CONGRESS, July 4, 1776
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen
United States of America,
When in the course of human events, it
becomes necessary for one people to
dissolve the political bands which have connected them with a political
system, and to assume
among the powers of the Earth, the separate and equal station to which the
Laws of Nature and of
entitle them, a decent
respect to the opinions of men requires that they should declare the causes
which impel them to the separation.
hold these truths to be self-evident:
all men are created equal,
they are endowed by their Creator with
rights, that among these are Life,
Liberty and the
to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their
just powers from the consent of the governed,
--That whenever any
government becomes destructive of these ends, it is
the Right of the People to alter
or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on
principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall appear
most likely to effect their
Safety and Happiness.
Prudence, indeed, will dictate that
governments long established should not be
changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience has
shown, that are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to
right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are
When a long train of abuses and
usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a
design to reduce them under
absolute despotism, it is their
right and duty, to throw
off such government, and to provide new guards for their future
Such has been the patient sufferance of these
colonies; and such is now the
necessity which constrains them to alter their systems of government. The
history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries
and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an
absolute tyranny over these
To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid
He has refused his approval of laws, the most necessary for the
forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance,
unless suspended in their operation till his approval is obtained; and when so
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to
pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless
those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature, a
right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called
together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from
the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them
into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved
repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his
invasions on the rights of
He has refused for a long time, after such
dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers,
incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their
exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of
invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to
prevent the population
of these States; for that purpose
obstructing the laws for
naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their
migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by
refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
made Judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and
the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of
new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to harrass our People, and eat
out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing
armies without the consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to
render the military independent of and superior to the civil power.
has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to us, and
unacknowledged by our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us;
For protecting them, by a mock
trial, from punishment
for any murders which they
should commit on the Inhabitants of these
For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world;
For imposing taxes
on us without our consent;
For depriving us in many cases, of the
benefits of Trial by Jury;
For transporting us beyond seas to be tried
for pretended offense;
For abolishing the free system of English Laws in
a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an
government, and enlarging its boundaries so as to render it at once an
example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable
Laws, and altering fundamentally
the forms of our governments;
For suspending our own Legislatures, and
declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases
He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of
his protection and waging war
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our
coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
at this time transporting large armies of foreign
mercenaries to complete the works of
death, desolation and tyranny,
already begun with circumstances of cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in
the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilized
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken captive on the high
seas to bear arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their
friends and brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands.
excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the
inhabitants of our frontiers, the
merciless indian savages, whose known rule of warfare, is
an undistinguished destruction
of all ages, sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these
oppressions we have
Petitioned for Redress in the humble terms: our repeated Petitions have been
answered only by injury.
A Prince whose character is thus
marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of
a free people.
Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our Brittish
We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their
legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us.
reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here.
We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and they have
conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations,
which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence.
They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity.
We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our
Separation, and hold them, as they hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in
We, therefore, the Representatives
of the USA, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the
Supreme Judge of the
world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name, and by authority of
the good People of these Colonies,
solemnly publish and declare,
that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be Free and Independent
They are absolved from all allegiance to the
British Crown, and that
all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and
ought to be totally dissolved.
As Free and Independent States, they
have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract alliances, establish
commerce, and to do all other acts and things which Independent States may of
To support this Declaration, with
a firm reliance on the
protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our
lives, our Fortunes and our
Signers of the Declaration:
New Hampshire: Josiah
Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton
John Adams, John Hancock,
Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry
Rhode Island: Stephen Hopkins,
Connecticut: Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William
Williams, Oliver Wolcott
New York: William Floyd, Philip Livingston,
Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris
New Jersey: Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon,
Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark
Morris, Benjamin Rush,
Benjamin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor,
James Wilson, George Ross
Delaware: George Read, Caesar Rodney, Thomas
Maryland: Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles
Carroll of Carrollton
Virginia: George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas
Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter
North Carolina: William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn
South Carolina: Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch,
Jr., Arthur Middleton
Georgia: Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George
"When the government fears the people there is
when the people fear the government there is tyranny."
government are instituted among the
people, deriving their just powers from the consent of the
government usurps power without consent it is the right of the people to alter
or to abolish it, and to institute new government;
republican government power derives from the people;
shenanigans allowed ownership of assets used in enterprise, a corporation, to
be considered a person for representative purposes;
- although the
current form of US government appears to be representative of individual
interests it is in fact representative of corporate interests.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior
corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction
of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to
the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
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