Does the Creator exist?
It appears that the
Creator does not exist;
of two contraries be infinite, the other would have no place to be.
word "Creator" means that the Creator is infinite goodness;
be no evil discoverable; but there is evil in the world.
Creator does not exist.
It is superfluous to assume that what can be accounted for by a
few simple scenarios has been produced by many complex scenarios.
Everything can be accounted for by other scenarios.
things can be reduced to one scenario - nature.
All voluntary things can
be reduced to one scenario - motivation.
there is no need to suppose the Creator's existence.
On the contrary, it is said in the individual of the Creator:
"I am who I
am." (Exodus 3:14)
I answer that, the existence of the Creator
can be proved in five ways.
First recognition of motivation.
It is evident to our senses, that in the world
some things are
Now whatever is in motion is put in motion by another,
for nothing can put itself in motion.
For motion is nothing else than
the reduction of something from potentiality to actuality.
be reduced from potentiality to actuality, except by something in a state of
Thus that which is actually hot, as fire, makes
wood, which is potentially hot, to be
actually hot, and thereby motivates and changes it.
Now it is not
possible that the same thing should be at once in actuality and potentiality in
the same regard, but only in different aspects.
For what is actually
hot cannot simultaneously be potentially hot; but it is simultaneously
It is therefore
the potentially of duality
could be self-motivated.
Whatever is in motion must be put in
motion by another.
If that by which it is put in motion be itself
put in motion, then this also must needs be put in motion by another, and that
by another again.
This cannot go on to
infinity, as what would start the
Therefore it is necessary to arrive at a first motion, put
in motion by no other; and this everyone understands to be the Hand of the
Second recognition of efficient cause.
In the reality
of sense we find there is an order of efficient causes.
There is no
case known in which a thing is found to be the efficient cause of itself; for
so it would be prior to itself, which is
efficient causes you find an
unbroken chain; First
Cause gives rise to intermediate cause
which in turn is the cause of the
To remove the cause is to remove the effect, no
cause = no
Therefore, if there be no
First Cause among efficient
causes, there will be no
intermediate, nor any ultimate
Therefore it is necessary to admit a first efficient cause,
to which everyone gives the name of
recognition of possibility and
We find in nature things exist
within a limited lifespan.
It is impossible for these
always to exist as they have a limited lifespan.
If everything has a limited lifespan, then at one time it may
be assumed there could have been nothing in existence.
If this were
true, there would be nothing in existence, because that which does not exist
only begins to exist by being created by something already existing.
nothing was in existence, it would have been
impossible for anything to have
begun to exist; and thus even now nothing would be in existence.
There must exist some thing the existence of which is necessary as
every necessary thing has its
necessity caused by another.
It is impossible to go on to
infinity in things which have
their necessity caused by
another, as has been already proved in regard to efficient causes.
we postulate the existence of
something having its own necessity, and not receiving it from another, but
rather causing in others their
all men speak of as the Creator.
Fourth recognition of uniqueness among
Among beings there are some more and some less good, true and
something which is truest, something best, something noblest and, consequently,
something which is uttermost being; for those things that are greatest in truth
are greatest in being.
Now the maximum in any genus is the cause of all
in that genus; as fire, which is the maximum heat, is the cause of all hot
Therefore there must also be some things which is the cause of
their goodness, and every other noble perfection; and this we
speak of as the Creator.
of the governance of the universe.
We see that things which lack
intelligence, such as natural bodies,
act for an end, and this is evident from their acting always, or nearly always,
in the same way.
Not fortuitously, but designedly, do they achieve their end.
Whatever lacks intelligence cannot move towards an end, unless it be
directed by some being endowed with knowledge and
intelligence; as the arrow is
shot to its mark by the archer.
Therefore some intelligent being
exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end; and this being we
speak of as the Creator.
Reply to Objection 1.
As Augustine says (Enchiridion xi):
"Since the Creator is the highest
good, the Creator would not allow any evil to exist in His works, unless His
omnipotence and goodness were such as to bring good even out of evils."
This is part of the infinite
goodness of the Creator, that He should allow evil to exist, and out of it
Reply to Objection 2.
Since nature works
for a determinate end under the direction of a higher agent, whatever is done
by nature must needs be traced back to the Creator, as to its
So also whatever is done voluntarily must also be traced
back to some higher cause other than human reason or will, since these can
change or fail; for all things that are changeable and capable of
defect must be traced back to an
immovable and self-necessary
Whether all things are life in the Creator?
It appears that not all things are life
in the Creator. For it is said (Acts 17:28), "In the Creator we live, and move,
But not all things in the Creator are in motion. Therefore not
all things are life in the Creator.
all things are in the Creator as their first model. But things modelled ought
to conform to the model.
then, not all things have life in themselves, it appears that not all things
are life in the Creator.
Further, as Augustine says (De Vera Relig. 29), a
living substance is better than a substance that does not live.
therefore, things which in themselves have not life, are life in the Creator,
it appears that things exist more truly in the Creator than themselves.
But this appears to be false; since in themselves they exist actually,
but in the Creator potentially.
as good things and things made in time are known by the Creator, so are bad
things, and things that the Creator can make, but never will be made.
If, therefore, all things are life in the Creator, inasmuch as known by
the Creator, it appears that even bad things and things that will never be made
are life in the Creator, as known by the Creator, and this appears
On the contrary, (Jn. 1:3,4), it is said, "What
was made in the Creator was Life."
things were made, except the Creator.
all things are Life in the
To live in the Creator is to
In the intellect, the thing understood, and the
act of understanding, are one and the same.
Hence whatever is in the Creator as understood is the
very living or Life of the Creator.
Since all things that have been
made by the Creator are in the Creator as things understood,
that all things in the Creator are the divine life itself.
Reply to Objection 1.
Creatures are said to be in the
Creator in a twofold sense.
In one way, they are held together and
preserved by the divine power. And creatures are thus said to be in the
Creator, even as they exist in their own natures.
In this sense we must
understand the words of the Apostle when he says, "In the Creator we live,
move, and be"; since our being, living, and moving are themselves caused by the
In another sense things are said to be in the Creator, as in
the Creator who desire them, in which sense they are in the Creator through
their proper ideas, which in the Creator are not distinct from the divine
Hence things as they are in the Creator are the
divine essence. And
since the divine essence is life and not motion, it follows that things
existing in the Creator in this manner are not motion, but life.
Reply to Objection 2.
The thing modeled must be like the
model according to the form, not the mode of being.
For sometimes the
form has being of another category in the model from that which it has in the
Thus the form of a house has in
the mind of the architect immaterial and intelligible being; but in the house
that exists outside his mind, material and
ideas of things, though not existing in themselves, are life in the divine
mind, as having a divine existence in that mind.
Reply to Objection
If form only, and not matter, belonged to natural things, then in
all regards natural things would exist more truly in the divine mind, by the
ideas of them, than in themselves.
For which reason, in fact,
Plato held that the "separate" man was
the true man; and that man as he exists in matter, is man only by
But since matter enters into the being of natural things
a natural thing has being more truly in its own
nature than in the divine mind,
because it belongs to human nature to
be material, which, as existing in the divine mind, it is not.
a house has nobler being in the
architect's mind than in matter; yet a material house is a house more truly
than the one which exists in the mind; since the former is actual, the latter
Reply to Objection 4.
Although bad things
are in the Creator's knowledge, as being comprised under that knowledge, yet
they are not in the Creator as forged by the Creator, or preserved by the
Creator, or as having their type in the Creator.
They are known by the
Creator through the types of good things.
Hence it cannot be said
that bad things are life in the Creator.
Those things that are not in
time may be spoken of as of as life in the Creator in so far as life means
and inasmuch as they are understood by the Creator; but
not in so far as life implies a principle of operation.
Aquinas,Prima Secundae of the Summa Theologiae
Thomas Aquinas seven conditions that must coincide
to make a war just became the traditional doctrine of the Catholic
Church:victory must be assured;
fought for must itself be just;
the purpose of the warring power must
remain just while hostilities go on;
war must be truly the last resort,
all peaceful means having been exhausted;
the methods employed during
the war to vanquish the foe must themselves be just;
concluded at the end of the war must be just and of such nature as to prevent a
the benefits the war can reasonably be expected to bring for
humanity must be greater than the evils forged by the war.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior
corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction
of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to
the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has
not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making
such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social
justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such
copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In
accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For
more information see: www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to
use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond
'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved