Exegesis is synonymous with hermeneutics.
"To engage the written word means to follow a line
of thought which requires considerable powers of
inference making and
reasoning." - Neil Postman,
Amusing Ourselves to Death
be described as the
development and study of theories of the interpretation and
understanding of texts.
In contemporary usage in religious studies, hermeneutics refers to
the study of the interpretation of religious
Hermeneutics is more broadly used in contemporary philosophy
to denote the study of theories and methods of the
interpretation of all systems of text.
The concept of "text" is here
extended beyond written documents to all rendered
constructs subject to interpretation.
A hermeneutic is defined as a specific system or
interpretation, or a
specific theory of interpretation.
In essence hermeneutics involves
cultivating the ability
to understand things from somebody else's point of view,
to put oneself in another's
empathize and to
appreciate social forces that influence perspective.
is the process of applying this understanding to
interpreting the meaning of written texts
and symbolic artifacts
(such as art or
architecture), which may
be either historic or contemporary.
"The foundational law of all understanding and
knowledge is to find the spirit of the whole through the individual, and
through the whole to grasp the individual". - Friedrich AstTo understand text
as a whole, reference is established to
Inference of each individual part
is established by reference to
This is the Hermeneutic Circle.
Neither the whole
text nor any individual part can be properly understood without reference to
one another, and hence, it is a circle.
An author shares relevant aspects of
himself through his focus as what can be written
can only frame fragments of
the whole over short periods of time.
Narrator protagonists reveal their
nature through their focus.
circular character of interpretation does
not make it impossible to interpret a text; rather, it stresses that
the meaning of a
text must be found within its
and literary context.
A common use of the word hermeneutics refers
to a process of scriptural
Throughout religious history scholars
and students of religious texts have sought to mine the wealth of their
meanings by developing a variety of different systems of
hermeneutics, developed from
provides a backing for interpretive projects.
Philosophical and scriptural hermeneutics
are mutually reinforcing.
Collapsing Hermeneutic Circle
Hermeneutics, the science of text
interpretation, came from two sources.
Around the time Plato spoke
rhetoric was first recognized as a discipline.
The first source is
Aristotle who promoted the study
of rhetoric, which soon came to dominate
Greek and Roman
The second is
Midrashic and Patristic traditions
of Biblical exegesis.
in antiquity expected a text to be coherent while exhibiting unity in
consistent grammar and style just as we do today.
They amended "decadent" readings to comply with
By extending the perception of inherent
logic of narrative texts, Greeks were able to attribute works of uncertain
Exegesis (from the Greek - 'to lead out') involves
an extensive and critical interpretation of
an authoritative body of text, especially of a
holy scripture or
sacred text, such as of the
New Testaments of the Bible,
the Talmud, the
sacred scripture in Christianity "reveals"
how the Holy Spirit
inspired the authors of the scriptural texts to pen
Exegesis is used for the
Hermeneutic passion is the desire to know another and be known
By empathetically entering into a text - in a living
interpretation of a text - the reader both appreciates the text as written and
relates the text to his/her own personal experiences.
Unstable Hermeneutic Circle
"Hermeneutical understanding can be described as
first of all we have to understand and be guided by
understanding, while the understanding sphere is not limited to science.
Other disciplines, which do not belong to science but are essential in
comprehending, should also be involved.
Distance is a domain of such
In result objectivity can appear only when
methods of investigations and measurements have been devised." - Marcin Furman,
Akademia Pomorska, Slupsku
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious
practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This
web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the
Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based
on reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass
media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the
family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the
corrupt international elites vision of a
perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of
the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web
site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through
their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational,
insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web
site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally
presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the
facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected,
redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion
and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the
original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions
clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain
copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically
authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our
efforts to advance understanding of criminal justice, human rights, political,
economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe
this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for
in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C.
Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those
who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for
research and educational purposes. For more information see:
www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted
material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you
must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved