a warrior is not required
to sacrifce himself
"Heaven can be entered only through the
spiritual corruption is
broad, and its gate is wide enough for all the multitudes who choose the way of
The gateway to Life is small, and the way is narrow, and only a few
ever find it."
"Why worry about the small things in the eye
of a brother when your eyes can not see ?
Should you say, 'brother, let
me help you get the small things out of your eye,' when you have no vision?'
Remove the blinders from your eyes, then you can see
to help your brother."
and you will be given what you ask for.
and you will find.
door will be opened.
For everyone who asks, receives.
Anyone who seeks, finds.
If only you will knock, the
door will open."
Literal Physical Truth of the New Testament
"Modern New Testament scholarship has shown that
we know far less The New Testament did not fall out
of the sky a complete book. The
books of the
New Testament were not all written at the same
time, were not necessarily written in the order they appear nor were they even
originally written in the same language.
about the historical
Jesus than we thought we did." - Karen Armstrong
All Christian documents in
existence from before the 4th century are on papyrus. Since papyrus is fragile,
only fragments of these works have been preserved.
Before the invention
of the printing press all documents had to be copied by hand, a laborious
process that invited all kinds of variations: misspellings, altered wording,
grammatical corrections, stylistic improvements, insertions, omissions, etc.
Many New Testament versions have marginal
notes added. These marginalia were often copied into the main text of later
versions. No two New Testaments written before
the 15th century are identical !
20th century versions of the
New Testament are primarily based on parchment
uncial codices of the 4th through the 9th century. Many of the earliest of
these, like Sinaiticus, have undergone extensive "correction" by later
parchment uncial codices of the 4th through the 9th
century5th century Codex Alexandrinus is largely an Alexandrian
witness and the oldest text of the Gospels.
A passage - "All
things came into being through him; and apart from him no single thing came
into being. In him was life; and the life was the light of men."
5th to 7th century Codex
Washingtonensis or Codex Freerianus paleographers have deduced that
the original scribe corrected some of his own errors, followed by another who
made revisions. Finally, two later hands made a few additional changes.
Codex Washingtonensis is variegated in its representation and
believed to be copied from one that had been pieced together out of fragments
of several manuscripts. Readings representative of all of
the major text types can be found in this manuscript.
A passage - "All
things came into being through him; and apart from him no single thing came
into being. What has come into being in him (is or was) life. And the life was
the light of humanity."
6th century Codex
Bezae: the left hand page is the Greek and the right hand side is Latin. As
many as nine correctors worked on the manuscript between the sixth and twelfth
"All things came into being through him; and apart from him
nothing came into being. What has come into being in him is life. And the life
was the light of humanity."
9th century Alcuin of
York during the reign of Charlemagne attempts to purify the corrupted text.
This correction is the basis for the Paris edition that was widely disseminated
among the clergy in northwestern Europe.
12th or 13th
century Codex 666 reads as follows:
passage - "All things came into being through him; and apart from him no single
thing came into being that has come into being. In him was life; and the life
was the light of men."
Corrected passage - "All things came into being
through him; and apart from him no single thing came into being. What has come
into being was life in him; and the life was the light of men."
15th century Printing press invented. The Vulgate, as produced
by Gutenberg, is not entirely without mistakes as the several editions of the
first printed work vary one from the other.
Oral TraditionInitially the Hebrews resisted the writing down of
Mosiac Law. It was
understood that the Oral Tradition was
less likely to have ponerological elements inserted through the evolution of
the definitions of words. The tradition was to teach each child orally all that
had been previously revealed as the work of the hand of God.
the tradition of Jesus the Tannaim who
taught using the Oral
Hebrew attitudes toward
translations of Hebrew scripture
evolved over time.
When Alexander the III of Macedonia
conquered Egypt he introduced Hellenism which
swept the world up along with Alexander. Ptolomy added Hellenistic elements to
the evolved Heliopolitan
mythology, particularly when he brought the stolen stone idol to
By the time of the birth of Jesus the
Hebrews of Alexandria had built a scriptural edifice now known as the Old
Testament which was later translated into the Greek
2nd century BC Readings in the
synagogues must be interpreted from Hebrew
into Aramaic for the local people to understand. A later
Talmudic injunction by Rabbi
Simon ben Gamaliel said that Greek was the only language into which
the Torah could be accurately
Septuagint is the Greek
translation named 'according to
the seventy' for the group of Hebrew scholars that translated the Old Testament
The Septuagint found
widespread use in Hellenistic culture as well as Jerusalem which had become
a cosmopolitan city.
Several factors finally led most Hebrews to
abandon the Septuagint including:
Greek scribes were not subject to the
same rigid rules imposed on Hebrew scribes;
favored the Septuagint;
decline of the Greek language among Hebrews after they flee the Greek-speaking
Roman Empire into
the Aramaic-speaking Persian Empire when
Jerusalem is destroyed by the Romans.
95 AD The Hebrew historian Josephus canonical
list of sacred scriptures has three parts: five books of the Torah, thirteen
books of the prophets, and four books of hymns.
Sapiential Books or Books of
Wisdom is a term used in biblical studies to refer to a subset of the books in
the Septuagint version.
There are seven of these books, namely the
books of Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, the Book of Wisdom, the Song of
Songs (Song of Solomon), and Sirach. The Testament of Job is a book written in
the 1st century BC.
The author of Wisdom of Solomon was
an Alexandrian Jew
during the silent persecution initiated in Egypt under Caesar Augustus.
The Wisdom of Sirach is a work of ethical teachings written by the
Jewish scribe Shimon ben Yeshua ben Eliezer ben Sira of Jerusalem approximately
175 BC. Ecclesiastes includes the presence of
and Aramaisms which point to a date no earlier than 450 BC and no later than
180 BC, when Eliezer ben Sira quotes from it.
The early Christian Church
used the Septuagint since most of its earliest members were Greek-speaking and
because the Messianic passages most clearly pointed to Jesus as the
When Saint Jerome started preparation of
the Vulgate into Latin he started with the Septuagint. Even when Latin, Syriac,
Coptic, Armenian and other translations appeared, the
Septuagint continued to be used by the Greek-speaking portion of the Christian
Church. Scribes of the New Testament, also written in Greek, quoted from the
Septuagint frequently, though not exclusively, when relating prophesies and
history from the Old Testament.
The Eastern Orthodox Church still
prefers to use the Septuagint as the basis for translating the Old
Testament into other languages, and the Greek Orthodox Church (which has no
need for translation) continues
to use it in its liturgy even today.
Many modern Catholic translations
of the Bible, while using the Masoretic text as their basis, employ the
Septuagint to decide between different possible translations of the Hebrew text
whenever the latter is unclear, corrupt, or ambiguous.
The Greek of the Septuagint has many idioms and
phrases based on Hebrew, and the grammatical phenomenon known as
attraction is common there. Some
parts of it have been described as "Hebrew in Greek words". However, other
sections show an ignorance of
Hebrew idiom, so that the literal
translation provided makes
little sense. The translators usually, but not always, employed one and the
same Greek word for one Hebrew word whenever it occurs. Thus the
Septuagint can be called a mostly concordant
translation. However, as in most
translations of any literary
work, often more than one Hebrew word gets
translated into one and the same
Greek word, removing some nuance from the text.
Vulgate 382 Emperor
Theodosius I orders Saint Jerome under the direction of
Pope Damasus I and the
Council of Rome to produce the
Latin Vulgate. The Vulgate is written in everyday Latin, versio vulgata, as
opposed to Ciceronian Latin of which Saint Jerome was a
The bedrock of
Roman Catholicism is Saint Jerome's
Vulgate. Roman Catholicism
united Western Europe, under the Pope, for over a thousand years until
translated the Bible into German
in 1530 AD.
The closest equivalent in English to the Latin Vulgate is
the King James Version which shows a marked
influence from the
Vulgate in the vigorous rhythm of its
The Vulgate, designed
to be easier to understand, was directly translated from Hebrew rather than the
Saint Jerome was responsible for at least three
slightly different versions of the Vulgate.
The Romana Vulgate
was the first, soon replaced by later versions except in Britain, where it
continued to be used until the Norman Conquest in 1066.
Vulgate was produced a few years later with revisions.
Vulgate is largely identical to the Romana Vulgate except for the book of
Psalms, which Saint Jerome translated from the Hebrew
for this version.
Old Latin Vulgate The Latin Bible used before the Vulgate is usually referred to as
the Vetus Latina, or Old Latin Bible, or occasionally the Old Latin Vulgate.
The Old Latin Vulgate remained in use in some circles even after Saint Jerome's
Vulgate became the accepted standard throughout the Western Roman Catholic
Church. Gauls continued to prefer the Old Latin Vulgate for
The Old Latin Vulgate was not translated by a single
individual or institution, nor even uniformly edited. Each book varies in
quality of translation and style. The Old Latin Vulgate Old Testament books
were most likely translated from the Greek Septuagint, not from the Hebrew as
each book varies in quality of translation and
Church of Rome strives to refute the doctrines of Protestantism,
the Vulgate is reaffirmed in the Council of Trent as the sole authorized text
of the Bible. To reinforce this declaration, an attempt is made to standardize
the spelling and overall text of the Vulgate out of the countless editions
written during the Middle Ages.
1590 Pope Sixtus
V (1585-90) produces the Sistine Vulgate.
Clement VIII (1592-1605) produces the Clementine Vulgate which has been
the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church until the 1960s, when worship
in vernacular languages was first permitted.
1907 Nova Vulgata
commissioned in by Pope Pius X of the Benedictine Monastery in Rome, though
many decades would pass before it would be completed. The main difference
between the Nova Vulgata and the Vulgata Clementina is that it takes account of
the modern textual criticism. There are a number of changes where the modern
scholars felt that Saint Jerome had failed to grasp the meaning of the original
languages. Spelling reflects a more Classical leaning than the Renaissance
spelling of the Clementine edition. Nova Vulgata does not contain some
books found in some editions of the Vulgate - for example the 3rd and 4th Book
The Nova Vulgata is currently the
official Latin version published and
approved by the Roman Catholic Church.
The Nova Vulgata has not been widely embraced by conservative Catholics, as it
sounds unfamiliar compared to the Clementine, a fact common in the history of
the Bible as new translations attempt to supplant older, more familiar
The Stuttgart Vulgate is published by the German BibleSociety
(Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft), based in Stuttgart. In this edition, Biblia Sacra
Vulgata, the German BibleSociety seeks to reproduce the original, pure Vulgate
text that Saint Jerome produced 1,600 years ago.
The Stuttgart Vulgate
attempts, through critical comparison of important, historical editions of the
Vulgate, to achieve the original text, cleansed of the errors of a millennium
and a half's time.
The main critical source for the Stuttgart Vulgate
is Codex Amiatinus, the highly-esteemed 8th century, one-volume manuscript of
the whole Latin Bible produced in England, regarded as the best medieval
witness to Saint Jerome's original text.
Depending on your point
of view, one of the beauties or one of the problems with the Bible is that, by
carefully picking and choosing your passages, you can get anything you want out
Using passages from the canonical gospels, scholars,
theologians, and lay alike have 'proven' that
Jesus was a
Essene, a revolutionary
Zaddikim intent on overthrowing
Roman occupation, a
Marxist, a supply-side Republican, and even a
Taoist. (Of course others have also
found passages to repudiate all of these assertions and prove that
Jesus of Nazareth wore three hats -
Tannaim / Tekton /
Therapeutae and dined
with the Essenes.)
Over time, as we all know, everything decays or becomes corrupt. This
would have been the case with the original writings about Jesus. The written
texts that now exist were not written by
apostles of Jesus but rather were copies of texts of
We have no way of
knowing exactly what changes were made and what was added to the original texts
dealing with Jesus but research suggests
that the original texts were simply the
statements and sermons of Jesus which were later elaborated
Thousands of men spent their entire lives redefining the religion
which we now call "Christianity."
There was much debate about who wrote
what and what was true as opposed to
what was heretical even in the first
century after the birth of Jesus. The process of selection and status gradually
evolved, and even the Bible itself tells us that what we currently have is not
the full story or a complete
One generation removed from
the living Jesus
gnostic thought began to build
Mystery upon the evolving myth of Jesus
Mystical Gnosticism is
simply a religion of redemption - wisdom
of truth gained through the coupling of
experience with knowledge.
Clement of Alexandria used the term 'gnostic'
to describe anyone who had penetrated deeper into the Gnostic Mysteries .
The Gnostic universally
heralded Jesus the Tekton as the one who
brought recognition of Knowledge
of the Truth.
"In Gnostic terms the body's site of power has been
referred to as those of the 'sleepers' and 'wakers.' The 'sleepers' being those
whose conscious self has yet to break through the layers of the body's social
conditioning. The spiritual-somatic experience has been seen as a threat to
hierarchical societies because it exists beyond their bounds of power. This is
one reason why ecstatic experiences - whether through spiritual or other means
- have been suppressed, outlawed, and discredited by religions and mainstream
institutions alike. Ecstatic experiences that can break down human thinking
patterns and conditioning structures are unnerving for institutions of
social-political power. How can you control, regulate, and discipline a
body/energy/experience that has no physical location?" - Kingsley L.
Titus Flavius Clemens Titus Flavius Clemens, Clement of Alexandria, succeeded his
mentor, Pantaenus, as head of the catechetical school at Alexandria to become
the intellectual leader of the Christian community in Alexandria, Egypt for the
last two decades of the 2nd century after the birth of Jesus.
Flavius Clemens emphasized the permanent importance of the use of philosophy to
understand the relation between knowledge
and faith. As
a comprehensive knowledge of
the essentials, knowledge allows the
believer to penetrate deeply into the understanding of what he actually
believes and by so doing perfect his faith.
In order to attain the "Faith of Knowledge," to find the
Truth, which is so much higher than the mere "faith of conjecture," or simple
reception of a truth on authority, philosophy is permanently
To judge those who professed esoteric
knowledge or the Truth all that was needed, Titus Flavius Clemens argued
correctly, check to see if they lived a moral life which was the test of real
Against anti-intellectual pietists, Clement of Alexandria
championed the ideal of spiritual
enlightenment. Titus Flavius Clemens characterization of the real Christian
as an intellectual whose life is a moral example for others
development of the monastic ideal.
During the persecution of Alexandrian
Christians, Titus Flavius Clemens found refuge in Jerusalem. Titus Flavius
Clemens was succeeded at Alexandria by his brilliant protégé,
Catholics attempted early on to stamp out any train of thought, to destroy
all branches of the gnostic mysteries and destroy any text of the Christian
religion which did not strictly adhere to
gnostic confrontation and
until the Reformation, the Roman
Catholic Church was the overwhelmingly
dominant force in Christianity. The rigid, entrenched mentality of
Catholic orthodoxy must be taken into
account in any reasonable examination of the Christian
Schisms, dissensions, and new ideas were crushed by a
pronouncement of spiritual death (excommunication) or
physical death (inquisition/crusade.)
This dogma was and is not to be challenged;
dogma is inflexible to change:
supernatural (outside of
nature); God is three-in-one, (the Father, the Son and the
Holy Spirit); God requires
humans to worship him as a human
Emperor (descended God) on Earth is
worshiped; that something called the soul (which exists outside of nature) is
condemned by God to a place called hell unless one believes in and follows the
religious dogma of whichever sect or cult one has joined or been born into;
that to some, belief in their sect or cults religious dogma guarantees one a
secure position in the nether realm of heaven; that to others good works and
belief are necessary to gain admission to heaven, and that to still others good
works, belief and a following of religious law is the only way to gain
admission to heaven.
"All rational creatures in the natural order have
free will." The
Roman Catholic Church needed then and
to control the information made available to the public about
Without a uniform religion the
realized they would
lose control of adherents. It was from
this Roman Catholic Church that the ultimate lists of approved, canonical, and
heretical texts issued.
within what is now the Roman Catholic Church there has always been dissension.
The Synoptic Gospels, Gospel of Matthew, Gospel of Mark and Gospel
of Luke, order of creation was debated and revised.
of John was considered heretical and
was added later.
Revelation was considered
heretical and then added later.
The first commentary made on the Gospel of John was by the
gnostics Ptolemy and
Heracleon, as quoted by Irenaeus and Origen. The Gospel of John is a
highly intellectual account of Jesus' life which would have required a good
level of education and was most likely penned by John the Presbyter (priest) as
opposed to John the Apostle who was an
uneducated fisherman. John the Presbyter most likely penned Revelation
Irenaeus insisted there
could be only one orthodox (literally, "straight-thinking") church outside of
which "there was no salvation."
Christian writers before 150 years after
the birth of Jesus do not generally
refer to any document (including the canonical gospels) as their source for
The Synoptics were
originally anonymous, and decisions of authorship came about in the 2nd century
based on legend.
1st century Christianity
follows the Hebrew tradition of being practiced primarily as an oral cultural
There are several references to the "words of Jesus".
Early collections of
sayings are more than likely, fragments still exist.
Axial Age scribbling down verbal
utterances of the Oral Tradition - axioms, adages and proverbs - of
Zoroaster, Moshe Rabbenu, Pythagoras
became widespread with the use of written language.
The Gospel of Thomas, which was
discovered less than a century ago,
is evidence that such collections originally did
The idea that the Greek
gospels are based on primitive collection of sayings (Greek: logia) goes back
to the very first commentary on the gospels. Early in the 2nd century after the
birth of Jesus, Papias reported
that Matthew compiled the logia of Christ which others
interpreted as best
they could. Papias penned, a 5 volume commentary on
the sayings of Jesus from the accounts of
second generation church leaders, labeled an Exposition of the Oracles of
The Exposition of the Oracles of the Lord to this
date provide the earliest record of the composition of the gospels. Papias'
work is among the many texts claimed to be known to ancient Christians that
were destroyed by the Roman Catholic Church.
From a fragment
from the Exposition of the Oracles of the Lord by Papias we learn that;
Papias affirms that he received the sayings of the apostles from those
who accompanied them, and he moreover asserts that he heard with his own ears
Aristion and the presbyter John. Papias mentions them
frequently by name, and in his
writings gives their traditions. Papias relates other miraculous deeds, stating
that he acquired the knowledge of them from
also relates that he had received a wonderful
narrative from the daughters of the
Apostle Philip in Hierapolis. Papias relates that a dead man was raised to life
in his day. Papias also mentions another miracle relating to Justus, surnamed
Barsabas, how Justus swallowed a deadly poison, and received no
harm, on account of the
Papias set down other things as coming to him from unwritten
tradition, strange parables and instructions of Jesus - and some other things
of a more fabulous nature. One of these predicts that a millennium after the
Jesus resurrection from death, when the personal reign of Jesus will be
established on this Earth. Papias moreover hands down, in his own writing,
other narratives given by the
previously mentioned Aristion of Jesus' sayings, and the traditions of the
Papias has given in the following words regarding the
Gospel of Mark:
"And the presbyter said this: Mark having become
the interpreter of Peter, wrote down accurately whatsoever he
remembered. It was not, however, in
exact order that he related the sayings or deeds of Jesus. For he neither heard
Jesus nor accompanied Him. But afterwards, as I said, he accompanied Peter, who
accommodated his instructions to the necessities, but with no intention of
giving a regular narrative of
Jesus' sayings. Wherefore Mark made no mistake in thus writing some things as he
remembered them. For of one thing he
took especial care, not to omit anything he had heard, and not to put anything
fictitious into the statements."
With regard to the Gospel of
Matthew, Papias has made the following statement:
together the oracles in the Hebrew language, and each one
interpreted them as
best he could. The same writer used proofs from the First Epistle of
John, and from the Epistle of Peter in like manner."
also gives another story of a woman who was accused of many
sins before Jesus, which is to be found in the
Gospel according to the Hebrews.
This fragment of the Exposition of
the Oracles of the Lord by Papias
translated by the Reverend
Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson. Excerpted from Volume I of The
Ante-Nicene Fathers (Reverend Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson, editors);
American Edition copyright © 1885
History, a chronicle of a
conflict,In the first few centuries, there were a
number of conflicts over
which direction the Roman Catholic Church would take. The earliest was
Saul of Tarsus, a Hellenized
Hebrew converted to the Zaddikim
Cult, which already had a supernatural Hebrew Messiah, versus James, the
brother of Jesus, also known as James the
is written by
the winners of the conflict.
Saul of Tarsus, the reformulated "Paul", won out in a largely
Hellenized population so it is no surprise the writing of Saul of Tarsus
dominates the New Testament.
of Christianity is known as Pauline
The conversion of
Saul of Tarsus into "Paul" can be
dated to a couple years after the crucifxion of Jesus of Nazareth, by his
reference to it in one of his letters. According to the account in Acts, it
took place on the road to Damascus, where he reported having experienced a
vision of the resurrected Jesus. The account says that "he fell to the earth,
and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?" Saul
replied, "Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou
persecutest!"In Galatians 1:16 Saul writes that God "was pleased to reveal his
son to me." In 1 Corinthians 15:8, as he lists the order in which Jesus
appeared to his disciples after his resurrection, Saul writes, "last of all, as
to one untimely born, He appeared to me also."
Saul was a young
Hellenized Hebrew Zaddikim
fanatic charged with the execution and the seizure of disciples of Jesus. On
the road Saul was struck with the realization that he could mold the evolving
legend of Jesus, one of the last Tannaim, using the
Zaddikim Messiah with which
he had recently become aquainted. Within the Sanhedrin the last remaining
elements of a Hasmonean high priest inner circle cult, the
Zaddikim, still existed. The
Zaddikim were an extremist
apocalyptic sect whose stated aim was to invoke the intervention of
supernatural powers to establish Israel as a sovereign realm. They had
extremist Zealot followers they used a shock troops. And they had the Sicarii
"His whole state of mind shows the influence of the Gnostic
lore of Alexandria, especially the Hermes literature, hence his strange
belief in supernatural powers. Throughout Paul's writings an irrational or
pathological element could not but repel the disciples of the Rabbis. The
conception of a new faith, half pagan and half Jewish, such as Saul preached,
and susceptibility to its influences, were altogether foreign to the nature of
Jewish life and thought." - Kaufmann Kohler, Rabbi Emeritus of Temple Beth-El,
Modern scholars believe that Jesus preached mainly to Hebrews
as Jesus was baptized by John the
Baptist whose opinions he would have shared. James, as leader of the Jerusalem
Church, taught both Aramaic and Greek speakers. Saul of Tarsus, as the 'Apostle
to the Gentiles,' made the teaching of Jesus
relevant and interesting to the polytheistic Hellenized gentiles.
order for the fledgling Christianity to gain attention in
the Hellenized culture, the religion had to obtain
certain characteristics common to the other gods and
religions of that time. There was
a ready structural model to be found in the
State religion of Rome which
had adopted the myths of the Greek city states which had been spread throughout
the Mediterranean by the Greek colonizers - the best known of which was
Alexander III of Macedonia
who conquered all cultures from the Ionian Sea to the
325 Anno Domini A
new state religion,
Pauline Christianity codified as
the 'official' form of Christianity,
protected and promoted by
Constantine, is formalized, as "Nicene Christianity" at the
Council of Nicaea.
You could become a Christian layman through baptism but you could only
be a Christian clergyman, initially by being born into the group.
Roman Catholics had to abandon the
right of being birthed into the Church as there was not enough layman being
born to support the clergy.
Nicene Creed solved this problem
by decreeing that after ordination a priest could not marry (prefigures the
352 Council of Laodicea decrees
women are not to be ordained.
385 Pope Siricius
leaves his wife in order to become
pope and then decrees that priests may no longer sleep with their
Council of Rome, authorized by
imperial sanction in the Theodosian decrees in both the Eastern and Western
Roman Empire makes it a capital
offense to practice in form of religion accept
Nicene Christianity as expounded
at the Council of Rome or
Judaism. Both groups consisted of "chosen ones". You
could only be a Jew if your mother was a Jew so being a Jew was race based.
The Gospel of Thomas was one
of the gospels that did not make the final cut and is a collection of over
one hundred statements made by Jesus.
Although it is known to be a corrupted text, as it was transcribed from Greek
to Coptic, about half of the sayings have direct parallels to sayings recorded
in the canonical gospels, and much of the other half can be linked
theologically to the rest of the
The existence of the
Gospel of Thomas has been known to
scholars since the origins of Christianity, but no copies were known to have
survived any of the puritanical
purges. The work is mentioned by the early
Roman Catholic Church fathers
in a negative context.
Throughout the text of the Gospel of Thomas, Jesus offers numerous ways to attain
the kingdom of heaven. This makes
redemption a personal thing for the
reader and bypasses the need
for a priest or an organized church
From an orthodox Catholic standpoint, the Gospel of Thomas would have been dangerously thought
Around 233, Origen, mentions the Gospel
of Thomas on a list of Coptic gospels. In 1952 it was established that
Papyrus 1 and 655 were also fragments of the Gospel of
The Gospel of Thomas was
never cannonized and was found to be heretical because it encourages the
to think for himself!
Origen was the most prolific and influential Christian writer prior to
the legalization of Christianity by Rome. Origen was responsible for the
intellectual triumph of Catholic
Christianity over the gnostic
and pagan cults of Christianity.
Origen distinguished between different
types of biblical interpretation,
historical, moral and spiritual, and
argued that biblical works were primarily theological compositions.
created real problems of interpretation at the
historical and moral levels and because of this Origen was condemned as a
heretic by the Roman Catholic Church a
century after his death.
The Roman Catholic Church has always fought
against those who would use the path of knowledge to
attain the Kingdom of Heaven;
claiming that the path to heaven lies in unquestioning
faith in precepts and pronouncements of
the Roman Catholic
This is also true of many of
First Council of
Nicaea, held in Nicaea in Bithynia, convoked by the
Imperial Roman Emperor
Constantine I in 325, was the first ecumenical conference of bishops of the
Roman Catholic Church, and
resulted in the first uniform Christian
Theodoret, speaking of the
assembled bishops previous trials and tribulations under
Emperor Diocletian, "Many
like the holy apostles, bore in their bodies the marks of the Lord Jesus
Christ. Paul, Bishop of Neo-Cæsarea, a fortress situated on the banks of
the Euphrates, had been deprived of the use of both hands by the application of
a red-hot iron. Some had had the right eye torn out, others had lost the right
arm. In short, it was an assembly of martyrs."
"He said that the crimes
of priests ought not to be made known to the multitude, lest they should become
an occasion of offence or of sin. He also said, that, if he had detected a
bishop in the very act of committing adultery, he would have thrown his
imperial robe over the unlawful deed." - Eusebius speaking of the Emperor
Constantine's opening speech
With the creation of the Nicene Creed, a
precedent was established for subsequent 'general (ecumenical) councils of
Bishops' (Synods) to create statements of belief and
canons of doctrinal orthodoxy - the intent
being to create unity of belief for the whole of Christendom.
The primary purpose of the council was to resolve
disagreements in the Church of Alexandria over the nature of Jesus in
relationship to the Father; in particular, whether Jesus was of the same or
merely of similar substance as God the Father.
St. Alexander of Alexandria and Athanasius took the first
position; the popular presbyter Arius, from whom the term Arian controversy
comes, took the second. The council decided against the Arians overwhelmingly.
The council also decided in favor of celebrating the date of the Christian
Passover on the first Sunday after the first
full moon following the Vernal
"The essential feature of that creed (Nicene) was
the safeguard against any denial of the
Son's divinity which, it
provided, through the explicit statement that the Son is homoousion, or consubstantial, with the
Father; not of an essence dissimilar to that
of the Father, or even of an essence merely similar, but of the same
essence. Only two of the assembled bishops,
Theonas and Secundus, persistently refused to sign; and these were
excommunicated and banished, together with Arius.
Eusebius of Nicomedia and
Theognis, while they subscribed the creed, refused to sanction the sentence
against Arius. For this cause they were deposed and banished shortly after the
adjournment of the council, but ere long were restored and regarded by
Constantine with favor." -
History of the Christian Church by Henry C. Sheldon of Boston University,
Thomas Y. Crowell and Company, New York ©1895 The
First Council of
Nicaea was historically significant because it was the first effort to
attain consensus in the fellowship of Christ through an assembly representing
institutionalized Christendom. With the
creation of the Nicene Creed, a precedent was established for subsequent
general councils to create a statement of belief and
canons of doctrinal orthodoxy hoping to
create a textual source that would unify Christendom.
attempts were made to poison the mind of Constantine against the most able
champion of the Nicene creed, namely, Athanasius, who had become Bishop of
Alexandria shortly after the adjournment of the council. Slanderous charges
were urged, and finally had their desired effect (336) in securing the
banishment of the iron-hearted bishop. Meanwhile, Arius had been recalled from
banishment and restored to imperial favor, since he succeeded in convincing
Constantine of his substantial agreement with the Nicene formula, and declared
upon oath that he did not hold the faith for which he had been condemned. To
complete his triumph and that of his friends, it only remained that he should
formally be restored to church fellowship." - Henry C. Sheldon
Unfortunately that did not happen as Arius was poisoned through the
machinations of Athanasius and he was "deprived both of
communion and of
After Emperor Constantine came Emperor Julian, Constantine's nephew, a
philosopher and the last pagan Emperor. Following Emperor Julian came
Emperor Valentinian I who
sent his brother Emperor Valens
to rule in the East.
"The tyrannical pressure of Constantius drove
the Nicene party into the shade, and
caused not a few instances of defection within its ranks. But unflinching
advocates still sustained its cause. Athanasius, in particular, was unmoved by
the storm of adversity, and his ardor was in no wise cooled by his repeated
experience of banishment. The victory, therefore, had already been prepared for
orthodoxy when the second ecumenical council assembled at Constantinople, in
the year 381, under the auspices of the
Emperor Theodosius. By that
council the Nicene creed was successfully re-affirmed. Arianism appeared
thereafter as a vanquished foe, and found little place except among certain of
the barbarian tribes, in whose midst it maintained itself till the sixth
century. " - Henry C. Sheldon
In conclusion, most of the books of
modern New Testament, that most 'Christians'
subscribe too, where chosen by the Roman
Catholics to be the 'word' of God and any writing that did not fall
within the dogma of the Imperial
State Religion of Holy Roman
Catholic Church was destroyed. Historical texts that could have shed light
on what actually occurred when Jesus walked
on the Earth and what Jesus actually said were
destroyed for the sole purpose of elevating the
Holy Roman Catholic Church to
the position of intercessor to
God. The Holy Roman Catholic
Church defined the religion of Christainity by defining the books that
would be included in the Bible.
It is extremely amazing that 'Christian
literalists' have 'faith' and 'believe' that the
books of the
New Testament are
pure as the driven snow, have never
been edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited, re-corrected
and corrupted by the very group that Protestants condemn as a cult,
the Imperial State Religion of
Holy Roman Catholic Church of scribes/priests/monks, management and of
course the chief executive officer,
The truth is
If we look at the New Testament
as a literal accurate account (like
network and cable news?) of
what actually occurred when Jesus walked the
Earth then we will fail to 'see' the truth
within the text.
Jesus' original works were in words not in
Many different men, with many different opinions, wrote
down the oral accounts of the works, the
words and the life of Jesus
embellishing and refining as they saw fit according to their own belief
system unique to the individual
If we understand that
spiritual corruption is real we can learn to walk with God by understanding the
Bible as a
allegorical guide for living embedded in a marvelous
With this understanding we can
respect every living thing that God has brought into creation for what it is:
the spirit of God
animating inanimate matter, life.
If you see life as a horrible, ugly
thing then you have entirely missed the message of Jesus'
word that Jesus gave his life to bring to you. Jesus told us that the attitude
we have when living our lives is what saddles us with our own personal hell or
showers us with our own personal heaven in
this life on Earth.
Redemption comes from understanding one's
own weakness' and working to correct those weakness'.
Redemption frees the soul in this life,
right now, as opposed to some mythical
afterlife that has never been shown to actually exist in
In this way we
learn to walk with God, we
learn to feel ourselves holding the
divine spark of
life, as a precious thing never to be taken except as required for basic
"Catholics and non-Catholics alike need to
recognize the fact that the church is a human institution, overseen by
men with human
faults." - Michael Miyamoto
Father Jon Sobrino is a surviving liberation
theologist, part of a team of intellectual Jesuit priests based at the
University of Central America.
Father Jon Sobrino was a close friend of
Oscar Romero the archbishop of San Salvador who was assassinated by right-wing
paramilitaries in 1980.
Father Jon Sobrino escaped death in 1989 when 6
priests, a cook and her daughter were slaughtered by Salvadoran soldiers as he
was out of the country at the time.
Fernando Saenz Lacalle, a prominent
San Salvador member of Opus Dei, has pushed the Vatican to
silence Father Jon Sobrino for several
years. Opus Dei supported the right-wing governments of
and Augusto Pinochet.
Opus Dei's founding member Josemaría Escrivá believed in
mortification of the flesh.
Josemaría Escrivá's maxim on
suffering: "Loved be pain. Sanctified be pain. Glorified be pain!" Opus Dei is
not what they appear to be - see Opus Dei
Aloisius Ratzinger, Pope
Benedict XVI, as head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith led
a drive to stamp out Liberation Theology
as it conflicts with imperial Christian theology.
Father Jon Sobrino
has been silenced by the Vatican, he will
not be allowed to teach or write.
"It's time that Americans concerned
with illegal immigration start questioning our track record of befriending only
the rich and powerful of Latin America while its wretched masses flood our
frontiers." - Roger Carasso
Jesus' message has always been a message of
guarantees the individual salvation by loving God (who
granted every living creature life), allowing God's compassion to 'wash through
one" cleansing the corruption of the soul and by living
life always mindful of God's compassion as
presented to mankind by Jesus.
Jesus taught us that respect of the
Creator Jesus taught us to accept
reality as reality is but before we can do that we must examine reality in
Clear White Light of the Creator and Sustainer.
and Sustainer is based on unadulterated Awe.
Clear White Light of the
Creator and Sustainer opens our hearts
and minds to the compassion of
the Creator and Sustainer has shown by the existence of life on Earth.
An emotional breakthrough into truly living in freedom occurs when one
accepts the uncertainty of life rather than wishing or praying or casting
spells that life be different than life actually is.
Jesus life model can be summed up in a sentence:
"Be kind to
each other, improve yourselves and your surroundings, give generously to those
in need, enjoylife and, most
back to stacks
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|This website defines a new religious
ideology to which its author adheres. The author feels that the falsification
of reality outside personal experience has created a populace unable to discern
propaganda from reality and that this has been done purposefully by an
international corporate cartel through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt
version of reality on the human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any
group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due
to their religious ideology. This web site marks the founding of the religion
aptly named The Truth of the Way of Life - a rational gnostic mystery religion
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supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of Life are spelled out in detail on this web site by the
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This web site in no way condones
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already occurring due to the international corporate cartels desire to control
the human race. The international corporate cartel already controls the world
condemning system, corporate media worldwide, the global industrial military
entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse of morals, the
elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of global ecosystems.
Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not occur at
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mores and values have declined precipitously over the last century as the
corrupt international cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests
in the ability to deceive the populace in general through corporate media by
pressing emotional buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population
through prior corporate media psychological operations. The results have been
the destruction of the family and the destruction of social structures that do
not adhere to the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world.
Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the
population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt
international elite that further consolidates their power and which further
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