"Nationally, our primary standard is the Toxic
Substances Control Act.
The main goal of the act was to require
comprehensive cancer tests
for thousands of chemicals in
widespread use - a goal yet to be achieved.
failure, two decades ago California enacted Proposition 65, requiring a
list by the governor of chemicals known to cause
cancer, and then a warning before exposure where they pose a significant
The California agency charged with this task has not used its
independent authority to list a carcinogen in more than five years."
- Al Meyerhoff
cancers are the result of human failure.
This failure has resulted
in a misguided war on cancer
focusing on the effect and not the cause allowing the continued addiction
by agriculture and
other industries to toxic agents.
It also reflects
a failed regulatory scheme
coupled with antiquated and ineffective toxic
chemical control laws.
compounds resulting from coke production sythesized
coal tar 'soup' from which
new petrochemicals amalgamated under fire and pressure emerged to create the
German chemical and pharmaceutical
Many of the 10,000 different molecules in the coal tar
'soup' are cyclic carbon rings - benzine and its variants - such as phenols,
aniline, and heterocyclics.
These kinds of ring structures are highly
reactive and easily open the door to
The easiest carbon ring to form
and modify is the 6-carbon ring, "benzene".
Today these are nearly 10%
of the 24 million known (disclosed) compounds in the Chemical Abstracts
Service Registry database.
blocks of a similar size - rings or not - when polymerized (strung together in repeating
units), form plastics.
strung-together chains zig-zagged repeatedly instead of being straight and
taught, then the polymer was
potentially elastic and might be a synthetic rubber.
If the factory
does the polymerization for you, it
is a plastic or synthetic rubber.
you do the polymerization, the product is a
varnish (paint) or glue.
You polymerize with oxygen and UV bombardment;
i.e., putting the varnished, painted or glued item out in the sun to "dry"
For varnish or pigmented varnish ("paint"), solvents are
added to retard polymerization, so in a sense the varnish or paint really is
"drying", but the real issue (goal) here is polymerization not solvent loss.
If the air's oxygen isn't enough, a chemical oxidizer is used. "MEKP"
is popular (methyl ethyl ketone peroxide). " - J. I. Nelson, Ph.D.
6-carbon rings of benzene are easily added to
because half the carbon-to-carbon bonds are double and can be "opened".
One of the original chemical bonds continues to hold the ring together,
while the chemical engineer attaches something new to the other.
Plastics (whether based on rings or not) can use opened
double bonds to link the long polymerized chains to one another.
This hardens the plastic, changing it from
bendable to hard (wine glass, plastic knife).
rubber by cross-linking it this way is called "vulcanization".
oils are called margarine, but there are no calories if you use up all the
double bonds ("saturated fats").
It's better if each building block has
more than one double bond left ("polyunsaturated") because your own body can
more easily attach another molecule (metabolize it), rather than
hardened oils to pile up as arterial deposits.
1802 Éleuthère Irénée du Pont
founds DuPont in Wilmington, Delaware two years after fleeing France to escape
the French Revolution and religious persecutions against Huguenot
1826 Several species of
Indigofera, especially Indigofera tinctoria and Indigofera
suffruticosa, are used to produce
Colonial planters in the Caribbean grow
indigo and transplant
its cultivation when they settle in the colony of South Carolina and North
Carolina where people of the Tuscarora confederacy adopted the dying process
for head wraps and clothing.
When Eliza Lucas Pinckney and enslaved
Africans successfully cultivate new strains near Charleston indigo becomes the
second most important cash crop in the colony (after rice) before the American
Indigo comprised more than one-third of all exports in
Aniline is first isolated in by Otto Unverdorben by destructive
distillation of indigo.
Aniline is an organic compound with the formula
Consisting of a phenyl group
attached to an amino group, aniline is the prototypical aromatic amine.
The main use of aniline is in the manufacture of precursors to
polyurethane and other industrial chemicals.
Like most volatile amines,
it has the odor of rotten fish.
Aniline ignites readily, burning with a
smoky flame characteristic of aromatic compounds.
1827 Heinrich Emanuel Merck begins manufacturing and selling
1834 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge extracts
carbolic acid, or
phenol, from coal
Joseph Lister pioneered the use of phenol as an
1842 Nitrobenzene to aniline is first
performed by Nikolay Zinin using inorganic sulfide as a reductant (Zinin
1849 Pfizer is founded by two
German immigrants selling painkillers and antiseptics during the Civil
1854 Antoine Béchamp reduction method
sets the stage for the evolution of a massive dye industry in Germany.
1856 William Henry Perkin creates mauveine while
trying to synthesise quinine.
Other aniline dyes - fuchsin, safranin,
and induline - follow.
BASF, originally Badische Anilin- und
Soda-Fabrik (English: Baden Aniline and Soda Factory), now the largest chemical
supplier, echoes the legacy of the synthetic dye industry, built via aniline
dyes and extended via the related azo dyes.
The first azo dye was
1863 Bayer is founded as a dye
maker in Wuppertal.
German dye manufacturers have
perfected the purification of individual organic compounds from coal tar and
other mineral sources and have established rudimentary methods in organic
1916 After World War I foreign countries disregard German
patents and enter the market with competing products.
The Dreibund and
the Dreierverband joined with "Chemische Fabrik vormals Weiler ter Meer"
to form the precursor to IG Farben, the
Interessengemeinschaft der deutschen
(Common Interest Association of the German
Coal Tar Dye Factories)
Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron joins
Duisberg pressures them to give up their independence, and after eight years he
IG Farben AG merging members:
BASF, The Badischen Anilin- und Sodafabrik (Ludwigshafen) Bayer (
Leverkusen near Cologne) Agfa, or Aktiengesellschaft für Anilinfabrikation
(Mortsel near Antwerp and Leverkusen) Hoechst (including Casella and Chemische
Fabrik Kalle) Chemische Fabrik vormals Weiler ter Meer (Uerdingen) Chemische
Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron (Griesheim)
Germany resources of coal allow it
to became a major steel producer.
Coal processing for steel production
involves driving off the volatile
organic compounds in coal by heating it (without air) to make coke, which
burns hotter and imparts no further impurities to steel save carbon.
Carbon ("carbon steel") makes it possible to heat-treat (harden) and
temper (soften) the steel.
2005 Nearly 6% of the American women of child bearing age have
sufficent quantities of mercury in their
blood to impair neurological development of the
Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention releases a study in July 148 toxic compounds
were looked for in the blood
and urine of 2,400 Americans
age 6 or older.
Several toxic compounds, including
phthalates are found to be in nearly
every American child.
"There are more
than 80,000 chemicals on the market, the vast majority of which lack even basic
information on health effects and toxicity.
We do know that at least
1,400 chemicals have known or probable links to cancer,
reproductive effects and other
health problems such as learning
Although the incidence of these diseases has been
increasing for decades, a whole host of other obstacles to healthy development
have also been on the rise, including premature birth, low birth weight, early
puberty and childhood obesity.
Recent science indicates that these
problems are related to chemical
exposure." - Dan Jacobson
The Story of Stuff
there are now 100,000 (one hundred thousand) chemicals on the market.
Long term effects of most chemicals are unknown and none of the
combined effects have ever been studied.
More than 77,000 chemicals are
in active production in North America.
More than 3,000 chemicals are
added to our food supply.
More than 10,000 chemicals in the form of
solvents, emulsifiers, and preservatives are used in food processing,
packaging, wrapping, and storage.
315 chemical contaminants were found
in US tap water.
One in eight of the 82,000 ingredients used in
personal care products are industrial chemicals.
other chemicals are added to vaccines.
A German study shows that
vaccinated children have at least 2 to 5 times more diseases and disorders than
More than 1000 new chemicals are developed each
Most of us have between 400 and 800 chemical residues stored in
the fat cells of our bodies.
2007 The series of five articles was published in a supplement
of the journal Cancer on May 14, 2007.
Research by Silent Spring
Institute -with additional researchers from Harvard University, Roswell Park
Cancer Institute and the University of Southern California - synthesized
national and international data sources and identified 216 chemicals that
caused breast tumors in animal studies, and several chemicals that have been
linked to breast cancer.
compounds cause breast tumors in animal tests:
73 - in consumer
products or as contaminants in food
35 - air pollutants
occupational exposures affecting more than 5,000 women a year
production in the US exceeds 1 million pounds per year
The database is
accessible free of charge and include references to 900 studies, 460 of which
are human breast cancer studies
that were critically evaluated by the research team.
Silent Spring Institute's review of environmental factors and
Chemical Security Act
Seven weeks after the
September 11 attacks Jon Stevens Corzine introduces the Chemical Security Act,
a bill that would require chemical plants to reduce toxic chemical inventories
where practical and switch to less toxic chemicals when it was economically
feasible. In many cases a plant manager could store a 30 day inventory of toxic
chemicals rather than a full six months' worth.
economic reforms of that category could save a lot of lives in a catastrophic
event. The industry does what it desires or what it thinks it can afford - and
millions of Americans are at risk." -
The bill passed the Environment and Public Works
Committee in a 19-0 vote.
After the George Walker Bush
administration crushed the Chemical Security Act, Senator Jon Corzine stated,
"There are currently no federal security standards for chemical facilities.
None at all."
March 2003 Terrorism expert Rand
Beers resigns after providing counter terrorism advice to every president
beginning with Ronald
Reagan, "Of course, there's no
such thing as a perfect defense, but we are remiss if
we do not try to protect our
citizens. We know for sure, from
interrogation of terrorists,
that security measures have
value, they discourage
attacks. So, the idea that we should leave the barn door open is
a dereliction of
2003 Conference Board, a business research group,
finds that American corporations have increased security expenditures less than
4% on average since the September 11 attacks.
Chemical weapons attack,
like the one at Bari,
Italy, has been a favorite weapon of fear mongers since
the Great War.
Bush thought it would strike fear into our hearts to
emphasize weapons Iraq was known
to have, namely chemical weapons. The notion that chemical weapons pose any
threat to us is farfetched. Mustard gas is effective in trench warfare, not in
chemical weapons into the
country, the casualties would be fairly minor.
The only way to kill a
number of people with chemicals is to concentrate the chemicals in huge
quantities near a big city.
In fact, this country has lots of
weapons like that. They're called chemical plants.
Attacking one with a
truck bomb, or a small plane, would disperse far more toxins than any chemical
The Congressional Research Service has found
that we have 100 chemical plants that, if struck, would each endanger
more than 1 million lives.
Indeed, US intelligence has discovered that
studied the possibilities." - Jonathan Chait, 03-26-06
This web site is not a commercial web site and
is presented for educational purposes only.
This website defines a
new perspective with which to engage reality to which its author adheres. The
author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality
and that this has been done purposefully by an international corporate cartel
through their agents who wish to foist a corrupt version of reality on the
human race. Religious intolerance occurs when any group refuses to tolerate
religious practices, religious beliefs or persons due to their religious
ideology. This web site marks the founding of a system of philosophy named The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie - a rational religion based on
reason which requires no leap of faith, accepts no tithes, has no supreme
leader, no church buildings and in which each and every individual is
encouraged to develop a personal relation with the Creator and Sustainer
through the pursuit of the knowledge of reality in the hope of curing the
spiritual corruption that has enveloped the human spirit. The tenets of The
Truth of the Way of the Lumière Infinie are spelled out in detail on
this web site by the author. Violent acts against individuals due to their
religious beliefs in America is considered a "hate crime."
This web site
in no way condones violence. To the contrary the intent here is to reduce the
violence that is already occurring due to the international corporate cartels
desire to control the human race. The international corporate cartel already
controls the world economic system, corporate media worldwide, the global
industrial military entertainment complex and is responsible for the collapse
of morals, the elevation of self-centered behavior and the destruction of
global ecosystems. Civilization is based on cooperation. Cooperation does not
occur at the point of a gun.
American social mores and values have
declined precipitously over the last century as the corrupt international
cartel has garnered more and more power. This power rests in the ability to
deceive the populace in general through corporate media by pressing emotional
buttons which have been preprogrammed into the population through prior mass
media psychological operations. The results have been the destruction of the
family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the
corrupt international elites vision of a
perfect world. Through distraction and coercion the direction of thought of
the bulk of the population has been directed toward solutions proposed by the
corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
further their purposes.
All views and opinions presented on this web
site are the views and opinions of individual human men and women that, through
their writings, showed the capacity for intelligent, reasonable, rational,
insightful and unpopular thought. All factual information presented on this web
site is believed to be true and accurate and is presented as originally
presented in print media which may or may not have originally presented the
facts truthfully. Opinion and thoughts have been adapted, edited, corrected,
redacted, combined, added to, re-edited and re-corrected as nearly all opinion
and thought has been throughout time but has been done so in the spirit of the
original writer with the intent of making his or her thoughts and opinions
clearer and relevant to the reader in the present time.
Fair Use Notice
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has
not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making
such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of criminal
justice, human rights, political, economic, democratic, scientific, and social
justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such
copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In
accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For
more information see: www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to
use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond
'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
© Lawrence Turner
All Rights Reserved