Revivalism emphasizes definable turning
in a Christians life as essential.
"Every tradition has to renew itself from time to
in order to address the pressing issues of the day and offer
kind of practices that are needed for renewal."
Thich Nhat Hanh
Protestant Christian Holiness movements
emphasis on adherence to biblical scripture
the right to
dissent from the established religious institution
emphasis on the spiritual life of the
coupled with a responsibility to live an upright life
In Protestantism there has been an evolution and a mixing of
Protestant theological belief
systems that has resulted in a continually splintering, changing,
regrouping and evolving Christian theology.
God's rule over all
The Reformed tradition of John Calvin held that as a
consequence of the fall of man,
every person born into reality is
enslaved to the
Calvin claimed individuals were inclined to reject
concerns but this is a mistaken viewpoint and trap frequently fallen into
by Roman law
Calvinists believe attainment of heaven not based on
merit or faith but is
unconditionally grounded in God's
mercy expressed as absolution.
The saving grace of God is
effectually applied to those whom God has pre-determined to save.
saved always saved.
reached its zenith of its influence in the Anglican Church during the reign of
Edward VI first as Forty-Two Articles of Religion found in the Book of
1563 Reduced to
Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion.
Adherence to the Thirty-Nine Articles made a legal requirement by the English
Anglicanism, in its
structures, theology and forms of
worship, is understood as a distinct tradition representing a middle ground
between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
ArminianismArminianism is a school of soteriological thought in Protestant
Christian theology founded by the Dutch theologian Jacobus Arminius. Its
acceptance stretches through much of mainstream Protestantism.
Arminianists believe that individuals are
naturally unable to make any
effort towards salvation, salvation is possible by grace
alone, works of human effort cannot cause or contribute to salvation, God's
elects (choses those to be saved) which is conditional upon faith in ,
Christ's atonement was for all people,
God allows his grace to be
resisted by those unwilling to believe, salvation can be lost as continued
salvation is conditional upon continued faith in Christ as
the personification of
emphasis on individual ability to
God and understand the
Will of God for
Fox, imprisoned for blasphemy,
begins the Quietism revival.
A judge mocks George Fox's exhortation to
"tremble at the Word of the
Lord", calling George Fox and his
1653 George Fox is
imprisoned and it is requested that he be put to death.
requests his release rather than "a young man die
George Fox is taken to London for a meeting with the
Fox affirms he has
no intention to take up arms
and is able to speak about the differences between the
Anglicans and the
Cromwell listen to God's voice and obey
This is "speaking truth to
"It will be found an unjust and unwise jealousy to deprive
a man of his natural liberty upon
a supposition that he
may abuse it." - Oliver Cromwell
By "speaking truth to power" -
simple ideas related with plain
speech - George Fox pursued social justice.
1654 George Fox is imprisoned in London.
George Fox is imprisoned in Launceston.
1663 George Fox is imprisoned in Lancaster.
1666 George Fox is imprisoned in Scarborough.
1674 George Fox is imprisoned in Worcester.
repeatedly fell foul of laws forbidding unauthorized worship.
George Fox often emphasised the Quaker
rejection of baptism by water;
a useful way of highlighting the focus of Friends
This differed from what he saw as
the superstition of outward
George Fox's theology in his words:
Let no man speak in an unknown
Let no one be put to death for chattel, for
money or any outward thing.
Let all these things be taken away, he that
will not speak a few words to his neighbor without money, freely without end,
or reward, or bribery,
and so bring it to a free Nation, and so a free people by the
Power of God.
Let no one that is high, proud, or
lofty, envious or scornful bear Office, for
he will turn the sword backward
and do Satan's work.
For they that are hasty, proud in a
mad blind zeal will turn the sword against the just.
Let no law be,
but that man may ask a question.
If it be a free Nation, let it be
Let none be persecuted and imprisonment
as vagabonds who are moved by God to speak abroad the
Word of God freely and faithfully.
Let none lie long in
prison, for that is the way to spoil people, and to make more thieves, for
there they learn wickedness together.
Let all this money, and stipends, and
tithes, and hour-glasses for preaching by the hour be taken away from men, who
make a trade of the Scripture.
all worship God in selflessness not in
Let all the Burying the dead for money, and Marrying for money,
and Christening for money, and Churching of women for money, let all these
things be swept away, and let the Nation be a free Nation.
Let no man
bear the sword in violence, or accuse any man falsely.
Let no Judge, nor Justice,
nor Sheriff that is ambitious, highminded, bear rule, for such do not
stand in awe of God which
is the beginning of the wisdom
with which they should order
the Creation to the Glory of God.
They are out of the meek state and
humility, and doing
justly, loving mercy, and walking humbly before God, and they are
aroma in the nostrils of
Let all preaching
for money and singing for money be laid aside.
preaching be a trade, nor
the Word of God made merchandise of.
Wesley, an Anglican minister, begins preaching the precepts of Methodism which
leads to the Methodist revival.
John Wesley intensely studied the Church
Fathers and Eastern Orthodox Church.
He attended Moravian meetings,
heard a sermon of Dr. John Heylyn and seriously studied Christian religious
disagreement with the doctrines of election and reprobation
teaching that individual efforts towards holiness of heart and life could bring
a truly holy and loving Christian to
The evangelistic teaching of John Wesley incorporated and
melded Arminianist doctrine, Calvinist doctrine and Anglican doctrine as
represented in the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion for use by American
Methodists in the 18th century.
Wesley saw doctrine must be rational as
faith and reason are synonymous.
Wesley defined the witness of the
Spirit of God
"an inward impression on the
soul, whereby the Spirit of
God directly testifies to an individual's spirit that they
are indeed children of
John Wesley saw a person must believe
Word of God for himself or herself -
intercession was ineffective as redemption occurs only in
a contrite heart.
Wesley's strength lay in his ability to combine seemingly opposing theological
stances backed up by a
reasonable interpretation of scripture.
He was very good at
evangelical theology, grounded firmly in
sacrament, was his promotion of what he termed "Christian perfection," or
holiness of heart.
John Wesley insisted that in this life, the Christian
could come to a state where the
perfect compassion, reigned supreme in one's heart.
To be made perfect
in compassion meant that a Christian could live with a primary guiding regard
for others and their welfare - "to love your neighbor as you love
This parallels the philosophy of
Pentecostal denominations are descended from Methodism and
the Methodist Holiness Movement.
Pentecostal soteriology is generally
Arminian rather than Calvinist.
"Surely it is
obvious, to those who wish to see and have had their eyes
Christ, that the
professing church, Christendom, has become nothing more than a very successful
business, reaping huge profits into
the coffers of those who, wandering off the garden path,
have been enticed by a desire for fame, fortune and universal
They have turned the Father's house into nothing more than a
merchandise and are utilizing the secular world's resources and the secular
world's methods to achieve what they believe to be spiritual success.
The corporation churches, in the same manner as the corporations of the
secular world, have definite characteristics that are clearly observable.
They are human initiated and
governed, management-based, profit-oriented, success-driven,
client-friendly, product-focused (programs and services), and
image conscious. " -
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel through their
agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the human race.
occurs when any group refuses to tolerate religious practices, religious
beliefs or persons due to their religious ideology. This web site marks the
founding of a system of philosophy named The Truth of the Way of the
Lumière Infinie - a rational gnostic mystery religion based on reason
which requires no leap of faith, accepts
no tithes, has no supreme leader, no church buildings and in which each and
every individual is encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator
and Sustainer through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of
curing the spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets
of The Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail
on this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on coöperation. Coöperation
does not occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values
have declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior
corporate media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction
of the family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to
the corrupt international elites vision of a perfect world. Through distraction
and coercion the direction of thought of the bulk of the population has been
directed toward solutions proposed by the corrupt international elite that
further consolidates their power and which further their purposes.
views and opinions presented on this web site are the views and opinions of
individual human men and women that, through their writings, showed the
capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational, insightful and unpopular
thought. All factual information presented on this web site is believed to be
true and accurate and is presented as originally presented in print media which
may or may not have originally presented the facts truthfully. Opinion and
thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected, redacted, combined, added to,
re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion and thought has been
throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the original writer with
the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions clearer and relevant to
the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has
not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making
such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social
justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such
copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In
accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For
more information see: www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to
use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond
'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved