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hermeneutics

"Seemingly opposed views within the authoritative deposit of the text can often be reconciled by observing the development of a thought throughout the works of the author in question, by the establishment of the best texts, and by the application of hermeneutical dialectic." - Peter Abelard

hermeneutics

Exegesis is synonymous with hermeneutics.

Hermeneutics may be described as the development and study of theories of the interpretation and understanding of texts.

In contemporary usage in religious studies, hermeneutics refers to the study of the interpretation of religious texts.

Hermeneutics is more broadly used in contemporary philosophy to denote the study of theories and methods of the interpretation of all systems of text.

The concept of "text" is here extended beyond written documents to all rendered abstract conceptual constructs subject to interpretation.

A hermeneutic is defined as a specific system or method for interpretation, or a specific theory of interpretation.

In essence hermeneutics involves cultivating the ability to understand things from somebody else's point of view, to put oneself in another's shoes, to empathize and to appreciate social forces that influence perspective.

Hermeneutics is the process of applying this understanding to interpreting the meaning of written texts and symbolic artifacts (such as art or sculpture or architecture), which may be either historic or contemporary.



hermeneutic circle

Hermeneutic Circle

“The foundational law of all understanding and knowledge is to find the spirit of the whole through the individual, and through the whole to grasp the individual”. - Friedrich Ast

To understand text as a whole, reference is established to individual parts.

Inference of each individual part is established by reference to the whole.

This is the Hermeneutic Circle.

Neither the whole text nor any individual part can be properly understood without reference to one another, and hence, it is a circle.

An author shares relevant aspects of himself through his focus as what can be written can only frame fragments of the whole over short periods of time.

Narrator protagonists reveal their nature through their focus.

This circular character of interpretation does not make it impossible to interpret a text; rather, it stresses that the meaning of a text must be found within its cultural, historical, and literary context.

A common use of the word hermeneutics refers to a process of scriptural interpretation.

Throughout religious history scholars and students of religious texts have sought to mine the wealth of their meanings by developing a variety of different systems of hermeneutics.

Philosophical hermeneutics, developed from scriptural hermeneutics, provides a backing for interpretive projects.

Philosophical and scriptural hermeneutics are mutually reinforcing.



Collapsing Hermeneutic Circle

Collapsing Hermeneutic Circle

Hermeneutics, the science of text interpretation, came from two sources.

Around the time Plato spoke rhetoric was first recognized as a discipline.

The first source is Aristotle who promoted the study of rhetoric, which soon came to dominate Greek and Roman education.

The second is Midrashic and Patristic traditions of Biblical exegesis.

Scholars in antiquity expected a text to be coherent while exhibiting unity in consistent grammar and style just as we do today.

They amended "decadent" readings to comply with codified rules.

By extending the perception of inherent logic of narrative texts, Greeks were able to attribute works of uncertain origin.

Exegesis (from the Greek - 'to lead out') involves an extensive and critical interpretation of an authoritative body of text, especially of a holy scripture or sacred text, such as of the Old and New Testaments of the Bible, the Talmud, the Midrash, the Qur'an, etc.



Holy Ghost


Exegesis of sacred scripture in Christianity "reveals" how the Holy Spirit inspired the authors of the scriptural texts to pen divine revelations.

Exegesis is used for the elucidation of philosophical and legal texts.

Hermeneutic passion is the desire to know another and be known by them.

By empathetically entering into a text - in a living interpretation of a text - the reader both appreciates the text as written and relates the text to his/her own personal experiences.



Unstable Hermeneutic Circle

Unstable Hermeneutic Circle

"Hermeneutical understanding can be described as follows:

first of all we have to understand and be guided by understanding, while the understanding sphere is not limited to science.

Other disciplines, which do not belong to science but are essential in comprehending, should also be involved.

Distance is a domain of such "understanding".

In result objectivity can appear only when methods of investigations and measurements have been devised." - Marcin Furman, Akademia Pomorska, Slupsku





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