"Vital states are those republics
where citizens enjoy the maximum freedom to be masters of their own
Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli
CONGRESS, July 4, 1776
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen
United States of America,
When in the course of human events, it
becomes necessary for one people to
dissolve the political bands which have connected them with a political
system, and to assume among the
powers of the Earth, the separate and equal station to which the
Laws of Nature and of
a decent respect to the opinions of
men requires that they should declare
the causes which impel
them to the separation.
these truths to be self-evident:
all men are created equal,
they are endowed by their Creator with
rights, that among these are Life,
Liberty and the
--That to secure these rights,
governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the
consent of the governed,
--That whenever any government becomes
destructive of these ends, it is
the Right of the People
to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government,
laying its foundation on principles
and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall appear
most likely to effect their
Safety and Happiness.
Prudence, indeed, will dictate that
governments long established should not be
changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience has
shown, that are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to
right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are
When a long train of abuses and
usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a
design to reduce them under
absolute despotism, it is their
right and duty, to throw
off such government, and to provide new guards for their future
Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies; and
such is now the necessity which
constrains them to alter their systems of government. The history of the
present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and
usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an
absolute tyranny over these
To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid
He has refused his approval of laws, the most necessary for the
forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance,
unless suspended in their operation till his approval is obtained; and when so
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to
pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless
those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature, a
right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places
unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public
Records, for the sole purpose of
fatiguing them into
compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved
repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his
invasions on the
rights of the People.
He has refused for a long time, after such
dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers,
incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their
exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of
invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to
population of these States; for that purpose
obstructing the laws for
naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their
migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by
refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
made Judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and
the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of
new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to harrass our People, and eat
out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing
armies without the consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to
render the military independent of and superior to the civil power.
has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to us, and
unacknowledged by our laws; giving his assent to their
acts of pretended
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us;
For protecting them, by a mock
trial, from punishment
for any murders which they
should commit on the Inhabitants of
For cutting off our trade with all parts of the
taxes on us without our consent;
For depriving us in many cases, of
the benefits of Trial by Jury;
For transporting us beyond seas to be
tried for pretended offense;
For abolishing the free system of English
Laws in a neighboring Province, establishing therein an
and enlarging its boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit
instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable
Laws, and altering fundamentally
the forms of our governments;
For suspending our own Legislatures, and
declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases
He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of
his protection and waging war
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our
coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
at this time transporting
large armies of
foreign mercenaries to complete the works of
death, desolation and tyranny,
already begun with circumstances of cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in
the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilized
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken captive on the high
seas to bear arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their
friends and brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands.
insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants
of our frontiers, the merciless indian
savages, whose known rule of warfare, is
destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
In every stage of
these oppressions we have
Petitioned for Redress in the humble terms: our repeated Petitions have been
answered only by injury.
A Prince whose character is
thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the
ruler of a free people.
Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our
We have warned them from time to time of attempts by
their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us.
have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here.
We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and they have
conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations,
which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence.
They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity.
We must, therefore,
acquiesce in the
necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as they hold the
rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace
We, therefore, the Representatives of the USA, in General
Congress, Assembled, appealing to the
Supreme Judge of the world for
the rectitude of our
intentions, do, in the name, and by authority of the good People of these
publish and declare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to
be Free and Independent States.
They are absolved from all allegiance
to the British Crown, and
that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is
and ought to be totally dissolved.
As Free and
Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace,
contract alliances, establish commerce, and
to do all other acts and things which Independent States may of right do.
To support this Declaration, with
a firm reliance on the
protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our
lives, our Fortunes and our
Signers of the Declaration:
New Hampshire: Josiah
Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton
Massachusetts: Samuel Adams,
John Adams, John Hancock, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry
Island: Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery
Connecticut: Roger Sherman,
Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott
New York: William
Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris
New Jersey: Richard
Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark
Pennsylvania: Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John
Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George
Delaware: George Read, Caesar Rodney, Thomas
Maryland: Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles
Carroll of Carrollton
Virginia: George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas
Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter
North Carolina: William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn
South Carolina: Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch,
Jr., Arthur Middleton
Georgia: Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George
"When the government fears the people there is
when the people fear the government there is tyranny."
government are instituted among the
people, deriving their just powers from the consent of the
government usurps power without consent it is the right of the people to alter
or to abolish it, and to institute new government;
republican government power derives from the people;
shenanigans allowed ownership of assets used in enterprise, a corporation, to
be considered a person for representative purposes;
- although the
current form of US government appears to be representative of individual
interests it is in fact
representative of corporate interests.
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior
corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction
of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to
the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully.
Opinion and thoughts have been
adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and
re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been throughout time but has
been done so in the spirit of the original writer with the intent of making his
or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to the reader in the present
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain
copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically
authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our
efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political,
economic, democratic, scientific, and
issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted
material as provided for in section 107 of the United States Copyright Law. In
accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For
more information see: www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to
use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond
'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved