favor of
celebrating the date of the Christian Passover on the first Sunday after the
first full moon following the
"The essential feature of that creed (Nicene) was
the safeguard against any denial of the
Son's divinity which, it
provided, through the explicit statement that the Son is homoousion, or consubstantial, with the
Father; not of an essence dissimilar to that
of the Father, or even of an essence merely similar, but of the same
essence. Only two of the assembled bishops,
Theonas and Secundus, persistently refused to sign; and these were
excommunicated and banished, together with Arius.
Eusebius of Nicomedia and
Theognis, while they subscribed the creed, refused to sanction the sentence
against Arius. For this cause they were deposed and banished shortly after the
adjournment of the council, but ere long were restored and regarded by
Constantine with favor." -
History of the Christian Church by Henry C. Sheldon of Boston University,
Thomas Y. Crowell and Company, New York ©1895The
First Council of
Nicaea was historically significant because it was the first effort to
attain consensus in the fellowship of Christ through an assembly representing
Christendom. With the creation of the Nicene Creed, a precedent was
established for subsequent general councils to create a statement of belief and
canons of doctrinal orthodoxy hoping to create a
textual source that would unify Christendom.
"Persistent attempts were
made to poison the mind of Constantine against the most able champion of the
Nicene creed, namely, Athanasius, who had become Bishop of Alexandria shortly
after the adjournment of the council. Slanderous charges were urged, and
finally had their desired effect (336) in securing the banishment of the
iron-hearted bishop. Meanwhile, Arius had been recalled from banishment and
restored to imperial favor, since he succeeded in convincing Constantine of his
substantial agreement with the Nicene formula, and declared upon oath that he
did not hold the faith for which he had been condemned. To complete his triumph
and that of his friends, it only remained that he should formally be restored
to church fellowship." - Henry C. Sheldon
Unfortunately that did not
happen as Arius was poisoned through the machinations of Athanasius and he was
"deprived both of communion and of
After Emperor Constantine came Emperor Julian, Constantine's nephew, a
philosopher and the last pagan Emperor. Following Emperor Julian came
Emperor Valentinian I who
sent his brother Emperor Valens
to rule in the East.
"The tyrannical pressure of Constantius drove the
Nicene party into the shade, and caused not a few instances of defection within
its ranks. But unflinching advocates still sustained its cause. Athanasius, in
particular, was unmoved by the storm of adversity, and his ardor was in no wise
cooled by his repeated experience of banishment. The victory, therefore, had
already been prepared for orthodoxy when the second ecumenical council
assembled at Constantinople, in the year 381, under the auspices of the
Emperor Theodosius. By that
council the Nicene creed was successfully re-affirmed. Arianism appeared
thereafter as a vanquished foe, and found little place except among certain of
the barbarian tribes, in whose midst it maintained itself till the sixth
century. " - Henry C. Sheldon
"Now, indeed, we must treat of the divine
Scriptures: what the universal Catholic
Church accepts and what she must shun. The list of the Old Testament
Genesis, one book;
Exodus, one book: Leviticus, one book; Numbers, one book;
Deuteronomy, one book; Jesus Nave, one book; of Judges,
one book; Ruth, one book; Kings, four books;
Paralipomenon, two books; One Hundred and Fifty Psalms, one book;
of Solomon, three books: Proverbs, one book; Ecclesiastes,
one book; Canticle of Canticles, one book; likewise, Wisdom, one
book; Ecclesiasticus (Sirach), one book;
Likewise, the list of the prophets: Isaiah, one book;
Jeremias, one book; along with Cinoth, that is, his Lamentations;
Ezechiel, one book;
Daniel, one book; Osee, one book; Amos, one book;
Micheas, one book; Joel, one book; Abdias, one book;
Jonas, one book; Nahum, one book; Habacuc, one book;
Sophonias, one book; Aggeus, one book; Zacharias, one
book; Malachias, one book.
Likewise, the list of histories:
book; Tobias, one book; Esdras, two books; Esther, one
book; Judith, one book; of Maccabees, two books.
Likewise, the list of the Scriptures of the New
and Eternal Testament, which the Holy
Catholic Church receives: of the Gospels, one book according to
Matthew, one book according to Mark, one book according to
Luke, one book according to John. The Epistles of the Apostle
Paul, fourteen in number: one to the Romans, two to the
Corinthians, one to the Ephesians, two to the
Thessalonians, one to the Galatians, one to the
Philippians, one to the Colossians, two to Timothy, one to
Titus one to Philemon, one to the Hebrews.
one book of the Apocalypse of
John. And the Acts of the Apostles, one book. Likewise, the canonical Epistles,
seven in number: of the Apostle Peter, two Epistles; of the Apostle James, one
Epistle; of the Apostle John, one Epistle; of the other John, a Presbyter, two
Epistles; of the Apostle Jude the Zealot, one Epistle. Thus concludes the canon
of the New Testament.
The remaining writings which have been compiled or
been recognized by heretics or schismatics the
Catholic and Apostolic Roman Church
does not in any way receive; of these we have thought it right to cite below a few which
have been handed down and which are to
be avoided by Catholics as they are
Firstly we confess that the synod of Sirmium
called together by Constantius Caesar the son of
Constantine through the Prefect
Taurus is damned then, now and forever.
The Itinerary in the
name of Peter the apostle, which is called the nine
books of the
holy Clement; the Acts in the name of
the apostle Andrew; the Acts in the name of the apostle Thomas; the Acts in the
name of the apostle Peter; the Acts in the name of the apostle Philip; the
Gospel in the name of Mathias; the Gospel in the name of Barnabas; the Gospel
in the name of James the younger; the Gospel in the name of the apostle Peter;
the Gospel in the name of Thomas which the Manichaeans use; the Gospels in the
name of Bartholomew; the Gospels in the name of Andrew; the Gospels, which
Lucianus forged; the Gospels which Hesychius forged; the book on the infancy of
the saviour; the book of the nativity of the saviour and of Mary or the
midwife; the book which is called by
the name of the Shepherd; all the
books which Leucius the disciple of
the devil made; the book which is called the Foundation; the book which is
called the Treasure; the book of the
daughters of Adam Leptogeneseos; the cento on Jesus put together in Virgilian
verses; the book which is called the Acts of Thecla and Paul; the book which is
called Nepos'; the books of Proverbs
written by heretics and prefixed with the name of
holy Sixtus; the Revelation which is
called Paul's; the Revelation which is called Thomas'; the Revelation which is
called Stephen's; the book which is called the Assumption of
holy Mary; the book which is called the
Repentance of Adam; the book about Gog the giant of whom the heretics assert
that after the deluge he fought with the
dragon; the book which is called the Testament of Job; the book which is
called the Repentance of Origen;
the book which is called the Repentance of holy Cyprian; the book which is called the
Repentance of Jamne and Mambre; the book which is called the Lots of the
Apostles; the book which is called
the grave-plate (?) of the Apostles; the book which is called the canons of the
Apostles; the book Physiologus written by heretics and prefixed with the name
of blessed Ambrose; the history of
Eusebius Pampilii; the works of Tertullian; the works of Lactantius also known
as Firmianus; the works of Africanus; the works of Postumianus and Gallus; the
works of Montanus, Priscilla and Maximilla; the works of Faustus the
Manichaean; the works of Commodian; the works of the other Clement, of
Alexandria; the works of Thascius Cyprianus; the works of Arnobius; the works
of Tichonius; the works of Cassian the Gallic priest; the works of Victorinus of Pettau; the
works of Faustus of Riez in Gaul; the works of Frumentius Caecus; the cento on
Jesus stitched together from verses of Virgil; the Letter from Jesus to Abgar;
the Letter of Abgar to Jesus; the Passion of Cyricus and Julitta; the Passion
of Georgius; the writing which is called the Interdiction of Solomon; all
amulets which are compiled not in the name of the angels as they pretend but
are written in the names of great demons.
and those similar ones, which Simon Magus, Nicolaus, Cerinthus, Marcion,
Basilides, Ebion, Paul of Samosata, Photinus and Bonosus, who suffered from
similar error, also Montanus with his obscene
followers, Apollinaris, Valentinus the
Manichaean, Faustus the African, Sabellius, Arius, Macedonius, Eunomius,
Novatus, Sabbatius, Calistus, Donatus, Eustasius, Jovianus, Pelagius, Julian of
Eclanum, Caelestius, Maximian, Priscillian from Spain, Nestorius of
Constantinople, Maximus the Cynic,
Lampetius, Dioscorus, Eutyches, Peter and the other Peter, of whom one
disgraced Alexandria and the other Antioch, Acacius of Constantinople with his
associates, and what also all disciples of heresy and of the heretics and
schismatics, whose names we have scarcely preserved, have taught or compiled,
we acknowledge is to be not merely rejected but eliminated from the whole
Roman Catholic and Apostolic
Church and with their authors and the followers of its authors to be damned
in the inextricable shackles of anathema forever.
In conclusion, most of the books of
modern New Testament, that most 'Christians'
subscribe too, where chosen by the Roman
Catholics to be the 'word' of God and any writing that did not fall
within the dogma of the Imperial
State Religion of Holy Roman
Catholic Church was destroyed.
Historical texts that could have shed light on what actually occurred when
Jesus walked on the Earth and what
Jesus actually said were
destroyed for the sole purpose of
elevating the Holy Roman Catholic
Church to the position of
intercessor to God. The Holy
Roman Catholic Church defined the religion of Christainity by defining the
books that would be included in the Bible.
It is extremely amazing that
'Christian literalists' have 'faith' and
'believe' that the
books of the
New Testament are
pure as the driven snow, have never
been edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited, re-corrected
and corrupted by the very group that Protestants condemn as a cult, the Imperial State Religion
of Holy Roman Catholic Church of scribes/priests/monks, management and of
course the chief executive officer, the Pope.
The truth is this:
If we look at the
New Testament as a
literal accurate account (like
network and cable news?) of what actually occurred when
Jesus walked the Earth then we will fail
to 'see' the truth within the
Jesus' original works were in
words not in writing.
Many different men, with many different
opinions, wrote down the oral accounts of the works, the words and the life of Jesus
embellishing and refining as they saw fit according to their own belief
system unique to the individual
If we understand that
spiritual corruption is real we can learn to walk with God by understanding the
Bible as a
allegorical guide for living embedded in a marvelous
With this understanding we can
respect every living thing that God has brought into creation for what it is:
the spirit of God
animating inanimate matter, life.
If you see life as a horrible, ugly
thing then you have entirely missed the message of Jesus'
word that Jesus gave his life to bring to you. Jesus told us that the attitude
we have when living our lives is what saddles us with our own personal hell or
showers us with our own personal heaven in
this life on Earth.
Redemption comes from understanding one's
own weakness' and working to correct those weakness'.
Redemption frees the soul in this life,
right now, as opposed to some mythical afterlife that has never
been shown to actually exist in reality.
In this way we learn to walk
with God, we learn to feel ourselves
holding the divine spark
of God's compassion,
life, as a precious thing never to be taken except as required for basic
"Catholics and non-Catholics alike need to
recognize the fact that the church is a human institution, overseen by
men with human
faults." - Michael Miyamoto
Father Jon Sobrino is
a surviving liberation theologist, part of a team of intellectual Jesuit
priests based at the University of Central America.
Father Jon Sobrino
was a close friend of Oscar Romero the archbishop of San Salvador who was
assassinated by right-wing paramilitaries in 1980.
Father Jon Sobrino
escaped death in 1989 when 6 priests, a cook and her daughter were slaughtered
by Salvadoran soldiers as he was out of the country at the time.
Fernando Saenz Lacalle, a prominent San Salvador member of Opus Dei,
has pushed the Vatican to silence Father
Jon Sobrino for several years. Opus Dei supported the right-wing governments of
Francisco Franco and Augusto Pinochet. Opus Dei's founding member
Josemaría Escrivá believed in mortification of the flesh.
Josemaría Escrivá's maxim on suffering: "Loved be pain.
Sanctified be pain. Glorified be pain!" Opus Dei is not what they appear to be
- see Opus Dei Awareness Network.
Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI, as head of the Congregation for the Doctrine
of the Faith led a drive to stamp out
Liberation Theology as it
conflicts with imperial Christian theology.
Father Jon Sobrino has been
silenced by the Vatican, he will not be
allowed to teach or write.
"It's time that Americans concerned with
illegal immigration start questioning our track record of befriending only the
rich and powerful of Latin America while its wretched masses flood our
frontiers." - Roger Carasso
Jesus' message has always been a message of
Jesus guarantees the
individual salvation by loving
God (who granted every living creature life), allowing God's compassion to
'wash through one" cleansing the corruption of the soul and by living
life always mindful of God's compassion as
presented to mankind by Jesus.
Jesus taught us that respect of the
Creator Jesus taught us to accept
reality as reality is but before we can do that we must examine reality in
Clear White Light of the Creator and Sustainer.
and Sustainer is based on unadulterated Awe.
Clear White Light of the
Creator and Sustainer opens our hearts
and minds to the compassion of the
Creator and Sustainer has shown by the existence of life on Earth.
emotional breakthrough into truly living in freedom occurs when one accepts the
uncertainty of life rather than wishing or praying or casting spells that life
be different than life actually is.
Jesus life model can
be summed up in a sentence:
"Be kind to each other, improve yourselves
and your surroundings, give generously to those in need, enjoylife and, most importantly:
back to stacks
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|This website defines a new religious
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of reality outside personal experience has created a populace unable to discern
propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an
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