Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica
are closely connected with the history and development of some of the oldest
cultures on Earth having been cultivated by humans for tens of thousands of
years primarily for its strength as a fiber, its medicinal uses and its
Both Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica,
originating in the temperate zones of central Asia, played significant roles in
the religions and cultures of Africa, the Middle East, India, and China.
Carolus Linnaeus came up with the name for hemp in Latin botanical
nomenclature "Cannabis Sativa" in 1753.
Carolus Linnaeus chose the word
Cannabis based on the classical Greek word "kannabis" which was originally
derived from the Sanskrit word "cana."
The Hebrew word is "kaneh-bosem"
(pluralized ; singular is kaneh-bos).
The third syllable "bis" derives
from "bosm" or the Aramaic "busma" which translate to fragrant.
Cannabis is fragrant cane.
The word " Sativa" comes from Latin
and means "sown" or "cultivated."
Prehistoric teeth show people ate medicinal weeds
Chinese use cannabis for rope, clothing, bowstrings, paper and
Early Chinese doctoring is based on
the concept of demons.
If a person were ill, it was
because some demon had invaded his body.
The only way to cure him is
to drive the demon out.
The shaman doctor did his
utmost to find some way of getting the upper hand over the malevolent demon
believed responsible for an illness.
the Chinese continued to rely on intentional magic
in the fight against disease,
they also gradually
developed an appreciation and knowledge of the curative powers of
2700 BC Emperor Shen-Nung, the
Father of Chinese Medicine, concerned about his suffering subjects looks to
plants for cures.
Shen-Nung tried poisons and their antidotes on
himself and compiled the medical encyclopedia called, Pen Ts'ao.
Pen Ts'ao list hundreds of drugs derived from vegetable, animal and mineral
Among these drugs is the plant cannabis, "ma."
Ma was a unique drug because it was both
feminine, or yin, and masculine, or yang.
Yin represented the weak,
passive, and negative female influence in nature while yang represented the
strong, active, and positive male force.
When yin and yang were in
balance, the body was in harmony and healthy.
When yin and yang were
out of balance, the body was in a state of
Ma was used to treat absences of yin, such as: female weaknesses
(menstruation), gout, rheumatism, malaria, beri-beri, constipation, and
BC In India bhang is a symbol of hospitality.
A host would offer
a cup of bhang to a guest.
Atharvaveda (12:6.15) calls bhang one of the
"five kingdoms of herbs which release us from anxiety."
hymns were compiled in the early Indian
Iron Age, c. 1200 to 1000 BC,
corresponding to the early Kuru Kingdom.
Taken in early morning, the
drug is believed to cleanse the
body of sin.
1000 AD Chinese physicians use
cannabis in the treatment of "waste diseases and injuries", adding that it
"clears blood and cools temperature, it relieves fluxes; it undoes rheumatism;
it discharges pus".
Japanese use cannabis for
ceremonial purification to drive away evil spirits.
"Followers of Shiva have to
consume bhang at least once a year.
The drink, which intensifies
perceptivity, induces visions and above all leads to extreme mental
It is widely used by Yogis.
its preparation are found as early as the Vedic period.
of the way soma was prepared and its immediate use without fermentation, can
only apply to bhang and is identical to the method employed today."- Alain
The Persian word bhanga is almost identical to the Indian
Eliade recognized Zoroaster as a user of bhanga who relied on its intoxication
to bridge the metaphysical gap between Heaven and Earth.
One of the
surviving books of the Zend-Avesta, called the Vendidad, "The Law Against
Demons", in fact calls bhanga Zoroaster's "good narcotic."
"Amongst other cannabis initiates can be counted the
Zoroastrian heroes Gustap and Ardu Viraf, who after drinking bhang, 'where
transported in soul to heaven and had the highest mysteries revealed to
These ancient out of body experiences are classic examples of
what is known as 'shamanistic ecstasy'.
The belief that the soul
actually left the body in theses magical rituals, resulted in the belief
that this occurred also at the point of death, giving rise to a belief in an
afterlife." - Chris
Modern day Egyptologists agree that
cannabis was used by the ancient Egyptians in their medicine.
of cannabis is made in the following Egyptian medical texts:
Ramesseum III Papyrus (1700 BC)
Eber's Papyrus (1600 BC)
Papyrus (1300 BC)
The Chester Beatty VI Papyrus (1300 BC)
used as an offering to the Gods.
As the sun set, Egyptian worshippers
would burn this fragrant preparation to the Sun God RA, praying for his return
the following morning.
Kyphi was applied on the skin to heal wounds,
was a potent relaxant and an aphrodisiac.
Unlike the ointments of the
Assyrians the Kyphi was a rather solid and wax like concoction.
Researchers have suggested more than 50 natural ingredients for making
the Kyphi, the most popular probably being:
Cannabis Resin, Cardamom Seeds, Cassia, Cedar, Cinnamon, Copal, Frankincense,
Galangal Root, Ginger, Honey, Juniper, Lemongrass, Mastic, Mint, Myrrh, Orris,
Pistachio, Raisins, Red Wine, Rose Petals, Saffron, Sandalwood, Storax Balsam.
In the temples of the ancient world, the main sacrifice was the
inhalation of incense.
Incense is defined as the
perfume or smoke from spices and
gums when burned in celebrating
religious rites or as an
offering to a deity.
Bronze and gold incense burners are cast very
early in history and their forms are often inspired by cosmological themes
representing the harmonious nature of the universe.
"In the Judaic
world, the vapors from burnt
spices and aromatic
gums were considered part of the pleasurable act of worship.
proverbs (27:9) it is said that 'Ointment and perfumes rejoice the
Perfumes were widely used in Egyptian worship.
altars have been unearthed in Babylon and Palestine, which have
been used for burning incense made of aromatic wood and
casual readers today may interpret such practices as mere satisfaction of the
desire for pleasant odors, this is almost certainly an error; in many or most
cases, a psychoactive drug was being inhaled.
In the islands of the
Mediterranean 2,500 years ago and in Africa hundreds of years ago, for example
leaves and flowers of a particular plant were often thrown upon bonfires and
the smoke inhaled; the plant was marijuana." - Edward Preble and Gabriel V.
Kaneh-Bosem, 'Fragrant Cane', played an integral part of
healing rituals during the time of Jesus and was considered a holy sacrament.
Jesus of Nazareth used
cannabis based oils to heal eye and skin diseases.
The word Christ derives from being
anointed with cannabis enriched
"There is a classic Greek term, cannabeizein, which means to
smoke cannabis. Cannabeizein frequently took the form of inhaling vapors from
an incense burner in which these resins were mixed with other resins, such as
myrrh, balsam, frankincense, and perfumes." - William A. Embolden, Jr.
title "Christ" replaced the Hebrew word "Messiah", which in English becomes
Messiah is recognized by being anointed with the holy anointing oil, the use of
which was restricted to the instillation of Hebrew priests and kings.
Anointing was common among kings of Israel.
It was the sign and symbol of royalty.
The word 'Messiah' signifies the
'Anointed One', and none of the kings of Israel were styled the Messiah unless
The ancient recipe for this anointing oil, recorded in
the Septuagint book of Exodus (30: 22-23)
included over nine pounds of flowering cannabis tops extracted into a hind
(about 6.5 litres) of olive oil, along with a variety of other herbs and
The ancient 'chosen ones' were literally
drenched in potent cannabis
Every prophet must be
The higher self must be
awakened and made conscious to fulfill a mission.
Ritual lustrations preceded most
the most important being
participation in a sacred meal - Messianic banquet.
The central focus of the early Christian
church was the Eucharist or the "body and blood" of the Lord.
was interpreted as a
fellowship meal with the Resurrected
In meeting the
Resurrected One in the Eucharist
meal the Christian
community had the expectation of entering the
Kingdom of God.
Biblical story of Creation, God said, "Behold, I have given you every
herb bearing seed and to you it will be for meat." (Genesis 1:29)
Cannabis is a herb
considered a spiritual meat in the ancient world.
brethren, I would not that
ye should be ignorant, how that our fathers were under the cloud, and
all passed through the sea; And
were all baptized unto Moses in the Cloud
and in the sea; And did all eat the same
spiritual meat: for they drank of that
Spiritual Rock that followed them: and that
Rock was Christ." - I
This passage in Corinthians suggests the spiritual
cloud resulting from the burning of incense was
instrumental in the baptism of the Israelites.
This baptism is
compared to "eating and drinking" of
the spirit of Christ.
Throughout the ancient world sacramental communal
meals involved the tribal god as a
participant in the meal for not only providing the food consumed but also
for enlivening the food with the divine
essential spirit that sustains life.
The communion sacrifice was one
in which the deity indwells the oblation so that the worshippers actually
consume the divine.
The original motive of sacrifice is an effort
to give thanks and commune.
Sacrifice of life as a
"sacrament" has value only in the sustenance of life.
Spirit is defined as the active essence of
God serving as an invisible indwelling life sustaining and motivating
Scripture makes it clear that the sacrificial cloud of smoke
containing the Spirit of God is
instrumental in inspiring, sanctifying,
Knowledge and healing are two
aspects of the same life-force.
To be healed by the 'Holy Plant'
was to receive divine knowledge, it was also to be cured of every sickness.
James sayss anyone of the Christian community who is sick should
call to the elders to anoint
him with oil in the name of Jesus.
The Twelve are sent out among their
fellow-men casting out demons and anointing the sick with oil.
Ancient Hebrews used cannabis in 12 ways: as paper, cords, clothing, sails,
oil, fishnets, sealant, food, ceremony incense, relaxation, and medicine.
"And he showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, flowing
out from the throne of God and of the Lamb, down the middle of its broadway.
And on the side of the river and on that side there were trees of life
producing twelve crops of fruit, yielding their fruits each month. And the
leaves of the trees were for the curing of the nations." - Revelation 22:1-2
Canaan, the ancient home
of the Israelites, is a form of "Cana," derived from cannabis and "Cana".
The Three Wise
Men who came to usher in the birth of Jesus were Zoroastrians, who believed God
gave hemp as a gift to mankind.
"The anointing with oil was the introduction of
the candidate into unfading
bliss, thus becoming a
"There is water in water, there is fire in chrism."
(Gospel of Philip).In the first few centuries AD,
Christian Gnostic groups such as the Archontics,
Valentians and Sethians
rejected water baptism as
superfluous, referring to it as an "incomplete baptism".
tractate, the Testimony of Truth, water baptism is rejected with a
reference to the fact that Jesus baptized none of his disciples.
"anointed with unutterable anointing", the so-called "sealings" recorded in the
Gnostic texts, can be seen as a very literal event.
"Christ came into
their midst so that he might anoint them with the ointment. The ointment is the
mercy of the Father. Those whom he has anointed are the ones who have become
perfect." - Gospel of Truth
"Holy oil, given us for sanctification, hidden mystery in which the
cross was shown us, you are the unfolder of the hidden parts. You are the
humiliator of stubborn deeds. You are the one who shows the hidden treasures.
You are the plant of kindness. Let your power come by this [unction]." - Acts
Mesopotamian use went far beyond the spiritual.
medicinal properties of the plant were well known as noted in the
groundbreaking paper by cannibinoid expert Dr. Ethan Russo, 'Clinical
Cannabis in Ancient Mesopotamia: A Historical Survey with Supporting Scientific
Dr. Russo records that numerous topical applications of
cannabis for medical purposes can be found throughout ancient Mesopotamian
Interestingly, records of topical ointments used in the
treatment of "Hand of Ghost" an ancient malady now thought to be
epilepsy, included cannabis as a key
Ancient Mesopotamian preparations that included cannabis
were also used in the treatment of certain diseases of
the chest and lungs,
swollen joints and
a variety of other
During the Middle Ages, soldiers often took a drink of
bhang before entering battle, just as Americans took a swig of whiskey.
The widespread belief in cannabis as a magical herb led to it
condemnation as a tool of
The Holy Roman
Empire condemned cannabis as a tool of Satan and outlawed it use.
Users were condemned and burned at the stake as
1600 British Monarchs required all
landowners throughout the British Empire to grow cannabis to rig the naval
1700 Cannabis preparations began appearing
in medical reference texts as a
treatment for coughs, general
pain and as an analgesic to soothe
1800 Various forms of cannabis are
available for purchase in a chemist's shop.
A pill form of cannabis is
developed and used as an antibiotic and painkiller.
Civil War use of cannabis
is popular and socially acceptable.
British find the use of cannabis so extensive in colonial India, that they
commission a large scale study.
British physicians are concerned that
cannabis is endangering the health of the native people and
Over 1,000 standardized interviews are conducted throughout
India by eminent British and Indian medical experts.
is systematic and thorough.
It samples a large and diverse group of
people in a range of situations, from farmers to
After years of detailed work, The Indian Hemp Drugs Commission
Report produces six volumes of data and conclusions.
were particularly concerned with whether or not cannabis caused
After years of through and well
conducted research, The Commission concludes that suppressing the use of herbal
cannabis (bhang) would be totally unjustifiable:
"To the Hindu the
cannabis plant is holy.
A guardian lives in the bhang leaf.
see in a dream the leaves, plant, or water of bhang is lucky.
thing can come to the man who treads underfoot the holy bhang leaf.
longing for bhang foretells happiness.
Bhang has many medicinal
It cures dysentry and sunstroke, clears phlegm, quickens
digestion, sharpens appetite, makes the tongue of the lisper plain, freshens
the intellect, and gives
alertness to the body and gaiety to the mind.
Such are the useful ends for which in the
Almighty made bhang.
Bhang is the Joygiver, the Skyflier, the
Heavenly-guide, the Poor Man's Heaven, the Soother of Grief.
No god or man is as good as the
religious drinker of bhang.
The supporting power of bhang has
brought many a Hindu family safe through the miseries of famine."
is so common in some parts of India that it can be found in
1907 Merck Index lists that use of Cannabis seeds for
emulsions to be used to relieve the effects of gonorrhea.
1909 "Hemp seed, in infusion, has been found very useful in
after-pains, and in the bearing down sensation accompanying prolapsus uteri. -
King's American Dispensatory
seed oil is) rubbed with water form an emulsion, which may be used
advantageously in inflammations of the
mucous membrane - US Dispensatory
Today, as in ancient times,
cannabis has been used to treat many different ailments including glaucoma,
epilepsy, skin afflictions, arthritis, sickness, nausea, headaches and cramps
to name a few.
system is the most important physiologic system involved in establishing
and maintaining human health.
Endocannabinoids and their receptors are
found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands,
and immune cells.
In each tissue, the cannabinoid system performs
different tasks, but the goal is always the same: homeostasis, the maintenance
of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the external
Autophagy, a process in which a cell
sequesters part of it self to be self-digested and recycled, is mediated by the
While this process keeps normal cells alive,
allowing them to maintain a balance between the synthesis, degradation, and
subsequent recycling of cellular products, it has a deadly effect on
malignant tumor cells, causing them to
consume themselves in programmed
Endocannabinoids and cannabinoids are also found
at the intersection of the body's various systems, allowing communication and
coordination between different cell types.
At the site of an injury,
for example, cannabinoids can be found decreasing the release of activators and
sensitizers from the injured tissue, stabilizing the nerve cell to prevent
excessive firing, and calming nearby immune cells to prevent release of
Three different mechanisms of action on
three different cell types for a single purpose: minimize the pain and damage
caused by the injury.
system, with its complex actions in the immune system,
nervous system, and
all of the body's organs, is literally
a bridge between body and mind.
By understanding this system, and
placebos, we begin to see a
mechanism that explains how a state
of consciousness can promote health or disease.
1983 Reagan/Bush administration persuades US universities and
researchers to all
cannabis research work done between 1966 and 1976, including compendiums in
2011 Over 850,000 people in America
are arrested for marijuana-related crimes.
Entrenched interest groups
have spent and continue to spend huge sums of money to protect their bottom
line: Police & Prison Guard Unions; Private Prisons, Alcohol and
2019 Despite common
knowledge and widespread scientific support, the federal government has kept
cannabis in Schedule I as
a deliberate way to deny citizens good health to guarantee lifelong dependence
on toxic chemical snake oil products from
pharmaceutical corporations !
Marie@Kristina88Marie, January 20, 2014
I haven't said anything in
awhile want to say that I am feeling great since starting my ketogenic diet
and I have much hope for the future! Also, Dave and I are getting married!!!
So lots has changed but I'm still chugging along, happier than ever!!!
Δ9tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the primary psychoactive
ingredient, other known compounds with biologic activity are cannabinol,
cannabidiol (CBD), cannabichromene, cannabigerol, tetrahydrocannabivarin, and
Cannabidiol has significant
analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity without the psychoactive effects of
Cannabinoids cause antitumor effects by various
mechanisms, including induction of cell
death, inhibition of cell growth,
and inhibition of tumor angiogenesis
invasion and metastasis.
Cannabinoids kill tumor cells but do
not affect their nontransformed counterparts and may even protect them from
These compounds have been shown to
induce apoptosis in glioma cells.
Cannabinoids protect normal glial cells of astroglial and
oligodendroglial lineages from apoptosis mediated by the CB1
Cannabinoids contribute to pain
modulation through an anti-inflammatory mechanism.
A CB2 effect
with cannabinoids acting on mast cell receptors to attenuate the release of
inflammatory agents, such as histamine and
serotonin, and on
keratinocytes to enhance the release of analgesic opioids.
Δ9tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids have
a stimulatory effect on appetite and increase food
system serves as a regulator of feeding behavior.
CB1 receptors in
the hypothalamus may
be involved in the motivational or reward aspects of eating.
Jesus and his disciples
used a healing cannabis ointment.
Jesus did perform his healing
miracles magically through the power invested in him by
the omnipotent Lord of the Universe with
The modern reintroduction of
cannabis based medicines becomes, if not
a miracle, at least
"Humanity has had a evolutionary partnership with this
plant that stretches back more than 10,000 years." - Chris
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