"Nationally, our primary standard is the Toxic
Substances Control Act.
The main goal of the act was to require
comprehensive cancer tests for
thousands of chemicals in
widespread use - a goal yet to be achieved.
failure, two decades ago California enacted Proposition 65, requiring a
list by the governor of chemicals known to cause
cancer, and then a warning before exposure where they pose a significant
The California agency charged with this task has not used its
independent authority to list a carcinogen in more than five years."
- Al Meyerhoff
induced cancers are the result of human failure.
This failure has
resulted in a misguided
war on cancer focusing on the effect and not the cause allowing the
continued addiction by
agriculture and other industries to toxic agents.
It also reflects
a failed regulatory scheme
coupled with antiquated and ineffective toxic
chemical control laws.
The volatile compounds resulting from coke
production forged coal tar
'soup' from which new petrochemicals forged under fire and pressure emerged
to create the German chemical and
Many of the 10,000 different molecules
in the coal tar 'soup' are
cyclic carbon rings - benzine and its variants - such as phenols, aniline, and
These kinds of ring structures are highly reactive and
easily open the door to
The easiest carbon ring to form
and modify has been the 6-carbon ring, "benzene".
Today these are nearly 10%
of the 24 million known (disclosed) compounds in the Chemical Abstracts
Service Registry database.
blocks of a similar size - rings or not - when
(strung together in repeating units), form plastics.
strung-together chains zig-zagged repeatedly instead of being straight and
taught, then the polymer was
potentially elastic and might be a synthetic rubber.
If the factory does
the polymerization for
you, it is a plastic or synthetic rubber.
If you do the
the product is a varnish (paint) or glue.
oxygen and UV bombardment; i.e., putting the varnished, painted or glued item
out in the sun to "dry" (harden).
For varnish or pigmented varnish
("paint"), solvents are added to retard
so in a sense the varnish or paint really is "drying", but the real issue
(goal) here is polymerization not
If the air's oxygen isn't enough, a chemical oxidizer is
used. "MEKP" is popular (methyl ethyl ketone peroxide). " - J. I. Nelson, Ph.D.
6-carbon rings of benzene are easily
added to because half the carbon-to-carbon bonds are double and can be
One of the original chemical bonds continues to hold the
ring together, while the chemical engineer attaches something new to the other.
Plastics (whether based on rings or not) can use opened double bonds to
link the long (polymerized) chains
to one another.
This hardens the
changing it from bendable to hard (wine glass,
synthetic rubber by cross-linking it this way is called "vulcanization".
oils are called margarine, but no one wants to buy it if you use up all the
double bonds ("saturated fats").
It's better if each building block
has more than one double bond left ("polyunsaturated") because your own body
can more easily attach another molecule (metabolize it), rather than
the hardened oils to pile up as arterial deposits.
1826Aniline is first isolated in by Otto Unverdorben by
destructive distillation of indigo.
Emanuel Merck begins manufacturing and selling alkaloids.
1842 Nitrobenzene to aniline is first performed by Nikolay
Zinin using inorganic sulfide as a reductant (Zinin reaction).
1849 Pfizer is founded by two German immigrants selling
painkillers and antiseptics during the Civil War.
1854 Antoine Béchamp reduction method sets the stage
for the evolution of a massive dye industry in Germany.
1856 William Henry Perkin creates mauveine while trying to
Other aniline dyes - fuchsin, safranin, and induline
BASF, originally Badische Anilin- und Soda-Fabrik (English:
Baden Aniline and Soda Factory), now the largest chemical supplier, echoes the
legacy of the synthetic dye industry, built via aniline dyes and extended via
the related azo dyes.
The first azo dye was aniline
1863 Bayer is founded as a dye maker in
manufacturers have perfected the purification of individual organic compounds
from coal tar and other mineral sources and have established rudimentary
methods in organic chemical synthesis.
World War I foreign countries
disregard German patents and enter the market with competing products.
The Dreibund and the Dreierverband joined with "Chemische Fabrik
vormals Weiler ter Meer" to form the precursor to
IG Farben, the
Interessengemeinschaft der deutschen Teerfarbenfabriken
Interest Association of the German Coal Tar Dye Factories)
1917 Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron joins
Carl Duisberg pressures them to give up their independence, and after
eight years he succeeds.
Farben AG merging members:
BASF, The Badischen Anilin- und
Sodafabrik (Ludwigshafen) Bayer ( Leverkusen near Cologne) Agfa, or
Aktiengesellschaft für Anilinfabrikation (Mortsel near Antwerp and
Leverkusen) Hoechst (including Casella and Chemische Fabrik Kalle) Chemische
Fabrik vormals Weiler ter Meer (Uerdingen) Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron
Germany resources of coal allow it to became a major steel
Coal processing for steel production involves driving off the
volatile compounds in coal by heating it (without air) to make coke, which
burns hotter and imparts no further impurities to steel save carbon.
Carbon ("carbon steel") makes it possible to heat-treat (harden) and
temper (soften) the steel.
2005 Nearly 6% of the American women of
child bearing age have sufficent quantities of mercury in their blood to impair mental
development of the fetus.
U. S. Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention releases a study in July 148 toxic compounds were looked for in
the blood and
urine of 2,400 Americans age 6 or
Several toxic compounds, including
phthalates are found to be in
nearly every American child.
"There are more than 80,000 chemicals on
the market, the vast majority of which lack even basic information on health
effects and toxicity.
We do know that at least 1,400 chemicals have
known or probable links to cancer, birth defects,
reproductive effects and other
health problems such as
Although the incidence of these diseases has been
increasing for decades, a whole host of other obstacles to healthy development
have also been on the rise, including premature birth, low birth weight, early
puberty and childhood obesity.
Recent science indicates that these
problems are related to chemical
exposure." - Dan Jacobson
The Story of Stuff
there are now 100,000 (one hundred thousand) chemicals on the market.
Long term effects of most chemicals are unknown and none of the
combined effects have ever been studied.
More than 77,000 chemicals are
in active production in North America.
More than 3,000 chemicals are
added to our food supply.
More than 10,000 chemicals in the form of
solvents, emulsifiers, and preservatives are used in food processing,
packaging, wrapping, and storage.
315 chemical contaminants were found
in US tap water.
One in eight of the 82,000 ingredients used in
personal care products are industrial chemicals.
Neurotoxins and other
chemicals are added to vaccines.
A German study shows that
vaccinated children have at least 2 to 5 times more diseases and disorders than
More than 1000 new chemicals are developed each
Most of us have between 400 and 800 chemical residues stored in
the fat cells of our bodies.
2007 The series of five articles was published in a
supplement of the journal Cancer on May 14, 2007.
Research by Silent
Spring Institute -with additional researchers from Harvard University, Roswell
Park Cancer Institute and the University of Southern California - synthesized
national and international data sources and identified 216 chemicals that
caused breast tumors in animal studies, and several chemicals that have been
linked to breast
216 compounds cause breast tumors in animal tests:
73 have been present in consumer products or as contaminants in food
are air pollutants
25 have been associated with occupational exposures
affecting more than 5,000 women a year
29 are produced in the US in large
amounts, exceeding 1 million pounds per year
The database is accessible
free of charge and include references to 900 studies, 460 of which are human
cancer studies that were critically evaluated by the research
Silent Spring Institute's review of environmental factors and
Chemical Security Act
Seven weeks after the
September 11 attacks Jon Stevens Corzine
introduces the Chemical Security Act, a bill that would require chemical plants
to reduce toxic chemical inventories where practical and switch to less toxic
chemicals when it was economically feasible. In many cases a plant manager
could store a 30 day inventory of toxic chemicals rather than a full six
"Simple, sensible economic reforms of that category could
save a lot of lives in a catastrophic event. The industry does what it desires
or what it thinks it can afford - and millions of Americans are at risk." -
The bill passed the Environment and Public Works
Committee in a 19-0 vote.
After the George Walker Bush
administration crushed the Chemical Security Act, Senator Jon Corzine stated,
"There are currently no federal security standards for chemical facilities.
None at all."
March 2003 Terrorism expert Rand
Beers resigns after providing counter terrorism advice to every president
beginning with Ronald Reagan, "Of
course, there's no such thing as a perfect defense, but we are remiss if we do
not try to protect our citizens. We know for sure, from interrogation of
terrorists, that security measures have value, they discourage attacks. So, the
idea that we should leave the barn door open is
a dereliction of duty."
July 2003 Conference Board,
a business research group,
finds that American corporations have increased security expenditures less than
4% on average since the September 11 attacks.
Chemical weapons attack,
like the one at Bari,
Italy, has been a favorite weapon of fear mongers since
the Great War.
Bush thought it would strike fear into our hearts to
Iraq was known to have, namely chemical weapons. The notion that chemical
weapons pose any threat to us is farfetched. Mustard gas is effective in trench
warfare, not in cross-hemisphere attacks.
Even if terrorists smuggled
chemical weapons into the country, the casualties would be fairly minor.
The only way to kill a number of people with chemicals is to
concentrate the chemicals in huge quantities near a big city.
this country has lots of weapons like that. They're called chemical plants.
Attacking one with a truck bomb, or a small plane, would disperse far
more toxins than any chemical weapons attack.
Research Service has found that we have 100 chemical plants that, if
struck, would each endanger more than 1 million lives.
US intelligence has discovered that
al-Qa`ida has studied
the possibilities." - Jonathan Chait, 03-26-06
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author feels that the falsification of reality outside personal experience has
forged a populace unable to discern propaganda from reality and that this has
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American social mores and values have
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family and the destruction of social structures that do not adhere to the
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corrupt international elite that further consolidates their power and which
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