20th century Charismatic Pentecostal
Charles Fox Parham obtains
license from the Southwest Kansas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal
Charles Fox Parham's adoption of Wesleyan "holiness" theology
with its crisis experience of sanctification
branded him as a
troublemaker and he surrendered his
Holiness preachers declared that following conversion, believers should
seek for a "second blessing" to purge the desires of the flesh from their
preaching tended to center around Wesleys sanctification teaching of a
second crisis experience subsequent to justification which was commonly termed
From this it followed that
it was the duty of those who had experienced entire sanctification to confess
it and bring others into this experience.
1898 Charles Fox Parham established the Bethel Healing
Home and published the Apostolic Faith magazine in Topeka,
1901 Charles Fox Parham founds
Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas.
Forty students gathered
to pray for the promised "Latter Rain"
outpouring of the Holy
Spirit (Joel 2:23,28,29) hoping to acquire
spiritual power that marked
the expansion of
the Early Church.
In an intense atmosphere of
expectancy Agnes N. Ozman became the first to "Speak in
Charles Fox Parham 'receives' the capability of speaking in
"German" and "Swedish"; Agnes N. Ozman in "Chinese," and others in a variety of
"foreign languages" including "Japanese", "Hungarian", "Syrian", "Hindi" and
As there was no one in Topeka, Kansas who spoke any of these
languages and as none of these "speakers of tongues" actual did any foreign
missionary work it is unlikely that any of these spoken tongues were actual
Charles Fox Parham noted that
"Cloven Tongues of Fire" appeared over
the heads of speakers of tongues.
He believed speaking in tongues meant
that an individual had been given power by the Holy Spirit to speak and
understand a foreign language to facilitate foreign missionary work.
Charles Fox Parham is the "founder of modern
It is clear from history that both the Azusa Street revival and the
that spread from Zion City (now called Zion), Illinois, grew from Charles Fox
Parham's Latter Rain mythology.
Charles Fox Parham moves to Houston,
Texas, where in spite of segregation, William Seymore, a one-eyed
African-American preacher is taught Latter Rain mythology.
William Seymore goes
to Los Angeles, where his speaking sparks the the Azusa Street revival.
denominations trace their roots to the Azusa Street revival.
The Azusa Street Revival of 1906
Charles Fox Parham
after observing "supernatural
manifestations" of the Azusa Street revival declares: "The Lord is sick at
Smith founds Calvary
Chapel after serving as Healing
Revival campaign manager for Paul Cain.
1990 a shift occurred and the Apostolic
movement began to be birthed. My wife and I have met no less than six
apostles - most of whom used to be pastors, then prophets, and now apostles.
Over the last fifteen years we have
spiritually surfed various
moves of the Holy Spirit and
they all can be reduced to being nothing more than Latter Rain acolytes, only
the error has progressed even more
radically since 1947." - Robert S. Liichow
Two of the most prominent proponents of the mythology of Latter Rain
are Paul Cain and C. Peter
C. Peter Wagner, co-founder of the World Prayer
Center, a non-profit corporation, and chancellor of the Wagner
Institute, a non-profit
Colorado Springs, is touted as a leading authority in the fields of church
growth and spiritual
Morphed and evolved Latter Rain
mythologies now include:
Joel's Army/Kingdom Now/Dominion
Harvest, Post-Millennial Eschatology, Signs and Wonders,
Spiritual Warfare , Ecumenism, Restoration of Apostles and
Prophets, Jubilee/Feast of Tabernacles, and the
Rain movement taught Manifest
Sons would arise at the End.
Manifest Sons, ones who have come into the full stature of Christ would receive
the Spirit without measure receiving a number
of "divine gifts".
These gifts include:
the ability to teleport;
to speak any language;
perform divine healing and other miracles.
Manifest Sons cannot be
deceived and do not deceive.
Manifest Sons claim
they will restore man's rightful position as originally mandated in Genesis
ushering in the millennial reign of Christ
in which all people will be given full
redemption - free
from the curse of Original Sin,
free from sin causing evil spirits to scatter
before the triumphant power of Joel's army and all sickness, disease, death and
desires of the flesh will end.
"A Man Child is birthed who is to bring about a dramatic change in the
entire structure of the Church. The Man Child will bring full Apostolic Order."
- Paul Cunningham vision at the 2nd apostles gathering
During the early
years, some of the most ardent critics of the Latter Rain and Latter Rain's
Manifest Sons mythology came from within Pentecostalism, particularly the
Assemblies of God.
Leaders of the Assemblies of God were concerned that
it glorified men among other things and pointed to the
"ye are gods" dogma as evidence of
severe theological error.
adherents of Manifest Sons mythology
include: Earl Pearly
Paulk, Oral Roberts,
Cain, William Marrion Branham and
1989 A supernatural
manifestation enters Benny Hinn at the Orlando Christian Center,
takes control of his mind and tongue to the point where he is unaware of the
several future prophecies uttered.
Benny Hinn claims he is drunk on
the Holy Spirit and asks someone to tell him what he had just said.
"So my point is this, that there will be a manifestation of the
sons and daughters of
And it won't be this baloney that we've heard of in the past;
I mean, there's been a few people tried to walk through a wall like this over
here and knocked their brains loose, but that's not what I'm talking about.
I'm talking about a manifested sons of god; if anyone walks through
this wall over here, they're not going to tell you about it - I mean, they're
just going to do it." -
Randy Clark, a St.
Louis Vineyard pastor, is
In desperation, Randy Clark visits a
Howard-Browne meeting in Tulsa.
Randy Clark keeps going up to get
prayed for and keeps getting knocked down by Rodney
slain in the
spirit, shakings, laughter - had to be
an anointing of the Holy
1994 Randy Clark, invited to speak
at John Arnott's Toronto Airport Vineyard fellowship, puts to work what
he has learned from Rodney Howard-Browne.
The Toronto revival has also
been referred to as the "Toronto Blessing", "The Father's
Blessing", "The Anointing", "The Awakening", "The
River", "The Fire".
Randy Clark announces his sermon,
"The Making of a Warrior."
Carol Arnott falls to the floor and
slashes violently with an imaginary two handed sword for about twenty
Upon Randy Clark conclusion Carol Arnott delivers the following
"This is My sword, this is not man's sword, this is My
golden sword. The old methods will not be acceptable to Me anymore because I am
doing a new thing. This new way is new and you must throw away the old ways of
doing things and take up My sword because My sword is made of pure gold and is
purer and is mighty. If you wield it the captives will be set free, the chains
will be broken and the healings will be manifest because it will not be by
might, nor by power, but by My wonderful Holy Spirit." - Carol Arnott
channeling the Fire of the Holy Spirit
People infected with "Fire of the Holy Spirit"
exhibited the following behaviors: miraculous healing,
physical spasms and
jerking, weeping(and gnashing of teeth), groaning, shaking,
falling to the floor,
slain in the
spirit, roaring like lions,
barking like dogs and speaking in tongues.
Christians feel supernatural
manifestations lead to apostasy.
you're going to be concerned about deception, then please be concerned about
the greatest deception that there is, and the greatest deception of all, in my
opinion, is not to fall for teachings of a
false prophet." - John
Association embraces "supernatural manifestations".
Two years later
John Wimber forces Toronto
Airport Vineyard to resign from the Vineyard
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